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Nagano Prefecture (長野県, Nagano-ken) is a prefecture located in the Chūbu region of Japan.[1] The capital is the city of Nagano.[2]

Nagano Prefecture

長野県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese長野県
 • RōmajiNagano-ken
Flag of Nagano Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Nagano Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Nagano Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
IslandHonshu
CapitalNagano
SubdivisionsDistricts: 14, Municipalities: 77
Government
 • GovernorShuichi Abe
Area
 • Total13,104.29 km2 (5,059.59 sq mi)
Area rank4th
Population
 (February 1, 2011)
 • Total2,148,425
 • Rank16th
 • Density158.14/km2 (409.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-20
Websitewww.pref.nagano.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdRock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
FlowerGentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
TreeWhite birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica)

Nagano has impressive highland areas, including most of the Kita-Alps, Chūō-Alps, and Minami-Alps, which extend into the neighbouring prefectures. Due to the abundance of mountain ranges in this area, the land available for human habitation is relatively limited. In addition to its natural scenic beauty and rich history, Nagano was host to the 1998 Winter Olympics, which gained the prefecture international recognition as a world-class winter sport destination, as well as a new Shinkansen line to Tokyo.

HistoryEdit

GeographyEdit

Nagano is an inland prefecture and it borders more prefectures than any other in Japan, bordering Gunma Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Niigata Prefecture to the north, Toyama Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture to the west, and Aichi Prefecture to the south. Nagano contains the point furthest from the sea in the whole of Japan—this point lies within the city of Saku. The province's mountains have made it relatively isolated, and many visitors come to Nagano for its mountain resorts and hot springs. Nine of the twelve highest mountains in Japan can be found in Nagano and one of its lakes, Lake Kizaki, is a beach resort popular for its water attractions and games.

As of 1 April 2014, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks; namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Chūbu-Sangaku, Jōshin'etsu Kōgen, and Minami Alps National Parks; Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen, Tenryū-Okumikawa, and Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Parks; and Chūō Alps, Enrei Ōjō, Hijiriyama Kōgen, Mibugawa Suikei, Ontake, and Tenryū Koshibu Suikei Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]

CitiesEdit

 
Map of Nagano Prefecture
     City      Town      Village
 
Hida Mountains (August 2006)
 
Nagano City
 
Chikuma River, from Yashima Bridge, looking downstream toward Murayama Bridge, Nagano (city)
 
Suwa
 
Komagane
 
Matsumoto
YearPop.±% p.a.
18801,000,414—    
18901,146,071+1.37%
19031,348,556+1.26%
19131,484,205+0.96%
19201,562,722+0.74%
19251,629,217+0.84%
19301,717,118+1.06%
19351,714,000−0.04%
19401,710,729−0.04%
19452,121,050+4.39%
19502,060,831−0.57%
19552,021,292−0.39%
19601,981,433−0.40%
19651,958,007−0.24%
19701,956,917−0.01%
19752,017,564+0.61%
19802,083,934+0.65%
19852,136,927+0.50%
19902,156,627+0.18%
19952,193,984+0.34%
20002,215,168+0.19%
20052,196,114−0.17%
20102,152,449−0.40%
20152,099,759−0.49%
source:[4]

Nineteen cities are located in Nagano Prefecture:

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit


DemographicsEdit

The life expectancy in Nagano prefecture is the longest nationwide with the average life expectancy of 87.18 years for women and 80.88 years for men.[5]

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

RoadEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

National highwaysEdit

AirportsEdit

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

PublicEdit

PrivateEdit

EconomyEdit

Nagano Prefecture has a large and diversified economy, with a strong focus on electronics, information technology, precision machinery, agriculture and food products, and tourism, with a total GDP of about 8.5 Billion Yen (2014).[6]

Several large Japanese group have production facilities in Nagano Prefecture, such as Citizen Watch (Citizen Group), MinebeaMitsumi, Seiko Epson or Vaio.

TourismEdit

 
Zenkō-ji
 
Onbashira, which festival held once in seven years
 
Yashima Wetland in Kirigamine Hills
 
Matsumoto Castle
 
Utsukushigahara Hills
 
Ski resort in Shiga Hills

SportsEdit

There are two local J.League clubs: AC Nagano Parceiro and Matsumoto Yamaga FC.

Prefectural symbolsEdit

Sister citiesEdit

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Nagano's former governor, Yasuo Tanaka, is an independent who has made a reputation internationally for attacking Japan's status quo. Among other issues, he has refused national government money for construction projects that he deems unnecessary, such as dams, and has overhauled (locally) the press club system that is blamed for limiting government access to journalists who give favorable coverage. Tanaka was voted out from office on August 6, 2006 and was replaced by Jin Murai.
  • Sasuke competitor Shinji Kobayashi, who works as a garbage man, is from Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Tatsumi Yoda (aka Tom Yoda), former chairman of Avex, is from Chikuma-shi.
  • Glim Spanky, the members of the rock band are from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yuto Adachi, of Korean boy group Pentagon is from Nagano Prefecture
  • Yasuyuki Kazama, a professional drift driver, is from Shimosuwa in Nagano Prefecture.
  • Keiichi Tsuchiya, a professional racing driver, is from Tōmi in Nagano Prefecture.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nagano prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books; "Chūbu" at p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Nagano" at p. 682, p. 682, at Google Books
  3. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  4. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  5. ^ Nagano Prefecture has achieved the highest life expectancy in Japan, after long efforts of improving each one’s lifestyle (December 9, 2013). Foreign Press Center/Japan
  6. ^ https://www.jetro.go.jp/en/invest/region/nagano/

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit