Otto Froitzheim (German pronunciation: [ɔto fʀøːtshaɪ̯m]; 24 April 1884 – 27 October 1962) was a German tennis player. He won the singles and doubles titles at the World Hard Court Championships in 1912. He also won an Olympic Silver medal in singles in 1908 and was a finalist at Wimbledon in 1914.
|Born||24 April 1884|
Strasbourg, German Empire
|Died||27 October 1962 (aged 78)|
Wiesbaden, West Germany
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Career record||212–53 (80%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 4 (1914, A. Wallis Myers)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||QF (1927)|
|Olympic Games||Silver Medal (1908)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||3R (1930)|
|Davis Cup||SF (1913, 1914)|
Froitzheim was born in Strasbourg, then part of the German Empire, on 24 April 1884. His father worked as a teacher at the local lyceum and his mother was the daughter of a doctor from the Rhineland. During his childhood, he practised several sports including athletics, swimming, ice skating and football. At the age of 16, he began playing tennis.
After graduating from school with the Abitur in 1901, Froitzheim began to study law at the University of Strasbourg. In 1902, he interrupted his studies for one year and served at the 138th infantry regiment at Strasbourg. In autumn 1903, following his military service, he continued his studies at the University of Bonn. In 1904, he passed the first law examination. In 1909, at an age of 25, he finished his studies with the second examination. Froitzheim then worked at the customs at Strasbourg.
Being kept a prisoner of war in an English detention camp for the duration of World War I, Frotzheim returned to Strasbourg in 1918 until Alsace-Lorraine was occupied by French forces. He then moved to Berlin, where he got a job in the police department with the task of fighting usury. Working as deputy police president at Cologne from 1923, he was assigned police president of Wiesbaden in autumn 1926. When the Nazi Party came to power in 1933, he was forced to quit because he refused to join the SA. However, with the support of Hermann Göring, who admired Froitzheim's successful international tennis career, Froitzheim was assigned vice president of the government at Aachen.
In 1902, Froitzheim won his first tennis tournament, the championship of Alsace-Lorraine. Before World War I, he won the International German Championships in 1907 and from 1909 to 1911. At the 1908 Summer Olympics he won a silver medal in the men's singles tournament. Another of his greatest victories was the title at the inaugural World Hard Court Championships on clay in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in 1912, beating his compatriot Oscar Kreuzer in the final in four sets. In 1914, he advanced to the final at the Wimbledon Championships, losing to Australian Norman Brookes in five sets. He was ranked World No. 4 in 1914 by A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph.
At the end of July 1914, he and Oskar Kreuzer played the semifinal of the International Lawn Tennis Challenge at Pittsburgh against Australasia. When World War I broke out, the president of the local tennis club kept this from Froitzheim and Kreuzer as he didn't want to disrupt the match. The German team lost 0–5. On their way back to Germany, their Italian steamboat America was halted off Gibraltar by a British warship and they were placed in a prison in Gibraltar for several months before being sent to detention camps in England. While Kreuzer stayed at a camp near Leeds, officer Froitzheim was kept at Donnington Hall until the end of the war in 1918.
After the war, Froitzheim won the International German Championships again in 1921, 1922 and 1925. In 1927, at an age of 43, he reached the quarterfinals at the French Championships.
- Gillmeister, Heiner (2002). "Der Primus". In Deutscher Tennis Bund (ed.). Tennis in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis 2002 [Tennis in Germany. From the beginnings to 2002.] (in German). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 80–83. ISBN 3-428-10846-9.
- Garcia, Gabriel. "Otto Froitzheim: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Madrid, Spain: Tennismem SL. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
- United States Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 422.
- "Otto Froitzheim". www.sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- Bensen, Clark (2013–2014). "The World Championships of 1913 to 1923: the Forgotten Majors" (PDF). tenniscollectors.org. Newport, RI, United States: Journal of The Tennis Collectors of America. p. 470. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-06-20. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
- "Otto Froitzheim". Olympedia. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
- "Friotzheim, Tennis Star, is Heard From". The Pittsburgh Press. Jan 16, 1916.
- "Tennis Men Interned" (PDF). The New York Times. February 14, 1915.
- Gillmeister, Heiner (2002). "Kleine und große Geschichte – Davis Cup". In Deutscher Tennis Bund (ed.). Tennis in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis 2002 [Tennis in Germany. From the beginnings to 2002.] (in German). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 53–54. ISBN 3-428-10846-9.