Hyderabad Metro

The Hyderabad Metro is a rapid transit system, serving the city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[6][7] It is the second longest operational metro network in India after the Delhi Metro (285 stations) with 57 stations[8][9] and the lines are arranged in a secant model. It is being funded by a Public Private Partnership (PPP),[10][11] with the state government holding a minority equity stake.[12] A special purpose vehicle company, L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Ltd (L&TMRHL) was established by the construction company L&T[13][14] to develop Hyderabad metro rail project under Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.[15][16] A 30 kilometres (19 mi) stretch from Miyapur to Nagole with 24 stations, was inaugurated on 28 November 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[17][18] This was the longest rapid transit metro line opened in one go in India.[19][20] It is estimated to cost 18,800 crore (US$2.6 billion). As of February 2020, about 490, 000 people use the Metro per day.[3] Trains are crowded during the morning and evening rush hours.[21] A ladies only coach was introduced on all the trains from 7 May 2018.[22]

Hyderabad Metro
Hyderabad Metro Logo
Overview
Native nameహైదరాబాద్ మెట్రో
حیدرآباد میٹرو
OwnerGovernment of Telangana (10%)
Larsen & Toubro (90%)
LocaleHyderabad, Telangana, India
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines3 [1]
Number of stations57[2]
Daily ridership490,000 (February 2020) [3]
Chief executiveN.V.S Reddy[4]
HeadquartersMetro Bhawan, Begumpet, Hyderabad
WebsiteL&T Metro
HMRL
Operation
Began operation29 November 2017[5]
Operator(s)Hyderabad Metro Rail Ltd. (HMRL)
Headway3.5 - 7 minutes
Technical
System length72 km (45 mi)
69 km (43 mi) (Operational)
No. of tracks3
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV, AC Overhead catenary
Average speed35 km/h (22 mph)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Hyderabad Metro Rail
Route map of Hyderabad Metro.

HistoryEdit

Metro Rail Project was First initiated by then Chief Minister of United Andhra Pradesh state, N. Chandrababu Naidu in 2003 [23] as Hyderabad continued to grow, the MMTS had insufficient capacity for public transport, and the Union Ministry of Urban Development approved construction of the Hyderabad Metro Rail Project, directing the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation to conduct a survey of the proposed lines and to submit Detailed Project Report(DPR) [24]. To rising public transport needs and mitigate growing road traffic in the twin-cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, the State Government of N. Chandrababu Naidu and the South Central Railway jointly launched the Multi Modal Transport System (MMTS) in August 2003.[25][26] The initial plan was for the metro to connect with the existing MMTS to provide commuters with alternate modes of transport. Simultaneously, the proposals for taking up the construction of MMTS Phase-II were also taken forward.[27]

In 2007, N.V.S Reddy was appointed Managing Director of Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited[28] and the same year, Central Government approved financial assistance of 1639 crore under Viability Gap Funding (VGF) scheme.[29] The option of underground metro system in Hyderabad was ruled out by L&T due to the presence of hard rocks, boulders and the topography of the soil in Hyderabad.[30] On March 26, 2018, Telangana Govt announced that it would set up a SPV "Hyderabad Airport Metro Limited (HAML)", jointly promoted by HMRL and HMDA, to extend the Blue line from Raidurg to Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad under phase-II after the completion of Phase-I in 2019.

Initial biddingEdit

The bidding process was completed by July 2008 and awarded to Maytas,[31] which failed to achieve financial closure for the project as per schedule by March 2009.

Re-biddingEdit

Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy government cancelled the contract and called for a fresh rebidding for the project. In the July-2010 rebidding process, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) emerged as the lowest bidder for the 121.32 billion (US$1.7 billion) project.[32] L&T came forward to take up the work for about 14.58 billion (US$200 million) as viability gap funding as against the sanctioned 48.53 billion (US$680 million). Kiran’s Government proactively pursued the project but it was delayed due to separate state agitation and later due to the apprehensions of the new government.

MascotEdit

 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi taking a ride in Hyderabad Metro in 2017

The mascot of Hyderabad Metro Rail is Niz. It was derived from the word Nizam, who ruled the princely state of Hyderabad.[33]

Awards and nominationsEdit

HMR project was showcased as one of the top 100 strategic global infrastructure projects at the Global Infrastructure Leadership Forum held in New York during February–March 2013.[34][35]

L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited (LTMRHL) has been conferred the SAP ACE Award 2015 in the 'Strategic HR and Talent Management[36]' category.

In 2018, Rasoolpura, Paradise and Prakash Nagar metro stations were awarded Indian Green Building Council's (IGBC) Green MRTS Platinum Award.[37]

Hyderabad Metro was adjudged as the Best Urban Mass Transit Project by the Government of India, in November 2018.[38]

Construction milestonesEdit

 
Hyderabad metro towards HITEC city Cyber Towers
  • Groundbreaking (Bhoomi Puja) for the project was conducted on 26 April 2012[39] the concessionaire started the pillar erection on the same day for Stage-I and on 6 June 2012 for Stage-II.[40] The work for Corridor 2 has been delayed due to traders in Koti and Sultan Bazar demanding realignment of the route to safeguard traders and old age heritage markets.[41] If the recent bill proposed in Parliament which allows construction within a 100 metre radius of heritage structures and sites of historical or archaeological importance is passed, Metro might receive a chance as it helps to connect the Old city with IT corridor.[42]
  • The construction of the entire 71.16 km has been split into 6 stages with the first stage originally scheduled to be completed by March 2015[43][44]
  • In November 2013, L&T Hyderabad Metro started laying of rails on the metro viaduct between Nagole and Mettuguda, a stretch of 8 km.[45]
  • The first highly sophisticated train of the Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) came from Korea during the third week of May 2014. Stringent trial runs commenced from June 2014 till February 2015.[46] The trial runs started on the Miyapur to Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar stretch in October 2015.
  • CMRS inspection for Stage-II (Miyapur and S.R.Nagar Section) was done on 9, 10 August 2016.[47]
  • The steel bridge of the HMR was successfully placed over the Oliphant bridge in August 2017.[48][49]
  • In November 2017, Commissioner of Railway Safety (CMRS) granted safety approval for 12 km stretch from Miyapur to SR Nagar, 10 km stretch from SR Nagar to Mettuguda and 8 km stretch from Nagole to Mettuguda.[50]
  • 16-km Ameerpet-LB Nagar Metro stretch was opened for commercial operations from 24 September 2018.[51]
  • The Ameerpet - Hi-Tec City route was opened on conditional basis on March 20, 2019. The reversal facility after HITEC City metro station was started on 20 August 2019.[52]
  • On 19 May 2019, the construction of all the 2,599 pillars for the 66-km Hyderabad Metro rail (except the 6-km stretch in old city) was completed.[53][54]
  • The Green Line Corridor from Jubilee Bus Station to Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station was issued the Safety Certificate by the Commissioner of Metro Rail Safety and inauguration of services on the section was done on Feb 7, 2020 by Hon'ble Chief Minister of Telangana, Sri K. Chandrasekhar Rao. [55]

NetworkEdit

 
Proposed lines of the Hyderabad Metro Rail (Note: JBS is not a Phase one station as shown. it is a Phase 2 station)

Currently, the Hyderabad Metro has 56 stations. Phase I of the Hyderabad metro has 64 stations; they have escalators and elevators to reach the stations, announcement boards and electronic display systems. The stations also have service roads underneath them to for other public transportation systems to drop-off and pick-up passengers.[56] The signboards of Hyderabad Metro are displayed in Telugu, English, Hindi and Urdu at metro stations.[57]

Otis Elevator Company supplied and maintains the 670 elevators in use on the system.[58]

In May 2018, L&T Metro Rail signed a contract with Powergrid Corporation of India to install electric vehicle charging facilities at all metro stations beginning with Miyapur and Dr. B R Ambedkar Balanagar stations.[59][60] L&THMRL has setup free wifi access units for commuters at Miyapur, Ameerpet and Nagole metro stations, in association with ACT Fibernet, as part of a pilot project.[61][62] Metro Rail Phase II expansion plan is for about 85 km.[63] In April 2019, K. T. Rama Rao said that 200 kilometres (120 mi) of metro rail was planned for Hyderabad, with metro along entire Outer Ring Road.[64] All metro corridors are scheduled to terminate at Shamshabad, near Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, as planned in Hyderabad Metro Rail Phase-II.[65] In August 2019, KT Rama Rao said that state cabinet has approved the Hyderabad Metro Airport Express Link from Raidurg to the airport.[66]

Current statusEdit

Line First operational Last extension Stations Length Terminals Rolling stock Track gauge
(mm)
Power Average Frequency (Minutes)
Red 29 November 2017 24 September 2018 27 29 km (18 mi) Miyapur LB Nagar 1435 25 kV OHE 2
Blue 29 November 2017 29 November 2019 23 27 km (17 mi) Raidurg Nagole 1435 25 kV OHE 2
Green 7 February 2020 10 11 km (6.8 mi) JBS MGBS 1435 25 kV OHE
57 67 km (42 mi)

Construction phasesEdit

The construction work was undertaken in two phases. There are six stages of completion in Phase I.[67]

Phase IEdit

Phase I of the project includes 3 lines covering a distance of around 72 kilometres (45 mi). The metro rail line between Nagole and Secunderabad was originally scheduled open by December 2015; it was partly opened on 29 November 2017 with a new completion date of December 2019.[68] A 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi)-long green line in the old city will pass through Dar-ul-Shifa, Purani Haweli, Eitebar Chowk, Volta Hotel, Sultan Shahi, Syed Ali Chabutra , Shamsheer Gunj, Moghalpura, Hari Bowli, Shah-Ali-Banda and ends at Falaknuma.[69][70] This stretch is scheduled to be completed by 2022.

  • Line 1 - Red Line - Miyapur – LB Nagar - 29 km (18 mi) 27 stations
  • Line 2 - Green Line - JBS - Falaknuma 15 km (9.3 mi) 15 stations
  • Line 3 - Blue Line - Nagole – Raidurg - 28 km (17 mi) 24 stations

Construction scheduleEdit

Stage Target Section Distance Line Line Colour Status Opened
Stage 1 NagoleAmeerpet 16.8 km (10.4 mi) Line III Blue Operational November 29, 2017
Stage 1 MiyapurAmeerpet 11.3 km (7.0 mi) Line I Red Operational November 29, 2017
Stage 2 AmeerpetL B Nagar 16.8 km (10.4 mi) Line I Red Operational September 24, 2018
Stage 3/1 AmeerpetHITEC City 8.5 km (5.3 mi) Line III Blue Operational March 20, 2019
Stage 3/2 HITEC CityRaidurg 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Line III Blue Operational November 29, 2019[71]
Stage 4/1 JBSMGBS 11 km (6.8 mi) Line II Green Operational February 07, 2020 [72]
Stage 4/2 MGBSFalaknuma 5.2 km (3.2 mi) Line II Green Yet to start Construction N/A
Total 72 km (45 mi)

Note: Stage 4/2 MGBS - Falaknuma section (5.36 km) is also part of the initial phase - I, but has been rumored that the state government might take up this section instead of L&T, but will be completed along with the phase - I work. The Stage 3/2 Hitec City - Raidurg section (1.3 km) of Corridor III was not initial part of phase - I, it was later on added by the newly elected state government. This section is opened on 29th Nov 2019.

Phase IIEdit

The Government is planning second phase of metro rail extending further.[73] The construction of Phase II will be taken up solely by the state government, instead of Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode in Phase I.[74] Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was entrusted to give a detailed project report (DPR) for Phase II.[75] Metro Rail Phase II expansion plan is for about 62 km,[76] which includes providing link to Shamshabad RGI Airport.[77] In February 2020, Hyderabad Metro MD NVS Reddy said that three corridors are considered for phase 2. The DPR has been submitted to state government.[78][79] The proposed routes are as following:

Target Section Distance (in km) Line Line Colour Status
RaidurgGachibowli Shamshabad RGI Airport 31 km (19 mi) Line IV TBA DPR submitted
NagoleLB Nagar 28 km (17 mi) Line III extension TBA DPR submitted
Lakdi ka pulBHEL 20 km (12 mi) Line V TBA DPR submitted

Hyderabad Airport Metro ExpressEdit

In August 2019, TRS Working President, Minister for Muncipal Administration & Urban Development, Industries and IT&C K. T. Rama Rao said that the work on Hyderabad Metro Airport Express from Raheja Mindspace to Shamshabad RGI Airport will start soon.[80] The 31 km long Hyderabad Metro Airport Express link will cost around 5000 crore.[81] The 31-km Airport Express Metro Corridor is proposed to have 27-km elevated, 1 km on ground and a 2.5-km underground section to connect to the airport terminal.[82] The airport route will have 9 elevated stations and one underground station.[83]

# Station Name
1 Bio-Diversity junction
2 Nanakramguda
3 Narsingi
4 TS Police Academy
5 Rajendranagar
6 Shamshabad
7 Airport Cargo station
8 RGIA Terminal

LinesEdit

Hyderabad Metro Phase I
Red Line: Miyapur — LB Nagar [29.21 km]
Green Line: JBS — Falaknuma [10.06 km]
Blue Line: Nagole — Raidurg [29 km]
Miyapur
 
 
 
Raidurg
JNTU
 
 
 
Hitec City
KPHB Colony
 
 
 
Durgam Cheruvu
Kukatpally
 
 
 
Madhapur
Balanagar
 
 
 
Peddamma Temple
Moosapet
 
 
 
Jubilee Hills Checkpost
Bharatnagar
 
 
 
 
 
Jubilee Hills
Erragadda
 
 
 
 
 
Yousufguda
ESI
 
 
 
Maduranagar
SR Nagar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ameerpet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Panjagutta
 
 
 
 
 
Begumpet
Erra Manzil
 
 
 
 
 
Prakash Nagar
Khairtabad
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rasoolpura
Lakdikapul
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paradise
Assembly
 
 
 
 
 
JBS
Nampally
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gandhi Bhavan
 
 
 
Parade Ground
Osmania Medical College
 
 
 
 
Secunderabad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Secunderabad
 
 
 
 
 
Mettuguda
Gandhi Hospital
 
 
 
 
 
Tarnaka
Musheerabad
 
 
 
 
 
Habsiguda
RTC Cross Roads
 
 
 
 
 
NGRI
Chikkadapalli
 
 
 
 
 
Stadium
Narayanaguda
 
 
 
 
 
Uppal
Sultan Bazar
 
 
 
 
 
Nagole
 
 
 
 
 
MGBS
 
 
 
 
 
Malakpet
 
 
 
 
 
Salarjung Museum
New Market
 
 
 
Charminar
Musarambagh
 
 
 
Shalibanda
Dilsukhnagar
 
 
 
Shamsherganj
Chaitanyapuri
 
 
 
Jangametta
Victory Memorial
 
 
 
 
 
Falaknuma
LB Nagar
 
 

Since the first version of the plans, the three corridors mostly remained the same, but minor changes were introduced. These include the lack of stop at Lalaguda, or a stop at Lakdikapul instead of Secretariat. Also, the lines have been marked with several different combination of color.[84] Ameerpet- LB Nagar metro stretch opened on 24 September 2018.[85] HiTec City to Raidurg, 1.5-kilometre stretch on Corridor Three - Nagole to Raidurg, is opened on 29th November 2019,[86][87] as it involves construction of 49 pillars and the Raidurg terminal station.[88]

Red Line: Miyapur – L.B. NagarEdit

Route Length — 29.21 km (18.15 mi)
Number of Stations (All elevated) — 27
Link to other Corridors

# Station Name Connections
1 Miyapur None
2 J.N.T.U College None
3 K.P.H.B. Colony None
4 Kukatpally None
5 Balanagar None
6 Moosapet None
7 Bharatnagar None
8 Erragadda None
9 ESI Hospital None
10 S.R Nagar None
11 Ameerpet Blue Line
12 Punjagutta None
13 Errum Manzil None
14 Khairatabad None
15 Lakdi-ka-pul None
16 Assembly None
17 Nampally None
18 Gandhi Bhavan None
19 Osmania Medical College None
20 MG Bus Station Green Line
21 Malakpet None
22 New Market None
23 Musarambagh None
24 Dilsukhnagar None
25 Chaitanyapuri None
26 Victoria Memorial None
27 L.B. Nagar None

Green Line: JBS – FalaknumaEdit

Route Length — 15 km (9.3 mi)
Number of Stations (All elevated) — 14
Link to other Corridors

# Station Name Connections
1 JBS Parade Ground None
2 Secunderabad West None
3 Gandhi Hospital None
4 Musheerabad None
5 R.T.C. Cross Roads None
6 Chikkadpally None
7 Narayanguda None
8 Sultan Bazaar None
9 M.G. Bus Station Red Line
10 Salarjung Museum None
11 Charminar None
12 Shah-Ali-Banda None
13 Shamsherganj None
14 Falaknuma None

Blue Line: Nagole - RaidurgEdit

Route Length — 27 km (17 mi)
Number of Stations (All elevated) — 23
Link to other Corridors

# Station Name Connections
1 Nagole None
2 Uppal None
3 Stadium None
4 NGRI None
5 Habsiguda None
6 Tarnaka None
7 Mettuguda None
8 Secunderabad East None
9 Parade Ground Green Line
10 Paradise None
11 Rasoolpura None
12 Prakash Nagar None
13 Begumpet None
14 Ameerpet Red Line
15 Madhura Nagar None
16 Yousufguda None
17 Jubilee Hills Road No. 5 None
18 Jubilee Hills Check Post None
19 Peddamma Temple None
20 Madhapur None
21 Durgam Cheruvu None
22 Hitec City None
23 Raidurg None

DepotsEdit

Hyderabad Metro currently has 2 operational depots.[89] Miyapur and Uppal depot land is 100 acres each.[90][91][92] The proposed Falaknuma depot will be constructed in 17 acres.

Hyderabad Metro
Depots
Line No. Line Name Number of Depots Location Opening Date
1 Red Line 1
Miyapur Depot, Near Calvary Temple, Nadigada Tanda, Miyapur, Hyderabad, Telangana 28 November 2017
2 Blue Line 1 Uppal Metro Depot, Nagole Rd, Laxmi Narayan Nagar Colony, Uppal, Hyderabad, Telangana 28 November 2017
3 Green Line 1 Falaknuma TBD

ReceptionEdit

 
JBS Parade ground metro station

The Metro has opened to overwhelming response, with over 200,000 people using it on Day 1.[93] On the first Sunday of operations, the Metro was used by 240,000 people.[94] As of October 2019, the daily ridership is about 400,000. Although there was hiccups in the beginning of operations in 2017 with meager ridership of less than 100,000 per day, opening the new lines to LB Nagar and Hi-Tech city in 2018-19, ridership has surged and reached milestones from 2 to 4 lakhs in very short duration.

Trains are initially being operated at a frequency of 3 minutes in very peak hours and every 5 minutes in peak hours (between Miyapur-LB Nagar) and 4 minutes in peak hours (between Hi-Tec City/ Ameerpet-Nagole),[95] though maximum achievable frequency is every 90 seconds. Similarly, three-car trains are being used currently, though it is planned to use six-car trains in the future.[96]

In December 2017, Hyderabad Metro Rail launched its mobile app, TSavaari.[97][98] Hyderabad Metro timings are available on T-Savari app.[99] Ola Cabs and Uber tied up its services with app.[100]

Hyderabad Metro Rail crossed 100 million cumulative ridership milestone in just 671 days.

CostEdit

The initial official estimated cost of the 72 km long Metro project stood at 14,132 crore (US$2.0 billion). The State Government decided to bear 10% of it, while L&T was to bear the remaining 90% of the cost.[101][102] The construction work which was supposed to commence on 3 March 2011 commenced in 2012. In March 2012, the cost of the project was revised upwards to 15,957 crore (US$2.2 billion).[103] This has been further revised upwards to 18,800 crore (US$2.6 billion) (as of November 2017).[21]

InfrastructureEdit

 
Hyderabad Metro Rail Bhavan

The 71.3 km standard-gauge network will feature ballastless track throughout and will be electrified at 25 kV AC 50 Hz. An operations control centre and depot are constructed at Uppal. At some places, a flyover, underpass and metro has been constructed at the same place, as part of Strategic road development plan (SRDP).[104] L&TMRHL built real- estate projects like Next Galleria malls in Panjagutta, Irrum Manzil, Hitech City and Musarambagh with skywalks,[105] for generating non-fare revenues under Transit Oriented Development (TOD).[16][106][107] In 2019, Hyderabad Metro started a semi-naming policy of metro stations, awarded through an open e-tendering process, to generate non-fare revenues.

CBTC TechnologyEdit

At the end of 2012, L&T Metro Rail awarded Thales a Rs 7.4bn ($US 134m) contract to provide CBTC and integrated telecommunications and supervision systems on all three lines. Thales Group supplied its SelTrac Communications-based train control (CBTC) technology,[108] and trains initially run in automatic train operation mode with minimum headways of 90 seconds, although the system will support eventual migration to unattended train operation (UTO).[109]

 
Hyderabad metro ticket online booking through MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.

Rolling stockEdit

On 12 September 2012, Larsen and Toubro Metro Rail Hyderabad Ltd (LTMRHL) announced that it has awarded tender for supply of rolling stock to Hyundai Rotem.[110][111] The 18 billion (US$250 million) tender is for 57 trains consisting of 171 cars which will be delivered in phases at least 9 months before the commencement of each stage.[112][113] On 2 October 2013, LTMRHL unveiled its train car for Hyderabad Metro. A model coach which is half the size of the actual coach, was on public display at Necklace Road on the banks of Hussain Sagar in the heart of Hyderabad.[114] The trains will be 3.2m wide and 4m high.[115] There will be 4 doors on each side of each coach.[115]

On 10 April 2014, the first metro train for HMR rolled out of Hyundai Rotem factory at Changwon in South Korea and reached Hyderabad in May 2014.[116] On 31 December 2014, Hyderabad Metro Rail successfully conducted a training run in Automatic Train Operation (ATO) mode for the first time between Nagole and Mettuguda.[117]

Ticketing and rechargeEdit

The L&T Hyderabad project has an automated ticketing system with features such as contactless smart card based ticketing, slim automatic gates, payment by cash and credit/debit card, passenger operated ticket vending machine and provision of common ticketing system. It also have a provision of NFC-based technology to enable usage of mobile phones as fare media and high performance machine to avoid long queues.[118] Hyderabad Metro Rail smart card acts as a virtual wallet that facilitates seamless travel. A smart card can be purchased from a ticketing office at any Hyderabad Metro station or through TSavaari App. A smart card can be recharged for a minimum amount of 50 and maximum amount of 3000. The smart card can be recharged through TSavaari App, HMR Passenger website (www.ltmetro.com), or Paytm App. There is 10% discount on all trips made through smart card.[119] In December 2019, Hyderabad Metro started cashless QR (Quick Response) code payment option for e-tickets through MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.[120][121]

Samsung Data Systems India, a subsidiary of South Korean firm Samsung, has been awarded the automatic fare collection system package for the L&T metro rail project. The package involves design, manufacture, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of the system.[118][122] Official Ticket prices were announced on 25 November 2017. The base fare is 10 for up to 2 km.

 
Hyderabad metro nebula smart card
Slab Distance (km) Metro Fare ()
1 0 - 2 10
2 2 - 4 15
3 4 - 6 25
4 6 - 8 30
5 8 - 10 35
6 10 - 14 40
7 14 - 18 45
8 18 - 22 50
9 22 - 26 55
10 > 26 60

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.ltmetro.in/hyderabad-metro-rail/project-highlights/stations/
  2. ^ https://www.ltmetro.in/hyderabad-metro-rail/project-highlights/stations/
  3. ^ a b "Metro rail gets closer to 5-lakh ridership mark". The Hindu. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  4. ^ "N. V. S. REDDY".
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  6. ^ "Project Description". Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Course corrections put metro rail on track".
  8. ^ "Jubilee Hills Check Post metro station opening today".
  9. ^ "Tryst with Metro history as 2nd longest corridor opens".
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  11. ^ "How metro rail networks are spreading across India".
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  13. ^ "The Next Station Is..2014".
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  18. ^ "PM Narendra Modi flags off Hyderabad Metro". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
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  20. ^ "Metro Rail to get lease of life in November".
  21. ^ a b "Hyderabad Metro project delay by L&T pushes up cost by over 30 per cent". India Today. 26 November 2017.
  22. ^ ""Ladies only" coach in Hyderabad metro rail". Deccan Chronicle. 6 May 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
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  37. ^ "Indian Green Building Council's (IGBC) Green MRTS Platinum Award".
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