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Phrae (Thai: แพร่; pronounced [pʰrɛ̂ː]) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.[3] Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phayao, Nan, Uttaradit, Sukhothai, and Lampang.

Phrae

แพร่
250px
Flag of Phrae
Flag
Official seal of Phrae
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Phrae Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phrae Province
CountryThailand
CapitalPhrae
Government
 • GovernorWatthana Phutthichat (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total6,538.6 km2 (2,524.6 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 31st
Population
 (2017)
 • Total447,564[1]
 • RankRanked 61st
 • Density rankRanked 67th
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6516 "somewhat high"
Ranked 15th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-54

GeographyEdit

Phrae is in the valley of the Yom River. The Phi Pan Nam Range runs across the province from north to south in the west. The Phlueng Range is in the east.

HistoryEdit

The history of Phrae dates back to the Haripunchai kingdom of the Mon. It became part of the Lan Na in 1443, when King Tilokaraj was on an expedition to capture Nan.

SymbolsEdit

Provincial seal: According to legend the two cities of Phrae and Nan were once ruled by brothers. When they met to divide the land between them the one from Phrae rode on a horse, the one from Nan on a buffalo to the meeting point on top of a mountain. Hence Phrae uses a horse in their seal, while Nan uses a buffalo. When the provincial government proposed the seal in 1940, the Fine Arts Department suggested adding a historic building to the seal in addition to the horse, thus it now has the stupa of Phra Tat Cho Hae on the back of the horse. This temple is about nine kilometers southeast of the city of Phrae.[4]

The provincial flower and tree is the Burmese Almondwood (Chukrasia tabularis).

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 78 sub-districts (tambons) and 645 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Phrae
  2. Rong Kwang
  3. Long
  4. Sung Men
  5. Den Chai
  1. Song
  2. Wang Chin
  3. Nong Muang Khai

TransportationEdit

The main road through Phrae is Route 101, which begins in Nan to the north, passes through Phrae, and leads to Sawankhalok, Sukhothai, and finally Kamphaeng Phet.

Phrae Airport is a small airport in Mueang Mo, on the east side of town. It handles only domestic flights from Don Mueang (DMK).[5]

Human achievement index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Province Phrae, with an HAI value of 0.6516 is "somewhat high", occupies 15th place in the ranking.

Index for the province Phrae[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 71st
Education 4 10th
Employment 4 35th
Income 4 51st
Housing and living environment 5 29th
Family and community life 6 8th
Transport and communication 6 14th
Participation 4 14th

TourismEdit

 
Phra That Cho Hae, the symbol of Phrae Province

Wiang Kosai National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติเวียงโกศัย) contains two waterfalls, the Mae Koeng Luang (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งหลวง), and the Mae Koeng Noi (น้ำตกแม่เกิ๋งน้อย). Streams from the falls flow into the Yom River.

Tham Pha Nang Khoi Cave (ถ้ำผานางคอย). At the end of the cave is a stalagmite shaped like a woman holding a small child. In front of the Nang Koi (waiting woman) stone is a heart-shaped stalactite. They are the source of the legend of the love of a woman who waited for her lover until she turned to stone.[6]

Mae Yom National Park[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ "About Phrae". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
  4. ^ "General Information". Phrae Province. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  5. ^ "(PRH) Phrae Airport Overview". Flightstats. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  6. ^ Tham Pha Nang Khoi Archived January 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine[dead link]
  7. ^ "Mae Yom National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.

External linksEdit