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Hans "Hanne" Nüsslein (German pronunciation: ['hans ˈnʏslaɪ̯n]; 31 March 1910 – 28 June 1991) was a German tennis player and coach and former World professional number 1 tennis player who won four professional Majors singles titles during his career.

Hans Nüsslein
Country (sports) German Reich (1926–1933)
 Nazi Germany (1933–1945)
 West Germany (1945–1957)
Born(1910-03-31)31 March 1910
Nuremberg, German Empire
Died28 June 1991(1991-06-28) (aged 81)
Altenkirchen, Germany
Height1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)
Turned pro1926
Retired1957
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF2006 (member page)
Singles
Career record170-105 (61.8%) [1]
Career titles24 [1]
Highest rankingNo. 1 (Pro, 1933)[2]
Professional majors
US ProW (1934)
Wembley ProW (1937)
French ProW (1937, 1938)

Contents

BiographyEdit

Nüsslein was born in Nuremberg on 31 March 1910.[3] In his youth, he played football, handball and tennis at the 1. FC Nürnberg. After finishing school he apprenticed as a mechanic. At age 16, he gave tennis lessons to other club members for which he was paid a small amount. After a member of a neighboring club reported this to the German Tennis Federation, Nüsslein received a lifetime ban from amateur competition, preventing him from competing at Grand Slam tournaments.[4]

Nüsslein then decided to work as a professional tennis coach. On 1 April 1928, he passed the qualifying examination and became a member of the German federation of tennis coaches. He then was hired by the Deutsche Bank in order to give lessons to their executives.[4]

Beside his coaching work, Nüsslein pursued a career on the emerging professional tennis tournaments. In 1929, he reached third place at the German tennis coaches championships. In 1930, he placed second and also won his first international pro tournament: Beaulieu-sur-Mer on the French Riviera.[4]

In 1931, Nüsslein won the German Pro Championships final over Roman Najuch, who previously had won this title 11 consecutive times. In the same year, he played tennis against legend Bill Tilden in Europe, taking him to 5 sets. Tilden who had never heard of Nüsslein before the match ("Who is Nusslein?") was surprised by the German's performance and invited him to play in his United States pro tour.[4]

In 1932 and 1933, Nüsslein and Tilden played tours in the United States. Tilden won both tours. The score in 1933 was 56-22 in Tilden's favour. In 1933, Nüsslein and Tilden met in the final of the World Pro Championships. In front of an audience of 7,000, Nüsslein beat Tilden 1–6, 6–4, 7–5 and 6–3. Nüsslein repeated in 1935 over Henri Cochet) and in 1937 over Tilden once more.[4] Ray Bowers ranked Nüsslein the World No. 1 professional for 1933.[2] On tour in the United States in 1934, Nüsslein won the US Pro title. In 1937, he won both the Wembley Pro and the French Pro championships. He won the French Pro again in 1938. Another significant professional tournament of the time was the International Pro Championship of Britain, which Nüsslein won for 4 straight years from 1936 to 1939. He was known for his fine groundstrokes. Tennis historian Robert Geist described his playing style: "He possessed classic strokes, equal to Hall of Famers René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, and Karel Koželuh, as well as excellent volleys, magnificent drop shots and breath-taking half-volleys. As consistent as Ken Rosewall, Nüsslein was one of the best players during the 1930s."[3]

From 1936 onwards, Nüsslein focused on coaching. He signed a contract with Rot-Weiss tennis club in Cologne. In the late thirties, Nüsslein coached the first Grand Slam winner Don Budge, the Australian Davis Cup team as well as several German players.[4]

In World War II Nüsslein served in the German army. Towards the end of the war, he suffered an arm injury which affected his tennis. At the 1953 Wembley Pro Championships, age 43, he won eight games against a 25-year-old Pancho Gonzales, losing 4–6, 4–6.[5] In 1954, he won the international tennis coaches championships at Bad Ems. He continued to play tournaments until 1957 [3] and gave tennis lessons until an age of 70. His most prominent tennis pupils included Wilhelm Bungert, Christian Kuhnke, Dieter Ecklebe and Wolfgang Stuck.[4]

Remaining unmarried for most of his life, at age 72, Nüsslein finally married his long-time partner Anneliese. He died nine years later at Altenkirchen after suffering a stroke.[4]

In 2006, Nüsslein was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island.

Major finalsEdit

Pro Slam tournamentsEdit

Singles: 9 (5/4)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1933 World Pro Clay   Bill Tilden 1–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–3
Runner-up 1933 U.S. Pro Clay   Karel Koželuh 2–6, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 1934 U.S. Pro Clay   Karel Koželuh 6–4, 6–2, 1–6, 7–5
Runner-up 1934 Wembley Pro Indoor   Ellsworth Vines 6–4, 5–7, 3–6, 6–8
Runner-up 1935 French Pro Clay   Ellsworth Vines 8–10, 4–6, 6–3, 1–6
Winner 1937 French Pro Clay   Henri Cochet 6–2, 8–6, 6–3
Winner 1937 Wembley Pro Indoor   Bill Tilden 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–2
Winner 1938 French Pro Clay   Bill Tilden 6–0, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 1939 Wembley Pro Indoor   Don Budge 11–13, 6–2, 4–6

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gracia, Gabriel. "Hans Nusslein: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Madrid, Spain: Tennismem SL. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Bowers, Ray. History of the Pro Tennis Wars, Chapter IV: Tilden and Nusslein, 1932-1933, Tennis Server: Between the Lines.
  3. ^ a b c Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). New York: New Chapter Press. p. 621. ISBN 9780942257700.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Deike, Reiner (2002). "Der verfemte Weltmeister". In Deutscher Tennis Bund (ed.). Tennis in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis 2002 [Tennis in Germany. From the beginnings to 2002] (in German). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 103–104. ISBN 3-428-10846-9.
  5. ^ McCauley, Joe (2000). The History of Professional Tennis. Windsor: The Short Run Book Company Limited. p. 200.

External linksEdit