Grand Slam (tennis)

The Grand Slam tournaments, also referred to as majors, are the world's four most important annual professional tennis events. The tournaments offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and longest matches for men (best of 5 sets). Grand Slam tournaments are operated by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).[1][2] The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) also award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major.[3][4]

The four Grand Slam tournaments are the Australian Open in January, the French Open from late May to early June, Wimbledon in late June to early July, and the US Open in August–September, each being played over a two-week period. The Australian and the United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest tournament, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. The French Championships was not considered a major prior to 1924–25, when all four became designated as Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors, particularly the Australian Open because of the travelling distance involved, the inconvenient dates close to Christmas and New Year, and the comparatively low prize money, was not uncommon for some players prior to 1982.[5]

Winning a Grand Slam in tennis is the achievement of winning all four major championships in the same calendar year, in one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners.[6][7][8] Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not within the same calendar year is referred to as a non-calendar year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a career Grand Slam. Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "golden Grand Slam" or "Golden Slam". Winning the year-end championship (known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines) in the same period is known as a "Super Slam". Together, all four majors in all three disciplines (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) have been called a "complete boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. To date, no player, male or female, has ever won all twelve events in one calendar year, though a career "boxed set" has been achieved by three women.[9]

Tennis

Origin of the term "Grand Slam"Edit

The term grand slam is used for winning all the tricks in the card game contract bridge. The phrase appears to have entered tennis via golf as it was used since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments. John Kieran of The New York Times and sports columnist Alan Gould both used the term to describe winning all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year as early as 1933.[10][11]

The term Grand Slam or Slam is also used to refer to the tournaments individually.[12]

HistoryEdit

The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until 1924–25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French (before 1925 only open to members of French tennis clubs), British and American championship tournaments as the four majors. Before that time only three events: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (held in Paris and once in Brussels) and the World Covered Court Championships (held in various locations) were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF.[13] Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those earlier majors in one year: 1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since 1925. It was not possible from 1940 to 1945 because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from 1970 to 1985 when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, 1986 when there was no Australian Open at all, and 2020 when Wimbledon was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm.[14] Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase (at 35 years old) and Björn Borg came just once.[15]

Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.[15] Except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe.[16]

TournamentsEdit

Event Venue Surface Currently held Current champion(s)
Men's Singles Women's Singles Men's Doubles Women's Doubles Mixed Doubles
Australian Open Melbourne Park,
Melbourne
Hard mid/late
January
  Novak Djokovic   Naomi Osaka   Ivan Dodig
  Filip Polášek
  Elise Mertens
  Aryna Sabalenka
  Barbora Krejčíková
  Rajeev Ram
French Open Stade Roland Garros,
Paris
Clay late May/
early June
  Novak Djokovic   Barbora Krejčíková   Pierre-Hugues Herbert
  Nicolas Mahut
  Barbora Krejčíková
  Kateřina Siniaková
  Desirae Krawczyk
  Joe Salisbury
Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club,
London
Grass late June/
early July
  Novak Djokovic   Ashleigh Barty   Nikola Mektić
  Mate Pavić
  Hsieh Su-Wei
  Elise Mertens
  Desirae Krawczyk
  Neal Skupski
US Open USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center,
New York City
Hard late August/
early September
  Dominic Thiem   Naomi Osaka   Mate Pavić
  Bruno Soares
  Laura Siegemund
  Vera Zvonareva
  Bethanie Mattek-Sands
  Jamie Murray
The four major tennis championships

Grand Slam tournament championsEdit

Finals (Open Era only)

Grand Slam completionEdit

The first player to win all four of the current majors in a single year was Don Budge, who completed the feat in 1938. To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only 5 in the most prestigious singles titles. Of these players, three have won multiple Grand Slams: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines – once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles. Only Stefan Edberg has completed the Grand Slam in a Junior discipline.

AchieversEdit

# Year Player Discipline Notes
1 1938   Don Budge Men's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles.
2 1951   Ken McGregor Men's doubles Part of 7 consecutive titles for the team.
  Frank Sedgman Part of 8 consecutive titles for Sedgman with John Bromwich and Ken McGregor.
4 1953   Maureen Connolly Women's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles.
5 1960   Maria Bueno Women's doubles With Christine Truman and Darlene Hard.
6 1962   Rod Laver Men's singles
7 1963   Margaret Court Mixed doubles Part of 7 consecutive titles for Court with Fred Stolle and Ken Fletcher.
  Ken Fletcher Part of 6 consecutive titles for the team.
9 1965   Margaret Court (2) Mixed doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with John Newcombe, Ken Fletcher and Fred Stolle.
10 1967   Owen Davidson Mixed doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with Donna Floyd, Lesley Turner and Billie Jean King.
11 1969   Rod Laver (2) Men's singles
12 1970   Margaret Court (3) Women's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles.
13 1983   Stefan Edberg Boys' singles
14 1984   Martina Navratilova Women's doubles Part of 8 consecutive titles.
  Pam Shriver
16 1988   Steffi Graf Women's singles Part of 5 consecutive titles.
17 1998   Martina Hingis Women's doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with Mirjana Lučić, Jana Novotná and Anna Kournikova.
18 2009   Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 12 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Korie Homan, Jiske Griffioen and Maaike Smit.
  Korie Homan
20 2011   Esther Vergeer (2) Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 8 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Sharon Walraven and Marjolein Buis.
  Sharon Walraven Part of 7 consecutive titles for the team.
22 2013   Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles
  Jiske Griffioen
24 2014   Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles With Joachim Gérard and Shingo Kunieda.
25 2014   Yui Kamiji Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles.
  Jordanne Whiley
27 2019   Aniek van Koot (2) Women's wheelchair doubles
  Diede de Groot Part of 7 consecutive titles for de Groot with Aniek van Koot and Yui Kamiji.
29 2019   Dylan Alcott Quad wheelchair doubles Part of 6 consecutive titles with Heath Davidson, David Wagner and Andrew Lapthorne.

Non-calendar year Grand SlamEdit

TerminologyEdit

In 1982, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) began offering a $1 million bonus to any singles player to win four consecutive major titles, even if they were won across two seasons. Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council, "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",[17] and "European tennis journalists"[18] had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen. In a 1983 letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:

There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's only initiative in this matter has been the organisation of the offer of a bonus of $1m. to any player who holds all four Grand Slam titles simultaneously [...] In spite of all that we have read on this matter, it has never been my Committee of Management's intention to alter the basis of the classic Grand Slam i.e., the capture of all four titles in a year.

The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.[19]

Writing in 1982, before the ITF had announced their bonus, Neil Amdur said, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [...] If the four major tournaments want to offer a $1 million incentive for any player in the future who can sweep their titles—and such talks have been rumored—that bonus would be a welcome addition. But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game."[18]

When Steffi Graf completed the Grand Slam in 1988, George Vecsey wrote, "Even the International Tennis Federation, which should have more respect for history, ruled in 1982 that winning any four straight majors constituted a Grand Slam—and offered a $1 million bonus for it [...] But many tennis people, and most writers, and probably most fans, too, did not accept the new rules, and the I.T.F. has dropped the gimmick."[20] When Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the 2011 Australian Open, one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'."[21] This was true until later in 2011, when the ITF edited the description.[citation needed] As it now stands, the ITF rules state "The Grand Slam titles are the championships of Australia, France, the United States of America and Wimbledon. Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'."[22]

When Martina Navratilova won the 1984 French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement. Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam.[23] Curry Kirkpatrick of Sports Illustrated wrote "Whether the Slam was Grand or Bland or a commercial sham tainted with an asterisk the size of a tennis ball, Martina Navratilova finally did it."[24]

Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat of being the reigning champion in all four majors is 18.

AchieversEdit

The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by holding the four major titles at the same time but not in calendar year. The players who won the titles a in calendar year are not included here.

# Period Player Discipline From To Streak Notes
1 1949–50   Louise Brough Women's doubles 1949 French Championships 1950 Australian Championships 4 with Margaret duPont and Doris Hart.
2 1967–68   Billie Jean King Mixed doubles 1967 French Championships 1968 Australian Championships 4 with Owen Davidson and Dick Crealy.
3 1983–84   Martina Navratilova Women's singles 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open 6 [a]
4 1986–87   Martina Navratilova (2) Women's doubles 1986 French Open 1987 French Open 5 1986 French Open with Andrea Temesvári
  Pam Shriver 1986 Wimbledon 4
6 1992–93   Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1992 French Open 1993 Wimbledon 6
  Natasha Zvereva
8 1993–94   Steffi Graf Women's singles 1993 French Open 1994 Australian Open 4
9 1996–97   Natasha Zvereva (2) Women's doubles 1996 US Open 1997 Wimbledon 4 with Gigi Fernández and Martina Hingis.
10 2002–03   Serena Williams Women's singles 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open 4
11 2009–10   Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2009 French Open 2010 French Open 5 with Michaël Jeremiasz, Shingo Kunieda and Stefan Olsson.
12 2009–10   Serena Williams (2) Women's doubles 2009 Wimbledon 2010 French Open 4
  Venus Williams
14 2012–13   Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2012 US Open 2013 Wimbledon 4
  Mike Bryan
16 2014–15   Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2014 Wimbledon 2015 French Open 4 with Stéphane Houdet and Gordon Reid.
17 2014–15   Serena Williams (3) Women's singles 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon 4
18 2015–16   Novak Djokovic Men's singles 2015 Wimbledon 2016 French Open 4
19 2018–19   Diede de Groot Women's wheelchair singles 2018 Wimbledon 2019 French Open 4
20 2018–19   Dylan Alcott Quad wheelchair singles 2018 Australian Open 2019 Wimbledon 5 [b]
21 2019–21   Alfie Hewett Men's wheelchair doubles 2019 US Open 2021 Wimbledon 7 [c]
  Gordon Reid
  1. ^ From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was the last major tournament held in a season, rather than the first.
  2. ^ Until 2018 there were no Quad draws at the French Open and Wimbledon.
  3. ^ In 2020 Wimbledon was not held due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Career Grand SlamEdit

The career achievement of winning all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam. Dozens of players have accomplished that (column two) and 17 have won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format (column three). Their achievements are tabulated below.

Career Grand Slams by discipline
Discipline Numbers of players
completed Career GS Multiple Career GS
Men's singles 8 (2 Golden, 1 Super) 3
Women's singles 10 (2 Golden, 2 Super) 5
Men's doubles 24 (16 as teams) 5 (2 as a team)
Women's doubles 21 (12 as teams) 8 (6 as teams)
Mixed doubles 17 (7 as teams) 4 (2 as teams)

Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play and, of them, three men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles. Since the beginning of the open era, five men (Rod Laver, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic) and six women (Margaret Court, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova) have achieved this.

Only six players have completed a Career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles: one male (Roy Emerson) and five female (Margaret Court, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry Irvin, Martina Navratilova, and Serena Williams). Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.

The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam.

Men's singlesEdit

Eight men have won all four major tournaments. Three among them (Rod Laver, Roy Emerson, and Novak Djokovic) also achieved a double career Slam. Originally, the Grand Slam tournaments were held on grass (Australian, Wimbledon, and US Open) and clay (French) and the first four players achieved their Career Grand Slams on two surfaces. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in 1975 and then to hard court in 1978. The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in 1988. The last four players (Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic) achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Fred Perry 1 1934 1935 1934 1933
2   Don Budge 1 1938 1938 1937 1937
3   Rod Laver 1 1960 1962 1961 1962
4   Roy Emerson 1 1961 1963 1964 1961
5   Roy Emerson 2 1963 1967 1965 1964
6   Rod Laver 2 1962 1969 1962 1969
7   Andre Agassi 1 1995 1999 1992 1994
8   Roger Federer 1 2004 2009 2003 2004
9   Rafael Nadal 1 2009 2005 2008 2010
10   Novak Djokovic 1 2008 2016 2011 2011
11   Novak Djokovic 2 2011 2021 2014 2015

Women's singlesEdit

Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are shown. Five women (Court, Evert, Navratilova, Graf, Williams) achieved at least two Career Grand Slams, three women (Court, Graf, Williams) have achieved three Career Grand Slams and Steffi Graf is the only player to achieve four Career Grand Slams.

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Maureen Connolly 1 1953 1953 1952 1951
2   Doris Hart 1 1949 1950 1951 1954
3   Shirley Fry Irvin 1 1957 1951 1956 1956
4   Margaret Court 1 1960 1962 1963 1962
5   Margaret Court 2 1961 1964 1965 1965
6   Margaret Court 3 1962 1969 1970 1969
7   Billie Jean King 1 1968 1972 1966 1967
8   Chris Evert 1 1982 1974 1974 1975
9   Martina Navratilova 1 1981 1982 1978 1983
10   Martina Navratilova 2 1983 1984 1979 1984
11   Chris Evert 2 1984 1975 1976 1976
12   Steffi Graf 1 1988 1987 1988 1988
13   Steffi Graf 2 1989 1988 1989 1989
14   Steffi Graf 3 1990 1993 1991 1993
15   Steffi Graf 4 1994 1995 1992 1995
16   Serena Williams 1 2003 2002 2002 1999
17   Maria Sharapova 1 2008 2012 2004 2006
18   Serena Williams 2 2005 2013 2003 2002
19   Serena Williams 3 2007 2015 2009 2008
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doublesEdit

In Men's Doubles, 24 players have won the Career Grand Slam, including sixteen who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Eight of the 24 men achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Men's Doubles, led by Roy Emerson and John Newcombe with triple Slams.

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Adrian Quist 1 1936 1935 1935 1939
2   Frank Sedgman 1 1951 1951 1948 1950
3   Ken McGregor 1 1951 1951 1951 1951
4   Frank Sedgman 2 1952 1952 1951 1951
5   Lew Hoad 1 1953 1953 1953 1956
  Ken Rosewall 1 1953 1953 1953 1956
7   Neale Fraser 1 1957 1958 1959 1957
8   Neale Fraser 2 1958 1960 1961 1960
9   Roy Emerson 1 1962 1960 1959 1959
10   Fred Stolle 1 1963 1965 1962 1965
11   Roy Emerson 2 1966 1961 1961 1960
12   John Newcombe 1 1965 1967 1965 1967
  Tony Roche 1 1965 1967 1965 1967
14   Fred Stolle 2 1964 1968 1964 1966
15   Ken Rosewall 2 1956 1968 1956 1969
16   Roy Emerson 3 1969 1962 1971 1965
17   John Newcombe 2 1967 1969 1966 1971
18   John Newcombe 3 1971 1973 1968 1973
19  /  Bob Hewitt 1 1963 1972 1962 1977
20   John Fitzgerald 1 1982 1986 1989 1984
  Anders Järryd 1 1987 1983 1989 1987
22   Jacco Eltingh 1 1994 1995 1998 1994
  Paul Haarhuis 1 1994 1995 1998 1994
24   Todd Woodbridge 1 1992 2000 1993 1995
  Mark Woodforde 1 1992 2000 1993 1989
26   Jonas Björkman 1 1998 2005 2002 2003
27   Bob Bryan 1 2006 2003 2006 2005
  Mike Bryan 1 2006 2003 2006 2005
29   Daniel Nestor 1 2002 2007 2008 2004
30   Leander Paes 1 2012 1999 1999 2006
31   Bob Bryan 2 2007 2013 2011 2008
  Mike Bryan 2 2007 2013 2011 2008
33   Pierre-Hugues Herbert 1 2019 2018 2016 2015
  Nicolas Mahut 1 2019 2018 2016 2015

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Frank Sedgman
  Ken McGregor
1 1951 1951 1951 1951
2   Ken Rosewall
  Lew Hoad
1 1953 1953 1953 1956
3   Neale Fraser
  Roy Emerson
1 1962 1960 1959 1959
4   John Newcombe
  Tony Roche
1 1965 1967 1965 1967
5   Jacco Eltingh
  Paul Haarhuis
1 1994 1995 1998 1994
6   Mark Woodforde
  Todd Woodbridge
1 1992 2000 1993 1995
7   Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
1 2006 2003 2006 2005
8   Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
2 2007 2013 2011 2008
9   Pierre-Hugues Herbert
  Nicolas Mahut
1 2019 2018 2016 2015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Women's doublesEdit

At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Louise Brough Clapp 1 1950 1946 1946 1942
2   Doris Hart 1 1949 1951 1951 1951
3   Shirley Fry Irvin 1 1957 1950 1951 1951
4   Maria Bueno 1 1960 1960 1958 1960
5   Margaret Court 1 1961 1964 1964 1963
  Lesley Turner Bowrey 1 1964 1964 1964 1961
7   Margaret Court 2 1962 1965 1969 1968
8   Judy Tegart Dalton 1 1964 1966 1969 1970
9  /  Martina Navratilova 1 1980 1975 1976 1977
10   Kathy Jordan 1 1981 1980 1980 1981
  Anne Smith 1 1981 1980 1980 1981
12   Martina Navratilova 2 1982 1982 1979 1978
13   Martina Navratilova 3 1983 1984 1981 1980
  Pam Shriver 1 1982 1984 1981 1983
15   Martina Navratilova 4 1984 1985 1982 1983
  Pam Shriver 2 1983 1985 1982 1984
17   Martina Navratilova 5 1985 1986 1983 1984
18   Martina Navratilova 6 1987 1987 1984 1986
  Pam Shriver 3 1984 1987 1983 1986
20   Martina Navratilova 7 1988 1988 1986 1987
  Pam Shriver 4 1985 1988 1984 1987
22   Helena Suková 1 1990 1990 1987 1985
23   Gigi Fernández 1 1993 1991 1992 1988
 /  Natasha Zvereva 1 1993 1989 1991 1991
25   Gigi Fernández 2 1994 1992 1993 1990
  Natasha Zvereva 2 1994 1992 1992 1992
27  /  Jana Novotná 1 1990 1990 1989 1994
28   Natasha Zvereva 3 1997 1993 1993 1995
29   Jana Novotná 2 1995 1991 1990 1997
30   Martina Hingis 1 1997 1998 1996 1998
31   Serena Williams 1 2001 1999 2000 1999
  Venus Williams 1 2001 1999 2000 1999
33   Lisa Raymond 1 2000 2006 2001 2001
34   Serena Williams 2 2003 2010 2002 2009
  Venus Williams 2 2003 2010 2002 2009
36   Sara Errani 1 2013 2012 2014 2012
  Roberta Vinci 1 2013 2012 2014 2012
38   Martina Hingis 2 1998 2000 1998 2015

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Judy Tegart Dalton
  Margaret Court
1 1969 1966 1969 1970
2   Anne Smith
  Kathy Jordan
1 1981 1980 1980 1981
3   Martina Navratilova
  Pam Shriver
1 1982 1984 1981 1983
4   Martina Navratilova
  Pam Shriver
2 1983 1985 1982 1984
5   Martina Navratilova
  Pam Shriver
3 1984 1987 1983 1986
6   Martina Navratilova
  Pam Shriver
4 1985 1988 1984 1987
7   Gigi Fernández
  Natasha Zvereva
1 1993 1992 1992 1992
8   Gigi Fernández
  Natasha Zvereva
2 1994 1993 1993 1995
9   Serena Williams
  Venus Williams
1 2001 1999 2000 1999
10   Serena Williams
  Venus Williams
2 2003 2010 2002 2009
11   Roberta Vinci
  Sara Errani
1 2013 2012 2014 2012
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Mixed doublesEdit

At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen. The two other teams which won all four events are Doris Hart with Frank Sedgman, and Martina Hingis with Leander Paes. Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam.

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Jean Borotra 1 1928 1927 1925 1926
2   Doris Hart 1 1949 1951 1951 1951
  Frank Sedgman 1 1949 1951 1951 1951
4   Doris Hart 2 1950 1952 1952 1952
  Frank Sedgman 2 1950 1952 1952 1952
6   Margaret Court 1 1963 1963 1963 1961
7   Ken Fletcher 1 1963 1963 1963 1963
8   Margaret Court 2 1964 1964 1965 1962
9   Margaret Court 3 1965 1965 1966 1963
10   Owen Davidson 1 1965 1967 1967 1966
11   Billie Jean King 1 1968 1967 1967 1967
12   Margaret Court 4 1969 1969 1968 1964
13   Marty Riessen 1 1969 1969 1975 1969
14   Bob Hewitt 1 1961 1970 1977 1979
15   Todd Woodbridge 1 1993 1992 1994 1990
16   Mark Woodforde 1 1992 1995 1993 1992
17  /  Martina Navratilova 1 2003 1974 1985 1985
18   Daniela Hantuchová 1 2002 2005 2001 2005
19   Mahesh Bhupathi 1 2006 1997 2002 1999
20   Cara Black 1 2010 2002 2004 2008
21   Mahesh Bhupathi 2 2009 2012 2005 2005
22   Leander Paes 1 2003 2016 1999 2008
  Martina Hingis 1 2006 2016 2015 2015

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Doris Hart
  Frank Sedgman
1 1949 1951 1951 1951
2   Doris Hart
  Frank Sedgman
2 1950 1952 1952 1952
3   Ken Fletcher
  Margaret Court
1 1963 1963 1963 1963
4   Margaret Court
  Marty Riessen
1 1969 1969 1975 1969
5   Leander Paes
  Martina Hingis
1 2015 2016 2015 2015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Boys' singlesEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Stefan Edberg 1 1983 1983 1983 1983

Boys' doublesEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Mark Kratzmann 1 1984 1983 1983 1983

Women's wheelchair singlesEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Diede de Groot 1 2018 2019 2017 2018
2   Diede de Groot 2 2019 2021 2018 2019

Quad wheelchair singlesEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Dylan Alcott 1 2015 2019 2019 2015
2   Dylan Alcott 2 2016 2020 2021 2018

Men's wheelchair doublesEdit

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Shingo Kunieda 1 2007 2008 2006 2007
2   Stéphane Houdet 1 2010 2007 2009 2009
3   Maikel Scheffers 1 2011 2008 2011 2010
4   Michaël Jeremiasz 1 2013 2009 2009 2005
5   Stéphane Houdet 2 2014 2009 2013 2011
6   Shingo Kunieda 2 2008 2010 2013 2014
7   Stéphane Houdet 3 2015 2010 2014 2014
8   Nicolas Peifer 1 2016 2011 2015 2011
9   Gordon Reid 1 2017 2015 2016 2015
10   Gordon Reid 2 2020 2016 2017 2017
11   Alfie Hewett 1 2020 2020 2016 2017
12   Gordon Reid 3 2021 2020 2018 2018
13   Alfie Hewett 2 2021 2021 2017 2018

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Shingo Kunieda
  Stéphane Houdet
1 2010 2010 2013 2014
2   Alfie Hewett
  Gordon Reid
1 2020 2020 2016 2017
3   Alfie Hewett
  Gordon Reid
2 2021 2021 2017 2018

Women's wheelchair doublesEdit

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Esther Vergeer 1 2004 2007 2009 2005
  Korie Homan 1 2009 2009 2009 2005
3   Esther Vergeer 2 2006 2008 2010 2006
4   Sharon Walraven 1 2011 2010 2010 2010
5   Esther Vergeer 3 2007 2009 2011 2007
6   Jiske Griffioen 1 2006 2008 2012 2006
7   Aniek van Koot 1 2010 2010 2012 2013
8   Yui Kamiji 1 2014 2014 2014 2014
  Jordanne Whiley 1 2014 2014 2014 2014
10   Aniek van Koot 2 2013 2013 2013 2015
11   Diede de Groot 1 2019 2018 2018 2017
12   Yui Kamiji 2 2015 2016 2015 2018
13   Aniek van Koot 3 2017 2015 2019 2019
14   Yui Kamiji 3 2016 2017 2016 2020
  Jordanne Whiley 2 2015 2016 2015 2020
16   Diede de Groot 2 2021 2019 2019 2018

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Esther Vergeer
  Korie Homan
1 2009 2009 2009 2005
2   Esther Vergeer
  Sharon Walraven
1 2011 2011 2010 2010
3   Aniek van Koot
  Jiske Griffioen
1 2013 2013 2012 2013
4   Jordanne Whiley
  Yui Kamiji
1 2014 2014 2014 2014
5   Aniek van Koot
  Jiske Griffioen
2 2017 2015 2013 2015
6   Aniek van Koot
  Diede de Groot
1 2019 2018 2019 2019
7   Jordanne Whiley
  Yui Kamiji
2 2015 2016 2015 2020

Quad wheelchair doublesEdit

IndividualEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Dylan Alcott 1 2018 2019 2019 2019
2   Andy Lapthorne 1 2011 2021 2019 2017
3   David Wagner 1 2008 2019 2021 2007

TeamEdit

# Player Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1   Andy Lapthorne
  David Wagner
1 2014 2021 2021 2017

Grand Slam titles across all disciplinesEdit

Most Grand Slam title in a yearEdit

In 1965, Margaret Court won a record nine titles out of twelve available to a player in the same year: the singles, doubles and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam tournaments. In 1985, Martina Navratilova reached Finals in all Grand Slam events held that year, equaling the record of eleven final appearances set by Court in 1963 and repeated a year later.

Only twelve unique players (nine women and three men) have won at least six major championships in one calendar year.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.
Titles Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
9   Margaret Court (3) 1965 W W W[a] F W W W 3R W W A W
8   Don Budge 1938 W SF QF W F A W W W W W W
  Frank Sedgman 1951 SF W A SF W W QF W W W W W
  Frank Sedgman (2) 1952 F W A F W W W W W W F W
  Margaret Court 1963 W W W QF F W W F W F W W
  Margaret Court (4) 1969 W W W[a] W F W SF W SF W F W
7   Doris Hart 1951 A A A F W W W W W SF W W
  Doris Hart (2) 1952 A A A W W W QF W W F W W
  Margaret Court (2) 1964 W F W W W W F W F 4R F W
  Billie Jean King 1967 A A A QF QF W W W W W W W
  Margaret Court (5) 1970 W W NH W SF SF W SF 2R W W W
  Martina Navratilova (2) 1984 SF W NH W W A W W QF W W A
  Martina Navratilova (3) 1985 W W NH F W W W F W F F W
6   Suzanne Lenglen 1925 A A A W W W W W W A A A
  Alice Marble 1939 A A A A A A W W W W W W
  Louise Brough 1950 W W SF SF F A W W W 3R W 3R
  Doris Hart (3) 1953 A A A F W W F W W F W W
  Lew Hoad 1956 W W A W F 2R W W A F W F
  Maria Bueno 1960 QF W SF SF W W W W F F W F
  Darlene Hard 1960 A A A W W SF QF W W W W QF
  Margaret Court (6) 1973 W W NH W W A SF QF A W W F
  Martina Navratilova 1983 W W NH 4R A A W W A W W A
  Martina Navratilova (4) 1987 F W SF F W QF W QF A W W W
  1. ^ a b Unplayed finals, shared titles.

Most Grand Slam titles across all disciplinesEdit

  • Players who won titles in different disciplines.
Men
Titles Player Singles Doubles Mixed Years
28   Roy Emerson 12 16 0 1959–1971
26   John Newcombe 7 17 2 1964–1976
22   Frank Sedgman 5 9 8 1948–1958
20   Rod Laver 11 6 3 1959–1970
18   Ken Rosewall 8 9 1 1953–1974
17   Jack Crawford 6 6 5 1929–1935
17   John McEnroe 7 9 1 1977–1992
14   Don Budge 6 4 4 1936–1938
Women
Titles Player Singles Doubles Mixed Years
62   Margaret Court 24 19 21 1960–1975
59  /  Martina Navratilova 18 31 10 1974–2006
39   Billie Jean King 12 16 11 1961–1980
39   Serena Williams 23 14 2 1998–2017
37   Margaret duPont 6 21 10 1941–1960
35   Doris Hart 6 14 15 1947–1955
31   Helen Wills 19 9 3 1922–1938
25   Martina Hingis 5 13 7 1996–2017

Golden SlamEdit

The term Golden Slam (initially "Golden Grand Slam") was coined in 1988,[25] when Steffi Graf won the 1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open, as well as the 1988 Olympic gold medal. She is the only player to have done so.[26][27]

Similarly, the term "non-calendar year Golden Slam" has been used since 2013, when the Bob and Mike Bryan won the 2012 Olympics, 2012 US Open, 2013 Australian Open, 2013 French Open and 2013 Wimbledon Championships.[28][29][30] This was also called the "Golden Bryan Slam".[31]

Career Golden SlamEdit

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal (or a Paralympic gold medal) during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam.[32][33] The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

# Player Discipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics
1   Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988
2   Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988
3   Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992
4   Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996
5   Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996
  Mark Woodforde
7   Serena Williams Women's doubles 2001 1999 2000 1999 2000
  Venus Williams
9   Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2007 2008 2006 2007 2004
10   Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000
11   Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008
  Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles 2004 2007 2009 2005 2000
13   Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008
14   Rafael Nadal Men's singles 2009 2005 2008 2010 2008
15   Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008
16   Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012
  Mike Bryan
18   Serena Williams (2) Women's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012
19   Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008
20   Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016
  Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles 2006 2008 2012 2006 2016
22   Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016
23   Dylan Alcott Quad wheelchair singles 2015 2019 2019 2015 2016
24   Dylan Alcott (2) Quad wheelchair doubles 2018 2019 2019 2019 2016
25   David Wagner Quad wheelchair doubles 2008 2019 2021 2007 2004

Super SlamEdit

Soon after the Open Era began in 1968, the new professional tours each held a year-end championship (YEC), which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the season. The return of tennis to the Olympics in 1988 gave rise to the notion of a Super Slam as a combination of Golden Slam and YEC title.[34][35][36] Eligible YECs are currently called the ATP Finals for men, WTA Finals for women, and the Wheelchair Tennis Masters.

Although no player has ever completed the Super Slam in a single season, Steffi Graf achieved a "Non-calendar year Super Slam" by winning all aforementioned titles consecutively,[37] by winning the Golden Slam in 1988 alongside the 1987 Virginia Slims Championships, the year-end championship for women's tennis at that time.

Career Super SlamEdit

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic gold medal and the year-end championship throughout his or her career is said to have achieved a "Career Super Slam".[34][35][37] The event at which the Career Super Slam was achieved indicated in bold below:

# Player Discipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics Year-End
1   Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988 1981
2   Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988 1987
3   Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992 1993
4   Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996 1990
5   Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996 1992
  Mark Woodforde
7   Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000 2007
8   Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles 2004 2007 2009 2005 2000 2001
  Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008 2004
10   Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008 2006
11   Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008 2010
12   Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012 2003
  Mike Bryan
14   Serena Williams Women's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012 2001
15   Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2007 2008 2006 2007 2004 2012
16   Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008 2008
17   Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016 2012
  Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles 2006 2008 2012 2006 2016 2004
19   Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016 2016
20   Dylan Alcott Quad wheelchair singles 2015 2019 2019 2015 2016 2018
21   David Wagner Quad wheelchair doubles 2008 2019 2021 2007 2004 2005

Three-Quarter SlamEdit

Several players have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year, missing out on the full Grand Slam by only one title.[38] Jack Crawford, Lew Hoad, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams won the first three events of the year, but lost the final tournament.[a] Crawford, an asthmatic, won two of the first three sets of the 1933 U.S. Championships final against Fred Perry, then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.[39] Until 2016, Wimbledon did not host singles tournament for wheelchairs.[40] Notwithstanding years when the US Open did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.

Note 1: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.
Note 2: Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.[41]
Note 3: Notwithstanding year when the US Open wheelchair events did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Triple CrownEdit

The Triple Crown refers to winning the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles titles at one event, in the same week.[42][43][44] This has become an increasingly rare accomplishment in the sport, partly because the final matches in all three disciplines often likely take place concurrently in the same day, and not in separate days. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.

Notes:

  • This list excludes the 1909 Triple Crown of Jeanne Matthey at Roland Garros and the 1920, 1921, 1922 and 1923 Triple Crown wins of Suzanne Lenglen at Roland Garros. The French Championship tennis tournament at the time was a domestic competition not recognized as an international major. At the time the major clay court event (actual precursor of the French Open in its current international format) was the World Hard Court Championships, where Suzanne Lenglen also attained a Triple Crown in 1921 and 1922.
  • Also the 1941 triple championship of Alice Weiwers isn't listed due to its disputed official status: French major championships held in Vichy France from 1941 to 1945 aren't currently recognized by the Fédération Française de Tennis.

MenEdit

Total Player Year Triple champion of
3 times   Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon
1938 Wimbledon
1938 US Championships
2 times   Bill Tilden 1922 US Championships
1923 US Championships
  Frank Sedgman 1951 US Championships
1952 Wimbledon
  Neale Fraser 1959 US Championships
1960 US Championships
1 time   Jack Hawkes 1926 Australian Championships
  Jean Borotra 1928 Australian Championships
  Jack Crawford 1932 Australian Championships
  Bobby Riggs 1939 Wimbledon
  Vic Seixas 1954 US Championships
  Ken Rosewall 1956 US Championships

WomenEdit

Total Player Year Triple champion of
5 times   Suzanne Lenglen 1920 Wimbledon
1922 Wimbledon
1925 French Championships
1925 Wimbledon
1926 French Championships
  Margaret Court 1963 Australian Championships
1964 French Championships
1965 Australian Championships
1969 Australian Open
1970 US Open
4 times   Alice Marble 1938 US Championships
1939 Wimbledon
1939 US Championships
1940 US Championships
3 times   Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1909 US Championships
1910 US Championships
1911 US Championships
  Mary Browne 1912 US Championships
1913 US Championships
1914 US Championships
  Daphne Akhurst Cozens 1925 Australian Championships
1928 Australian Championships
1929 Australian Championships
  Nancye Wynne Bolton 1940 Australian Championships
1947 Australian Championships
1948 Australian Championships
  Louise Brough Clapp 1947 US Championships
1948 Wimbledon
1950 Wimbledon
  Doris Hart 1951 Wimbledon
1952 French Championships
1954 US Championships
  Billie Jean King 1967 Wimbledon
1967 US Championships
1973 Wimbledon
2 times   Mabel Cahill 1891 US Championships
1892 US Championships
  Helen Wills Moody 1924 US Championships
1928 US Championships
1 time   Juliette Atkinson 1895 US Championships
  Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 1917 US Championships
  Helen Jacobs 1934 US Championships
  Simonne Mathieu 1938 French Championships
  Sarah Palfrey Cooke 1941 US Championships
  Margaret Osborne duPont 1950 US Championships
  Thelma Coyne Long 1952 Australian Championships
  Maureen Connolly 1954 French Championships
  Martina Navratilova 1987 US Open

Boxed SetEdit

Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "complete boxed set" of Grand Slam titles – which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year.[9][45] This has never been accomplished within a year or across two consecutive years.

Career Boxed SetEdit

A career boxed set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title (singles, doubles, mixed) over a player's career. Only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers. No male player has completed this.

  • The event at which the boxed set was achieved indicated in bold below
Boxed Sets Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
2   Margaret Court 22 1960 1961 1963 1962 1964 1963 1963 1964 1963 1962 1963 1961
26 1961 1962 1964 1964 1965 1964 1965 1969 1965 1965 1968 1962
1   Doris Hart 29 1949 1950 1949 1950 1948 1951 1951 1947 1951 1954 1951 1951
  Martina Navratilova 46 1981 1980 2003 1982 1975 1974 1978 1976 1985 1983 1977 1985

Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era, and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:

Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
  Margaret Court 31 1969 1969 1969 1969 1973 1969 1970 1969 1968 1969 1968 1969

Pro SlamEdit

Before the Open Era began in 1968, only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four majors. Many male top players "went pro" in order to win prize money legally, competing on a professional world tour comprising completely different events.[46] From 1927 to 1967, the three oldest pro events were considered "majors" of the pro tour: the U.S. Pro Tennis Championships, French Pro Championship and Wembley Championships.[47][48] A player who won all three in a calendar year was considered to achieve a "Professional Grand Slam", or "Pro Slam".[47][48] The feat was accomplished twice:

  Ken Rosewall in 1963;[49]
  Rod Laver in 1967.[50]

Three other players won those three major trophies during their pro careers: Ellsworth Vines, Hans Nüsslein and Don Budge. The pro slams did not have a women's draw.[51]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was the last event held, rather than the first.

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ Campigato, Jesse (9 September 2019). "Bianca Andreescu is the best in the world — it's just not official (yet)". CBC. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
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  6. ^ USOpen.org. Archived 1 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Grandslamhistory.com "STATS". Grand Slam History Reference Book (grandslamhistory.com). Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  8. ^ Crowe, Jerry (22 May 1994). LA Times "Return to Grand Slam Glory: Rod Laver Was the Last Man to Sweep Four Major Titles and Thinks It Can Be Done Again". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  9. ^ a b Wine, Steven (1 June 2015). "Doris Hart: Tennis player who won every available Grand Slam title and once won three Wimbledon titles in a day". The Independent. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  10. ^ Martin, John (12 September 2017). "Writings Offer Encyclopedic Insight on Winners of Grand Slams." The New York Times p. SP8. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  11. ^ Gould, Alan (18 July 1933). "Sports Slants: {subsection} Tennis 'Grand Slam' ". The Reading Eagle (Reading, Pennsylvania). p. 10. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  12. ^ Ginsburg, Yeshayahu (5 March 2014). "Why Indian Wells Is Almost (But Not Quite) a Fifth Slam". tennisviewmag.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  13. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. The Viking Press. p. 33. ISBN 067029408X.
  14. ^ Bonnie DeSimoneArchive (26 May 2007). "Chris Evert owned Roland Garros like no other". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
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  16. ^ Nikki Tugwell (14 January 2008). "Hewitt chases amazing slam win". The Daily Telegraph. news.com.au. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
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  20. ^ Vecsey, George. (11 September 1988). "A Champion For All Seasons" The New York Times Retrieved 14 December 2016.
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  22. ^ ITF Constitution landing page. Full text of the Memorandum, Articles of Association and Bye-laws of ITF LIMITED.
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  24. ^ Kirkpatrick, Curry. (18 June 1984). "Worthy of Really High Fives" Sports Illustrated Retrieved 14 December 2016.
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  26. ^ "Guinness world records". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  27. ^ "Steffi Graf: The Queen Returns to Centre Court – Golden Grand Slam definition". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  28. ^ Cronin, Matt (2 July 2013). "Bryan Twins on Verge of Golden Slam". 10sBalls.com. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  29. ^ Nacion, Chicco (6 June 2016). "Novak Djokovic one step closer to Golden Slam". CBC Sports. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  30. ^ Tandon, Kamakshi (19 December 2013). "Home hardware for Andy Murray". ESPN. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  31. ^ Gibson, Owen (6 July 2013). "Bob and Mike Bryan complete the 'Golden Bryan Slam' at Wimbledon". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Federer busca ouro nos Jogos do Rio para fechar "Career Golden Slam"". Grupo Globo (in Portuguese). SporTV. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
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External linksEdit