Davis Cup

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and Kosmos Holding and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team.[1] The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition.[2] The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States (winning 32 titles and finishing as runners-up 29 times) and Australia (winning 28 titles, including four with New Zealand as Australasia, and finishing as runners-up 19 times). The current champions are Spain, who beat Canada to win their sixth title in 2019.

Davis Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2020 Davis Cup
Logo Davis Cup.svg
SportTennis
Founded1900; 120 years ago (1900)
FounderDwight F. Davis
No. of teams18 (World Group)
CountriesITF member nations
ContinentWorldwide
Most recent
champion(s)
 Spain
(6th title)
Most titles United States
(32 titles)
Official websiteDavisCup.com
2018 Davis Cup Final - opening ceremony.

The women's equivalent of the Davis Cup is the Fed Cup. Australia, the Czech Republic, and the United States are the only countries to have won both Davis Cup and Fed Cup titles in the same year.

The Davis Cup did not allow professional players to compete until 1973, five years after the start of the Open Era.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Davis Cup trophy exposed in the Český rozhlas headquarters, Prague-Vinohrady, 2012.

The idea for a tournament pitting the best British and Americans in competition against one another was probably first conceived by James Dwight, the first president of the U.S. National Lawn Tennis Association when it formed in 1881. Desperate to assess the development of American players against the renowned British champions, he worked tirelessly to engage British officials in a properly sanctioned match, but failed to do so. He nevertheless tried to entice top international (particularly British) talent to the U.S. and sanctioned semi-official tours of the top American players to Great Britain.[4] Diplomatic relations between Great Britain and the United States on the tennis front had strengthened such that, by the mid 1890s, reciprocal tours were staged annually between players of the two nations, and an ensuing friendship between American William Larned and Irishman Harold Mahony spurred efforts to formalize an official team competition between the two nations.[5]

International competitions had been staged for some time before the first Davis Cup match in 1900. From 1892, England and Ireland had been competing in an annual national-team-based competition, similar to what would become the standard Davis Cup format, mixing single and doubles matches, and in 1895 England played against France in a national team competition.[6] During Larned's tour of the British Isles in 1896, where he competed in several tournaments including the Wimbledon Championships, he was also a spectator for the annual England vs. Ireland match. He returned to exclaim that Britain had agreed to send a group of three to the US the following summer, which would represent the first British lawn tennis "team" to compete in the U.S. Coincidentally, some weeks before Larned left for his British tour, the idea for an international competition was discussed also between leading figures in American lawn tennis - one of whom was tennis journalist E.P. Fischer - at a tournament in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.

 
American player Dwight Davis (center) in 1900 with the trophy he committed to build.

Dwight F. Davis was in attendance at this tournament, and was thought to have got wind of the idea as it was discussed in the tournament's popular magazine, and Davis's name was mentioned as someone who might 'do something for the game … put up some big prize, or cup'.[7] Larned and Fischer met on several occasions that summer and discussed the idea of an international match to be held in Chicago the following summer, pitting six of the best British players against six of the best Americans, in a mixture of singles and doubles matches. This was discussed openly in two articles in the Chicago Tribune, but did not come to fruition.[8][9]

Nevertheless, the following summer, Great Britain - though not under the official auspices of the Lawn Tennis Association - sent three of its best players to compete in several US tournaments. Their relative poor performances convinced Dwight and other leading officials and figures in American lawn tennis that the time was right for a properly sanctioned international competition. This was to be staged in Newcastle in July 1898,[10] but the event never took place as the Americans could not field a sufficiently strong team. A reciprocal tour to the U.S. in 1899 amounted to just a single British player travelling overseas, as many of the players were involved in overseas armed conflicts.

It was at this juncture, in the summer of 1899, that four members of the Harvard University tennis team - Dwight Davis included - travelled across the States to challenge the best west-coast talent, and upon his return, it apparently occurred to Davis that if teams representing regions could arouse such great feelings, then why wouldn't a tennis event that pitted national teams in competition be just as successful. He approached James Dwight with the idea, which was tentatively agreed, and he ordered an appropriate sterling silver punchbowl trophy from Shreve, Crump & Low, purchasing it from his own funds for about $1,000.[11] They in turn commissioned a classically styled design from William B. Durgin's of Concord, New Hampshire, crafted by the Englishman Rowland Rhodes.[12] Beyond donating a trophy for the competition, however, Davis's involvement in the incipient development of the tournament that came to bear his name was negligible, yet a persistent myth has emerged that Davis devised both the idea for an international tennis competition and its format of mixing singles and doubles matches. Research has shown this to be a myth,[13] similar in its exaggeration of a single individual's efforts within a highly complex long-term development to the myths of William Webb Ellis and Abner Doubleday, who have both been wrongly credited with inventing rugby and baseball, respectively. Davis nevertheless went on to become a prominent politician in the United States in the 1920s, serving as US Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929 and as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929 to 1932.

The first match, between the United States and Britain (competing as the "British Isles"), was held at the Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900. The American team, of which Dwight Davis was captain, surprised the British by winning the first three matches. The following year the two countries did not compete, but the US won the match in 1902 and Britain won the following four matches. By 1905 the tournament expanded to include Belgium, Austria, France, and Australasia, a combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed together until 1914.

The tournament was initially titled the International Lawn Tennis Challenge although it soon became known as the Davis Cup, after Dwight Davis' trophy. The Davis Cup competition was initially played as a challenge cup. All teams competed against one another for the right to face the previous year's champion in the final round.

Beginning in 1923, the world's teams were split into two zones: the "America Zone" and the "Europe Zone". The winners of the two zones met in the Inter-Zonal Zone ("INZ") to decide which national team would challenge the defending champion for the cup. In 1955 a third zone, the "Eastern Zone", was added. Because there were three zones, the winner of one of the three zones received a bye in the first round of the INZ challenger rounds. In 1966, the "Europe Zone" was split into two zones, "Europe Zone A" and "Europe Zone B", so the winners of the four zones competed in the INZ challenger rounds.

From 1950 to 1967, Australia dominated the competition, winning the Cup 15 times in 18 years.[14]

Beginning in 1972, the format was changed to a knockout tournament, so that the defending champion was required to compete in all rounds, and the Davis Cup was awarded to the tournament champion.

Up until 1973, the Davis Cup had only ever been won by the United States, Great Britain/British Isles, France and Australia/Australasia. Their domination was eventually broken in 1974 when South Africa and India made the final; however the final was scratched and South Africa awarded the cup after India refused to travel to South Africa in protest of South Africa's apartheid policies. The following year saw the first actual final between two "outsider" nations, when Sweden beat Czechoslovakia 3–2, and since then, many other countries have gone on to capture the trophy.

All professionals were not allowed to play in the Davis Cup until 1973 when the tennis stars who turned professional prior to the Open Era (pre-1968) were not allowed to compete in the Davis Cup despite the Grand Slam tournaments and most tennis tournaments becoming Open Era events in 1968. In 1973 Australian players like Rod Laver and Ken Rosewall were allowed to play in the Davis Cup for the first time since 1962 (for Laver) and since 1956 (for Rosewall).[15]

In 1981, a tiered system of competition was created, in which the 16 best national teams compete in the World Group and all other national teams compete in one of four groups in one of three regional zones. In 1989, the tiebreak was introduced into Davis Cup competition, and from 2016 it is used in all five sets.[16]

In 2018, the ITF voted to change the format of the competition from 2019 onwards, changing it to an 18-team event to happen at the end of the season, with 71% of ITF member federations voting in favour of the change. The new format, backed by footballer Gerard Pique and Japanese businessman Hiroshi Mikitani, was likened to a world cup of tennis and was designed to be more attractive to sponsors and broadcasters. Opposing federations included those from Australia, Germany, and Great Britain. Support for the reform was also mixed among current and former players, with some such as Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal being in favour of the new format, but others such as Rod Laver, Lucas Pouille and Roger Federer being opposed.[17][18][19][20]

Davis Cup games have been affected by political protests several times, especially in Sweden:

FormatEdit

 
Monument to the Davis Cup at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.

TournamentEdit

The 16 best national teams are assigned to the World Group and compete annually for the Davis Cup. Nations which are not in the World Group compete in one of three regional zones (Americas, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/Africa). The competition is spread over four weekends during the year. Each elimination round between competing nations is held in one of the countries, and is played as the best of five matches (4 singles, 1 doubles). The ITF determines the host countries for all possible matchups before each year's tournament.

The World Group is the top group and includes the world's best 16 national teams. Teams in the World Group play a four-round elimination tournament. Teams are seeded based on a ranking system released by the ITF, taking into account previous years' results. The defending champion and runner-up are always the top two seeds in the tournament. The losers of the first-round matches are sent to the World Group playoff round, where they play along with winners from Group I of the regional zones. The playoff round winners play in the World Group for the next year's tournament, while the losers play in Group I of their respective regional zone.

Each of the three regional zones is divided into four groups. Groups I and II play elimination rounds, with the losing teams facing relegation to the next-lower group. The teams in Groups III and those in Group IV play a round-robin tournament with promotion and relegation.

2019 modificationsEdit

For the 2019 edition, the format of the cup is changed.[23] The main modification is the World Group taking place at one location and in one week, with eighteen teams divided in six round-robin groups of three teams each, with the winners of the groups and the two best second places advancing to quarterfinals. The series between the teams in this stage will feature two singles matches and one doubles match, instead of the best-of-5 series, with the matches changing from best of 5 sets to best of 3. As the World Group will now take place as one single tournament, this event has been named as the Davis Cup Finals. The lower zone groups I and II will be composed of single ties deciding promotion or relegation.

StructureEdit

Level Group(s)
1 World Group

16 countries

2 Group One Americas Zone

6 countries

Group One Europe/Africa Zone

11 countries

Group One Asia/Oceania Zone

7 countries

3 Group Two Americas Zone

8 countries

Group Two Europe/Africa Zone

16 countries

Group Two Asia/Oceania Zone

8 countries

4 Group Three Americas Zone

9 countries

Group Three Europe Zone

15 countries

Group Three Africa Zone

10 countries

Group Three Asia/Oceania Zone

9 countries

5 Group Four Asia/Oceania Zone

11 countries

Note: The total number of nations in Group One is 24. However, the distribution among the three zones may vary each year, according to the number of nations promoted or relegated between Group One and the World Group. The number of nations in the World Group and Group One together is 22 from Euro/Africa Zone, 9 from Americas Zone and 9 from Asia/Oceania Zone.

Ties and rubbersEdit

As in other cup competitions tie is used in the Davis Cup to mean an elimination round. In the Davis Cup, the word rubber means an individual match.

In the annual World Group competition, 16 nations compete in eight first-round ties; the eight winners compete in four quarterfinal ties; the four winners compete in two semifinal ties; and the two winners compete in the final tie.

Each tie consists of five rubbers, which are played in three days (usually on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday). The winner of the tie is the nation which wins three or more of the five rubbers in the tie. On the first day, the first two rubbers are singles, which are generally played by each nation's two best available singles players. On the second day, the doubles rubber is played. On the third day, the final two rubbers are typically reverse singles, in which the first-day contestants usually play again, but they swap opponents from the first day's singles rubbers. However, in certain circumstances, the team captain may replace one or two of the players who played the singles on Friday by other players who were nominated for the tie. For example, if the tie has already been decided in favour of one of the teams, it is common for younger or lower-ranked team members to play the remaining dead rubbers in order for them to gain Davis Cup experience.

Since 2011, if a nation has a winning 3–1 lead after the first reverse single match and that match has gone to four sets or more, then the remaining reverse single match which is a dead rubber is not played. All five rubbers are played if one nation has a winning 3–0 lead after the doubles match.[24]

Ties are played at a venue chosen by one of the competing countries. The right of choice is given on an alternating basis. Therefore, countries play in the country where the last tie between the teams was not held. In case the two countries have not met since 1970, lots are drawn to determine the host country.[25]

Venues in the World Group must comply with certain minimum standards, including a minimum seating capacity as follows:[26]

  • World Group play-offs: 4,000
  • World Group first round: 4,000
  • World Group quarterfinals: 6,000
  • World Group semifinals: 8,000
  • World Group final: 12,000

CaptainEdit

Prior to each tie, the captain (non-playing coach appointed by the national association) nominates a squad of four players and decides who will compete in the tie. On the day before play starts, the order of play for the first day is drawn at random. In the past, teams could substitute final day singles players only in case of injury or illness, verified by a doctor, but current rules permit the captain to designate any player to play the last two singles rubbers, provided that no first day matchup is repeated. There is no restriction on which of the playing team members may play the doubles rubber: the two singles players, two other players (usually doubles specialists) or a combination.

Each rubber is normally played as best of five sets. Since 2016, all sets use a tiebreak at 6–6 if necessary (formerly, the fifth set usually had no tiebreaker, so play continued until one side won by two games e.g. 10–8). However, if a team has clinched the tie before all five rubbers have been completed, the remaining rubbers may be shortened to best of three sets, with a tiebreak if necessary to decide all three sets.

In Group III and Group IV competitions, each tie consists only of three rubbers, which include two singles and one doubles rubber, which is played in a single day. The rubbers are in the best of three sets format, with a tie breaker if necessary to decide all three sets.

Records and statisticsEdit

Performance by teamEdit

+ - also won Junior Davis Cup title

Country Winning Years Runner-up Years
  United States + 1900, 1902, 1913, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1992, 1995, 2007 (32) 1903, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1964, 1973, 1984, 1991, 1997, 2004 (29)
  Australasia
  Australia +
1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1914, 1919, 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1999, 2003 (28) 1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1936, 1938, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1990, 1993, 2000, 2001 (19)
  France + 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2017 (10) 1925, 1926, 1933, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2010, 2014, 2018 (9)
  Great Britain + 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015 (10) 1900, 1902, 1907, 1913, 1919, 1931, 1937, 1978 (8)
  Sweden 1975, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1994, 1997, 1998 (7) 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1996 (5)
  Spain + 2000, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2019 (6) 1965, 1967, 2003, 2012 (4)
  Czechoslovakia +
  Czech Republic +
1980, 2012, 2013 (3) 1975, 2009 (2)
  West Germany
  Germany +
1988, 1989, 1993 (3) 1970, 1985 (2)
  Russia + 2002, 2006 (2) 1994, 1995, 2007 (3)
  Croatia 2005, 2018 (2) 2016 (1)
  Italy + 1976 (1) 1960, 1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1998 (6)
  Argentina 2016 (1) 1981, 2006, 2008, 2011 (4)
  Serbia 2010 (1) 2013 (1)
   Switzerland 2014 (1) 1992 (1)
  South Africa 1974 (1)
  Romania 1969, 1971, 1972 (3)
  India 1966, 1974, 1987 (3)
  Belgium 1904, 2015, 2017 (3)
  Japan + 1921 (1)
  Mexico 1962 (1)
  Chile + 1976 (1)
  Slovakia 2005 (1)
  Canada 2019 (1)

Titles by country (since 1972)Edit

Country Titles First Last
  United States 9 1972 2007
  Sweden 7 1975 1998
  Australia 6 1973 2003
  Spain 6 2000 2019
  France 4 1991 2017
  West Germany
  Germany
3 1988 1993
  Czechoslovakia
  Czech Republic
3 1980 2013
  Russia 2 2002 2006
  Croatia 2 2005 2018
  South Africa 1 1974
  Italy 1 1976
  Serbia 1 2010
   Switzerland 1 2014
  Great Britain 1 2015
  Argentina 1 2016

Years in World GroupEdit

Most wins in World GroupEdit

Country #
1.   USA 64
2.   France 58
3.   Sweden 56
4.   Australia 50
5.   Spain 40
6.   Argentina 39
7.   Czech Republic 37
8.   Germany 33
9.   Russia 28
10.   Italy 22

Results by nationEdit

World GroupEdit

(1981–2018)

Nation Yrs Won 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Nat.
  Argentina 25 1 F 1R SF QF 1R 1R SF QF 1R SF SF QF SF F QF F QF SF F SF SF 1R SF W 1R  
  Australia 31 4 SF SF W SF SF W SF QF 1R F QF QF F 1R 1R SF 1R W F F 1R W 1R QF SF 1R 1R SF 1R SF 1R  
  Austria 17 0 QF SF 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R QF 1R  
  Belarus 4 0 Part of Soviet Union / CIS SF 1R QF 1R  
  Belgium 20 0 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R QF SF 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R F 1R F QF  
  Brazil 13 0 1R 1R SF 1R 1R 1R QF SF QF 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Canada 10 0 1R 1R 1R 1R SF 1R QF 1R 1R 1R  
  Chile 9 0 QF 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R QF 1R  
  Croatia 16 2 Part of Yugoslavia 1R QF QF 1R W QF 1R SF QF 1R QF 1R 1R F 1R W  
  Cuba 1 0 1R  
  Czech Republic[1] 36 2 QF QF 1R SF SF SF 1R QF QF QF QF QF QF QF 1R SF QF 1R 1R QF 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R QF F SF 1R W W SF 1R QF 1R  
  Denmark 9 0 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Ecuador 5 0 1R QF 1R 1R 1R  
  France 36 4 1R F SF QF 1R QF SF QF 1R W QF QF QF 1R W 1R F 1R W F QF SF QF QF QF QF 1R F SF QF QF F QF SF W F  
  Germany[2] 35 3 1R 1R 1R F 1R 1R W W QF SF 1R W SF SF QF 1R QF 1R QF QF 1R 1R 1R SF QF QF 1R QF 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R QF  
  Great Britain 17 1 SF 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R QF W SF QF 1R  
  Hungary 3 0 1R 1R 1R  
  India 13 0 1R 1R QF 1R F 1R SF 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Indonesia 2 0 1R 1R  
  Ireland 1 0 1R  
  Israel 10 0 QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R SF 1R 1R  
  Italy 27 0 1R QF QF QF 1R QF 1R QF 1R QF 1R QF QF 1R QF SF SF F 1R 1R 1R QF SF 1R QF QF QF  
  Japan 8 0 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Kazakhstan 7 0 Part of Soviet Union / CIS QF 1R QF QF QF 1R QF  
  Mexico 10 0 1R 1R QF QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Morocco 3 0 1R 1R 1R  
  Netherlands 19 0 1R 1R QF QF QF 1R QF 1R 1R 1R SF 1R 1R QF QF 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  New Zealand 8 0 QF SF QF 1R 1R 1R QF 1R  
  Paraguay 7 0 QF QF QF 1R QF 1R 1R  
  Peru 1 0 1R  
  Poland 1 0 1R  
  Romania 14 0 QF 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  Russia[3] 26 2 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R F F 1R 1R 1R SF QF QF W QF 1R SF W F SF QF QF 1R 1R 1R  
  Serbia[4] 20 1 1R 1R QF 1R SF SF 1R SF 1R 1R 1R W SF QF F 1R QF QF SF 1R  
  Slovakia 7 0 Part of Czechoslovakia 1R QF QF 1R 1R F 1R  
  South Africa 4 0 QF QF QF 1R  
  South Korea 3 0 1R 1R 1R  
  Spain 32 5 1R 1R 1R SF 1R QF 1R QF 1R 1R QF 1R QF SF 1R W 1R QF F W 1R 1R QF W W QF W F 1R 1R QF SF  
  Sweden 31 6 QF QF F W W F W F F 1R 1R SF SF W SF F W W 1R SF QF QF QF 1R 1R SF QF 1R 1R QF 1R  
   Switzerland 27 1 1R 1R 1R F 1R 1R 1R 1R QF QF 1R QF 1R SF QF 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R 1R W 1R 1R 1R 1R  
  United States 37 6 W W 1R F QF SF 1R SF W F W 1R SF W QF F SF QF SF 1R SF 1R F 1R SF W SF QF 1R QF SF QF 1R 1R QF QF SF  
  Zimbabwe 3 0 QF 1R 1R  
  1. ^ until 1992 Czechoslovakia
  2. ^ until 1989 West Germany
  3. ^ until 1992 Soviet Union, 1993 CIS
  4. ^ until 2003 Yugoslavia, 2004–2006 Serbia and Montenegro

FinalsEdit

Country 2019 2021
  Argentina QF
  Australia QF q
  Austria q
  Belgium RR
  Canada F q
  Chile RR
  Colombia RR q
  Croatia RR q
  Czech Republic q
  Ecuador q
  France RR q
  Germany QF q
  Great Britain SF q
  Hungary q
  Italy RR q
  Japan RR
  Kazakhstan RR q
  Netherlands RR
  Russia SF q
  Serbia QF q
  Spain W q
  Sweden q
  United States RR q

IndividualEdit

1Players must now be aged 14 and over

Current ITF Davis Cup rankingEdit

For more information, see ITF Rankings

ITF Davis Cup Nations Ranking
as of 9 March 2020[28]
# Nation Points Move
1   France 1,364.50  
2   Croatia 1,349.50  
3   Spain 914.81  
4   Belgium 632.63  
5   United States 603.32   1
6   Canada 481.63   3
7   Serbia 465.13  
8   Germany 424.19   4
9   Italy 423.26   2
10   Great Britain 417.50   2
11   Australia 417.13   1
12   Kazakhstan 367.25   1
13   Russia 340.13   1
14   Sweden 322.13   4
15   Austria 319.69   1
16   Argentina 317.00   11
17   Czech Republic 301.38   2
18   Colombia 294.25   1
19   Japan 290.63   2
20   Netherlands 261.56  

Change since previous ranking update

ATP points distribution (from 2009 to 2015)Edit

Davis Cup
Rubber category Match win Match loss Team bonus Performance bonus Total achievable
Singles Play-offs 5 / 101 15
First round 40 102 80
Quarterfinals 65 130
Semifinals 70 140
Final 75 753 1254 150 / 2253 / 2754
Cumulative total 500 500 to 5353 6254 6254
Doubles Play-offs 10 10
First round 50 102 50
Quarterfinals 80 80
Semifinals 90 90
Final 95 355 95 / 1305
Cumulative total 315 3505 3505

The Davis Cup World Group and World Group Play-Off matches awarded ATP Ranking points from 2009 to 2015.[29]

Glossary

Only live matches earn points; dead rubbers earn no points. If a player does not compete in the singles of one or more rounds he will receive points from the previous round when playing singles at the next tie. This last rule also applies for playing in doubles matches.[29]

1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points.[29]

2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation.[29]

3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.[29]

4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded.[29]

5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.[29]

BroadcastersEdit

Country/region Broadcaster Ref
Free Pay Summary
International Rakuten TV 25 matches at the finals [30][31]
  Argentina TyC Sports Selected matches (including the finals round, all matches for Argentina team)
  Australia Nine beIN Sports
  • Nine: Australia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • TF1: France team matches at the finals round only
  • beIN Sports: Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals.
[32]
  France TF1 [33]
  MENA
  Austria ServusTV DAZN
  • ServusTV: Austria matches only
  • DOSB: Germany matches only on Sportdeutschland.tv
  • DAZN: Qualifiers (for Brazil viewers only), with all 25 finals.
[34]
  Brazil
  Germany DOSB
   Switzerland
  Japan
Wowow Japan matches only
Rakuten
  Belarus Belteleradio Belarus matches only
  Belgium VRT Belgium matches only
RTBF
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Arena Sport
  • HRT: Croatia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • RTS: Serbia team matches only, including at the finals round
  • Arena Sport: 25 matches at the finals
  Croatia HRT
  Montenegro
  North Macedonia
  Serbia RTS
  Canada Sportsnet (English) [35]
TVA Sports (French)
  China iQiyi Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals
  Colombia Win Sports Qualifiers (Colombia matches only), with selected matches at the finals
  Chile TVN Claro
  • TVN: Chile team (including at the finals round), plus final match
  • Claro: Selected matches
[36][37]
  Ecuador
  Uruguay
Central America Sky Selected qualifiers, with all 25 finals
  Dominican Republic
  Mexico
  Czech Republic ČT Czech Republic matches only on Sport
  Denmark Eurosport
  • Eurosport: Selected qualifiers (for India viewers only in 2020) and 25 matches at the finals.
  • STF: Sweden qualifier only
[38]
  Finland
  Iceland
  India
  Ireland
  Norway
  Sweden STF
  United Kingdom
  Hungary MTVA Hungary matches only
  Indonesia Mola TV 25 matches at the finals [39]
  Timor-Leste
  Israel Sport 5 Selected matches, with all 25 finals
  Italy SuperTennis Live coverage on TV for Italy team matches plus a final, selected non-Italy group matches on Facebook [40]
  Kazakhstan QAZTRK Kazakhstan team matches only, including the finals round, live on Qazsport [41]
  Netherlands Ziggo All matches [42]
  New Zealand Sky Sport Selected matches, with all 25 finals
  Portugal Sport TV All matches [43]
  Russia Match TV All matches
  Singapore StarHub TV Selected matches, with all 25 finals [44]
  Slovakia RTVS Slovakia matches only on :2
  Spain Movistar+ 25 matches at the finals
  United States CBS Sports USA matches only
Fox Sports USA team matches at the finals round only, plus final match

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Andy Murray wins Davis Cup for Great Britain - BBC Sport". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Davis Cup Format". www.daviscup.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. In 2016, 130 nations have entered Davis Cup by BNP Paribas
  3. ^ https://www.tennis.com/pro-game/2013/12/40-years-ago-lookout-cleveland/49914/ . Retrieved 5 December 2019
  4. ^ Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis: A Cultural History. New York: New York University Press. pp. 213–214. ISBN 978-0-8147-3121-5.
  5. ^ Eaves, Simon J.; Lake, Robert J. (2016). "The 'Ubiquitous Apostle of International Play', Wilberforce Vaughan Eaves: The Forgotten Internationalist of Lawn Tennis" (PDF). The International Journal of the History of Sport. 33 (16): 1963–1981. doi:10.1080/09523367.2017.1295957. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  6. ^ Lake, Robert J. (2015). A Social History of Tennis in Britain. London: Routledge. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-0-415-68430-9.
  7. ^ Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis: A Cultural History. New York: New York University Press. pp. 258. ISBN 978-0-8147-3121-5.
  8. ^ "Tennis of Two Nations". Chicago Tribune: 10. 3 September 1896.
  9. ^ "Tennis from Far Shores". Chicago Tribune: 8. 28 September 1896.
  10. ^ "American Players Abroad". American Lawn Tennis: 89. 27 April 1898.
  11. ^ John Grasso (September 2011). Davis Cup. Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Scarecrow Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780810874909. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  12. ^ "Davis Cup Grows by a Third". daviscup.com. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2010.
  13. ^ Eaves, Simon J.; Lake, Robert J. (2018). "Dwight Davis and the Foundation of the Davis Cup in Tennis: Just Another Doubleday Myth?". Journal of Sport History. 45 (1): 1–23. doi:10.5406/jsporthistory.45.1.0001. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018 – via Project MUSE.
  14. ^ "History – Davis Cup - Pro Tournaments - News and Events - Tennis Australia". Tennis Australia. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  15. ^ https://www.tennis.com/pro-game/2013/12/40-years-ago-lookout-cleveland/49914/ . Retrieved 5 December 2019
  16. ^ "Davis Cup set for fifth set tiebreak in 2016". Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Davis Cup reform: Nations vote for 18-team season-ending event". BBC Sport. 16 August 2018. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  18. ^ Bodo, Peter (16 August 2018). "Here's everything you need to know about the massive Davis Cup overhaul". ESPN. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Tennis greats tear into Davis Cup overhaul". news.com.au. 17 August 2018. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  20. ^ Briggs, Simon (29 August 2018). "Davis Cup should not become the Pique Cup, warns Roger Federer". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  21. ^ 6,000 join Malmö Davis Cup protest Archived 23 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. The Local 7 March 2009.
  22. ^ Crowd ban 'risks bolstering extremists' Archived 3 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. The Local 7 March 2009.
  23. ^ "Historic Davis Cup reforms approved at AGM". Daviscup.com. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  24. ^ "ITF revises Davis Cup dead rubber policy". DavisCup.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  25. ^ "Davis Cup Rules & Regulations – 2012 (English)". Archived from the original on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  26. ^ "Davis Cup Rules". Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  27. ^ a b c d e "History - Records". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  28. ^ "Nations Ranking". daviscup.com. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g "The 2015 ATP® Official Rulebook" (pdf). 18 January 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  30. ^ "Davis Cup by Rakuten Madrid Finals to be broadcast in more than 171 countries". Davis Cup. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  31. ^ "WHERE TO WATCH THE DAVIS CUP QUALIFIERS". Davis Cup. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Watch live this week on beIN SPORTS". beIN Sports. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  33. ^ "Tennis returns to TF1 in Davis Cup Finals deal". SportBusiness Media. 2 September 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  34. ^ "DAZN adds Davis Cup rights in Brazil". SportBusiness Media. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  35. ^ "Davis Cup Finals: What you need to know about Canada's competition - Sportsnet.ca". Sportsnet. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  36. ^ "Copa Davis 2019: TV, fechas, horarios y dónde ver online". AS.com (in Spanish). 18 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  37. ^ TVN (24 November 2019). "Únete a la transmisión de la final de la #CopaDavisXTVN: Canadá y España lo darán todo para proclamarse campeones del mundo Síguelo por TVN". Twitter (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  38. ^ "Eurosport to deliver re-vamped Davis Cup Finals event in multiple markets across Europe". Davis Cup. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  39. ^ "Mola TV on Instagram: "Davis Cup atau Piala Davis 2019 yang menjadi edisi ke-108 turnamen tenis putra antar tim nasional dimodifikasi menjadi sangat menarik,…"". Instagram. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  40. ^ "Davis Cup Finals: tutte le dirette di SuperTennis fino a domenica". Italian Tennis Federation. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  41. ^ "ТЕННИС. Дэвис Кубогі". Qazsport. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  42. ^ Ziggo Sport (18 November 2019). "Vandaag kun je al genieten van Davis Cup Switch vanaf 15.00 uur op Ziggo Sport Extra! Dinsdagochtend is Nederland in de Davis Cup Finals aan de beurt tegen Kazachstan. Kijk vanaf 11.00 live mee op Ziggo Sport kanaal 14 en Select". Twitter (in Dutch). Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  43. ^ "Davis Cup Finals com cobertura exaustiva em Portugal". Bola Amarela Brasil (in Portuguese). 17 November 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  44. ^ hermes (20 November 2019). "Next 48 Hours". The Straits Times. Retrieved 6 March 2020.

External linksEdit