Nakano (中野市 Nakano-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019[update], the city had an estimated population of 42,664 in 15649 households , and a population density of 380 persons per km². The total area of the city is 112.18 square kilometres (43.31 sq mi).
Nakano city hall
Location of Nakano in Nagano Prefecture
|• Total||112.18 km2 (43.31 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Flower||Paeonia lactiflora|
|Address||1-3-19 Miyoshi-cho, Nakano-shi, Nagano-ken 383-8614|
Located in the northern end of the Zennoji Plain of northern Nagano prefecture, Nakano is located on the Chikuma River and is surrounded by mountains. The weather in Nakano varies greatly over the seasons.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Nakano remained relatively constant over the past 60 years.
Nakano has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Nakano is 12.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1406 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.4 °C.
The area of present-day Nakano was part of ancient Shinano Province. The area was part of the tenryō (direct holdings) of the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period and was administered from Nakano jin'ya. Nakano was the capital of "Nakano Prefecture" form 1870 to 1871, when it was merged with Nagano Prefecture. The modern town of Nakano was established on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was elevated to city status on July 1, 1955 by the merger of the town with neighboring villages of Hino, Entoku, Nagaoka, Hiraoka, Takaoka, Shinano, and Yamato.
The city of Nakano is supported largely by its agricultural industry. Nakano boasts high quality fruits and vegetables, including Fuji apples, Kyohō grapes, peaches, pears, rice, asparagus, and mushrooms. It is Japan's largest producer of Enokitake mushrooms.  The city is also well known for its roses. The biannual rose festival in Ippongi Park displays thousands of rose plants, and attracts tourists from all over Japan. Nakano City has experienced significant growth since the Nagano 1998 Winter Olympics. Located near many popular ski areas, Nakano's economy is augmented by the ski-tourism industry.
Nakano is home to Cosina Co., Ltd, a designer and manufacturer of camera and lenses.
Nakano has 11 public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government. There are two public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education.
- East Japan Railway Company - Iiyama Line
- Nagano Electric Railway – Nagano Line
- Takanashi clan fortified residence, a Sengoku-period National Historic Site
In 2007, Nakano became home to the Shinano Grand Serows, a baseball team in the Japanese BC League (Baseball Challenge League).