The Great Britain Davis Cup team has represented the United Kingdom internationally since 1900 in the Davis Cup. Organised by the Lawn Tennis Association (LTA), it is one of the 50 members of International Tennis Federation's European association (Tennis Europe).
|Association||Lawn Tennis Association|
|ITF ranking||11 (6 December 2021)|
|Highest ITF ranking||1 (30 November 2015)|
|First year|| United States 3–0 British Isles |
(Longwood Cricket Club, Boston, Massachusetts, United States; 8–10 August 1900)
|Ties played (W–L)||246 (151–95)|
|Davis Cup titles||10 (1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1912, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 2015)|
|Most total wins||Fred Perry (45–7)|
|Most singles wins||Bunny Austin (36–12)|
|Most doubles wins||Bobby Wilson (25–8)|
|Best doubles team||Bobby Wilson /|
Mike Sangster (11–3)
Fred Perry /
Patrick Hughes (11–3)
|Most ties played||Bobby Wilson (34)|
|Most years played||Greg Rusedski (13)|
|5–0 (15–0 sets, 96–16 games) versus Poland|
(Warsaw, Poland; 15–17 May 1925)
The team has won the world cup 10 times and been runner-ups on 8 occasions. It has longstanding rivalries with Australia and the United States. The national team took part in the inaugural Davis Cup in 1900, and has spent 16 years in the World Group. They are the third most successful team in terms of championships won. Despite this success, the team's performance has been inconsistent; between long periods without significant impact in the competition, it has enjoyed its most successful periods in the 1910s and the 1930s, with a significant resurgence in the mid-2010s.
Under the current management of Leon Smith, the national team qualified to the World Group in 2013, won the title in 2015, and reached the semi-finals in 2016. In its new tournament format, Great Britain and Australia were invited to the new 2019 Davis Cup Finals as a wild card in recognition of their historic status in the competition; taking advantage, the British team has reached the semi-finals of the inaugural finals event.
Early years, dominance and decline (1900–1986)Edit
Great Britain's first match, and first ever national team match in history, was a 0–3 loss to the United States in 1900. The tournament was not organised in 1901, and Britain lost the following year, but the British won the competition for the first time in 1903. The national team would go on to dominate the competition, winning the next three tournaments.
The postwar period saw moderate results, but British fortunes declined until the appointment of 31-year old Paul Hutchins as captain in 1976. He would captain the team for 10 years, and lead the team in 31 ties (a record). He would lead Great Britain to the final in 1978, defeating Australia 3–2 in the semifinal, only to lose to the United States 1–4. Despite losing in the final, the team won (alongside the women's Wightman Cup team) the BBC Sports Personality Team of the Year Award. Likewise, it was the first time the LTA promoted the event. According to The Guardian "Britain has seen a decline in its Davis Cup fortunes ever since [the final]." The next two years saw mixed results, but in 1981 the team reached the semifinals, losing to Australia. It would be their last semifinal until 2015.
Declining fortunes (1986–2010)Edit
Warren Jacques, an Australian, was appointed captain in 1988 as Hutchins' replacement. He was appointed due to his former role in coaching Kevin Curren, the 1985 Wimbledon finalist. However, the idea to appoint a person who was not of the team's nationality was so foreign that the LTA sought "special dispensation" from the International Tennis Federation. The team's results continued to slide under Jacques leadership.
Following the team's 0–5 defeat to France, Jacques was removed as captain and replaced by Tony Pickard. When asked about the defeat, Jacques claimed "We're ten years from being competitive in the Davis Cup." In the ensuing years, under Pickard's leadership, Great Britain would manage to keep its place in the World Group. In 1994, Pickard "delivered a scathing attack on the Lawn Tennis Association's training department and threatened to resign as captain unless his views [were] acted upon" after the team's defeat to Portugal. In response the LTA did not renew Pickard's contract. The team lost the last four matches under Pickard's stewardship, marking the worst performance in twenty years. David Lloyd took over as captain later that year. His captaincy started well, with Great Britain winning the Europe/Africa Zone II, and being promoted to the Europe/Africa Zone I. The team would remain in Europe/Africa Zone I throughout the rest of Lloyd's captaincy.
The defeat to the Czech national team in 2000 led to the resignation of David Lloyd as captain. Before his departure he criticised the British players for not being fit enough. On his departure, Lloyd went on to criticise the LTA and its work. In response John Crowther, the executive director of the LTA, stated they had "lost confidence" in Lloyd's abilities, and appointed former top-10 player Roger Taylor as his replacement. During Taylor's captaincy, the post itself was under criticism, with Tim Henman claiming "It's mainly handing out the drinks and the bananas" since most of the players had their own coaches. Taylor's first match as captain was against Ecuador, in which Britain lost 2–3 at home on grass. The Guardian quipped that "In one hundred years of the Davis Cup there had never been a more embarrassing defeat." Despite this, the team continued to decline in the ranking. In their 2003 match against Australia the team's top player was ranked 163rd in the world; both Henman and Greg Rusedski were hampered by injury, and could not take part.
On 1 January 2004 Jeremy Bates was appointed as team captain. He led the national team to two victories in eight ties, and resigned after the team's 2–3 defeat to Israel. John Lloyd was employed later that year as the team's new captain. He is the brother of David Lloyd, a former team captain. The decline continued, and John Lloyd captained his last match in 2010, when the team lost 2–3 to Lithuania. On his resignation, he stated "Call me old-fashioned, but when is it a convenience, and not a privilege, to play for your country?" He went on to criticise the mentality that Andy Murray didn't need to play as long as the rest of the team were not good enough, claiming that neither the British public nor media would accept such a position if Wayne Rooney had used the same argument. Henman backed Lloyd, claiming it would be wrong to fault Lloyd and coach Paul Annacone for the team's bad performance over the years. The problem was structural he argued, and lamented the failure of the LTA to produce talented players.
Resurgence under Leon Smith (2010–present)Edit
Leon Smith was appointed as team captain in 2010. His first tie was against Turkey in the play-offs of the Europe/Africa Zone Group II (the second lowest tier in the game) at home in Eastbourne, UK. A defeat would have sent the national team to the lowest tier of the game. Smith picked James Ward, Jamie Baker, Colin Fleming and Ken Skupski to play the tie, and defeated Turkey 5–0. This would mark the beginning of the team's resurgence. In 2011, the team won the Europe/Africa Zone Group II (third division), and was promoted to the Europe/Africa Zone Group I. Andy Murray, who had not played in the 2009 competition, returned in 2010 for the match against Luxembourg, winning 6–0, 6–0, 6–0 against Laurent Bram in the first rubber. Explaining his hiatus, Murray quipped that he "wanted the younger guys to step up and experience it", claiming "There was no use for us being in the World Group because we weren't ready for it." 2012 started well, with a 3–2 victory over Slovakia, but ended with the first defeat under Smith's captaincy against Belgium.
In its second round of the 2013 Europe/Africa Zone Group I the team won from 0–2 down, to defeat Russia 3–2. Both Dan Evans and Ward had lost five setters on the first day, but a victory in the doubles and a five-set win by Ward on the third day, gave way to a straight sets victory in the fifth rubber. It was the first time since 1930 that the national team had managed to win from 0–2 down. In the World Group play-offs that year Murray returned after a two-year hiatus, and helped defeat Croatia 4–1. It would mark the team's return to the World Group, having dropped out in 2007.
In the team's first match in the World Group since 2007, Great Britain won 3–1 over the United States, marking its first victory in the World Group since 1986. The tie was played on clay courts in the United States in the hope that the Americans would defeat Murray on his weakest surface. The team would lose its next tie against Italy 1–3. The team started 2015 in the World Group, and would win the title for the first time in 79 years (last victory was in 1936). On their run to the final, the team defeated the United States, France and Australia before defeating Belgium in the final. It would mark the first final reached since 1978. As defending champions in 2016 the team reached the semifinals, in which they were defeated by Argentina 2–3.
30 different individuals has served as Captain of the Great Britain national tennis team.
Win–loss records and rankings are as of 19 September 2022.
Results and fixturesEdit
Below are the results of the Great Britain team since 1981, when the competition started being held in the World Group format.
|1981||World Group, First round||6–8 Mar||Carpet (i)||Brighton (GBR)||Italy||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||9–11 Jul||Grass||Christchurch (NZL)||New Zealand||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Semi-finals||2–4 Oct||Clay||Buenos Aires (ARG)||Argentina||0–5||Loss|
|1982||World Group, First round||5–7 Mar||Clay||Rome (ITA)||Italy||2–3||Loss|
|World Group, Relegation play-offs||1–3 Oct||Clay||Barcelona (ESP)||Spain||3–2||Win|
|1983||World Group, First round||4–6 Mar||Grass||Adelaide (AUS)||Australia||1–4||Loss|
|World Group, Relegation play-offs||30 Sep–2 Oct||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Chile||4–1||Win|
|1984||World Group, First round||24–26 Feb||Carpet (i)||Telford (GBR)||Italy||2–3||Loss|
|World Group, Relegation play-offs||28–30 Sep||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Yugoslavia||1–4||Loss|
|1985||European Zone, Quarterfinals||14–16 Jun||Grass||Nottingham (GBR)||Portugal||5–0||Win|
|European Zone, Semifinals||2–4 Aug||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Switzerland||3–0||Win|
|European Zone, Final||4–6 Oct||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Israel||4–1||Win|
|1986||World Group, First round||7–9 Mar||Carpet (i)||Telford (GBR)||Spain||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||18–20 Jul||Grass||Wimbledon (GBR)||Australia||1–4||Loss|
|1987||World Group, First round||13–15 Mar||Clay||Mexico City (MEX)||Mexico||0–5||Loss|
|World Group, Relegation play-offs||24–26 Jul||Clay||Zagreb (YUG)||Yugoslavia||0–3||Loss|
|1988||Europe Zone Group I, Semifinals||9–12 Jun||Grass||Bristol (GBR)||Finland||3–1||Win|
|Europe Zone Group I, Final||22–24 Jul||Clay||Zell am See (AUT)||Austria||0–5||Loss|
|1989||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||5–7 May||Carpet (i)||Helsinki (FIN)||Finland||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Qualifying round||20–22 Jul||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Argentina||2–3||Loss|
|1990||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||4–6 May||Clay||Bucharest (ROU)||Romania||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Qualifying round||21–23 Sep||Grass||London (GBR)||France||0–5||Loss|
|1991||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||3–5 May||Clay||Warsaw (POL)||Poland||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Qualifying round||20–22 Sep||Grass||Manchester (GBR)||Austria||3–1||Win|
|1992||World Group, First round||31 Jan–2 Feb||Carpet (i)||Bayonne (FRA)||France||0–5||Loss|
|World Group, Qualifying round||25–27 Sep||Grass||New Delhi (IND)||India||1–4||Loss|
|1993||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||30 Apr–2 May||Clay||Budapest (HUN)||Hungary||2–3||Loss|
|1994||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 1st round||25–27 Mar||Clay||Porto (POR)||Portugal||1–4||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, Rel. play-offs||15–17 Jul||Grass||Manchester (GBR)||Romania||2–3||Loss|
|1995||Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 1st round||28–30 Apr||Clay||Bratislava (SVK)||Slovakia||0–5||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, Rel. play-offs||14–16 Jul||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Monaco||5–0||Win|
|1996||Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 1st round||3–5 May||Carpet (i)||Newcastle (GBR)||Slovenia||4–1||Win|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 2nd round||12–14 Jul||Hard||Accra (GHA)||Ghana||5–0||Win|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 3rd round||20–22 Sep||Grass||Wimbledon (GBR)||Egypt||5–0||Win|
|1997||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 1st round||4–6 Apr||Carpet (i)||London (GBR)||Zimbabwe||1–4||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 1st rd play-offs||11–13 Jul||Clay||Kyiv (UKR)||Ukraine||3–2||Win|
|1998||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||3–5 Apr||Carpet (i)||Newcastle (GBR)||Ukraine||5–0||Win|
|World Group, Qualifying round||25–27 Sep||Hard||Nottingham (GBR)||India||3–2||Win|
|1999||World Group, First round||2–4 Apr||Hard (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||United States||2–3||Loss|
|World Group, Qualifying round||24–26 Sep||Hard (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||South Africa||4–1||Win|
|2000||World Group, First round||4–6 Feb||Clay (i)||Ostrava (CZE)||Czech Republic||1–4||Loss|
|World Group, Qualifying round||14–16 Jul||Grass||Wimbledon (GBR)||Ecuador||2–3||Loss|
|2001||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||6–8 Apr||Carpet (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||Portugal||5–0||Win|
|World Group, Qualifying round||21–23 Sep||Clay||Guayaquil (ECU)||Ecuador||4–1||Win|
|2002||World Group, First round||8–10 Feb||Carpet (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||Sweden||2–3||Loss|
|World Group, Qualifying round||20–22 Sep||Carpet (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||Thailand||3–2||Win|
|2003||World Group, First round||7–9 Feb||Clay||Sydney (AUS)||Australia||1–4||Loss|
|World Group, Play-offs||19–22 Sep||Clay||Casablanca (MAR)||Morocco||2–3||Loss|
|2004||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||9–11 Apr||Hard||Esch-sur-Alzette (LUX)||Luxembourg||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Play-offs||24–26 Sep||Clay||Pörtschach (AUT)||Austria||2–3||Loss|
|2005||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||4–6 Mar||Hard||Ramat HaSharon (ISR)||Israel||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Play-offs||23–25 Sep||Clay (i)||Geneva (SUI)||Switzerland||0–5||Loss|
|2006||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||7–6 Apr||Carpet (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Serbia and Mont.||2–3||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 1st rd play–offs||21–23 Jul||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Israel||2–3||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd rd play–offs||22–24 Sep||Clay||Odessa (UKR)||Ukraine||3–2||Win|
|2007||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||6–8 Apr||Hard (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||Netherlands||4–1||Win|
|World Group, Play-offs||21–23 Sep||Grass||Wimbledon (GBR)||Croatia||4–1||Win|
|2008||World Group, First round||8–10 Feb||Clay||Buenos Aires (ARG)||Argentina ||1–4||Loss|
|World Group, Play-offs||19–21 Sep||Grass||Wimbledon (GBR)||Austria||2–3||Loss|
|2009||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||6–8 Mar||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Ukraine||1–4||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd rd play–offs||18–20 Sep||Hard (i)||Liverpool (GBR)||Poland||2–3||Loss|
|2010||Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 1st round||5–7 Mar||Hard (i)||Vilnius (LTU)||Lithuania||2–3||Loss|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, Play-offs||9–11 Jul||Grass||Eastbourne (GBR)||Turkey||5–0||Win|
|2011||Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 1st round||4–6 Mar||Hard (i)||Bolton (GBR)||Tunisia||4–1||Win|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 2nd round||8–10 Jul||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Luxembourg||4–1||Win|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group II, 3rd round||16–18 Sep||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Hungary||5–0||Win|
|2012||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 1st round||10–12 Feb||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Slovakia||3–2||Win|
|Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||6–18 Apr||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Belgium||1–4||Loss|
|2013||Europe/Africa Zone Group I, 2nd round||5–7 Apr||Hard (i)||Coventry (GBR)||Russia||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Play-offs||13–15 Sep||Clay||Umag (CRO)||Croatia||4–1||Win|
|2014||World Group, First round||31 Jan–2 Feb||Clay||San Diego (USA)||United States ||3–1||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||4–6 Apr||Clay||Napoli (ITA)||Italy||2–3||Loss|
|2015||World Group, First round||6–8 Mar||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||United States ||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||17–19 Jul||Grass||London (GBR)||France ||3–1||Win|
|World Group, Semifinals||18–20 Sep||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Australia||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Final||27–29 Nov||Clay (i)||Ghent (BEL)||Belgium||3–1||Champion|
|2016||World Group, First round||4–6 Mar||Hard (i)||Birmingham (GBR)||Japan||3–1||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||15–17 Jul||Clay||Belgrade (SRB)||Serbia ||3–2||Win|
|World Group, Semifinals||16–18 Sep||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Argentina ||2–3||Loss|
|2017||World Group, First round||3–5 Feb||Hard (i)||Ottawa (CAN)||Canada||3-2||Win|
|World Group, Quarterfinals||7–9 Apr||Clay (i)||Rouen (FRA)||France||1–4||Loss|
|2018||World Group, First round||2–4 Feb||Clay||Marbella (ESP)||Spain||1–3||Loss|
|World Group, Play-offs||14–16 Sep||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||Uzbekistan||3–1||Win|
|2019||Finals, Group E||20 November||Hard (i)||Madrid (ESP)||Netherlands||2–1||Win|
|Finals, Quarterfinals||22 November||Germany||2–0||Win|
|Finals, Semifinals||23 November||Spain||1–2||Loss|
|2020–21||Finals, Group C||25 November||Hard (i)||Innsbruck (AUT)||France||2–1||Win|
|28 November||Czech Republic||2–1||Win|
|Finals, Quarterfinals||30 November||Germany||1–2||Loss|
|2022||Finals, Group D||14 September||Hard (i)||Glasgow (GBR)||United States||1–2||Loss|
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