Manila Metro Rail Transit System
The Manila Metro Rail Transit System (MRT) is one of the two rapid transit systems serving Metro Manila in the Philippines along with the Manila Light Rail Transit System (LRTA). It originally began as a single line (Line 3) that was first opened in 1999 and became fully operational by the year 2000. Since then, most of the newly proposed rapid rail lines within Metro Manila that are not under the jurisdiction of the Light Rail Transit Authority is associated with the "MRT" brand. This includes the Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway) and the elevated Line 7 which are being built as of January 2020.
Line 3 in 2017
|Owner||Government of the Philippines|
MRTC (Line 3)
|Area served||Metro Manila|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1 (operational)|
2 (under construction)
|Number of stations||At least 70 (total)|
|Began operation||1999 (Line 3)|
|Operation will start||2021 or 2022 (Line 7)|
2022 (Line 9)
2024 (Line 4)
2025 (Line 5)
|Operator(s)||Department of Transportation|
|System length||16.9 km (10.5 mi) (operational)|
124.4 km (77.3 mi) (planned)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Minimum radius of curvature||Line 3:|
370 m (1,210 ft) (Mainline)
28 m (92 ft) (Depot)
|Electrification||750 V DC Overhead line (Line 3)|
Third rail (Line 7)
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
There is currently only one light metro/light rail line in operation but there are two heavy rail lines under construction. In recent years, there are proposals to extend the system. The system is intended to have seven lines as of 2019, with at least 49 stations across 124.4 kilometers (77.3 mi) of track. Until 2019, almost all proposed lines were given odd numbers.
As of 2019, there are two lines under construction, one approved awaiting construction, and four lines awaiting approval.
|Name||Partial opening||Full operations||Termini||Stations||Length||Depot||Operator|
|MRT Line 7||2021||North Avenue
San Jose del Monte
|14||22.8 km (14.2 mi)||San Jose del Monte, Bulacan||SMC–Mass Rail Transit 7 Inc.|
|Metro Manila Subway||2022||2025||East Valenzuela
NAIA Terminal 3
|15||36 km (22 mi)||Barangay Ugong, Valenzuela||Department of Transportation|
|San Jose del Monte
|26||57.7 km (35.9 mi)|
- Line 4, or the Manila–Taytay Line, is a proposed 11-kilometer (6.8 mi) line, crossing through the eastern parts of Metro Manila to the southern parts of the province of Rizal. Six stations would be built along Ortigas Avenue and Taytay Diversion Road from the Ortigas station on EDSA to SM City Taytay in Taytay, while the remaining four stations would depend on the final western aligment choice. This project was approved last June 2015 and will be implemented as a public-private partnership project.
- The Makati Intra-city Subway (Line 5) will be the second primarily-underground rail line to be built in Metro Manila. Located exclusively in the city of Makati, the 10-station, 11 km (6.8 mi)-long line will connect the Makati Central Business District with Lines 3 and 9, as well as the Pasig River Ferry Service. It will a maximum capacity of 700,000 passengers. The project was approved in 2018 and is expected to be completed by 2025. The project will cost ₱192 billion (US$3.7 billion).
- Line 8 is a planned 11-station 9 km (5.6 mi)-long rapid transit line to be built along España Boulevard in Manila. and is awaiting approval by the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA). According to MTD Philippines, Inc. President Patrick Nicholas David, the project would cost ₱60 billion (US$1.2 billion).
- Line 10 is a planned 22-station, 22.5 km (14.0 mi)-long railway system to be built along Circumferential Road 5. The line will also connect with Line 7 at Tandang Sora station and Line 2 at Katipunan station. Their depot will be built on UP Diliman property in Quezon City. The project will cost ₱81.5 billion (US$1.6 billion).
- Cruz, Neal. (November 14, 2007). "MRT 7 may end Metro traffic problems". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- "Marubeni to build $1B Philippine rail project". Inquirer.net. Agence France-Presse. May 15, 2012.
- "DOTr eyes Feb. 27 Metro Manila subway launch". Manila Bulletin News. February 16, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
- "ROADMAP FOR TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FOR METRO MANILA AND ITS SURROUNDING AREAS (REGION III AND REGION IV-A): SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT NO. 2: MEGA MANILA SUBWAY PROJECT" (PDF). www.jica.go.jp. March 31, 2014. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- Flores, Mikhail Franz E. (June 16, 2015). "Major infrastructure projects lined up". BusinessWorld. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- Magano, Louie (July 27, 2018). "The Makati Subway". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
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- Esguerra, Darryl John (August 23, 2018). "Construction of Makati City subway system to start in December". Inquirer.net. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
- Magkilat, Bernie Magkilat (March 21, 2018). "Alloy MTD offers to build P60-B Lerma-UP railway". Manila Bulletin Business. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Wahab, Norsyafawati Ab (November 10, 2016). "AlloyMtd to embark on Philippine MRT-9 project next year". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Crismundo, Kris (March 20, 2018). "Malaysian firm waits NEDA's nod for P60-B MRT-9 project". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- "C5 MRT 10 Project". Public-Private Partnership Center. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- Ordinario, Cai (October 1, 2018). "NEDA reviews proposal for MRT 10, 2 other infrastructure projects". BusinessMirror. Retrieved December 22, 2019..
- de Vera, Ben O. (November 18, 2019). "Tycoons' unsolicited PPP projects bolster "Build, Build, Build"". Inquirer.net. Retrieved December 22, 2019.