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Winter sport

  (Redirected from Winter sports)
Ski resort Jasná in Central Slovakia

A winter sport or winter activity is a recreational activity or sport which is played on snow or ice.[1] Most such sports are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally such sports were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and artificial ice allow more flexibility. Artificial ice can be used to provide ice rinks for ice skating, ice hockey and bandy in a milder climate.

Common individual sports include cross-country skiing, Alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, speed skating, figure skating, luge, skeleton, bobsleigh and snowmobiling. Common team sports include ice hockey, curling and bandy. Based on the number of participants, ice hockey is the world's most popular winter sport, followed by bandy.[2][3] Winter sports often have their own multi-sport tournaments, such as the Winter Olympic Games.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Snow and ice during the wintertime has led to other means of transportation, such as sledges, skis and skates. This also led to different pastimes and sports being developed in the winter season as compared to other times of the year. Naturally, winter sports are more popular in countries with longer winter seasons.

While most winter sports are played outside, ice hockey, speed skating and to some extent bandy have moved indoors starting in the mid-20th century. Indoor ice rinks with artificial ice allow ice skating and hockey to be played in hot climates.

List of winter sportsEdit

Note: the Olympic rings next to a sport indicates that this particular sport is included in the Winter Olympic Games, as of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. The Paralympic logo indicates the same for a sport not in the Olympics but in the Winter Paralympic Games.

Ice skatingEdit

SkiingEdit

 
Skiing
 
United States biathlete Jeremy Teela at the 2002 Winter Olympics.

SleddingEdit

 
An East German bobsleigh in 1951, Oberhof track, Germany

Sports that use sleds going down ice tracks or pulled by something:

SnowboardingEdit

SnowmobilingEdit

 
A snowmobile tour at Yellowstone National Park.
  • Free style
  • Snocross
  • Recreation
  • Cross-country
  • Hill climbing

Team sportsEdit

 
Based on the number of participating athletes, bandy is the second most popular winter sport in the world

Other sportsEdit

Recreational sportsEdit

 
Snowman

Some 'sports' are competed (or simply enjoyed) on a more casual basis, often by children:

Notable winter sporting eventsEdit

 
A postage stamp issued by East Germany in 1968 in commemoration of their first Winter Olympics as an independent country

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "winter sports, noun". Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Bandyn är världens näst största vinteridrott" (in Swedish). Bandyworld. 6 October 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Bandy versus the 50 Olympic Winter Games Disciplines
  4. ^ "Cross country for the Winter Olympics". Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "Snow Bowling". Strictly Snow Games. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Snow Golf". Strictly Snow Games. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 

External linksEdit