Toei Subway

The Toei Subway (都営地下鉄, Toei chikatetsu, lit. "metropolis managed subway") lines were originally licensed to the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (the predecessor of Tokyo Metro) but were constructed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government following transfers of the licenses for each line. The subway has run at a financial loss for most of its history due to high construction expenses, particularly for the Oedo Line. However, it reported its first net profit of ¥3.13bn in FY2006. The Toei Subway is operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation.

Toei Subway
PrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg
Overview
Native name都営地下鉄
Toei chikatetsu
LocaleTokyo, Japan
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4[1]
Number of stations106[1]
Daily ridership2.85 million (FY2014)[1]
WebsiteToei
Operation
Began operation1960
Operator(s)Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
Technical
System length109.0 km (67.7 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

Tokyo Metro and Toei trains form completely separate networks. While users of prepaid rail passes can freely interchange between the two networks, regular ticket holders must purchase a second ticket, or a special transfer ticket, to change from a Toei line to a Tokyo Metro line and vice versa. The sole exceptions are on the segment of the Toei Mita Line between Meguro and Shirokane-Takanawa, where the platforms are shared with the Tokyo Metro Namboku Line, and at Kudanshita on the Shinjuku Line, where the platform is shared with the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line. At these stations, it is possible to change between the networks without passing through a ticket gate.

BrandingEdit

Apart from its own logo, a stylized ginkgo leaf used as the symbol of the Tokyo Metropolis, Toei Subway shares a design language in common with Tokyo Metro. Lines are indicated by a letter in Futura Bold on a white background inside a roundel in the line color, with signs indicating stations adding the station number as well. Line colors and letter-designations are complementary with Tokyo Metro's, with none overlapping (e.g., the Mita Line's letter-designation is “I”, rather than “M”, which is used by the Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line). Informational signage is also designed identically, with platform-level station placards differing only in the placement of the bands in the line color: Toei Subway has two thin bands at the top and bottom, while Tokyo Metro has one wider band at the bottom (or, in the case of long, narrow placards, in a continuous band extending to the left and right along the wall itself).

LinesEdit

The Toei Subway is made up of four lines operating on 109.0 kilometers (67.7 mi) of route.[1]

Line color Mark Line Japanese Route Stations[1] Length[1] Train Length Opened Gauge[1] Current supply[1]
Rose   Asakusa Line 浅草線 Nishi-Magome to Oshiage 20 18.3 km 8 cars 1960 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) 1500 VDC,
overhead supply
Blue   Mita Line 三田線 Meguro to Nishi-Takashimadaira 27 26.5 km 6 cars (to be expanded to 8 cars) 1968 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Leaf   Shinjuku Line 新宿線 Shinjuku to Moto-Yawata 21 23.5 km 8 or 10 cars 1978 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
Ruby   Ōedo Line 大江戸線 Hikarigaoka to Tochōmae via Tochōmae, Roppongi and Ryogoku 38 40.7 km 8 cars 1991 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Total 106 109.0 km

Two of the lines have different colors for their station signs: Asakusa (Vermilion A) and Shinjuku (Lime S). The Ōedo Line formerly had a darker magenta (O) as its designated color.

Through services to other linesEdit

The different gauges of the Toei lines arose in part due to the need to accommodate through services with private suburban railway lines. Through services currently in regular operation include:

Line Through Lines
A Asakusa KKKeikyu Kurihama Line and KKKeikyu Airport Line both via the KKKeikyu Main Line (Sengakuji to Haneda Airport Domestic Terminal (Tokyo International Airport) or Misakiguchi)
KSKeisei Oshiage Line, KSKeisei Main Line, KSNarita Sky Access Line, HSHokuso Line, KSKeisei Higashi-Narita Line and SRShibayama Railway Line (Oshiage to Narita Airport Terminal 1, Inba-Nihon-Idai or Shibayama-Chiyoda)
I Mita MGTokyu Meguro Line (Meguro to Hiyoshi)
S Shinjuku KOKeio New Line and KOKeio Sagamihara Line both via the KOKeiō Line (Shinjuku to Hashimoto or Takaosanguchi)
E Ōedo -

According to the company, an average of 2.34 million people used the company's four subway routes each day in 2008. The company made a profit of ¥12.2 billion in 2009.[2]

StationsEdit

There are a total of 99 unique stations (i.e., counting stations served by multiple lines only once) on the Toei Subway network, or 106 total stations if each station on each line counts as one station.[1] Almost all stations are located within the 23 special wards, with many located in areas not served by the complementary Tokyo Metro network.

Rolling stockEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 東京都交通局ホーム - 経営情報 - 交通局の概要 - 都営地下鉄 [Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation Home - Management Information - Overview of the Department of Transportation - Toei Subway] (in Japanese). 東京都交通局 [Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation]. April 1, 2015. Retrieved 2016-01-17.
  2. ^ Martin, Alex, "Ubiquitous Tokyo subways moving the daily masses", Japan Times, August 3, 2010, p. 3.