Phrae Province

Phrae (Thai: แพร่; pronounced [pʰrɛ̂ː]; Northern Thai: ตั๋วเมือง แพร่.png) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phayao, Nan, Uttaradit, Sukhothai, and Lampang.

Phrae
แพร่
Phae Mueang Phi (Ghost Canyon) - Thailand's "Grand Canyon" near Phrae
Phae Mueang Phi (Ghost Canyon) - Thailand's "Grand Canyon" near Phrae
Flag of Phrae
Official seal of Phrae
Map of Thailand highlighting Phrae Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phrae Province
CountryThailand
CapitalPhrae
Government
 • GovernorMr. Somwang Phuangbangpho
(since October 2020)[1]
Area
 • Total6,483 km2 (2,503 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 32nd
Population
 (2019)[3]
 • Total441,726
 • RankRanked 61st
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 67th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.62525 "high"
Ranked 14th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
54xxx
Calling code054
ISO 3166 codeTH-54
Websitewww.phrae.go.th
Phrae Province
Lanna- Thai Phrae.png
Thai name
Thaiแพร่
RTGSPhrae
Northern Thai language name
Northern Thai languageตั๋วเมือง แพร่.png
(Phae)

GeographyEdit

Phrae is in the valley of the Yom River. The Phi Pan Nam Range runs across the province from north to south in the west. The Phlueng Range is in the east. The total forest area is 4,204 km2 (1,623 sq mi) or 64.8 percent of provincial area.[2]

HistoryEdit

The history of Phrae dates back to the Haripunchai kingdom of the Mon. It became part of the Lan Na in 1443, when King Tilokaraj was on an expedition to capture Nan.

SymbolsEdit

Provincial seal: According to legend the two cities of Phrae and Nan were once ruled by brothers. When they met to divide the land between them the one from Phrae rode on a horse, the one from Nan on a buffalo to the meeting point on top of a mountain. Hence Phrae uses a horse in their seal, while Nan uses a buffalo. When the provincial government proposed the seal in 1940, the Fine Arts Department suggested adding a historic building to the seal in addition to the horse, thus it now has the stupa of Phra Tat Cho Hae on the back of the horse. This temple is about nine kilometers southeast of the city of Phrae.[5] The provincial flower and tree is the Burmese Almondwood (Chukrasia tabularis). The provincial fish is black sharkminnow (Labeo chrysophekadion).

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Health Education Employment Income
       
72 8 54 50
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
11 19 44 6
Province Phrae, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6252 is "high", occupies place 14 in the ranking.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of eight districts

Provincial governmentEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 78 subdistricts (tambons) and 645 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Phrae
  2. Rong Kwang
  3. Long
  4. Sung Men
  5. Den Chai
  1. Song
  2. Wang Chin
  3. Nong Muang Khai

Local governmentEdit

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[6] one Phrae Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 26 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phrae has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 25 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 57 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

TransportationEdit

The main road through Phrae is Route 101, which begins in Nan to the north, passes through Phrae, and leads to Sawankhalok, Sukhothai, and finally Kamphaeng Phet.

Phrae Airport is a small airport in Mueang Mo, on the east side of town. It handles only domestic flights from Don Mueang (DMK).[7]

The provincial railway station is Den Chai in Den Chai District, 24 km (14.9 mi) from Phrae town, since the town of Phrae does not have a rail to reach.[8]

TourismEdit

 
Phra That Cho Hae, the symbol of Phrae Province

Wiang Kosai National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติเวียงโกศัย) contains two waterfalls, the Mae Koeng Luang (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งหลวง), and the Mae Koeng Noi (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งน้อย). Streams from the falls flow into the Yom River. [9]Tham Pha Nang Khoi Cave (ถ้ำผานางคอย). At the end of the cave is a stalagmite shaped like a woman holding a small child. In front of the Nang Koi (waiting woman) stone is a heart-shaped stalactite. They are the source of the legend of the love of a woman who waited for her lover until she turned to stone.[10]

Mae Yom National Park[11] and well-known Phae Mueang Phi Forest Park.

In addition, Phrae is also a province full of historic buildings. These buildings, all over 100 years old, were built in the Rattanakosin period or being used in the wood trading business that was once prosperous in the past.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 238 Ngor). 16. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "General Information". Phrae Province. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 39 Phrae: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 25 Subdistrict mun., 57 SAO.
  7. ^ "(PRH) Phrae Airport Overview". Flightstats. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Getting to Phrae Province". Sawadee.com (in Thai).
  9. ^ "About Phrae". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
  10. ^ Tham Pha Nang Khoi Archived January 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine[dead link]
  11. ^ "Mae Yom National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  12. ^ Prachachuen, Na Chart (2020-06-22). "ตึกเก่าเมืองแพร่ : รู้ไปโม้ด" [Old buildings of Phare : Know it all]. Khaosod (in Thai). Retrieved 2021-04-26.

External linksEdit

  •   Phrae travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 18°8′42″N 100°8′26″E / 18.14500°N 100.14056°E / 18.14500; 100.14056