Nyūzen (入善町, Nyūzen-machi) is a town in Shimoniikawa District, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2018[update], the town had an estimated population of 25,007 in 8970 households  and a population density of 350 persons per km2. The total area of the town was 71.25 square kilometres (27.51 sq mi).
|• Mayor||Haruhito Sasajima|
|• Total||71.25 km2 (27.51 sq mi)|
(October 1, 2020)
|• Density||335.1/km2 (868/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|Address||3255 Nyūzen, Nyūzen-machi, Shimoniikawa-gun,|
With the Sea of Japan to the north, and Kurobe River to the west, Nyūzen is in the center of an alluvial fan. The town is known for its jumbo watermelons, as well as its tulips which became the official town flower in 1983.
Groundwater bubbles forth from various manmade and natural springs in the town. Of special interest is a flat area near the coast the name of which translates to: The Japanese Swamp Cedars of Sugisawa (杉沢の沢スギ, Sugisawa no Sawasugi) where a large volume of flowing spring water has created a rare ecosystem that is protected as a natural monument.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Nyūzen has been declining over the past 50 years.
The town has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by hot summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Nyūzen is 13.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2225 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.5 °C.
The area of present-day Nyūzen was part of ancient Etchū Province. The area was organised as part of Shimoniikawa District, Toyama after the Meiji restoration. The town of Nyūzen was created with merger of seven villages in Shimoniikawa District on October 1, 1953.
Nyūzen has six public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Toyama Prefectural Board of Education.
Sister city relationsEdit
- Nyūzen town official statistics page(in Japanese)
- "Special Products of Nyūzen" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2008-04-11.
- Nyūzen population statistics
- Nyūzen climate data
- じょうべのま遺跡. Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 December 2017.