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A monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single rail, typically elevated and with the trains suspended from it. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Many monorail systems run on elevated tracks through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines.

Contents

Operational monorailsEdit

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length Type Notes
Gold Coast   Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 2 km (1.2 mi) Amusement Park
Lichtaart   Belgium Bobbejaanland Monorail[1] 1961 3 1.85 km (1.15 mi) Theme Park
São Paulo   Brazil Line 15 (São Paulo Metro) 2014 6 7.8 km (4.8 mi)[2] Urban
Montreal   Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 2 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Amusement Park
Chongqing   China Chongqing Monorail Line 2 & 3 2005 64 98 km (61 mi)[3] Urban
Shanghai   China Shanghai maglev train 2004 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi)
Shenzhen   China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi) Theme Park
Shenzhen   China Window of the World Theme Park Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi) Theme Park
Xi'an   China Xi'an Monorail 2015 11 9.6 km (6.0 mi) Urban
Fenggang, Dongguan, Guangdong   China Castfast Hotel Monorail[4] Hotel
Helsinki   Finland Linnanmäki Monorail (Maisemajuna) 1979 1 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Amusement Park
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Besbre   France Le Pal Monorail 1 Amusement Park
Wuppertal   Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi) Urban
Dresden   Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 1 0.27 km (0.17 mi)
Dortmund   Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi)
Düsseldorf   Germany Düsseldorf SkyTrain Düsseldorf Airport 2002 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Rust   Germany Europa-Park 1995 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Theme Park
Soltau   Germany Heide Park 1985 1 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Theme Park
Mumbai   India Mumbai Monorail 2014 17 19.54 km (12.14 mi) Urban
Ravenna   Italy Mirabilandia Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Theme Park
Chiba   Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi) Urban
Urayasu   Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Amusement Park
Kitakyushu   Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi)
Naha, Okinawa   Japan Okinawa Monorail 2003 15 12.8 km (8.0 mi)
Osaka Prefecture   Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi)
Aki-ku, Hiroshima   Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Kanagawa Prefecture   Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi)
Western Tokyo   Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi)
Taitō, Tokyo   Japan Ueno Zoo Monorail 1958 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi) Zoo
Tokyo   Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi) Airport
Malacca City, Malacca   Malaysia Melaka Monorail 2010 3 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi) Urban
Mexico City   Mexico Aerotrén 2007 2 3 km (1.9 mi)
The Hague   Netherlands Drievliet Amusement Park Amusement Park
Hardenberg   Netherlands Slagharen Amusement Park Amusement Park
Hellendoorn   Netherlands Hellendoorn Amusement Park Amusement Park
Rhenen   Netherlands Ouwehands Zoo Zoo
Calabar   Nigeria Intamin P8 monorail A 1.1 km Intamin P8 monorail in Calabar in Cross River State opened in April 2016.[5]
Moscow   Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi) Urban
Singapore   Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Nasrec, Johannesburg   South Africa Expo Centrek Monorail Exposition Centre Located next to the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer City) hosts a monorail[6] that operates during major events such as the Rand Easter Show
Sun City   South Africa Sun City Casino Resort Monorail Casino Linking day visitor parking area to main complex.[7]
Daegu   South Korea Daegu Metro Line 3 2015 30 23.9 km (14.9 mi) Urban
Zaragoza   Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail[8] 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi)
Dashu District, Kaohsiung   Taiwan E-DA Theme Park Monorail 2 Theme Park Shuttle service
Chiang Mai Province   Thailand Chiang Mai Zoo Monorail 2005 4 2 km (1.2 mi) Zoo
Bangkok   Thailand Dream World Theme Park Monorail Resort Park Dream World Theme Park in the northern side of Bangkok has a monorail attraction in Adventure Land
Chon Buri   Thailand Pattaya Park Resort Monorail 2 km (1.2 mi) Resort Park
Ashgabat   Turkmenistan Ashgabat Monorail 2016[9] 3 5.2 km (3.2 mi)
Dubai   UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi)
Chester   UK Chester Zoo Monorail 1991 2 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Zoo
Alton Towers   UK Alton Towers Monorail 1987 2 1.4 km (0.87 mi) Resort Park Trains were originally used at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Flamingo Land   UK Flamingo Land Monorail Theme Park
National Motor Museum   UK National Motor Museum Monorail Museum An unusual feature of the new museum building in 1972 is the National Motor Museum Monorail[6] passing through its interior. This was inspired by the light railway running through the US Pavilion at the Montreal World's Fair, Expo 67
Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach   UK Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach Monorail Resort Park
Tampa, Florida   US Tampa International Airport monorail Airport Connects the main terminal to the long-term parking garage
Newark, New Jersey   US AirTrain Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport Airport Connects terminals, parking lots, and Amtrak/NJ Transit Northeast Corridor rail station
Jacksonville, Florida   US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi) Urban
Las Vegas, Nevada   US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Urban
Seattle, Washington   US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi) Urban
Anaheim, California   US Disneyland Monorail System 1959 2 4 km (2.5 mi) Amusement Park
Bay Lake, Florida   US Walt Disney World Monorail System 1971 6 23.66 km (14.70 mi) Amusement Park
Hershey, Pennsylvania   US Hersheypark Amusement Park Ride
Lancaster, Pennsylvania   US Dutch Wonderland[10] Amusement Park Ride
Ocean City, New Jersey   US Gillians Wonderland Pier Amusement Park Ride
Marshal, Wisconsin   US Little Amerricka Amusement Park Ride
Miami, Florida   US Miami Zoo Monorail 1984 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Zoo
New York, New York   US Bronx Zoo Monorail Zoo To visit Wild Asia exhibit in the Bronx Zoo
Dallas, Texas   US Dallas Zoo Monorail Zoo
Gilroy, California   US Gilroy Gardens Monorail Other Provides users with an aerial view of the gardens' giant greenhouse
Sacramento, California   US Cal Expo Monorail Other California Exposition has a monorail that runs for more than a mile around their fairgrounds. It is only open during the California State Fair[11]
Aiea, Hawaii   US Pearlridge Skycab Other Pearlridge Center. Connects the Uptown part of the mall to the Downtown part of the mall. It is the only monorail system in Hawaii.
Fairfield, Ohio   US Jungle Jim's International Market Monorail Other Brings riders from a remote parking lot to the Oscar Events Center; cars were originally used at nearby Kings Island.[12]
Memphis, Tennessee   US Memphis Suspension Railway Monorail Other A short suspended monorail connects Mud Island in the Mississippi River to Memphis

This is a listing of operating monorails that are open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems.

 
Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada
 
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China

Under constructionEdit

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails:

EurasiaEdit

Country City Name of system Opening
  China Liuzhou Liuzhou Rail Transit Unknown
  China Guang'an Guang'an Metro 2019
  China Wuhu Wuhu Metro 2020
  Italy Bologna Marconi Express 2019
  Iran Qom Qom Monorail 2019
  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyadh Monorail Unknown
  Thailand Bangkok Yellow Line Unknown
  Thailand Bangkok Pink Line 2020 (estimated)
  Malaysia Putrajaya Putrajaya Monorail Unknown

AmericasEdit

Country City Name of system Opening
  Brazil São Paulo Line 17 2021

AfricaEdit

Country City Name of system Opening
  Nigeria Port Harcourt Rivers Monorail Unknown

Proposed monorailsEdit

AfricaEdit

Country City Notes
  Spain Las Palmas de Gran Canaria NA
  Morocco Fez NA
  Nigeria Lagos [13]
  South Africa Johannesburg [14]
  South Africa Cape Town [14]
  Ghana Accra [1] [2]
  Egypt Cairo [15][16]
  Nigeria Onitsha [17]
  Nigeria Aba [18]
  Nigeria Umuahia [18]

AmericasEdit

AsiaEdit

BangladeshEdit

ChinaEdit

Hong KongEdit

IndiaEdit

MalaysiaEdit

PhilippinesEdit

Sri LankaEdit

ThailandEdit

VietnamEdit

EuropeEdit

OceaniaEdit

  • Brisbane Airport Monorail[34]
  • Nelson City Monorail[35]

Decommissioned or cancelledEdit

AmericasEdit

BrazilEdit

CanadaEdit

United StatesEdit

AsiaEdit

 
Patiala State Monorail System at National Rail Museum, New Delhi

Hong KongEdit

IndiaEdit

IranEdit

JapanEdit

MalaysiaEdit

SingaporeEdit

ThailandEdit

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident that killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track survives in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.

EuropeEdit

  • Blackpool Pleasure Beach (relocated from 1964 Lausanne fair in Switzerland, closed in 2012)[46][47]
  • Milngavie, near Glasgow, had an experimental high-speed propellor-powered monorail, the Bennie Rail Plane, built during 1929-30 and abandoned during the Great Depression.
  • Butlins Skegness Camp, Skegness, United Kingdom (1964–2003) — the first commercial monorail in the UK
  • Birmingham Airport had a magnetic levitation train which had to be closed down due it becoming life expired and a lack of spare parts. It was later rebuilt as a more conventional elevated rail system.
  • Lartigue Monorail in France and Ireland. A restored 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) section now operates in Listowel.
  • Safari Skyway, Chessington, United Kingdom (1986–2015). Operated in Chessington World of Adventures.
  • Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Brierley Hill, West Midlands had a Von Roll Mk III Series monorail which opened in June 1991 but only worked for a short while before finally being sold off in 1996. The rolling stock now operates in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia. Reasons for the closure of this system include a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront which at this time were owned separately.
  • Seville Expo '92
  • France has two abandoned test tracks for the Aérotrain, which can be considered monorails. One is between Limours and Gometz-la-Ville and the other between Saran and Artenay. France also had a suspended monorail the SAFEGE that featured in the film Fahrenheit 451.
  • Russia had one suspended monorail built in 1899 at a leisure park. A horse-pulled monorail was already built in 1820 in Myachkove near Moscow.
  • Phantasialand: Phantasialand Jet (1974-2008), closed and removed. Manufacturer was the german theme park ride manufacturer Schwarzkopf.

OceaniaEdit

 
A monorail train at World Expo 88
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.
  • Oasis Shopping Centre, Broadbeach, Queensland ran between the shopping centre and Conrad Jupiters Casino. The Von Roll Mark III monorail, owned by the Oasis Shopping Centre, consisted of two 4-carriage trains. Two spare carriages that were removed when the system switched from 5-carriage to 4-carriage trains were also kept with the two trains. Most components were original to the Oasis Monorail, but some were sourced from the UK Merry Hill Shopping Centre's former monorail that closed in 1993. As of July, 2017, most of the monorail system has been removed (closed on 29 January 2017).[49]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-14. Retrieved 2014-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Companhia do Metropolitano inaugura quatro estações da Linha 15-Prata" [Metrô company opens four stations of Line 15-Silver]. São Paulo.sp (in Portuguese). Governo do Estado de São Paulo. 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  3. ^ "重庆轨道交通3号线北延伸段开通迎客-中新网". China News. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Flickr". Flickr.
  5. ^ Transportation. "New Contract for P8 Monorail System in Calabar". www.intamintransportation.com.
  6. ^ "Nasrec Development - Stage 2: Business Plan" (PDF). Johannesburg Development Agency. September 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  7. ^ "Sun City Transport". Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  8. ^ "Plaza Imperial Monorail - a Photo Essay". The Monorail Society. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  9. ^ "Ashgabat". Intamin Worldwide (Press release). Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Hilton, Spud. "The monorail at CalExpo winds more than a - Media (3 of 4) State Fair's city of fun / California's". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ NIGERIAN MONORAIL
  14. ^ a b African Business July 2007 p48
  15. ^ "Orascom, Bombardier to build $1.5 billion monorail in Egypt". Reuters. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Cairo monorail trains to be built in UK". BBC News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  17. ^ ONITSHA METROPOLITAN MONORAIL, NIGERIA
  18. ^ a b "Nigeria". Railpage. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  19. ^ "Evalúan construir un monorriel junto a la Panamericana".
  20. ^ "Rousseff to sign agreement for US$875mn monorail construction in Rio - BNamericas". 6 September 2013.
  21. ^ "Bombardier construirá monotrilho em São Paulo".
  22. ^ "Monorail to Sherbourne suggested". The Nation Newspaper. 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  23. ^ a b c Joseph P Schwieterman (2007-09-01). "Return of the inter-city train". Railway Gazette International. p. 563.
  24. ^ http://www.trensquebec.qc.ca TrensQuébec (French).
  25. ^ "簡易地デジチューナー". www.maglevpa.com.
  26. ^ Young, Adam D. (January 4, 2014). "Texas Tech to downtown monorail could more than a daydream for Lubbock, McDougal says". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014.
  27. ^ "Noticias del Perú y el Mundo - El Comercio Perú". El Comercio.
  28. ^ Liverpool and Manchester - A Proposed One Line Railway
  29. ^ The Story of the Monorail
  30. ^ "Monorail for Manchester?". archive.commercialmotor.com. 28 January 1966. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  31. ^ Ogden, Eric; Senior, John (1992). Metrolink. Glossop, Derbyshire: Transport Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86317-155-9.
  32. ^ "Preston council chief proposes monorail service". 2008-04-23. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  33. ^ "6. fase - Svævebane". MCH. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  34. ^ "Brisbane Airport master plan proposes monorail to link terminals and parking areas". Brisbane Times. March 31, 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  35. ^ "Nelson man pitches monorail option as alternative to Southern Link road". Stuff.
  36. ^ http://www.memoriadepocos.com.br/2011/01/30-anos-de-monotrilho.html
  37. ^ Gold, John Robert; Margaret M. Gold. Cities of Culture. Ashgate Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-84014-285-3. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  38. ^ Beauchamp (January 1997). Exhibiting Electricity. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-85296-895-6.
  39. ^ Pendergrast, Lolo (August 23, 1994). "Carowinds retires monorail attraction". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1C.
  40. ^ Magazines, Hearst (June 1956). Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. p. 77.
  41. ^ "Skytrail - Minnesota Zoo". Amusement Parkives. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  42. ^ Photograph of monorail
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ Photo of monorail
  45. ^ "Monorail News Archives - January 9 through March 19, 2005". www.monorails.org.
  46. ^ Beesley, Paul (2008-07-04). "Behind the scenes - A closer look at Blackpools Monorail". Ridemad. Retrieved 2008-10-09. Pleasure Beach Blackpool bought the monorail in 1964 from the Lausanne expo in Switzerland and it was opened in Pleasure Beach in 1966.
  47. ^ "End of the line for Blackpool's Monorail | Airgates". Airgates. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  48. ^ "Sydney's monorail to make its final stop on June 30 next year".
  49. ^ "Long-time driver Les Davis says goodbye to the Broadbeach monorail as redevelopment starts".

External linksEdit