Siheung (Korean시흥 [ɕi.ɣɯŋ]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. The city has a population of 511,807 people, where 508,646 are residents out of 218,846 households as of August 2021. Siheung acquired its current administrative structure on January 1, 1989, the former Siheung County was divided into the cities of Siheung, Gunpo, and Uiwang. At the time, Siheung had a population of only 93,000. This number more than tripled in the following decade as massive suburban apartment complexes were developed. Today's Siheung city area formerly belonged to Incheon and Ansan before 1914.

Siheung
시흥시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul시흥시
 • Hanja始興市
 • Revised RomanizationSiheung-si
 • McCune-ReischauerSihŭng-si
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Wolgot Harbor past Oido Station
Flag of Siheung
Official logo of Siheung
Coordinates: 37°22′47″N 126°48′10″E / 37.37986°N 126.802887°E / 37.37986; 126.802887Coordinates: 37°22′47″N 126°48′10″E / 37.37986°N 126.802887°E / 37.37986; 126.802887
CountrySouth Korea
RegionGyeonggi Province (Sudogwon)
Administrative divisions18 dongs
Area
 • Total135.79 km2 (52.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total511,807
 • Density3,355.8/km2 (8,691/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gyeonggi

Notable landmarks include the Oido island, the Soraesan mountain, and the port and inlet of Wolgot. Siheung includes two new areas that were developed in the 1990s, Sihwa and Wolgot. The new city of Sihwa includes a very large industrial complex.[clarification needed] Companies headquartered there include Hansung Machinery Co., Korea Polytechnic University (established in 1997), and also Kyonggi Institute of Technology (reorganized in 1999).

In 2007, Korea Polytechnic University built TIP (Techno Innovation Park). The building has 18 floors used for studying, research, and development for students, faculty, companies and government.[2] In February 2010, Seoul National University acquired 826 thousand square-meters or 204 acres of Siheung property to establish its global campus.[3] The university plans to build a biomedical complex, research hospital, apartments, and education-related infrastructure including lecture halls, dormitories, and an international middle and high school.[4]

HistoryEdit

In the early Three Kingdoms period, the Siheung area was part of the Baekje kingdom. It was lost to Goguryeo along with the Han River Valley in 475.

Administrative districtsEdit

Siheung-si is divided into 18 dongs.[5][6]

Administrative dong Korean name Area (km2) Population Household
Daeya-dong 대야동 9.85 31,276 12.860
Sincheon-dong 신천동 3.44 38.566 17,898
Sinhyun-dong 신현동 12.64 10,712 4,396
Eunheng-dong 은행동 5.96 44,233 15,278
Maehwa-dong 매화동 11.20 12,848 5,133
Mokgam-dong 목감동 17.57 40,586 15,795
Gunja-dong 군자동 16.69 23,735 9,738
Wolgot-dong 월곶동 8.53 15,358 6,859
Jeongwangbon-dong 정왕본동 8.83 21,720 14,016
Jeongwang 1-dong 정왕1동 6.55 23,869 13,085
Jeongwang 2-dong 정왕2동 5.55 32,536 12,516
Jeongwang 3-dong 정왕3동 6.18 23,894 10,881
Jeongwang 4-dong 정왕4동 5.80 22,289 7,438
Baegot-dong 배곧동 4.97 68,084 25,421
Gwarim-dong 과림동 7.65 2,069 1,247
Yeonseong-dong 연성동 10.05 23,368 8,283
Janggok-dong 장곡동 3.49 17,832 5.606
Neunggok-dong 능곡동 4.34 17,156 6,946
Total 시흥시 135.79 472,162 186,443

ClimateEdit

Siheung has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwa), but can be considered a borderline humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) using the −3 °C (27 °F) isotherm.

Climate data for Siheung (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
5.2
(41.4)
10.7
(51.3)
17.3
(63.1)
23.0
(73.4)
27.1
(80.8)
29.3
(84.7)
30.5
(86.9)
26.6
(79.9)
20.5
(68.9)
12.4
(54.3)
4.7
(40.5)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
0.5
(32.9)
5.6
(42.1)
11.9
(53.4)
17.6
(63.7)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.4
(79.5)
21.7
(71.1)
15.1
(59.2)
7.6
(45.7)
0.3
(32.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.0
(33.8)
7.1
(44.8)
12.8
(55.0)
18.1
(64.6)
22.2
(72.0)
23.0
(73.4)
17.5
(63.5)
10.0
(50.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
8.4
(47.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.3
(0.56)
22.4
(0.88)
29.6
(1.17)
60.4
(2.38)
78.4
(3.09)
107.0
(4.21)
321.4
(12.65)
254.0
(10.00)
122.4
(4.82)
47.5
(1.87)
46.7
(1.84)
18.5
(0.73)
1,122.6
(44.20)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.6 3.7 4.9 6.8 6.6 7.8 12.4 11.1 7.1 4.9 7.1 5.3 81.3
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[7][8][9]

Public transportationEdit

RailroadEdit

Siheung has several rail lines sponsored by Korail. Seoul Subway Line 4 runs from the Oido station to the Jeongwang station before proceeding on to Ansan. The Suin line runs through Darwol and Wolgot stations before proceeding to the Namdong District. The Seohae Line was added on June 16, 2018, and will be built to run through the city from the Sosa station to Ansan.

IndustryEdit

Gross domestic productEdit

The total regional production of Siheung in 2012 was 26.888 billion won. It accounted for 3.6% of Gyeonggi Province's GDP. The primary industries of forestry followed by agriculture are low producers, amounting to 41.4 billion won. The secondary industries of mining and manufacturing amounted for 16.24 trillion won, accounting for 64.2%, while the tertiary industries of commercial and service industries accounted for 35.6%, amounting to 9.29 trillion won. Quaternary industries provided the following: wholesale and retail trade (6.6%); construction (4.0%); real estate and leasing (3.3%), and business services (3.2%).[10]

Status of employees by industryEdit

In 2014, the total number of workers in industries in Siheung was 185,032. This accounts for 4.1% of the total number of employees in the city's province, Gyeonggi. The number of agriculture and forestry fisheries was 17%, which is low. Mining and manufacturing accounted for 48.4%, with 89,554 employees. The commercial and service industry accounted for 95.6%, amounting to 51.6%. Secondary industry was individually higher than it was in Gyeonggi overall (27.1%) and the tertiary industry was lower than Gyeonggi (72.9%). In the tertiary industry, the proportion of housing and food and lodging (7.6%), education (5.2%), and health and social services (4.4%).[11]

Recreation and tourismEdit

  • Siheung Lotus Theme Park – The Lotus Theme Park can be visited all-year-round by bikers and pedestrians, but the peak months for seeing the lotus plants in bloom are July and August. It is also the site of a summer festival. Seven varieties of lotus and over thirty varieties of waterlilies are cultivated at the park.[12] Admission to the theme park during the summer months is free, and lotus viewing tours take place from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. local time.[13] The theme park can be reached by several city bus routes.[14]
  • Siheung Gaetgol Ecological Park – There is a rare inland gaetgol present in the park that is exposed twice a day at low tide. It can also be called a "serpentinized mudflat" because it looks like a snake.[citation needed]
  • The Soraesan mountain – Unlike other mountains, Soraesan has a moderate slope, moderate rock climbing, and even a forest path. The Maae-sang of Soraesan, built during the Goryeo Dynasty, is carved on a huge rock in the middle of the mountain and is a major feature of Soraesan. There are various sports facilities, reading forests, and strength-building exercise stations build using wooden ropes. It is 5-kilometers away from the summit to the entrance of the Naewonsa Temple. In addition, the Soamcheon mineral spring and Cheongryong mineral spring provide quality water to visitors to the Soraesan forest bath. On a clear day, the summit overlooks the sea near Seoul.
  • Salt fields – It is 450,000 pyeong wide. The vividness of barley, the splendor of flowers, and the beautiful ridges of the tidal flats attract many visitors.[citation needed]
  • Oido – it is an island on the West Coast region of South Korea's Gyeonggi Province (also known as Gyeonggi-do). Nearby attractions include Oido Paechong(오이도패총) and Okgu Park(옥구공원), and people can experience mud flat experience, boarding experience, and sea fishing.[15]
  • Wave Park (웨이브파크) is a water park opened in October 2020. Constructed on 166,000 square meters of land the park consists of the world's largest artificial wave pool for surfing and facilities for enjoying other water sports activities, such as canoeing and scuba diving.[16]

Sister citiesEdit

Siheung is a sister city to:

Education of SiheungEdit

There are unique educational programs of Siheung: one involves achieving an innovative education district—since Siheung is a part of Gyeonggi's Innovative Education District work, it provides many educational programs to the citizens. The city operates the Regional-National Linked Training Conference and has Village Convergence schools. For students, they provide the Siheung Creativity Experience School. Visiting village teachers in primary and secondary schools can attend the Village-linked Creative Education Course (elementary school) and other various programs.

Siheung also has more educational programs linked to the local community: first being the Youth International Exchange Program; Siheung has the From Siheung to the world! Youth Planning Training program in which teenagers plan and prepare schedules for their chosen countries by forming teams on their own and then go abroad for research training; then there is the Siheung Dream Tree, To the world! Overseas Visit Experience program in which children receive prior education through various subjects such as culture and art, history and embark on field trips. The Overseas Visit Experience program is based on the idea that with new friends, teenagers can learn and understand difficult subjects through various self-directed learning methods. Lastly, Siheung has a 'sister school' project, aiming to expand international exchange activities by supporting a partnership project between a school in Siheung and a foreign school. The biggest feature is that low-income families who are unable to get a chance to visit overseas due to financial difficulties are given opportunities to participate in international exchange activities. All hopeful schools in the region receive applications throughout the year.

There are also many educational supporting services including facilities for the youth.

Notable people from SiheungEdit

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "주민등록 인구 및 세대현황" [Resident census and household status]. Ministry of the Interior and Safety. Retrieved September 3, 2021. To verificate the data in the section "행정구역" select "경기도" and "시흥시" and then press "검색" blue button.
  2. ^ "KoreaPolytechnicUniversity". www.kpu.ac.kr.
  3. ^ Chung, Young-jin (February 12, 2010). "Plans under way for new SNU branch in Siheung". joongangdaily.joins.com. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  4. ^ Kim, Yea-rim (March 16, 2011). "Siheung is on the Road to Becoming Korea's Investment Mecca". koreatimes.com. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  5. ^ "Siheung Administrative districts". Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  6. ^ 시흥시. "시흥시, 시흥시청, 시흥, 시흥관광, 시흥제안, 행복한 변화 새로운 시흥, 시흥시장, 아동친화도시, 생태문화도시, 스마트시티 시흥, 스마트시티, 시흥소개, 시흥행정, 시흥소식, 시흥 공지사항". 시흥시 홈페이지에 방문하신 것을 환영합니다. (in Korean). Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  7. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 29, 2022. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  8. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 파일셋 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  9. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 그래프 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  10. ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr (in Korean). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  11. ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr (in Korean). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  12. ^ "GyeongGi-Do :: Gwangokji Lotus Theme Park". Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011. Lotus Theme Park Info
  13. ^ http://www.siheung.go.kr/tour/content.do?method=contentView&topCmsCd=CM0139&cmsCd=CM1764&grp=2&clickParentNum=11&clickNum=12 Siheung Lotus Theme Park Page (Korean)
  14. ^ "GyeongGi-Do :: Siheung Lotus Theme Park". Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011. Lotus Theme Park Info and Directions
  15. ^ "오이도". terms.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  16. ^ "World's largest artificial wave pool opens in S. Korea". Yonhap News Agency. October 8, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
  17. ^ "韩国始兴市师生来我校游学访问交流-德州市实验小学". www.dzsyxx.com. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  18. ^ "Regular Adjourned Meeting No. 28". Archived from the original on November 29, 2010.
  19. ^ "List of Local Authorities with Affiliation Agreements". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2020.

External linksEdit