Open main menu

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over how to define amateur players.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing bodyITF
Events5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Tennis
2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

From the 2004 Athens Olympics until the 2012 London Olympics, results from the Olympics was counted towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year; no points were awarded for the 2016 Rio Olympics. While the ranking points distribution did not equate to those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning the gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title.[5][6]

A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events in the same year is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2016, Steffi Graf is the only player to have completed this achievement.[7]

Contents

SurfaceEdit

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

EventsEdit

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles (d, e) (d) 16
Men's singles (indoor) 2
Men's doubles (d, e) 16
Men's doubles (indoor) 2
Women's singles (d, e) (d) 14
Women's singles (indoor) 2
Women's doubles (d, e) 11
Mixed doubles (d, e) 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) 1
Total 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5

Champions and venues since 1988Edit

Participating nationsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28–64 68 72–80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Algeria 1 1 - 2
  Argentina 5 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
  Armenia 1 1 1 - 3
  Australasia 1 1
  Australia 1 2 1 2 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
  Austria 3 3 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
  Bahamas 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Barbados 1 1
  Belarus 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
  Belgium 16 8 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
  Benin 1 1
  Bermuda 1 1
  Bohemia 1 4 8 3
  Bolivia 1 1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 2 2
  Brazil 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
  Bulgaria 2 3 2 1 1 2 2 7
  Canada 3 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
  Chile 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 7
  China 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
  Chinese Taipei 1 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
  Colombia 2 2 4 3 4
  Costa Rica 1 1
  Ivory Coast 1 2 1
  Croatia 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
  Cyprus 1 1 2
  Czech Republic 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
  Czechoslovakia 7 5 5 5 4
  Denmark 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 12
  Dominican Republic 1 1 2
  Ecuador 4 3 1 3
  El Salvador 1 1
  Estonia 2 2 2
  Finland 4 1 1 1 1 5
  France 1 14 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
  Georgia 2 1 2
  Germany 1 1 5 7 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
  Great Britain 2 6 22 11 8 10 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
  Greece 7 1 3 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 10
  Haiti 1 1 1 1 4
  Hong Kong 1 1
  Hungary 1 3 6 5 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
  India 6 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
  Indonesia 1 3 5 2 2 2 6
  Ireland 4 2 2 2 4
  Israel 1 4 1 3 4 3 1 7
  Italy 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
  Japan 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
  Kazakhstan 3 2 2
  Latvia 2 1 1 3
  Liechtenstein 1 1 2
  Lithuania 1 1
  Luxembourg 1 1 1 2 1 1 6
  Madagascar 2 2 1 3
  Mexico 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 2 8
  Moldova 1 1
  Montenegro 1 1
  Morocco 1 2 1 1 2 5
  Netherlands 2 1 5 1 1 5 5 3 2 3 10
  New Zealand 3 1 1 1 2 5
  Nigeria 1 3 1 3
  Norway 7 3 4 2 1 1 6
  Paraguay 2 2 1 1 1 4
  Peru 3 2 1 3
  Philippines 1 1
  Poland 1 3 2 2 6 7 7 7
  Portugal 1 2 2 2 2 5
  Puerto Rico 3 1 2 1 1 5
  Romania 3 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
  Russia 2 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
  Serbia and Montenegro 1 1
  Serbia 4 6 6 3
  Slovakia 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
  Slovenia 4 3 4 4 1 5
  South Africa 3 3 5 4 6 6 5 2 8
  Soviet Union 4 7 2
  South Korea 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 7
  Spain 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
  Sweden 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
  Switzerland 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
  Thailand 2 2 3 2 1 2 4
  Togo 1 1
  Tunisia 1 1 2 2 4
  Turkey 1 1
  Ukraine 2 2 4 2 6 5
  Unified Team 5 1
  United States 5 35 1 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
  Uruguay 1 1 2
  Uzbekistan 2 1 1 1 1 5
  Venezuela 3 4 1 1 4
  West Germany 4 3 5 3
  Yugoslavia 1 2 3 3
  Zimbabwe 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

Medal tablesEdit

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2016)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)2161239
2  Great Britain (GBR)17141243
3  France (FRA)56819
4  Russia (RUS)3328
5  South Africa (RSA)3216
6  Spain (ESP)27312
7  Germany (GER)26210
8  Switzerland (SUI)2204
9  Chile (CHI)2114
10  Mixed team (ZZX)1337
11  Australia (AUS)1135
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH)1124
13  Belarus (BLR)1012
  Belgium (BEL)1012
  China (CHN)1012
  West Germany (FRG)1012
17  Canada (CAN)1001
  Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
19  Sweden (SWE)0358
20  Czech Republic (CZE)0347
21  Argentina (ARG)0246
22  Japan (JPN)0213
23  Greece (GRE)0112
  Netherlands (NED)0112
25  Austria (AUT)0101
  Denmark (DEN)0101
  Romania (ROM)0101
28  Croatia (CRO)0033
29  Unified Team (EUN)0022
30  Australasia (ANZ)0011
  Bohemia (BOH)0011
  Bulgaria (BUL)0011
  Hungary (HUN)0011
  India (IND)0011
  Italy (ITA)0011
  Norway (NOR)0011
  Serbia (SRB)0011
Totals (37 nations)666782215

1988–2016Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)143724
2  Russia (RUS)3328
3  Spain (ESP)27312
4  Germany (GER)2428
5  Great Britain (GBR)2204
  Switzerland (SUI)2204
7  Chile (CHI)2114
8  Australia (AUS)1135
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH)1113
10  Belarus (BLR)1012
  Belgium (BEL)1012
  China (CHN)1012
13  Canada (CAN)1001
  Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
15  Czech Republic (CZE)0246
16  Argentina (ARG)0235
17  France (FRA)0224
18  Sweden (SWE)0123
19  Netherlands (NED)0101
  Romania (ROM)0101
  South Africa (RSA)0101
22  Croatia (CRO)0033
23  Unified Team (EUN)0022
24  Bulgaria (BUL)0011
  India (IND)0011
  Japan (JPN)0011
  Serbia (SRB)0011
Totals (27 nations)343442110

1896–1924Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Great Britain (GBR)15121239
2  United States (USA)73515
3  France (FRA)54615
4  South Africa (RSA)3115
5  Mixed team (ZZX)1337
6  Germany (GER)1214
7  Sweden (SWE)0235
8  Japan (JPN)0202
9  Greece (GRE)0112
10  Austria (AUT)0101
  Denmark (DEN)0101
12  Australasia (ANZ)0011
  Bohemia (BOH)0011
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0011
  Hungary (HUN)0011
  Italy (ITA)0011
  Netherlands (NED)0011
  Norway (NOR)0011
Totals (18 nations)323239103

Multiple medal winners (1896–2016)Edit

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2   Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3   Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4   Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
  Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6   Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
  Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
  Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
  Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10   Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
  John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
  Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
  Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
  André Gobert 2 0 0 2
  Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
  Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
  Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
  Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
  Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
  Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21   Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22   Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23   Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
  Fernando González 1 1 1 3
  Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
  Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27   Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
  Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
  Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
  Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
  Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
  Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
  Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
  Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
35   Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
36   Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
  Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
  Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
  Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
  Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
  Miloš Mečíř 1 0 1 2
  Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
43   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
  Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
45   Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
  Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
  Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
48   George Caridia 0 2 0 2
  Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
  Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
  Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
  Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
  Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
  Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
  Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
  Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
57   Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
  Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
  Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
60   Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
  Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
  Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
  Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
  Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
  Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event – History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams – What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.

External linksEdit