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Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Hokuriku region on the main Honshu island.[2] The capital is the city of Toyama.[3]

Toyama Prefecture
富山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 富山県
 • Rōmaji Toyama-ken
Flag of Toyama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Toyama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Toyama Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Island Honshu
Capital Toyama
Government
 • Governor Takakazu Ishii
Area
 • Total 4,247.22 km2 (1,639.86 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd
Population (Estimated as of March 1, 2018)
 • Total 1,053,555
 • Rank 38th
 • Density 248.06/km2 (642.5/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-16
Districts 2
Municipalities 15
Flower Tulip (Tulipa)[1]
Tree Tateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)[1]
Bird Ptarmigan[1]
Fish Japanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid[1]
Website pref.toyama.jp
Toyama Prefectural Office Building

Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. It also contains East Asia’s only known glaciers outside Russia, first recognized in 2012.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed]

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

GeographyEdit

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Map of Toyama Prefecture

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

CitiesEdit

Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

 
City of Toyama

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

AgricultureEdit

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production [7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.

ManufacturingEdit

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

EnergyEdit

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2010, the population of the prefecture was 1,090,367.[8]

International linksEdit

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

  • The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

ExpresswayEdit

AirEdit

DomesticEdit

InternationalEdit

  • Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
  • Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via Southern China Airlines
  • Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
  • Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines

CultureEdit

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural SitesEdit

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of JapanEdit

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

FestivalsEdit

SpringEdit

 
Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)
 
Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)

SummerEdit

  • Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July
  • Japan Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

FallEdit

WinterEdit

Regional FoodsEdit

  • Trout Sushi (Masu Zushi)
  • White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi)
  • Matured Yellow Tail (Buri)
  • Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika)
  • Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sakeEdit

  • Tateyama (立山)
  • Narimasa (成政)
  • Masuizumi (満寿泉)
  • Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football (soccer)

Basketball

Baseball

Rugby Union

Sister RegionsEdit

TourismEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル . Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
  4. ^ First glaciers of Japan recognised
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Location - Area - Population". Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  9. ^ a b Sister/Friendship Affiliation
  10. ^ Oregon State Archives Copy, Governor's Office Press Releases

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit