Akishima, Tokyo

Akishima (昭島市, Akishima-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 113,542, and a population density of 6500 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 17.34 square kilometres (6.70 sq mi).

Akishima

昭島市
Akishima City Hall
Akishima City Hall
Flag of Akishima
Flag
Official seal of Akishima
Seal
Location of Akishima in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Akishima in Tokyo Metropolis
Akishima is located in Japan
Akishima
Akishima
 
Coordinates: 35°42′20.4″N 139°21′12.7″E / 35.705667°N 139.353528°E / 35.705667; 139.353528Coordinates: 35°42′20.4″N 139°21′12.7″E / 35.705667°N 139.353528°E / 35.705667; 139.353528
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorJoichi Kitagawa (since October 2000)
Area
 • Total17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total113,542
 • Density6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
TreeOsmanthus
FlowerAzalea
Phone number042-544-5111
Address1-17-1 Tanaka-cho, Akishima-shi, Tokyo-to 196-8511
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Akishima is located on the left bank of the Tama River, about 35 kilometers west of central Tokyo. The Tamagawa Aqueduct flows in the northern part of the city. The city area generally slopes gently from northwest to southeast toward the Tama River, which flows to the south of the city. The altitude of the city area is 170.72 meters above sea level at the highest point and 76.68 meters at the lowest point. With the JR East Ome Line running east to west through the city as a boundary, housing estates, industrial parks, golf courses, and the Showa Memorial Park occupy a large area in the north. In the south, residential areas occupy a large proportion of them city area.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Tokyo Metropolis

ClimateEdit

Akishima has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Akishima is 13.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.5 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Akishima has increased steadily for a century.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,896—    
1930 7,500+27.2%
1940 13,936+85.8%
1950 31,692+127.4%
1960 44,805+41.4%
1970 75,662+68.9%
1980 89,344+18.1%
1990 105,372+17.9%
2000 106,532+1.1%
2010 112,286+5.4%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Akishima was part of ancient Musashi Province, and a center for sericulture. In the post–Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Kitatama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. Haiji, Nakagami, and Sotoyatsu villages were created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. The latter two villages merged on January 1, 1928, to form Shōwa Village. Following the dedication of Tachikawa Airfield, which was established in 1922, the surrounding area developed in the 1930s with large-scale munitions factories for aircraft manufacturing for the Imperial Japanese Army.

Shōwa was elevated to town status on January 1, 1941, and through merger with the village of Haiji on May 1, 1954, became the city of Akishima. The name comes from the kun'yomi of the first kanji in the name of the former town of Shōwa, and the on'yomi of the second kanji in the name of the former village of Haijima.

GovernmentEdit

Akishima has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 22 members. Akishima contributes one member to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 25th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Akishima was developed as an industrial suburb of Tokyo, and still has large factories operated by Hoya Corporation, JEOL, Japan Aviation Electronics, Fostex, Shōwa Aircraft Industry Co., and others. The city is also a bedroom community for the Tokyo metropolitan area.

EducationEdit

Akishima has seven public elementary schools and six public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education. The city also has one private elementary school, one private middle school and one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailroadsEdit

  JR EastŌme Line

  JR EastHachikō Line

  JR EastItsukaichi Line

  - Seibu Haijima Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from AkishimaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Akishima city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Akishima climate data
  3. ^ Akishima population statistics

External linksEdit