Hachiōji

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Hachiōji (八王子市, Hachiōji-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 31 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 561,344, and a population density of 3000 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi).

Hachiōji
八王子市
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
Flag of Hachiōji
Official seal of Hachiōji
Location of Hachiōji in Tokyo
Location of Hachiōji
Hachiōji is located in Japan
Hachiōji
Hachiōji
 
Coordinates: 35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000Coordinates: 35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorTakayuki Ishimori (石森 孝志, Takayuki Ishimori)
Area
 • Total186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total561,344
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeGinkgo biloba
• FlowerLilium auratum
• BirdBlue-and-white flycatcher
Phone number042-626-3111
Address3-24-1 Motohongo-cho, Hachiōji-shi, Tokyo 192-8501
WebsiteOfficial website
Hachiōji City Hall

GeographyEdit

 
Urban area of Hachiōji

Hachiōji is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo, about 40 kilometers west of the center of the 23 special wards of Tokyo. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Tokyo Metropolis

Kanagawa Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Hachiōji has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hachiōji is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.4 °C.[2]

Climate data for Hachioji (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
32.2
(90.0)
37.1
(98.8)
35.9
(96.6)
39.0
(102.2)
38.7
(101.7)
39.2
(102.6)
32.1
(89.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.9
(49.8)
13.0
(55.4)
18.9
(66.0)
23.1
(73.6)
25.6
(78.1)
29.5
(85.1)
31.2
(88.2)
26.7
(80.1)
21.2
(70.2)
16.2
(61.2)
11.8
(53.2)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.1
(39.4)
7.5
(45.5)
13.1
(55.6)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
24.7
(76.5)
26.1
(79.0)
22.2
(72.0)
16.4
(61.5)
10.7
(51.3)
5.7
(42.3)
14.4
(57.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.2
(36.0)
7.5
(45.5)
12.6
(54.7)
16.9
(62.4)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
18.5
(65.3)
12.3
(54.1)
6.0
(42.8)
0.5
(32.9)
9.7
(49.5)
Record low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2
(28)
2.6
(36.7)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
7.9
(46.2)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.3
(1.90)
49.4
(1.94)
103.4
(4.07)
118.2
(4.65)
121.5
(4.78)
167.9
(6.61)
176.0
(6.93)
242.2
(9.54)
256.7
(10.11)
187.7
(7.39)
88.8
(3.50)
45.2
(1.78)
1,602.3
(63.08)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 5.0 9.9 10.1 10.4 12.8 12.4 10.4 12.9 10.3 6.9 4.3 109.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 190.7 172.1 169.5 175.5 168.7 120.0 141.6 176.5 124.8 134.0 158.5 185.0 1,917.7
Source 1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source 2: 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Hachiōji has increased steadily for over a century.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 78,705—    
1930 95,389+21.2%
1940 111,028+16.4%
1950 131,470+18.4%
1960 164,622+25.2%
1970 253,407+53.9%
1980 387,178+52.8%
1990 466,347+20.4%
2000 536,046+14.9%
2010 579,799+8.2%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Hachiōji was part of ancient Musashi Province. It has been an important junction point and post town along the Kōshū Kaidō, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with western Japan. Hachiōji Castle was built during the Sengoku period in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was destroyed in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Edo period, the area was tenryō controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Hachiōji was created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Minaitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Hachiōji gained city status on September 1, 1917.

During the 1964 Summer Olympics, the city played host to the road cycling events. A velodrome in the city played host to the track cycling events.[4]

Hachiōji became a Core city on April 1, 2015 with increased local autonomy.

GovernmentEdit

Hachiōji has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 40 members, whose members are elected for a four-year term. Hachiōji contributes five members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Tokyo 21st district and Tokyo 24th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Mayors of Hachiōji (1917–present)Edit

EconomyEdit

During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

Hachiōji has 70 public elementary schools and 37 public middle schools operated by the city government, as well as four public combined elementary/middle schools. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates nine public high schools, and there are also eleven private high schools.

The metropolis also operates the Hachioji School for the Blind.

TransportationEdit

RailwaysEdit

  JR East - Chūō Main Line

  JR East - Yokohama Line

  JR East -Hachikō Line

  Keio Corporation - Keiō Line

  Keio Corporation - Keiō Takao Line

  Keio Corporation - Sagamihara Line

  Tokyo Tama Intercity Monorail - Tama Toshi Monorail Line

HighwaysEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Hachioji stretches over a large area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hachiōji city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ "Hachiōji climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Hachiōji weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  3. ^ "Tōkyō (Japan): Metropolitan Prefecture, Cities, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  4. ^ 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
  5. ^ a b c "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.

External linksEdit