Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex
Bung Karno Sports Arena (Indonesian: Gelanggang Olahraga Gelora Bung Karno, known as Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex), formerly named Senayan Sports Arena (Indonesian: Gelanggang Olahraga Senayan) from 1969 to 2001 and Asian Games Complex (Indonesian: Kompleks Asian Games) on its early days, is a sports complex located in Gelora, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. It is usually mistakenly thought to be located at Senayan, South Jakarta, hence its former name. The sports complex hosts main stadium, secondary stadium, football fields, aquatic stadium, tennis stadiums (indoor and outdoor), hockey, baseball and archery fields, and several indoor gymnasiums. The complex was built in 1960 for the 1962 Asian Games and recently underwent a major reconstruction for the 2018 Asian Games and 2018 Asian Para Games.
|Gelanggang Olahraga Bung Karno|
|Bung Karno Sports Arena|
|Full name||Gelanggang Olahraga Bung Karno|
|Former names||Kompleks Asian Games|
(until 24 September 1962)
Gelanggang Olahraga Senayan
(1969–17 January 2001)
|Location||Gelora, Central Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Main venue||Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium|
|Other sports facilities||Madya Stadium|
|Owner||Government of Indonesia|
(via Ministry of State Secretariat)
|Operator||Pusat Pengelolaan Komplek Gelora Bung Karno (PPKGBK, Gelora Bung Karno Complex Management Center)|
|Broke ground||8 February 1960|
|Construction cost||$12,500,000 (1958)|
Rp3,5 trillion (renovation)
The sports complex host a main stadium with a capacity of 77,193 seats, athletic stadium, football fields, aquatic stadium, tennis stadiums (indoor and outdoor), hockey, baseball and archery fields, and several indoor gymnasiums. It is named after Sukarno, Indonesia's first President. It is the largest and one of the oldest sport complex in Jakarta and Indonesia, and also one of the largest in Southeast Asia. The Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is the main building within this sports complex. The abbreviation Gelora also means "vigorous" (like the flame or ocean wave) in Indonesian language.
Other than hosting numbers of sports facilities, the sports complex is also a popular place for people of Jakarta to do physical exercises; jogging, bicycling, aerobics and calisthenics especially during weekend.
After the Asian Games Federation declared Jakarta to host the 1962 Asian Games in 1958, the minimum requirement that yet to be met by the Jakarta was the availability of a multi-sport complex. In response to this, President Sukarno issued Presidential Decree No. 113/1959 dated 11 May 1959 about the establishment of the Asian Games Council of Indonesia (DAGI) led by Minister of Sports Maladi. Sukarno, as an architect and civil engineering graduate, proposed a location near M. H. Thamrin Boulevard and Menteng, namely the area of Karet, Pejompongan, or Dukuh Atas. Frederich Silaban, a renowned architect who accompanied Sukarno to review the location by helicopter, disagreed with the selection of Dukuh Atas because he argued the construction of a sports complex in the center the future downtown area will potentially create a massive traffic congestion. Sukarno agreed and instead assigned the Senayan area with an area of approximately 300 hectares.
The first pole erection was done symbolically by Sukarno on 8 February 1960. Construction of Istora was completed on May 1961. The secondary stadium, Swimming stadium and Tennis stadium followed in December 1961. The main stadium was completed on 21 July 1962, a month before the games.
|Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium||Multi-use, mostly football||77,193||1960||Largest stadium in Indonesia.|
|Istora Gelora Bung Karno||Multi-use, mostly badminton||7,166||1960|
|Gelora Bung Karno Aquatic Stadium||Aquatics||7,800||1960||Formerly named "Swimming Stadium"|
|Tennis Indoor||Multi-use, mostly volleyball and concerts||3,750||1993||First sports arena in Southeast Asia to use retractable roof, it is no longer operable.|
|Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium||Athletics||9,170||1960|
|Baseball Stadium||Baseball||1,320||2016||Built on site of 12 tennis clay courts and 6 tennis hard courts|
|Hockey Field||Field hockey||818||1973|
|Hasjrul Harahap Softball Field||Softball||≈500||1996||Also called Lapangan Softball Pintu Satu (Gate One Softball Field) to distinguish it with the nearby, now-demolished Cemaratiga Softball Field.|
Can be upgraded with temporary seats to 2,000 capacity.
|Rugby Field||Rugby||N/A||2017||Built on the site of Lapangan D (D Football Field)|
|Shooting Range||Shooting||N/A||1992||New location. Mulia Hotel now stands in the original site.|
|Gelora Bung Karno Arena||Multi-sports training halls||N/A||2016||Located outside the main complex on the west, built on the site of Asia Afrika Sports Hall, a badminton training hall (originally completed in 1986)|
|Volleyball Training Hall||Volleyball training||N/A||1988|
|A, B, and C Football Field||Football training||N/A||1970|
|Beach Volleyball Court||Beach volleyball||N/A||1996|
|Squash Stadium||Squash||560||1996||Also called D Hall (Indonesian: Hall D)|
|Tennis Courts||Tennis||N/A||1993||Two hard courts|
Other buildings inside the complexEdit
- Jakarta Convention Center (completed 1974)
- Al Bina mosque (completed 2001)
- Jakarta Sultan Hotel (formerly Hilton Hotel Jakarta, completed 1971)
- Mulia Hotel (completed 1994)
- Krida Loka Park (completed 1987)
- City Forest (completed 2018, stands on what was the Senayan Golf Course & Driving Range)
Initially the sports complex covers much larger area than it is today. During the 1980s to 1990s, several land plots were developed into non-sport facilities. Northern area were developed into government offices while the southern area were developed into hotels and shopping malls. The complex also had radio-controlled car circuit northwest of the main stadium, which was scrapped during the 2017 renovation.
- DPR/MPR Building (completed 1968)
- TVRI Headquarters (completed 1962)
- Ministry of Youth and Sports office (completed 1983)
- National Forestry Museum (Manggala Wanabakti, formerly Ministry of Forestry office, completed 1983)
The southern area was originally an athlete village for the 1962 Asian Games. The village was demolished in the 1970s. Several buildings now stood in their location.
- Century Park Hotel (completed 1990)
- Ratu Plaza (completed 1982)
- Plaza Senayan (completed 1996)
- Senayan Trade Center (completed 2006)
- Senayan City (completed 2006)
- fX Sudirman (completed 2008)
- Fairmont Jakarta Hotel (completed 2015)
- Multipurpose Building (completed 1987)
Demolished buildings or facilitiesEdit
- Remote controlled-car racing circuit
- Asia Afrika Sports Hall
- Volleyball Stadium that was used during the 1962 Asian Games
- 18 tennis courts located southern of the tennis stadiums.
- Roller sports court
- Gymnastics Building
- Cemaratiga Softball Field
- Senayan Golf Range
For the first time, the sports complex was host fourth Asian Games in 1962. The Main Stadium hosted the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. Other competitions held there were several AFF Championship finals and domestic cup finals. The Istora Senayan hosted numbers of Sudirman Cup, Thomas Cup and Uber Cup badminton competitions. The sports complex hosted multi-event sport such as Pekan Olahraga Nasional (PON, National Sports Week) and Southeast Asian Games (SEA Games). The complex hosted the PON seven times between 1973 and 1996. The complex hosted the SEA Games in 1979, 1987, 1997 and 2011; the latter was co-hosted with Jakabaring Sport City complex in Palembang. It also hosted 2018 Asian Games along with Palembang's complex and some other venues across Palembang, Banten, Greater Jakarta and West Java, while it served only with other venues across Greater Jakarta and West Java during the subsequent Para Games. The Istora will host the 2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup, as the only venue in the country for the tournament, which Indonesia will co-host with Japan and the Philippines.
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