Hana Mandlíková (born 19 February 1962) is a former professional tennis player from Czechoslovakia who later obtained Australian citizenship. During her career, she won four Grand Slam singles titles: the 1980 Australian Open, 1981 French Open, 1985 US Open, and the 1987 Australian Open. She was also the runner-up at four Grand Slam singles events, including the Wimbledon finals of 1981 and 1986, and won one Grand Slam women's doubles title, at the 1989 US Open with Martina Navratilova. Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1994, she is considered one of the greatest tennis players of all time.
|Country (sports)|| Czechoslovakia|
|Residence||Prague, Czech Republic & Delray Beach, Florida|
|Born||19 February 1962|
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Plays||Right-handed (one handed-backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1994 (member page)|
|Career record||565–194 (74%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 3 (16 April 1984)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (1980, 1987)|
|French Open||W (1981)|
|Wimbledon||F (1981, 1986)|
|US Open||W (1985)|
|Highest ranking||No. 6 (1985)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1987, 1988)|
|French Open||F (1984)|
|US Open||W (1989)|
|Other doubles tournaments|
|Tour Finals||W (1986Mar)|
|Fed Cup|| Czechoslovakia|
W (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988)
|Hopman Cup|| Australia|
F (1989 with Pat Cash)
Mandlikova had a career-high singles ranking of No. 3, and was ranked in the world's Top 50 for 12 consecutive seasons (1978–89), including seven in the Top 10. She led Czechoslovakia to three consecutive Fed Cup titles from 1983–1985, and was only the third woman to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay, and hard courts, joining Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova. She defeated both Evert and Navratilova on consecutive days to accomplish this feat at the 1985 US Open. She retired in 1990, and went on to coach Jana Novotná to the 1998 Wimbledon singles title and a career-high ranking of No. 2. She also served as the Czech Republic's Olympic and Fed Cup coach until 1996.
Born in Prague, Mandlíková is the daughter of Vilém Mandlík, who was an Olympic 200-meter semifinalist for Czechoslovakia in 1956. She married Czech born - Australian restaurateur Jan Sedlak in Prague in 1986; the couple divorced two years later, shortly after Mandlikova obtained Australian citizenship. In May 2001, she gave birth to twins Mark Vilém and Elizabeth Hana. Their father was a friend who was to have no role in their upbringing. Mandlikova is raising her two children with her partner, Sydney Biller, in Bradenton, Florida. Both children are tennis players.
Mandlíková first came to the tennis world's attention as a junior player. In 1978, the International Tennis Federation launched the world junior rankings, and Mandlíková became the first female world No. 1 junior player.
Mandlíková captured her first Grand Slam singles title at the Australian Open in 1980, defeating Wendy Turnbull in straight sets in the final. Her second came a year later at the French Open with straight-sets wins over Chris Evert in the semifinals and West German Sylvia Hanika in the final. Mandlíková was also the runner-up at the US Open in 1980 and 1982 and at Wimbledon in 1981, losing in all three finals to Evert. From the US Open 1980 through to Wimbledon 1981, she made four consecutive Grand Slam singles finals. Mandlikova ended Chris Evert's 72 match-win streak on clay at the 1981 French Open.
In 1983, Mandlíková led Czechoslovakia to the first of three consecutive Fed Cup titles. The following year, she defeated Martina Navratilova in three sets in the final at Oakland, California, ending Navratilova's 54-match winning streak, two short of tying the record held by Evert at the time. Navratilova then embarked on a 74-match winning streak, a record that still stands.
In 1985, Mandlíková became the first woman since Tracy Austin to beat both Evert and Navratilova in the same tournament when she beat the top-seeded Evert in the semifinals and then the second-seeded Navratilova in the three-set final at the US Open. This win made her only the third woman, after Evert and Navratilova, to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay and hard courts. Since then, only three other women have achieved this feat: Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova. The following year, Mandlíková teamed with Turnbull to win the women's doubles title at the WTA Tour Championships. In doing so, they defeated the top two teams of the time, Navratilova and Pam Shriver in the semifinals and Claudia Kohde-Kilsch and Helena Suková in the final. Mandlíková and Turnbull were also runners-up to Navratilova and Shriver at Wimbledon and the US Open in 1986. Mandlíková also lost in the Wimbledon singles final that year to Navratilova. Another high point of Mandlíková's summer that year was a win over Steffi Graf in the quarterfinals of the French Open. Graf had won four titles that season on clay with victories over Mandlíková, Evert, Navratilova, Kohde Kilsch, and Gabriela Sabatini, and held a match point in the second set of their quarterfinal before Mandlíková stopped another win streak, as Graf had won her previous 23 matches that year.
In 1987, Mandlíková won her fourth and final Grand Slam singles title when she beat Navratilova in straight sets in the final of the Australian Open. With this victory, she once again ended a Navratilova win streak, this time after 56 matches.
Mandlikova attained Australian citizenship in 1988, and her last consistent performance in a Grand Slam event was at the 1988 Australian Open, where, as the defending champion, she reached the quarterfinals before losing to eventual champion Steffi Graf. 1988 also saw her divorced from Sedlak. Her injury problems saw her year-end ranking for 1988 drop to 29, her lowest since 1978. She ended the 1989 season ranked 14 in the world. Mandlíková and Navratilova teamed in 1989 to win the US Open women's doubles title, defeating Shriver and Mary Joe Fernández in the final.
She retired from the professional tennis tour in 1990 at age 28, having won 27 singles and 19 doubles titles. Since retiring from the tour, she has become a successful tennis coach. She coached Jana Novotná for nine years (1990–99), and during this time Novotná, won Wimbledon and reached the world No. 2 ranking. Mandlíková also was captain of the Czech Republic's Fed Cup team.
Mandlíková is one of 13 women during the open era to have reached the singles final of all four Grand Slam tournaments. She is one of six women who have won Grand Slam singles titles on clay, grass, and hard courts, with the others being Graf, Navratilova, Evert, Serena Williams and Sharapova.
During her professional career, Mandlíková was coached by former tennis player Betty Stöve. Mandlíková was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1994 and received the Hall of Fame ring in 2017.
Grand Slam performance timelinesEdit
|Australian Open||A||QF||W||QF||2R||2R||A||SF||NH||W||QF||4R||3R||2 / 10|
|French Open||2R||QF||SF||W||SF||QF||SF||QF||SF||2R||2R||1R||A||1 / 12|
|Wimbledon||A||4R||4R||F||2R||4R||SF||3R||F||A||3R||4R||2R||0 / 11|
|US Open||3R||2R||F||QF||F||QF||QF||W||4R||4R||A||3R||A||1 / 11|
|SR||0 / 2||0 / 4||1 / 4||1 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 3||1 / 4||0 / 3||1 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 2||4 / 44|
|Australian Open||A||A||1R||2R||A||A||A||2R||NH||QF||QF||1R||1R||0 / 7|
|French Open||2R||QF||SF||3R||3R||QF||F||3R||SF||1R||3R||3R||A||0 / 12|
|Wimbledon||1R||2R||2R||A||2R||2R||QF||SF||F||A||2R||3R||A||0 / 10|
|US Open||A||A||3R||SF||3R||2R||3R||SF||F||3R||A||W||A||1 / 9|
|SR||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 4||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 3||1 / 4||0 / 1||1 / 38|
- Sharpless, Greg. "Hall of Famer Spotlight: Hana Mandlikova's 3 Great Moments". International Tennis Hall of Fame. International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- Sharpless, Greg. "THE 50 GREATEST PLAYERS OF THE OPEN ERA (W): NO. 19, HANA MANDLIKOVA". tennis.com. tennis.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- Jaime Diaz (20 May 1985). "Hana Is Getting It All Together". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 62 no. 20. pp. 49–54, 79.
- John Roberts (5 August 2001). "Kournikova limits her partners to Hingis". The Independent.
- Harvey Fialkov (14 July 2015). "Hana Mandlikova happily shifts from Grand Slam champ to tennis mom". SunSentinel.
- Justin Ross (25 March 2017). "Hana Mandlikova Receives Her International Tennis Hall of Fame Ring at the Miami Open". Miami Open. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Roy S. Johnson (4 September 1987). "Mandlikova Won't Step Aside for Graf". The New York Times.
- "Mandlikova Is Now an Australian". Los Angeles Times. 2 January 1988.
- "Hana Mandlikova advances". The New York Times. 28 May 1982.
- Julie Cart (23 March 1986). "Tennis : Mandlikova Thinks Diplomacy May Be Better Way to Go". Los Angeles Times.
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