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Ena (恵那市, Ena-shi) is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 1 February 2019, the city had an estimated population of 50,429, and a population density of 100 persons per km2, in 19,820 households.[1] The total area of the city was 504.24 square kilometres (194.69 sq mi).

Ena

恵那市
View of central Ena, Ena Valley Amusement Park and Mount Ontake
View of central Ena, Ena Valley Amusement Park and Mount Ontake
Flag of Ena
Flag
Official seal of Ena
Seal
Location of Ena in Gifu Prefecture
Location of Ena in Gifu Prefecture
Ena is located in Japan
Ena
Ena
 
Coordinates: 35°26′57.3″N 137°24′46.2″E / 35.449250°N 137.412833°E / 35.449250; 137.412833Coordinates: 35°26′57.3″N 137°24′46.2″E / 35.449250°N 137.412833°E / 35.449250; 137.412833
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
PrefectureGifu
Government
 • MayorYoshiaki Kachi
Area
 • Total504.24 km2 (194.69 sq mi)
Population
 (February 1, 2019)
 • Total50,429
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- TreeA. pycnanthum
- FlowerLilium japonicum
Phone number0573-26-2111
Address1-1-1 Shōge, Osashima-chō, Ena-shi, Gifu-ken 509-7292
WebsiteOfficial website
Ena City Hall

GeographyEdit

Ena is located in the Tōnō region of southeastern Gifu Prefecture.

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Ena is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1988 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.0 °C.[2]

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ena has remained steady over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 57,876
1980 59,161
1990 58,044
2000 57274
2010 53973

HistoryEdit

The area around Ena was part of traditional Mino Province, and the name of "Ena" appears in Nara period records, including the Nihon Shoki. During the Edo period, it was mostly controlled by Iwamura Domain, and Ōi-juku developed as a post town on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. During the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reforms, the area was organised into Ena District, Gifu.

The city was founded on April 1, 1954 by the merger of two towns (Oi and Nagashima) and six villages (Tōnō, Sango, Takenami, Kasagi, Nakano, and Iiji), all from Ena District. On October 25, 2004, Ena absorbed the towns of Akechi, Iwamura, Kamiyahagi and Yamaoka, and the village of Kushihara (all from Ena District) to create the expanded city of Ena.

GovernmentEdit

Ena has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members.

SubdivisionsEdit

  • Ōi-chō (大井町)
  • Osashima-chō (長島町)
  • Takenami-chō (武並町)
  • Misato-chō (三郷町)
  • Kasagi-chō (笠置町)
  • Iiji-chō (飯地町)
  • Nakanohō-chō (中野方町)
  • Higashino (東野)
  • Iwamura-chō (岩村町)
  • Yamaoka-chō (山岡町)
  • Akechi-chō (明智町)
  • Kamiyahagi-chō (上矢作町)
  • Kushihara (串原)

EconomyEdit

Ena was noted for its pulp and paper industry for many years. Production of precision instruments dominates the manufacturing sector.

EducationEdit

Ena has 14 public elementary schools and eight public middle schools operated by the city government, and three public high schools operated by the Gifu Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school. Chubu University maintains a subsidiary campus in Ena.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from EnaEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ena, Gifu at Wikimedia Commons