Tai'an (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tài'ān) is a prefecture-level city in Western Shandong Province of the People's Republic of China. Centered on Mount Tai, the city borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Zibo to the east, Linyi to the southeast, Liaocheng to the extreme west and Jining to the south. To the west, Tai'an is separated from the province of Henan by the Yellow River.

Tai'an

泰安市
Mount Tai seen across Tai'an
Mount Tai seen across Tai'an
Location of Tai'an City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location of Tai'an City jurisdiction in Shandong
Tai'an is located in North China Plain
Tai'an
Tai'an
Location on the North China Plain
Tai'an is located in China
Tai'an
Tai'an
Tai'an (China)
Coordinates (Tai'an municipal government): 36°12′07″N 117°05′13″E / 36.202°N 117.087°E / 36.202; 117.087Coordinates: 36°12′07″N 117°05′13″E / 36.202°N 117.087°E / 36.202; 117.087
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
County-level divisions6
Municipal seatTaishan District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryCui Honggang[1]
 • MayorLi Xixin
Area
 • Prefecture-level city7,761.83 km2 (2,996.86 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,086.8 km2 (805.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,086.8 km2 (805.7 sq mi)
Elevation
167 m (548 ft)
Highest elevation1,645 m (5,397 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city5,494,207
 • Density710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,735,425
 • Urban density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,735,425
 • Metro density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)538
ISO 3166 codeCN-SD-09
License Plate Prefix鲁J
Websitewww.taian.gov.cn

Its population was 5,494,207 as of the 2010 census, of whom 1,735,425 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of two urban districts (Taishan District and Daiyue District).

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Tai'an administers six county-level divisions, including two districts, two county-level cities and two counties.

Map

HistoryEdit

EtymologyEdit

Tai'an is named after Mount Tai. In Chinese, Tai () means "significant". Thus, the name Tai'an is derived from the ancient saying: "If Mount Tai is safe, then the four seas (the world) are safe (; ān). "

Early historyEdit

Tai'an was home to the Dawenkou culture during the neolithic era. During the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the region belonged to the states of Qi and Lu. The site of major historical and cultural significance in the area is Mount Tai. It attracted multiple emperors throughout the dynasties to visit, offer sacrifice to the heaven gods and pray for harvest. Confucius, Sima Qian, Cao Zhi, Li Bai and other litterateurs visited here and many great works were produced.

Modern historyEdit

In 1909, German colonials built Tai'an-Fu Railway Station along with the construction of Tianjin–Pukou railway (Tientsin–Pukow railway). On 10 November of the following year, the first train service passed through the station.[2]

On 1 May 1928, Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of KMT and nationalist revolutionary army, commanded the attack of Tai'an and occupied it the next day.[3]

In October 1937, exiled students from Peking, Tianjin and other major cities arrived in Tai'an seeking asylum after the north of Yellow river was occupied by the Japanese forces. On 24 December 1937, Japanese troops crossed the Yellow River, occupied Jinan on the next day, and bombed Tai'an. On the night of 31 December, the Japanese occupied Tai'an.[4] Local resistants were assembled autonomously to fight against the occupation.[5]

Geography and climateEdit

Tai'an is centered on the south side of Mount Tai.Dongping Lake is the biggest lake.

Tai'an lies in the northern temperate zone and has a continental, semi-humid monsoon climate. The average annual temperatures are −2.1 °C (28.2 °F) (January), 12.8 °C (55.0 °F) (annual average), and 26.0 °C (78.8 °F) (July). The average annual precipitation is 681 mm (26.8 in).

Climate data for Tai'an (normals 1981–2010, extremes 1951–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79.0)
33.8
(92.8)
38.6
(101.5)
40.7
(105.3)
39.6
(103.3)
40.0
(104.0)
34.6
(94.3)
31.6
(88.9)
27.1
(80.8)
17.4
(63.3)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
7.6
(45.7)
13.4
(56.1)
20.7
(69.3)
26.1
(79.0)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
30.1
(86.2)
26.6
(79.9)
20.8
(69.4)
12.9
(55.2)
6.0
(42.8)
19.2
(66.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
1.4
(34.5)
7.2
(45.0)
14.4
(57.9)
19.9
(67.8)
24.8
(76.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
20.6
(69.1)
14.3
(57.7)
6.6
(43.9)
0.2
(32.4)
13.3
(55.9)
Average low °C (°F) −6.4
(20.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.7
(35.1)
8.3
(46.9)
13.7
(56.7)
19.0
(66.2)
22.2
(72.0)
21.0
(69.8)
15.4
(59.7)
8.9
(48.0)
1.4
(34.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
−5.7
(21.7)
0.7
(33.3)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
10.4
(50.7)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
−12.6
(9.3)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.3
(0.21)
9.3
(0.37)
17.4
(0.69)
27.5
(1.08)
54.6
(2.15)
87.7
(3.45)
205.9
(8.11)
156.0
(6.14)
65.5
(2.58)
32.7
(1.29)
16.7
(0.66)
7.0
(0.28)
685.6
(27.01)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.4 3.2 4.7 5.4 6.5 8.6 13.6 10.5 7.1 5.0 3.5 3.1 73.6
Average relative humidity (%) 59 56 55 58 65 64 80 81 74 69 66 63 66
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration[6][7]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)[8]

EducationEdit


Secondary schools

TransportationEdit

Tai'an (Taishan Station) is located on the Beijing–Shanghai railway Line, which connects Beijing to Shanghai, as well as on the G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway and on the Tai-Lai Expressway (west-east from Tai'an to Laiwu). There is a four-lane highway from Tai'an to the Jinan Airport. Within Tai'an there are large tree lined avenues throughout the city. The nearest major airport is Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport, about 120 km (75 mi) to the north.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 全市领导干部会议召开 崔洪刚任中共泰安市委书记 (in Chinese). dzwww.com. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  2. ^ Daily Consular and Trade Reports, Issues 152-228, Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of Manufactures, 1913
  3. ^ https://wx.abbao.cn/a/725-f2fa94a79bc7338b.html
  4. ^ https://shandong-chorography.org/database/c91/section/5/article/31/
  5. ^ https://shandong-chorography.org/database/c91/section/5/article/35/
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  7. ^ 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 18 March 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  8. ^ 泰安 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China.

External linksEdit