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Almaty Metro (Kazakh: Алматы метрополитені, Almaty Metropolıteni; Russian: Алматинский метрополитен) is a rapid transit/metro system in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The first line of the system was opened on 1 December 2011, after more than 23 years of construction. A 2.9-kilometre (1.8 mi), two-station extension of the Metro to Moskva station opened on 18 April 2015.
|Native name||Алматы метрополитені|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||9|
|Daily ridership||27,000 (average, 2016)|
|Annual ridership||14 million (2017)|
|Website||KGP Metro Almaty|
|Began operation||1 December 2011|
|Operator(s)||Communal State Enterprise "Metropolyten"|
|Number of vehicles||7|
|System length||11.3 km (7.0 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) Russian gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC|
|Average speed||34 km/h (21 mph)|
|Top speed||90 km/h (56 mph)|
The metro system became the second metro in Central Asia, and the sixteenth metro in the former Soviet Union region.
Construction of the Almaty Metro began on 7 September 1988 when Kazakhstan was still part of the Soviet Union. However, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, funds from Moscow dried up and the new Kazakhstani government was unable to continue construction. Efforts to preserve the already-completed work were made, but the high cost led to the accumulation of large debts to construction workers.
In 2003, the government of Kazakhstan laid out a new development initiative which included government funds for continued construction on the metro.
In May 2007, the tunnel between the Almaly and Abai stations was completed on the night of 24/25 May. The tunnel is 1.271 kilometres (0.790 mi) in length. At the connection point, it is situated at a depth of 73 metres (240 ft). The tunnel from Abai towards Baikonur (1.526 kilometres (0.948 mi) in length) was finished at the end of 2007. Another tunnel on this span was finished in the middle of 2008.
The construction cost on the first line is estimated at 101 billion tenge ($1 billion USD).
Construction on the expansion to Sairan and Moskva stations started in 2011, and opened for service on 18 April 2015, adding another 2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi) of route and two stations to the Metro.
12.4 million passengers used the metro in 2016, an increase on the 10.6 million who used it in 2015. Daily passenger numbers varied from 17,000 per day on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays to up to 45,000 people who used it on working days.
The Metro will expand in the future.
- ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2016 ГОД. [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2016.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2016. pp. 1, 3. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- "Алматинцы стали чаще пользоваться метро – рост за год 2 млн пассажиров". metroalmaty. 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- Kava, Alexander (20 April 2015). "Presidential opening for Almaty metro extension". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Hyundai Rotem: Project Record, Kazakhstan Almaty EMU.
- В Алматы открылся Метрополитен [Opening of the Almaty Metro]. zakon.kz (in Russian). 1 December 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
- "Almaty metro opens and Phase 2 funded". Railway Gazette International. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Zhazira Dyussembekova (18 January 2017). "Almaty Metro Prepares for Universiade". The Astana Times. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- "Қазақстан Президенті Алматыдағы метрополитеннің бірінші кезегінің ашылу салтанатына қатысты – Бейнежаңалықтар – Бүгінгі Қазақстан жаңалықтары". Bnews.kz. Retrieved 25 February 2014.