Open main menu

World Hard Court Championships was an annual major tennis tournament held from 1912 to 1923, principally in Paris, France. The venue was the clay courts of the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, Paris, with one exception, when they were held at the Royal Leopold Club in Brussels, Belgium, in 1922.[1]

World Hard Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Founded1912
Abolished1923
Editions7
LocationParis, France (1912–1921, 1923)
Brussels, Belgium (1922)
SurfaceClay / Outdoor

It was open to all international amateur players from all nationalities, unlike the French Championships, which were open only to tennis players who were members of clubs in France through 1924; because of this the World Hard Court Championships is sometimes considered as the proper precursor to the French Open.[2] The French Championships were also held at a different venue at the time, the Racing Club de France, Paris.

At an annual general meeting held on 16 March 1923 in Paris, France the International Lawn Tennis Federation issued the ‘Rules of Tennis’ that were adopted with public effect on 1 January 1924. The United States became an affiliated member of the International Lawn Tennis Federation. The World Championship title was also dropped at this meeting and a new category of Official Championship was created for events in Great Britain, France, USA and Australia – today’s Grand Slam events. The World Hard Court Championships tournament was then disbanded by the International Lawn Tennis Federation.[3]

The World Hard Court Championships was not played in 1924, when Paris hosted the Olympic Games and its tennis tournament, also held on clay courts, took the place of the championship. In 1925 the French Championships opened to international competitors for the first time, with the event held alternately between the Stade Français (1925, 1927), which was the site of the World Hard Court Championships, and the Racing Club de France (1926), which was the site of the previous French Championship.[4] From 1928, the French Championships moved to Stade Roland Garros.

Anthony Wilding was the only male multiple champion in the singles event, winning the title in 1913 and 1914, while Suzanne Lenglen won the women's singles title four times (1914, 1921–23).[5]

ChampionsEdit

 
1913 World Hard Court Championships men's final between Anthony Wilding and André Gobert (15 June 1913)
 
1913 World Hard Court Championships ladies' final between Mieken Rieck and Marguerite Brocquedis (15 June 1913)

Men's singlesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1912   Otto Froitzheim   Oscar Kreuzer 6–2, 7–5, 4–6, 7–5
1913   Anthony Wilding   André Gobert 6–3, 6–3, 1–6, 6–4
1914   Anthony Wilding   Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten 6–0, 6–2, 6–4
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1920   William Laurentz   André Gobert 9–7, 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
1921   Bill Tilden   Jean Washer 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1922   Henri Cochet   Manuel de Gomar 6–0, 2–6, 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
1923   Bill Johnston   Jean Washer 4–6, 6–2, 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
1924 No competition (Paris Olympics held instead)

Women's SinglesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1912   Marguerite Broquedis   Mieken Rieck 6–3, 0–6, 6–4
1913   Mieken Rieck   Marguerite Broquedis 6–4, 3–6, 6–4
1914   Suzanne Lenglen   Germaine Golding 6–2, 6–1
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1920   Dorothy Holman   Francisca Subirana 6–0, 7–5
1921   Suzanne Lenglen   Molla Mallory 6–2, 6–3
1922   Suzanne Lenglen   Elizabeth Ryan 6–3, 6–2
1923   Suzanne Lenglen   Kitty McKane 6–3, 6–3
1924 No competition (Paris Olympics held instead)

Men's DoublesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1912   Otto Froitzheim
  Oscar Kreuzer
  Harold Kitson
  Charles Winslow
4–6, 6–2, 6–1, 6–3
1913   Moritz von Bissing
  Heinrich Kleinschroth
  Otto Froitzheim
  Anthony Wilding
7–5, 0–6, 6–3, 8–6
1914   Max Decugis
  Maurice Germot
  Arthur Gore
  Algernon Kingscote
6–1, 11–9, 6–8, 6–2
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1920   André Gobert
  William Laurentz
  Cecil Blackbeard
  Nicolae Mişu
6–4, 6–2, 6–1
1921   André Gobert
  William Laurentz
  Pierre Albarran
  Alain Gerbault
6–4, 6–2, 6–8, 6–2
1922   Jean Borotra
  Henri Cochet
  Marcel Dupont
  Nicolae Mişu
6–8, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1923   Jacques Brugnon
  Marcel Dupont
  Leonce Aslangul
  Uberto de Morpurgo
10–12, 3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–4
1924 No competition (Paris Olympics held instead)

Women's DoublesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1912 No women's doubles held
1913
1914   Suzanne Lenglen
  Elizabeth Ryan
  Blanche Amblard
  Suzanne Amblard
6–1, 6–1
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1920   Dorothy Holman
  Phyllis Satterthwaite
  Germaine Golding
  Jeanne Vaussard
6–3, 6–1
1921   Germaine Golding
  Suzanne Lenglen
  Dorothy Holman
  Irene Peacock
6–2, 6–2
1922   Suzanne Lenglen
  Elizabeth Ryan
  Winifred Beamish
  Kitty McKane
6–0, 6–4
1923   Winifred Beamish
  Kitty McKane
  Germaine Golding
  Suzanne Lenglen
6–2, 6–3
1924 No competition (Paris Olympics held instead)

Mixed DoublesEdit

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1912   Max Decugis
  Anne de Borman
  Heinrich Kleinschroth
  Mieken Rieck
6–4, 7–5
1913   Max Decugis
  Elizabeth Ryan
  Anthony Wilding
  Germaine Golding
walkover
1914   Max Decugis
  Elizabeth Ryan
  Ludwig von Salm-Hoogstraeten
  Suzanne Lenglen
6–3, 6–1
1915 No competition (due to World War I)
1916
1917
1918
1920   William Laurentz
  Germaine Golding
  Max Decugis
  Suzanne Amblard
walkover
1921   Max Decugis
  Suzanne Lenglen
  William Laurentz
  Germaine Golding
6–3, 6–2
1922   Henri Cochet
  Suzanne Lenglen
  Brian Gilbert
  Geraldine Beamish
6–4, 4–6, 6–0
1923   Henri Cochet
  Suzanne Lenglen
  Brian Gilbert
  Kitty McKane
6–2, 10–8
1924 No competition (Paris Olympics held instead)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tingay, Lance (1983). The Guinness Book of Tennis Facts and Feats. Guinness Superlatives Limited. p. 231. ISBN 0-85112-289-2.
  2. ^ "French Open history". Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ "ITF: History". ITF Tennis. London, United Kingdom: International Tennis Federation. 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Roland Garros: a venue open all year long. Past Winners and Draws". ftt.fr. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
  5. ^ "Tennis". Star (11134). Papers Past. 20 July 1914. p. 4.

External linksEdit