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Chūkyō (中京圏, Chūkyō-ken), or the Chūkyō region (中京地方, Chūkyō-chihō), is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya (the "Chūkyō", i.e., the "capital in the middle") in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most-urban part of the Tōkai region. The population of 10,240,000 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers. (Demographia World Urban Areas 2019)[http://demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf] Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.

Chūkyō metropolitan area
中京圏
Nagoya (2015-11-03).JPG
Nagoya
Chūkyō metropolitan area is located in Japan
Chūkyō metropolitan area
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°E / 35.167; 136.917Coordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°E / 35.167; 136.917
Country Japan
Largest CityNagoya
Area
 • Metro
7,072 km2 (2,731 sq mi)
Population
 (Demographia World Urban Areas 2019 [http://demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf])
 • Metro
10,240,000
 • Metro density1,288/km2 (3,335/sq mi)
Nagoya metropolitan area

Nagoya MEA
(2015)
(2015)
Prefectures
Core cities
Area
(2011)[1]
 • Total2,791.72 km2 (1,077.89 sq mi)
 • Inhabitable area1,902.02 km2 (734.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)[2]
 • Total6,871,632
 • Rank3rd in Japan
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)[1]22.5 trillion Japanese yen (2010)

It is among the 50 most-populous metropolitan areas in the world and is the third-most-populous metropolitan area in Japan (after Greater Tokyo and Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto), containing roughly 7% of Japan's population. Historically, this region has taken a back seat to the other two power centers, both politically and economically; however, the agglomeration of Nagoya is the 22nd-largest metro area economy, in terms of gross metropolitan product at purchasing power parity in 2014, according to a study by the Brookings Institution.[3] The GDP in Greater Nagoya, Nagoya Metropolitan Employment Area, is US$256.3 billion in 2010.[1][4]

Contents

MunicipalitiesEdit

TransportEdit

GDPEdit

2014 Chūkyō metropolitan area's GDP per capita (PPP) was US$40,144.[5]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  2. ^ Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Urban Employment Area (MEA) Code Table". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  3. ^ 2014 GLOBAL METRO MONITOR MAP
  4. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  5. ^ https://www.brookings.edu/research/global-metro-monitor/

The area defined by the Chukyo Area Person-Trip Survey, a study of commuter movement, is slightly different from the census definition. It includes southern Aichi and areas immediately north of Gifu City. It adds two cities in Aichi Prefecture (Tahara and Toyohashi) and two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Mino and Seki). Additionally, it excludes two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Ena and Nakatsugawa).