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The Algiers Metro (Arabic: مترو الجزائر العاصمة‎, Berber: Adubrid en Dzayer, French: Métro d'Alger), serving Algiers, the capital of Algeria, is a rapid transit system dating from the 1970s that was designed to address the need for mass transport caused by the city's growth. Formally launched in the 1980s, the project slowed down due to financial difficulties and security issues in the 1990s. The project recommenced in 2003. Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika attended the Metro's 31 October 2011 ribbon-cutting opening ceremony.[1][2] The Algiers Metro then opened to passengers on the following day, 1 November 2011,[2] making Algiers only the second capital city in Africa (after Cairo) to have a metro system.[6]

Algiers Metro
Metroalger.png
Tafourah 3.JPG
Tafourah - Grande Poste station
Overview
Native nameمترو الجزائر العاصمة
Adubrid en Dzayer
Métro d'Alger
LocaleAlgiers, Algeria
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines1[1]
(2 planned)[2]
Number of stations19[3]
Annual ridership40,032,641 (2018)[4]
Websitewww.metroalger-dz.com
Operation
Began operation1 November 2011; 7 years ago (2011-11-01)[2]
Operator(s)RATP El-Djazaïr (FR)
Technical
System length18.5 km (11.5 mi)[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge[5]
Electrification750 V DC third rail[5]
System map

Metro Alger - Plan Ligne - Avril 2018.svg

The first phase of Line 1, "Haï el Badr"–"Tafourah-Central Post Office", which spanned 9.2 kilometres (5.7 mi) and 10 stations, opened for public service on 1 November 2011.[1] A 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) extension from "Haï el Badr" to "El Harrach Centre" opened for commercial service on 4 July 2015 after test runs in June.[7][8]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Haï El Badr station
 
Inside the train

During the 1970s, the promoters of the Algiers rapid transit subway project envisioned a 64 km (40 mi) network. The project was officially inaugurated in 1982, with technical studies completed in 1985. Authorities retained a German company and a Japanese specialist for building the network. The collapse of oil prices in the 1980s considerably affected the Algerian state's ability to continue funding the project. Authorities discussed the possibility of folding the subway development programme into other mass-transit projects but eventually decided to continue with the original Metro program, albeit slowly.

In 1988, Algeria awarded construction contracts to two national companies COSIDER and GENISIDER[permanent dead link]. Neither was experienced in running large urban transit development projects. Construction encountered financial and political difficulties, with only four stations constructed in 15 years. Moreover, the Algiers soil is difficult to dig in, and the city's topography is irregular. Work did not advance significantly for many years.

In 1994, a first 450 m long section, called Emir-Abdelkader, was completed. Another 650 m section, connecting the Central Post Office to Khélifa-Boukhalfa, was completed soon after. In 1999, the Metro of Algiers Company (EMA) invited international companies to participate in a tender offering, resulting in two new contractors being added to the project: French Systra-Sgte for project management, and Agéro-German GAAMA for construction and completion, within 38 months, of the civil engineering tasks and earthworks.

In 2003, benefiting from the return of economic stability and improved security, the government increased funding and introduced a new organizational and operational structure.

In January 2006, further changes were introduced to the project, with integral system development handed to Siemens Transportation Systems. This included the installation of fixed material, signals and electrification. Vinci was responsible for civil engineering, and the Spanish company Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) was to deliver a new set of rolling stock, including 14 trains of 6 cars each. The network would use the Trainguard MT CBTC technology, which had already been implemented on line 1 and 14 of the Paris Métro.[9]

SystemEdit

With a length of 9.2 kilometres (5.7 mi), the first section of Line 1 to open included ten stations, connecting Tafourah–Grande Poste to Haï El Badr.[1] Nine of the ten stations are underground with two central tracks flanked by two 115 metres (377 ft) long side platforms. Only the Haï El Badr terminus station is on the surface and it has three tracks and two island platforms.

  • The El Hamma - Haï El Badr section, with its 4 stations and 17 other works for ventilation and cables was carried out within 38 months. Civil engineering work and rail laying were officially completed on 30 June 2007.
  • The installation and the welding of 23 kilometres (14 mi) of tracks was started in April 2007 by the French company South-western Travaux France (TSO) with the first metro car to be delivered to Algiers by December 2007.

In July 2015, this was supplemented by the opening of the 4-kilometre (2.5 mi), four-station expansion from "Haï el Badr" to "El Harrach Centre". The system now serves 14 stations, over a total route length of approximately 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi).

StationsEdit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
Name Community Notes
Place des Martyrs Casbah of Algiers 2018
Ali Boumendjel Alger Centre 2018
Tafourah - Grande Poste Alger Centre 2011
Khelifa Boukhalfa Alger Centre 2011
1er Mai Sidi M'Hamed 2011
Aïssat Idir Sidi M'Hamed 2011
Hamma Belouizdad 2011
Jardin d'essai Belouizdad 2011
Les Fusillés Hussein Dey 2011
Cité Amirouche Hussein Dey 2011
Cité Mer et Soleil Hussein Dey 2011
Haï El Badr El Magharia 2011
Les Ateliers El Magharia 2018
Gué de Constantine Djasr Kasentina 2018
Ain Naadja Djasr Kasentina 2018
Bachdjarah - Tennis Bachdjerrah 2015
Bachdjarah Bachdjerrah / Bourouba 2015
El Harrach Gare Bourouba 2015
El Harrach Centre El Harrach 2015

OperationsEdit

 
Ticket

The total cost of the first phase of line 1 rose to 77 billion DZD (900 million euros), consisting of DZD 30 billion for civil engineering and DZD 47 billion for the equipment.[citation needed]

  • 14 six-car trains are being used. Each train is 108m in length with 208 seats and can transport 1,216 people.
  • The metro line can move 41,000 passengers per hour, the equivalent of 150 million passengers per year, with a headway of under 2 minutes. Trains can travel at speeds of up to 70 km/h, and the line is open from 5 a.m. to 11 p.m.
  • The metro's daily operation is the responsibility of the RATP Group, which was awarded the contract in August 2007.

ExtensionsEdit

Invitations to tender were launched for the construction of a 4 km section between Bachdjarrah and El Harrach composed of 4 stations and one viaduct of 250 m above the access road to the Ouchaïah Wadi motorway. It is opened for public service on 4 July 2015.[7][8]

  • The Gaama group which carried out the first section quoted 250 million euros including the construction of a multimodal station (subway/train/taxis) at the El Harrach railway station.

Two other extensions to Line 1 had a planned public opening in 2017:[8]

  • a branch line from Haï El Badr to Aïn Naâdja.
  • an extension north from Tafourah Grande Poste to Place des Martyrs

Algiers Metro SnapshotEdit

  Algiers Metro
Stations Length (km) Ridership (in millions)
19 18.2 28
Ranking
Algeria 1 1 1
Africa 2 2 2
World 135 148 136

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Alger metro inaugurated". Railway Gazette International. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Maghreb's first metro system opens in Algeria". Radio France International. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Le Président Bouteflika inaugure deux nouvelles extensions du Métro d'Alger". aps.dz. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Statistiques voyageur" [Passenger statistics] (in French). EMA - Entreprise Metro d’Alger. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Rail projects in Algeria: Focus on tramway systems". Global Mass Transit. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Metro systems: Going Underground". The Economist. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Algiers Metro: New line Hai El Badr-El Harrach operational in July". Algeria Press Service. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "Alger metro extends". Railway Gazette International. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Alger" [Algiers] (in French). Siemens. Retrieved 23 February 2018.

External linksEdit