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Introduction

A tennis match at Wimbledon's Centre Court (2007)

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society and at all ages. The sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis. It had close connections both to various field (lawn) games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis.


Upcoming tournaments in April

Week Month Tour Points Tournament Surface Town Country
14 April ATP 250 Grand Prix Hassan II Clay Casablanca Morocco
14 April ATP 250 U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships Clay Houston United States
15 April ATP 1000 Monte-Carlo Masters Clay Monte Carlo Monaco
16 April ATP 500 Barcelona Open Clay Barcelona Spain
16 April ATP 250 Romanian Open Clay Bucharest Romania
17 April ATP 250 Istanbul Open Clay Istanbul Turkey
17 April ATP 250 Estoril Open Clay Estoril Portugal
17 April ATP 250 Bavarian Championships Clay Munich Germany

Selected article

"Jeu de paume," originally a French precursor of lawn tennis
Tennis can be traced as far back as the ancient Greek game of sphairistike (Greek: Σφαιριστική), and is mentioned in literature as far back as the Middle Ages in The Second Shepherds' Play, in which shepherds gave three gifts, including a tennis ball, to the newborn Christ. Sir Gawain, a knight of King Arthur's round table, plays tennis with a group of giants in The Turke and Gowin.

The Medieval form of tennis is termed real tennis. Real tennis evolved over three centuries from an earlier ball game played around the 12th century in France. This had some similarities to palla, fives, pelota, or handball, involving hitting a ball with a bare hand and later with a glove. One theory is that this game was played by monks in monastery cloisters, based on the construction and appearance of early courts. By the 16th century, the glove had become a racquet, the game had moved to an enclosed playing area, and the rules had stabilized. Real tennis spread in popularity throughout royalty in Europe and reached its peak in the 16th century.

In France, François I (1515-47) was an enthusiastic player and promoter of real tennis, building courts and encouraging play among the courtiers and commoners. His successor, Henri II (1547-59) was also an excellent player and continued the royal French tradition. During his reign, the first known book about tennis, Trattato del Giuoco della Palla was written in 1555 by an Italian priest, Antonio Scaino da Salo. Two French kings died from tennis related episodes--Louis X of a severe chill after playing and Charles VIII after being struck with a ball. King Charles IX granted a constitution to the Corporation of Tennis Professionals in 1571, creating the first pro tennis 'tour', establishing three levels of professionals-- apprentice, associate, and master. The first codification of the rules of real tennis was written by a professional named Forbet and published in 1599.

Selected biography

Novak Djokovic representing Serbia at the Hopman Cup
Novak Djokovic ([Новак Ђоковић, Novak Đoković] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help) pronounced [ˈnɔvɑk ˈdʑɔːkɔvitɕ] (About this soundlisten); born 22 May 1987) is a Serbian professional tennis player, who is ranked World No. 1 by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).

Djokovic has won 11 Grand Slam singles titles and has held the No. 1 spot in the ATP rankings for more than 180 weeks. By winning three Grand Slam titles in 2011, Djokovic became the sixth male player to win three Grand Slams in a calendar year. By reaching the 2012 French Open final, he became the ninth player in the Open Era to reach the final of all four Grand Slam singles tournaments and became only the fifth to do so consecutively. Amongst other titles, he won the ATP World Tour Finals in 2008, 2012, 2013, and 2014 and was on the Serbian team which won the 2010 Davis Cup. He also won the Bronze medal in men's singles at the 2008 Summer Olympics. He has won 26 Masters 1000 series titles.

He holds several men's world records of the Open Era: becoming the youngest player in the Open Era to have reached the semifinals of all four Grand Slam events both separately and consecutively; the only man to win three consecutive Australian Open titles in the Open Era; and playing the longest Grand Slam men's singles final in history (5 hours 53 minutes). Djokovic's ATP tournament records include winning 31 consecutive ATP World Tour Masters 1000 series matches, playing in the finals at all nine ATP Masters 1000 tournaments (a record shared by Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal), and being the only player to win eight.

Djokovic is the first Serbian player to win multiple Grand Slams and the first Serbian player to rank No. 1 for more than 100 weeks. He is the first male player representing Serbia to win a Grand Slam singles title. Djokovic has won numerous awards, including the 2011 Laureus World Sports Award for Sportsman of the Year and the 2012 Best Male Tennis Player ESPY Award. He has won the ATP World Tour Player of the Year in 2011 and 2012.

He is a double winner of the award The Best Sportsperson of Serbia and award for The Best Sportsman by Olympic Committee of Serbia. He is considered to be the best Serbian tennis player in history, and one of the best to have ever come from the former Yugoslavia.

Selected image

Frew McMillan 1965.jpg Frew McMillan, winner of five Grand Slam tournament men's doubles titles.

News


  • April 1, 2018 - Sloane Stephens won the title at the Miami Open, defeating Jeļena Ostapenko in straight sets. It was Stephens' sixth career singles title, first Premier Mandatory title, and first title since winning the US Open in September 2017. On the men's side, John Isner won his first ATP World Tour Masters 1000 title, defeating Alexander Zverev in three sets.


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