Manila Metro Rail Transit System
The Manila Metro Rail Transit System (MRT) is one of the two rapid transit systems serving Metro Manila in the Philippines along with the Manila Light Rail Transit System (LRTA). It originally began as a single line (Line 3) that was first opened in 1999 and became fully operational by the year 2000. Since then, most of the newly proposed rapid rail lines within Metro Manila that are not under the jurisdiction of the Light Rail Transit Authority is associated with the "MRT" brand. This includes the Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway) and the elevated Line 7 which are being built as of March 2019.
Line 3 in 2017
|Owner||Government of the Philippines|
MRTC (Line 3)
|Area served||Metro Manila|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1 (operational)|
2 (under construction)
|Number of stations||49 (total)|
|Began operation||1999 (Line 3)|
|Operation will start||2020 (Line 7)|
2022 (Line 9)
2025 (Line 5)
|Operator(s)||Department of Transportation|
|System length||16.9 km (10.5 mi) (operational)|
96.1 km (59.7 mi) (planned)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Minimum radius of curvature||Line 3:|
370 m (1,210 ft) (Mainline)
28 m (92 ft) (Depot)
|Electrification||750 V DC Overhead line (Line 3)|
Third rail (Line 7)
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
There is currently only one light metro/light rail line in operation but there are two heavy rail lines under construction. In recent years, there are proposals to extend the system. The system is intended to have five lines as of 2019, with 49 stations across 96.1 kilometers (59.7 mi) of track. Almost all lines are given odd numbers except for the Line 8 (PNR East-West Railway).
Line 7 is a planned 14-station, 22.8-kilometer (13 mi) line that starts in Quezon City and traverses Commonwealth Avenue, passing through Caloocan City and ending in the city of San Jose del Monte in Bulacan. This line finished the bidding stage and has been approved by the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation and Communications. The Line 7 project went under review due to various concerns from several local governments where the rail project is proposed to run through, and may undergo major changes from the original. In May 2012, the consortium of Marubeni-DMCI won the contract to build Line 7 for around $1 billion and would take an estimated 42 months to build starting early 2013.
Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway) is the first fully underground metro planned for Metro Manila. It is a north-south subway line that will connect Mindanao Avenue in Quezon City in the north to the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Pasay in the south. The 25-kilometre (16 mi) subway line will have thirteen stations and will also link the major financial districts of Ortigas Center, Makati CBD and Bonifacio Global City. It was approved in 2016 as a priority rail project of the Rodrigo Duterte presidential administration.
- Cruz, Neal. (November 14, 2007). "MRT 7 may end Metro traffic problems". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- Marubeni to build $1B Philippine rail project | Inquirer Business