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Tennis at the Summer Olympics

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing body ITF
Events 5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics

Tennis
2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

From the 2004 Athens Olympics until the 2012 London Olympics, results from the Olympics was counted towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year; no points will be awarded for the 2016 Rio Olympics. While the ranking points distribution did not equate to those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning the gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title.[5][6]

A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2016, Steffi Graf is the only player, being male or female, in completing this achievement.[7]

Contents

SurfaceEdit

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

EventsEdit

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles (d, e) (d) 16
Men's singles (indoor) 2
Men's doubles (d, e) 16
Men's doubles (indoor) 2
Women's singles (d, e) (d) 14
Women's singles (indoor) 2
Women's doubles (d, e) 11
Mixed doubles (d, e) 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) 1
Total Events 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5

Singles champions and venues since 1988Edit

Participating nationsEdit

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
  Algeria 1 1 - 2
  Argentina 5 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
  Armenia 1 1 1 - 3
  Australasia 1 1
  Australia 1 2 1 2 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
  Austria 3 3 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
  Bahamas 2 2 2 2 2 5
  Barbados 1 1
  Belarus 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
  Belgium 16 8 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
  Benin 1 1
  Bermuda 1 1
  Bohemia 1 4 8 3
  Bolivia 1 1
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 2 2
  Brazil 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
  Bulgaria 2 3 2 1 1 2 2 7
  Canada 3 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
  Chile 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 7
  China 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
  Chinese Taipei 1 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
  Colombia 2 2 4 3 4
  Costa Rica 1 1
  Ivory Coast 1 2 1
  Croatia 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
  Cyprus 1 1 2
  Czech Republic 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
  Czechoslovakia 7 5 5 5 4
  Denmark 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 12
  Dominican Republic 1 1 2
  Ecuador 4 3 1 3
  El Salvador 1 1
  Estonia 2 2 2
  Finland 4 1 1 1 1 5
  France 1 14 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
  Georgia 2 1 2
  Germany 1 1 5 7 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
  Great Britain 2 6 22 11 8 10 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
  Greece 7 1 3 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 10
  Haiti 1 1 1 1 4
  Hong Kong 1 1
  Hungary 1 3 6 5 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
  India 6 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
  Indonesia 1 3 5 2 2 2 6
  Ireland 4 2 2 2 4
  Israel 1 4 1 3 4 3 1 7
  Italy 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
  Japan 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
  Kazakhstan 3 2 2
  Latvia 2 1 1 3
  Liechtenstein 1 1 2
  Lithuania 1 1
  Luxembourg 1 1 1 2 1 1 6
  Madagascar 2 2 1 3
  Mexico 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 2 8
  Moldova 1 1
  Montenegro 1 1
  Morocco 1 2 1 1 2 5
  Netherlands 2 1 5 1 1 5 5 3 2 3 10
  New Zealand 3 1 1 1 2 5
  Nigeria 1 3 1 3
  Norway 7 3 4 2 1 1 6
  Paraguay 2 2 1 1 1 4
  Peru 3 2 1 3
  Philippines 1 1
  Poland 1 3 2 2 6 7 7 7
  Portugal 1 2 2 2 2 5
  Puerto Rico 3 1 2 1 1 5
  Romania 3 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
  Russia 2 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
  Serbia and Montenegro 1 1
  Serbia 4 6 6 3
  Slovakia 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
  Slovenia 4 3 4 4 1 5
  South Africa 3 3 5 4 6 6 5 2 8
  Soviet Union 4 7 2
  South Korea 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 7
  Spain 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
  Sweden 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
  Switzerland 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
  Thailand 2 2 3 2 1 2 4
  Togo 1 1
  Tunisia 1 1 2 2 4
  Turkey 1 1
  Ukraine 2 2 4 2 6 5
  Unified Team 5 1
  United States 5 35 1 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
  Uruguay 1 1 2
  Uzbekistan 2 1 1 1 1 5
  Venezuela 3 4 1 1 4
  West Germany 4 3 5 3
  Yugoslavia 1 2 3 3
  Zimbabwe 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

Medal tablesEdit

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2016)Edit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 21 6 12 39
2   Great Britain (GBR) 17 14 12 43
3   France (FRA) 5 6 8 19
4   Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
5   South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
6   Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
7   Germany (GER) 2 6 2 10
8   Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
9   Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
10   Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
11   Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
12   Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 2 4
13   Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
  China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
  West Germany (FRG) 1 0 1 2
17   Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
19   Sweden (SWE) 0 3 5 8
20   Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 4 7
21   Argentina (ARG) 0 2 4 6
22   Japan (JPN) 0 2 1 3
23   Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
25   Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
  Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
28   Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
29   Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
30   Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
  Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
  India (IND) 0 0 1 1
  Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
  Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
  Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1988–2016Edit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 14 3 7 24
2   Russia (RUS) 3 3 2 8
3   Spain (ESP) 2 7 3 12
4   Germany (GER) 2 4 2 8
5   Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 0 4
  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
7   Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
8   Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
9   Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 3
10   Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
  China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
13   Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
  Puerto Rico (PUR) 1 0 0 1
15   Czech Republic (CZE) 0 2 4 6
16   Argentina (ARG) 0 2 3 5
17   France (FRA) 0 2 2 4
18   Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
19   Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
  South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
  Romania (ROM) 0 1 0 1
22   Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
23   Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
24   Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
  India (IND) 0 0 1 1
  Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1
  Japan (JPN) 0 0 1 1

1896–1924Edit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Great Britain (GBR) 15 12 12 39
2   United States (USA) 7 3 5 15
3   France (FRA) 5 4 6 15
4   South Africa (RSA) 3 1 1 5
5   Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
6   Germany (GER) 1 2 1 4
7   Sweden (SWE) 0 2 3 5
8   Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
9   Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
10   Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12   Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
  Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 1
  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
  Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
  Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Multiple medal winners (1896–2016)Edit

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2   Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3   Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4   Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
  Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6   Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
  Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
  Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
  Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10   Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
  John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
  Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
  Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
  André Gobert 2 0 0 2
  Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
  Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
  Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
  Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
  Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
  Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21   Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22   Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23   Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
  Fernando González 1 1 1 3
  Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
  Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27   Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
  Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
  Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
  Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
  Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
  Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
  Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
  Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
35   Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
36   Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
  Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
  Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
  Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
  Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
  Miloš Mečíř 1 0 1 2
  Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
43   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
  Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
45   Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
  Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
  Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
48   George Caridia 0 2 0 2
  Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
  Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
  Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
  Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
  Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
  Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
  Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
  Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
57   Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
  Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
  Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
60   Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
  Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
  Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
  Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
  Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
  Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams - What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015. 
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 

External linksEdit