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Tama (多摩市 Tama-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 147,953, and a population density of 7040 persons per km². Its total area is 21.01 square kilometres (8.11 sq mi).
Tama City Hall
Location of Tama in Tokyo
|• Total||21.01 km2 (8.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,040/km2 (18,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Ginkgo biloba|
|• Flower||Prunus serrulata|
|• Bird||Oriental turtle dove|
|Address||6-12-1 Sekido, Tama-shi, Tokyo 206-8666|
Tama is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of southwestern Tokyo, known as Tama Hills, which spans Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire region is historically referred to as Tama; therefore there are many place names scattered throughout the area with references to the name "Tama" which are not within the city limits. The Tama River marks the city's northern boundary, and Kanagawa Prefecture is to the south. Its southern half forms part of the Tama New Town project, Japan's largest residential development, constructed in the 1970s.
- The area of present-day Tama was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture.
- Tama as a modern municipality was founded on April 1, 1889 as Tama Village, from the merger of 11 pre-Meiji period villages with the establishment of the municipalities system.
- Minamitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893.
- Tama was elevated to town status on April 1, 1964. Construction of Tama New Town began in 1966, and the first occupants started moving in 1971.
- On November 1, 1971, Tama Town was reclassified as Tama City, dissolving Minamitama District. Tama was the last town in the former Minamitama District.
Universities and collegesEdit
Elementary and secondary schoolsEdit
- The Tama city government operates 18 public elementary and nine public middle schools. There is also one private elementary school and one private middle school.
- The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates Nagayama High School, the one public high school. There are also three private combined middle/high schools.
- Keio Corporation - Keiō Line
- Keio Corporation - Keiō Sagamihara Line
- Odakyu Electric Railway - Odakyū Tama Line
- Tama Toshi Monorail Line
Tama is not served by any national expressways or national highways