Tashkent Metro

The Tashkent Metro (Uzbek: Toshkent metropoliteni, Тошкент метрополитени) is the rapid transit system serving the city of Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. It was the seventh metro to be built in the former USSR, opening in 1977, and was the first subway system in Central Asia. Each station is designed around a particular theme, often reflected in the station name.

Tashkent Metro
Logo of Tashkent metro.png
Yunusobod station
Mustaqillik Maydoni station Turkiston station
Overview
Native nameToshkent Metropoliteni
OwnerState ownership
LocaleTashkent, Uzbekistan
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4[1]
Number of stations43[1]
Daily ridershipIncrease 620,000 (average, 2022)
Annual ridershipIncrease 220 million (2022)[1]
Chief executiveRaxmanbek Usmanov
Websitehttps://tashmetro.uz/
Operation
Began operation6 November 1977
Operator(s)Emblem of Tashkent.svg Toshkent Metropoliteni
Number of vehicles168[1]
Train length4 cars
Technical
System length59.5 km (37.0 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,524 mm (5 ft)
Electrification825 V DC (third rail)
Average speed46 km/h (29 mph)
System map

Tash metro.png

The Tashkent Metro consists of four lines, operating on 59.5 kilometres (37.0 mi) of route and serving 43 stations.[1] In 2022, the metro carried 220 million passengers,[1] which corresponds to a daily average of approximately 620,000 riders.

HistoryEdit

Planning for the Tashkent Metro started in 1968, two years after a major earthquake struck the city in 1966. Construction on the first line began in 1972 and it opened on 6 November 1977 with nine stations. This line was extended in 1980, and the second line was added in 1984. The most recent line is the Circle (Halqa) Line, the first section of which opened in 2020.[2]

A northern extension of the Yunusobod Line for 2 stations Turkiston and Yunusobod was completed and opened on 29 August 2020. The fourth Circle line is currently under construction, first 7 stations for the line have already been built in 2020.[3]

OperationsEdit

The Tashkent Metro operates 3 regular lines and a 1 circle line (under further extension), which currently runs 51.4 km of route and serve 43 stations. The metro network employs more than 4,200 staff. In 2021, revenues from fares amount to 10.5 billion soum a month.[4]

The depth of the metro's tunnels varies between 8–25 metres (26–82 ft). The strong construction of these three lines can resist earthquakes of a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale.[5] It sports a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in) gauge and a third rail power supply (825 V DC). The average station distance is 1.40 kilometres (0.87 mi).

LinesEdit

Currently, Tashkent Metro is operating 4 lines

Line Name Opened Length Stations
1 Chilonzor Line 1977 23.7 km (14.7 mi) 17
2 Oʻzbekiston Line 1984 14.3 km (8.9 mi) 11
3 Yunusobod Line 2001 10.5 km (6.5 mi) 08
4 Circle (Halqa) Line 2020 11.0 km (6.8 mi) 07
TOTAL: 59.5 km (37.0 mi) 43
 
A classical design of Kosmonavtlar station built in 1984

Chilonzor Line (red)Edit

Construction on this line started in 1968, opened in 1977 between Olmazor (previously named as Sabir Rakhimov) and Amir Temur Khiyoboni (previously named as Oktyabr Inqilobi) including Novza (previously named as Khamza) depot and one metro bridge over Oqtepa channel between Novza and Milliy Bog' (previously named as Komsomolskaya) stations. It was extended to Buyuk Ipak Yoli (previously names as Maksim Gorkiy) in 1980 (including another metro bridge over Salar river between Hamid Olimjon and Pushkin stations). It is 23.7 kilometres (14.7 mi) long with 17 stations.

A 7 km extension of the Chilonzor Line south from Olmazor station to Quipchoq (5-Bekat) station in the Sergeli district of Tashkent was built in 3 years[6][7] and inaugurated by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on 26 December 2020.[8]

The future planned 3 stations eastward extension from Buyuk Ipak Yoli to TTZ (Toshkent Traktor Zavodi) is under consideration.

Oʻzbekiston Line (blue)Edit

The route of this line crosses the city diagonally from northwest to southeast via the Toshkent Railway station. It opened in 1984 and expanded between 1984 and 1991. It is 14.3 kilometres (8.9 mi) long with 11 stations.

Yunusobod Line (green)Edit

Work is under way on this line to connect the northern districts to the airport in the south. The first 10.5 kilometres (7 mi) section with 8 underground stations opened for regular service on 24 October 2001 between Mingurik and Shahriston (previously named as Habib Abdullayev).

Circle Line (brown)Edit

Circle Line (Halqa)
 
Circle Line Depot
 
Doʻstlik 2
 
Ohangaron
 
Tuzel
 
Iltifot
 
Rohat
 
Yangiobod
 
Qo'yliq

Construction of new line started in October 2017.[9] The project will be completed in 5 stages and developed and implemented jointly with specialists from Russia, Turkey and Germany. When completed, the Circle line will serve 35 stations and it will be 52.1 kilometres (32.4 mi) long with an elevated above ground section of 50.5 kilometres (31.4 mi) on 6-meter overpasses and 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) on the ground level.[10]

In February 2020 it was reported that construction of the first section of the Circle Line from Do'stlik to Qo'yliq stations was finished and that new rolling stock for the Circle Line was undergoing trials. On 30 August 2020, Circle line's first section was opened. It is 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) in length and has seven stations.[11][12]

 
Map of Tashkent Metro with extended lines in 2020

StationsEdit

Today, the Tashkent Metro has 43 stations that differ from each other. The architecture and décor of each station depicts its name. The peculiarity of the Tashkent metro is its rather shallow station positioning. Some stations have escalators, 7 stations belong to the tower type, 4 stations to the arch type and one station (Mustaqillik Maydoni) to the tower-individual type. Prominent architects and artists of Uzbekistan took part in designing the stations. Interior décor features solid and stable materials: metal (in the form of engravings), glass, plastic, granite, marble, smalt, art ceramics, and carved alabaster. Each station is original work of art and centers on a particular theme. After the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 many stations were renamed to remove references to Communism.[13][14]

TicketingEdit

In 2020, an automated payment system based on NFC technology was introduced at all metro stations. Stationary validators were installed as well. A single transport card (ATTO), which was initially used in test mode at the Bodomzor and Mustaqillik Maydoni metro stations, fully replaced the use of tokens in the Tashkent metro from 1 November 2020.

The card can be replenished at the metro ticketing offices, information kiosks, ticket sale points, as well as through electronic payment systems (such as Oson, Apelsin, MyUzCard, Click, Payme, PAYNET) and the ATTO mobile application.[15] There are 3 types of preferential transport cards, which can be individually applied for school pupils, university students and elderly people at public services offices[16]

One ride costs 1,400 soum (US$0.13), regardless of distance traveled or number of transfers.[17] Fare enforcement takes place at the points of entry to the stations. Once a passenger has entered the Metro system, there are no further ticket checks – one can ride to any number of stations and make transfers within the system freely. Transfers to other public transport systems, such as bus, are not covered by the ticket.

However, Metro authorities reported that it is planned to introduce a differentiated tariff system, based on travel distance in the second half of 2021.[18]

 
Tashkent Metro Tokens

Rolling stockEdit

 
A train in a Tashkent Metro station
  • Ezh3/Em-508T: 1977–1985.
  • 81-717/714: 1980–present.
  • 81-718/719: 2001–present.
  • 81-717M: 2015–present.
  • 81-765.5/766.5/767.5: 2020–present
 
A new train Moskva at newly opened station Do'stlik-2

Like in all Soviet metro systems, the basic type of rolling stock is known as the 81-717/81-714. As of 2013, there are 168 81-717/714 train cars operational on the metro,[1] and they are operated in the form 4-car trainsets serving the system's 100 metres (330 ft) station platforms. Trains have an average commercial speed of 46 kilometres per hour (29 mph). Services started with carriages of type Ezh3 and Em-508T. By the mid 1980s, all these subway cars were given to Baku and Tbilisi metro. In exchange, the metro has received trains of series 81-717/81-714, which are still in service today.

In 2001, Tashkent metro has received newer trains of 81-718/719. There were plans to purchase trains of series 81-717.6/714.6 for the metro but that didn't happen. There was a decision to modernize the existing 81-717 trains in the Tashkent Carriage Repair Factory. The first modernized train appeared in 2015.

In 2019 new trains of type 81-765/766/767 were ordered for the opening of the Circle line, and with its opening they were given from Uzbekistan line to the Circle line. It is planned to purchase 45 trains of the newest type for the Circle line. If not, then Tashkent metro will receive trains of type 81-775/776/777 that are currently produced in Metrovagonmash.

In April 2021, Tashkent Metro signed a contract to purchase 10 new Russian-made trains from Metrovagonmash. The service life of metro cars and frames is 30 years. The windshield of the driver’s cab will be equipped with an adjustable manual sunscreen, taking into account the peculiarities of the Tashkent metro – some of the Tashkent metro lines run on the ground.[19][20]

Future extension plansEdit

Besides building of Circle line around Tashkent metropolitan, Tashkent Metro is working on extension of the current metro lines to more 10 stations. By 2030, Tashkent Metro is planning to build 2 metro stations from the Beruniy station to Karakamysh district, 3 underground metro stations from the station Buyuk Ipak Yoli to TTZ (Toshkent traktor zavodi) neighborhood and 5 stations from the station Ming Orik to the Tashkent Janubiy (South) railway station.[21]

In March 2021, Metro officials reported about second stage extension of the Circle line. This stage includes a section from the Kuylyuk market, through the Tashkent Ring Road to the capital's Yangihayot district, connecting Khanabad Street in the Zangiata district (Tashkent region) with Kipchak Street in the Sergeli district of Tashkent, including the "5-Bekat" station of the new Sergeli metro line. It is planned to build 9 stations on this stage with a total length of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi).[22]

The Kuylyuk – Kipchak – Yangihayot section is expected to serve about 46 thousand passengers daily. Also, about 700 new jobs will be created.

In March 2021, the Tashkent Metro carried up to 330,000 passengers a day on weekdays and 150,000 passengers on weekends.[4] The goal is to increase the number of passengers to 1 million per day.[23]

Network mapEdit

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2019 ГОД. [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2021] (PDF). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros].
  2. ^ "Notes From Underground: The Tashkent Metro | Steppe". steppemagazine.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Metrobits.Org : Tashkent".
  4. ^ a b ""Биз билгандик шунақа бўлишини" – Тошкент метрополитени раҳбари Сергели йўналишидаги носозлик ҳақида".
  5. ^ Горизонт – информационно-аналитический сайт[dead link]
  6. ^ "Toshkent elevated metro line under construction". railwaygazette.com. 7 January 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Toshkent to build elevated orbital metro". railwaygazette.com. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Toshkent metro expansion aims to cut road traffic, pollution and delays". railwaygazette.com. 11 January 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  9. ^ Фото, видео: Проект кольцевого метро будет ускорен (Russian)
  10. ^ "Yer usti metrosining harakat tarkibi O'zbekistonda ishlab chiqariladi". 3 November 2017 – via gazeta.uz.
  11. ^ "В Ташкенте построены шесть станций кольцевой линии метро" [In Tashkent six stations of the Circle Line have been built] (in Russian). 4 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020 – via Review.uz.
  12. ^ "First phase of Toshkent's circular metro line opens". railwaygazette.com. 1 September 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  13. ^ Chapple, Amos (24 August 2018). "Uzbekistan's secret underground – in pictures". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 June 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
  14. ^ Верещагина, Е., Калыбаев, Р. (2020). "Гид по архитектуре и культуре Ташкента: как город открывается миру и придумывает себя" (in Russian). Daily Afisha. Retrieved 19 February 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ "No token, only transport cards to be valid for travel at Tashkent metro from 1 November".
  16. ^ "Asosiy". Archived from the original on 27 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  17. ^ Yangi metro bekatlariga fotonigoh: navigatsiya va shahar bilan bog‘lanish
  18. ^ "Metro fare will now vary depending on distance traveled".
  19. ^ "Tashkent metro to receive 10 new Russian-made trains". kun.uz. 6 April 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Toshkent metro orders more trains". railwaygazette.com. 12 April 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  21. ^ https://kun.uz/uz/13236043%7CToshkent metropolitenida 2030 yilgacha yana 10ta yangi stansiya quriladi
  22. ^ "Uzbekistan Railways provides information about second stage of construction of the elevated metro line". 23 March 2021 – via kun.uz.
  23. ^ ""Bir vaqtlar Sergeliga metro keladi desa, hech kim ishonmasdi" – prezident Sergeli metrosida bo'ldi".

External linksEdit