Pam Shriver

Pamela Howard Shriver (born July 4, 1962) is an American former professional tennis player. She currently is a tennis broadcaster for ESPN and a pundit for BBC tennis coverage. During the 1980s and 1990s, she won 133 titles, including 21 women's singles titles, 111 women's doubles titles, and one mixed doubles title. In Grand Slam tournaments, Shriver won 22 titles, 21 in doubles and one mixed doubles title. She also won a women's doubles gold medal at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul with Zina Garrison as her partner. Shriver and regular doubles partner Martina Navratilova are the only women's doubles pair to have completed the Grand Slam in a calendar year, winning all four major titles in 1984.

Pam Shriver
Pam Shriver 1994.jpg
Shriver in 1994
Full namePamela Howard Shriver
Country (sports) United States
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Born (1962-07-04) July 4, 1962 (age 59)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Height1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Turned pro1979
Retired1997
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
CoachDon Candy[1]
Prize money$5,460,566
Int. Tennis HoF2002 (member page)
Singles
Career record625–270
Career titles21
Highest rankingNo. 3 (February 20, 1984)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenSF (1981, 1982, 1983)
French Open3R (1983)
WimbledonSF (1981, 1987, 1988)
US OpenF (1978)
Doubles
Career record622–122
Career titles112
Highest rankingNo. 1 (March 18, 1985)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989)
French OpenW (1984, 1985, 1987, 1988)
WimbledonW (1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986)
US OpenW (1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1991)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French OpenW (1987)
Medal record
Representing  United States
Tennis
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1988 Seoul Women's doubles
Pan American Games
Gold medal – first place 1991 Havana Singles
Gold medal – first place 1991 Havana Women's doubles
Gold medal – first place 1991 Havana Mixed doubles

Playing styleEdit

Shriver was well known for her variety, including sharp volleys and all-round solid technique at the net. She also possessed a strong slice forehand and underspin approach,[1] which set her apart from the rest of the women's field, but she had a comparatively weak chip backhand. She was known for being a serve-and-volleyer.[1]

CareerEdit

Shriver first came to prominence at the 1978 US Open where, as a 16-year-old amateur, she reached the women's singles final. She defeated the reigning Wimbledon champion Martina Navratilova in a semifinal.[1] Shriver then lost to Chris Evert in the final. This early singles achievement proved the pinnacle of her singles success. Shriver also won her first career singles title in 1978 in Columbus, Ohio, and won a total of 21 singles titles between 1978 and 1997.

The 1978 US Open final was the only Grand Slam singles final of Shriver's career. She lost the next eight Grand Slam singles semifinals she played, four of them to Navratilova, two to Steffi Graf, and one each to Evert and Hana Mandlíková.

DoublesEdit

Shriver achieved numerous successes in doubles tournaments with Navratilova, winning 79 women's doubles titles.[2] Shriver won 112 career doubles titles overall and is one of six female players in the Open era to have won more than 100 career titles.[2][3]

Navratilova and Shriver formed one of the most successful women's doubles teams, capturing seven Australian Open, five Wimbledon, five US Open and four French Open titles. In 1984, the pair captured all four major women's doubles titles, i.e. the "Calendar Grand Slam." This was part of a record 109-match winning streak between 1983 and 1985.[1] The pair were named the WTA Tour's "Doubles Team of the Year" eight consecutive times from 1981 through 1988 and won the WTA Tour Championships title ten times between 1981 and 1992.

Shriver won another women's doubles Grand Slam title at the US Open in 1991, partnering with Natasha Zvereva. She was also the 1987 French Open mixed doubles winner with Emilio Sánchez. She won all three gold medals (singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles) at the 1991 Pan American Games in Havana, Cuba.

Shriver reached the world No. 1 doubles ranking in 1985 and held it briefly before relinquishing it again to Navratilova, her playing partner.

Federation CupEdit

In the Federation Cup representing the United States, Shriver won five out of five singles matches and 14 of 15 doubles matches. From 1986 to 1992, she played in 17 Federation Cup ties. She reached three finals with her compatriots, winning twice; in 1986 the U.S. defeated Czechoslovakia (3–0); in 1987 the U.S. lost to Germany (1–2); and in 1989 the U.S. defeated Spain (3–0).[4]

BroadcasterEdit

Shriver has provided television commentary for ABC, CBS, and ESPN in the United States, the BBC in the United Kingdom, and the Seven Network in Australia. She has been providing coverage of various events since her 1996 retirement.

During Wimbledon 2010, James Blake admonished Shriver for talking critically of him while his match was still in progress, as Shriver was in an outside commentary box and could be heard by Blake. Shriver said she regretted responding to Blake while still on air.[5]

EquipmentEdit

Shriver was one of the first players to use an oversized racquet, manufactured by Prince.[1]

Distinctions and honorsEdit

  • Throughout the 1980s, Shriver was ranked among the world's top 10 in women's singles, peaking at world No. 3.
  • She was elected to serve as president of the WTA Tour Players Association from 1991 to 1994.
  • She has served as president of the USA Tennis Foundation and on the board of directors of the United States Tennis Association.
  • She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2002.
  • She was awarded the Ambassador Award of Excellence by the LA Sports & Entertainment Commission in 2002.[6]

Personal lifeEdit

Shriver was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Sam and Margot Shriver. She first started playing tennis at the age of three. She graduated from McDonogh School in Owings Mills, Maryland. She is a minority owner of the Baltimore Orioles and is active in various charitable organizations. Her first husband, Joe Shapiro, a former Walt Disney Company lawyer, died of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 1999.

In 2002, Shriver married actor George Lazenby. She gave birth to their first child, George Junior, on July 12, 2004, and to twins Kate and Sam on October 1, 2005. The family lived in Brentwood, California. In August 2008, Shriver filed for divorce from Lazenby after six years of marriage.[7] Their divorce was finalized in May 2011.[8]

Shriver has two sisters—Marion, who died from cancer in 1997, and Eleanor who lives in Maryland. She is a fourth cousin of Maria Shriver,[9] the former First Lady of California and niece of President John F. Kennedy.

Shriver is an ambassador for Up2Us Sports, a national non-profit organization dedicated to supporting underserved youth by providing them with coaches trained in positive youth development.[10]

In 2021 Shriver became a supporter of the new Women's Sports Policy Working Group[11] formed in response to President Joe Biden’s executive order that mandates blanket inclusion for all transgender female athletes[12] whose goal is protecting the girls’ and women’s competitive categories, while crafting accommodations for trans athletes into sport wherever possible.

Grand Slam performance timelinesEdit

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

SinglesEdit

Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Career SR
Australian Open A A QF SF SF SF QF 3R NH QF 4R 3R 3R 3R 3R 1R 2R 1R 1R A 0 / 16
French Open A A A A A 3R A A A A A A A A A A 1R A A A 0 / 2
Wimbledon 3R 2R 4R SF 4R 2R QF QF 1R SF SF 3R A 3R 2R A 3R 1R 2R A 0 / 17
US Open F 1R QF 4R SF SF QF QF QF QF 2R 1R A 3R 2R 1R 2R 2R 1R A 0 / 18
SR 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 53
Career statistics
Year-end ranking 13 33 9 7 6 4 4 4 6 4 5 17 66 37 31 38 63 110 189

DoublesEdit

Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Career SR
Australian Open A A QF F W W W W NH W W W 1R 2R SF F SF 2R 1R 2R 7 / 17
French Open A A A A A A W W A W W A A A A 2R 2R A A A 4 / 6
Wimbledon 1R A QF W W W W F W QF 3R SF A SF SF SF QF QF 3R 1R 5 / 18
US Open SF 3R F SF SF W W F W W SF F A W SF 3R 3R QF 1R A 5 / 18
SR 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 3 1 / 3 2 / 3 3 / 3 4 / 4 2 / 4 2 / 2 3 / 4 2 / 4 1 / 3 0 / 1 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 21 / 53
Career statistics
Year-end ranking 2 1 2 2 2 4 92 9 7 7 12 18 91 249

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pagliaro, Richard (April 7, 2011). "Gear Talk: Q&A With Pam Shriver". Tennis.com. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Pam Shriver". International Tennis Hall of Fame.
  3. ^ "National Speakers Bureau biography". Archived from the original on November 8, 2007.
  4. ^ "Shriver's profile on the Federation Cup website".
  5. ^ Pucin, Diane (June 22, 2010). "James Blake loses his cool and the match". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  6. ^ "LA Sports & Entertainment Commission Announces 6th Annual Golf & Tennis Classic; Los Angeles Times Sports Editor Bill Dwyre to be Honored". Business Wire. February 14, 2005.
  7. ^ Pam Shriver files for divorce from George Lazenby[dead link]
  8. ^ Finn, Natalie (May 16, 2011). "Which James Bond Just Got His License to Divorce?". E! Online. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  9. ^ "Topic Galleries". baltimoresun.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
  10. ^ "Pam Shriver Joins Up2Us Sports As Ambassador". Southern California Tennis News. October 24, 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  11. ^ "About Us".
  12. ^ "Sports leaders seek to protect women's sports while accommodating transgender girls and women".

External linksEdit

Awards
Preceded by
Tracy Austin
WTA Newcomer of the Year
1978
Succeeded by
Kathy Jordan