Maxime "Max" Omer Mathieu Decugis or Décugis (French pronunciation: [maksim dɔkyʒiz, - de-]; 24 September 1882 – 6 September 1978) was a tennis player from France who held the French Championships record of winning the tournament eight times (a French club members only tournament before 1925), a feat that was surpassed by Rafael Nadal in 2014. He also won three Olympic medals at the 1900 Summer Olympics (Paris) and the 1920 Summer Olympics (Antwerp), his only gold medal coming in the mixed doubles partnering French legend Suzanne Lenglen.
Max Decugis standing near a tent in 1913
|Full name||Maxime Omer Mathieu Decugis|
|Born||24 September 1882|
|Died||6 September 1978 (aged 95)|
|Career record||241–64 (79.02%)|
|Career titles||41 |
|Highest ranking||No. 6 (1910, Karoly Mazak)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||W (1903, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912, 1913, 1914)|
|Wimbledon||SF (1911, 1912)|
|US Open||1R (1925)|
|WHCC||SF (1913, 1914)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Other doubles tournaments|
|Other mixed doubles tournaments|
|WHCC||W (1912, 1913, 1914, 1921)|
|WCCC||W (1913, 1919)|
|Davis Cup||F (1904)|
Decugis' father was a merchant at Les Halles, the company's name was Omer Décugis et fils, however the accent mark on the é is missing from Max Decugis' birth certificate, and appears inconsistently in later English-speaking sources such as the Ayres' Almanacks edited by Arthur Wallis Myers, but apparently never in any French-speaking sources. The origin of the family name Décugis, spelled with accented é in an 1842 source, is "from Cuges-les-Pins."
Max Decugis won the French Championships in 1903, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912, 1913, and 1914 (also 14 times in doubles and seven times in mixed). The interruption of World War I denied Décugis the opportunity to defend his 1914 title. Décugis was also a four-time runner-up, having lost the final in 1902, 1906, 1920, and 1923. He won the International German Championship in 1901 and 1902.
In major tournaments, Decugis reached the semifinals of both the 1911 and 1912 Wimbledon Championships and the 1913 and 1914 World Hard Court Championships (WHCC) and the final of the World Covered Court Championship (WCCC) in 1919. He won the mixed doubles title at the WHCC on four occasions (1912, 1913, 1914, 1921) and at the WCCC on two (1913, 1919).
In May 1910, Décugis twice defeated Anthony Wilding at Wiesbaden, first in the final of the Wiesbaden Cup in four sets, followed by a victory in the final of the Wiesbaden Championship in three straight sets.
Grand Slam finalsEdit
Doubles: 2 (1 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Winner||1911||Wimbledon||Grass||André Gobert|| Major Ritchie
|9–7, 5–7, 6–3, 2–6, 6–2|
|Runner-up||1912||Wimbledon||Grass||André Gobert|| Charles P. Dixon
|6–3, 3–6, 4–6, 5–7|
- "Maxime Omer (Max) Decugis: Stats". tennisarchives.com. Tennis Archives. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis, p. 38.
- Photo with Lenglen
- Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement Page 97 Bill Mallon, Jeroen Heijmans – 2011 "Max Décugis was the winner of a record six Olympic medals (four gold, one silver, one bronze) for lawn tennis between … Although the Olympic tournaments during that era attracted many of the world's top players, Décugis's greatest ."
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Max Décugis". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
Full name: Maxime Omer Mathieu "Max" Omer-Décugis
- Journal des tribunaux de commerce Volume 38 Auguste François Teulet, Eugène Camberlin, Paul Camberlin – 1889 OMER DÉCUGIS et fils et Cie – M. Omer Décugis et fils et Cie, qui exploitent aux Halles centrales une importante maison de commission, ont acheté dans le courant de l'année 1882, pour l'annexer à leur maison,"
- Étienne Michel Masse Mémoire historique et statistique sur le canton de la Ciotat Page 147 1842 "L'expression chemin carré ne doit pas être rendue par chemin charretier ; il n'y avait pas de charrette en ces temps-là ; nous avons même lu plusieurs procès- (1 ) Le nom de famille Décugis si commun dans nos contrées n'est que celui de Cuges à l'ablatif latin avec la préposition de ; De Cugis , venant de Cuges , sorti de Cuges."
- United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 422.
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