Qingdao Metro

Qingdao Metro (Chinese: 青岛地铁; pinyin: Qīngdǎo dìtiě) is a rapid transit system in Qingdao, Shandong province, China. The first line, Line 3 (north section) began operation on December 16, 2015.[1]

Qingdao Metro
Overview
OwnerQingdao Metro Corporation
LocaleQingdao, Shandong, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines6 (operating)
Number of stations109 (operating)
Daily ridership0.419 million (2018 daily avg.) 0.8488 million (2 May 2019 record)
Annual ridership0.153 billion (2018)
Websitewww.qd-metro.com
Operation
Began operationDecember 16, 2015; 5 years ago (2015-12-16)
Operator(s)Qingdao Metro Corporation
Number of vehicles86
Technical
System length243.558 km (151.3 mi) (operating)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
System map

Qingdao Metro Linemap.svg

Qingdao Metro
Simplified Chinese青岛地铁
Traditional Chinese青島地鐵

Lines in operationEdit

 
Qingdao Metro (2021)
Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  Qingdao North Railway Station
(Licang)
Dongguozhuang 2020 - 21.9 15
 2  Taishan Road
(Shibei)
Licun Park
(Licang)
2017 2019 24.387 21
 3  Qingdao Railway Station
(Shinan)
Qingdao North Railway Station
(Licang)
2015 2016 24.472 22
 8  Qingdao North Railway Station
(Licang)
Jiaozhou North Railway Station
(Jiaozhou)
2020 - 48.3 11
 11  Miaoling Road
(Laoshan)
Qiangu Mountain
(Jimo)
2018 57.686 21
 13  Jinggangshan Road
(Xihai'an)
Dongjiakou Railway Station
(Xihai'an)
2018 66.813 21
Total 243.558 109

Line 1Edit

Line 1 (northern section) was opened in December 2020. The southern section is planned to open in early 2022, before the Spring Festival.[2] It is temporarily running along one of the sections of Line 7, from Xingguo Road station to Dongguozhuang station.

Line 2Edit

Construction on Line 2 began in 2012, and the completed line will comprise 22 stations, with a total length of 25.2 km. Line 2 began passenger service on December 10, 2017 between Zhiquan Road station and Licun Park station.[3][4][5] The western section from Zhiquan Road station to Taishan Road station opened on December 16, 2019.[6]

Line 3Edit

The construction of the first line, Line 3, began on November 30, 2009. With 13 billion yuan ($1.9 billion) of funding, the line comprises 22 stations, with a total length of 24.8 km. The northern half of Line 3 began trial passenger operation on December 16, 2015, and the southern half opened a year later, on December 18, 2016.[4][7]

Line 8Edit

The northern section opened in December 2020, and the southern section is currently under construction.

Line 11Edit

Phase I of Line 11 between Miaoling Road station and Qiangu Mountain station, which extends from Laoshan District to Jimo District, with 21 stations and 54 km of track, began operation on April 23, 2018.

Line 13Edit

Phase I and Phase II of Line 13 between Jinggangshan Road and Dongjiakou Railway Station started operation on December 26, 2018, with 21 stations and 66.813 km of track.

HistoryEdit

Qingdao proposed a subway system in 1935, making it one of the first cities in China to propose a subway system. The proposed network was 42 km long and ran underground in the city center while elevated in the suburbs.[8] However, the plan never gained traction due to turmoil from the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War. Planning resumed in 1989 only to be stopped again in 1995 after a national suspension of subway projects was declared due to worries of high costs and financial debts.[9][10] Repeated attempts to gain approval for subway construction were unsuccessful until 2009 when it was finally approved by the NDRC and a test section of Line 3 started construction in July.[11]

Short-term planEdit

Phase 2 construction planEdit

The Phase 2 construction plan (2013-2021) of Qingdao Metro was approved by National Development and Reform Commission in April 2016.[12]

More transfer stations such as Taidong station and Liaoyang East Road station will be built, providing the citizens with more choices in transportation.

Line 4Edit

Line 4 has been under construction since 2016, and is due to be completed in 2022[13] from Hall of the People station to Dahedong station.

Line 6Edit

Construction for Line 6 started at December 16, 2019. Line 6 is a 30 km line with 21 underground stations.[14]

Line 2 (western extension)Edit

A 3.84 km (2.39 mi) extension from Taishan Road to Lundu (Ferry Terminal) started construction on October 26, 2019.[15]

Phase 3 construction planEdit

The Phase 3 construction plan (2021-2026) of Qingdao Metro was approved by National Development and Reform Commission on August 19, 2021.[16][17]

Line Terminals Opening
Date
Length
in km
Source
 2 
Phase 2
Licun Park International
Horticultural
Expo Garden
8.9 [17]
 5  Maidao Yunling Road 32.7 [17]
 6 
(Phase 2)
Xintun Road Qingxi 14.7 [17]
 7 
(Phase 2 North)
Dongguozhuang Yingpu Road 12.8 [17]
 7 
(Phase 2 South)
Xingguo Road Cangkou 3.7 [17]
 8 
(Branch)
Dajian Luzhou Road 18.8 [17]
 9  Haixicun Gongdiansuo 16.6 [17]
 15  Xiawangbu Sifangchang 30.8 [17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Qingdao subway system to launch in December". December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  2. ^ "青岛地铁1号线南段试运行 有望2022春节前夕开通运营" [Qingdao Metro Line 1 south section started testing, official opening before the Spring Festival in 2022]. 2021-09-07.
  3. ^ "地铁2号线(东段)12月10日开通试运营-地铁资讯-青岛地铁". www.qd-metro.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  4. ^ a b "Qingdao metro Line 3 Phase 2 opens". International Rail Journal. December 19, 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  5. ^ chinanews. "山东省第二条地铁开通试运营 被誉为"最美海岸线地铁"-中新网". www.chinanews.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  6. ^ "定了!地铁2号线西段将于12月16日通车". 2019-12-13.
  7. ^ "Qingdao metro opens". Railway Gazette. December 17, 2015. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  8. ^ "1935年的青岛城市规划:国内最早提出建设地铁 青报网-青岛日报官网". www.dailyqd.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  9. ^ "国务院办公厅关于暂停审批城市地下快速轨道交通项目的通知_政府信息公开专栏". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  10. ^ "大事记-走进地铁-青岛地铁". www.qd-metro.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  11. ^ "地铁一期工程试验段开工-青岛新闻网". ribao.qingdaonews.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  12. ^ "国家发展改革委关于青岛市城市轨道交通第二期建设规划调整方案(2013~2021年)的批复". 2016-04-26.
  13. ^ "青岛地铁4号线已封顶18座车站 力争2022年开通". 2021-06-07.
  14. ^ "青岛地铁6号线16日开工 2号线西段同日开通". 2019-12-16.
  15. ^ "青岛地铁2号线延长段开工 长3.84千米设3个站点". 2019-10-26.
  16. ^ "国家发展改革委关于青岛市城市轨道交通第三期建设规划(2021-2026年)的批复". 2021-08-19. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i "青岛市城市轨道交通第三期建设规划(2021~2026年)" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-09-06.

External linksEdit