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John Edward Bromwich (14 November 1918 – 21 October 1999)[3] was an Australian tennis player who, along with fellow countryman Vivian McGrath, was one of the first great players to use a two-handed backhand. He was a natural left-hander, though hit his serve with his right hand.[4] Bromwich twice won the Australian Championships singles title, in 1939 (over Adrian Quist in a straight sets final) and in 1946 (a thrilling 5-set final victory over Dinny Pails). He was ranked World No. 3 by A. Wallis Myers in 1938 and again by Harry Hopman in 1947.[2][5]

John Bromwich
John Bromwich as a Junior.jpg
Bromwich in the 1930s
Full nameJohn Edward Bromwich
Country (sports) Australia
Born(1918-11-14)14 November 1918
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died21 October 1999(1999-10-21) (aged 80)
Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Height1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Turned pro1934 (amateur tour)
Retired1954
PlaysLeft-handed (two-handed backhand, right-handed serve)
Int. Tennis HoF1984 (member page)
Singles
Career record480-90 (84.2%) [1]
Career titles54 [1]
Highest rankingNo. 3 (1938, A. Wallis Myers)[2]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenW (1939, 1946)
French OpenQF (1950)
WimbledonF (1948)
US OpenSF (1938, 1939, 1947)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950)
WimbledonW (1948, 1950)
US OpenW (1939, 1949, 1950)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1938)
WimbledonW (1947, 1948)
US OpenW (1947)

Tennis careerEdit

Although a fine singles player, Bromwich was primarily known as being a brilliant doubles player, winning 13 men's doubles titles and 4 mixed doubles titles in the majors. Tennis great (and near contemporary) Jack Kramer writes in his 1979 autobiography that if "Earth were playing in the all-time Universe Davis Cup, I'd play Budge and Vines in my singles, and Budge and Bromwich in the doubles. That's what I think of Johnny as a doubles player."

In the 1939 Davis Cup final, just as World War II was starting, Bromwich played arguably the match of his life in beating the American, Frank Parker, in straight sets, to clinch the Cup for Australia. Australia had trailed 0–2 after the first day, and came back to win the tie, 3–2. This remains the only time in Davis Cup history where the winning team has won a Davis Cup final after trailing 0–2.[6]

In 1948, Bromwich played the American Bob Falkenburg in the Wimbledon final, and had a championship point at 5–3 in the fifth set. He came to the net for a volley but decided that Falkenburg's ball would go long and let it go by. It landed on the baseline and Falkenburg fought his way back into the match. Bromwich later had another two championship points, but was unable to take those either, and Falkenburg came back to win the championship, taking the last four games to win the fifth set, 7–5.[7] Kramer later wrote that "...it never seemed to me that he was the same player after that. He doubted himself. He was a precision player to start with – he used a terribly light racket weighing less than twelve ounces, and it was strung loosely. He could put a ball on a dime, and I suppose after he misjudged that one shot, the most important in his life, he never possessed the confidence he needed." Bromwich also had a championship point in losing the 1947 Australian Championships singles final to Dinny Pails.[8]

 
John Bromwich in a 1944 exhibition match against Dinny Pails

Bromwich gained some revenge against Falkenburg in the 1949 Wimbledon quarterfinals, coming back from two sets down to win in five sets. Bromwich then lost to Jaroslav Drobný in the semifinals.

Writing about Bromwich, Kramer says, "Bromwich was like McMillan today because as a kid John hit from both sides two-handed, and while he eventually had given up the two-handed forehand, he still hit backhand two-handed and could anything back from the baseline. He had strokes very much like Connors."

Bromwich was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1984.[4] He received a posthumous Davis Cup commitment award in 2017 which was presented to his wife by the ITF and Tennis Australia.[9]

Grand Slam recordEdit

  • Australian Championships
    • Men's Doubles champion (8): 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
    • Men's Doubles runner-up (2): 1937, 1951
    • Mixed Doubles champion (1): 1938
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up (5): 1939, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1954
  • Wimbledon
    • Men's Doubles champion (2): 1948, 1950
    • Mixed Doubles champion (2): 1947, 1948
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up (1): 1949
  • US Championships
    • Men's Doubles champion (3): 1939, 1949, 1950
    • Men's Doubles runner-up (1): 1938
    • Mixed Doubles champion (1): 1947
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up (1): 1938

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Singles (2 titles, 6 runners-up)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1937 Australian Championships Grass   Vivian McGrath 3–6, 6–1, 0–6, 6–2, 1–6
Runner-up 1938 Australian Championships Grass   Don Budge 4–6, 2–6, 1–6
Winner 1939 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist 6–4, 6–1, 6–3
Winner 1946 Australian Championships Grass   Dinny Pails 5–7, 6–3, 7–5, 3–6, 6–2
Runner-up 1947 Australian Championships Grass   Dinny Pails 6–4, 4–6, 6–3, 5–7, 6–8
Runner-up 1948 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist 4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–2, 3–6
Runner-up 1948 Wimbledon Grass   Bob Falkenburg 5–7, 6–0, 2–6, 6–3, 5–7
Runner-up 1949 Australian Championships Grass   Frank Sedgman 3–6, 2–6, 2–6

Doubles: (8 titles)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1938 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Gottfried von Cramm
  Henner Henkel
7–5, 6–4, 6–0
Winner 1939 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Colin Long
  Don Turnbull
6–4, 7–5, 6–2
Winner 1940 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Jack Crawford
  Vivian McGrath
6–3, 7–5, 6–1
Winner 1946 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Max Newcombe
  Leonard Schwartz
6–3, 6–1, 9–7
Winner 1947 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Frank Sedgman
  George Worthington
6–1, 6–3, 6–1
Winner 1948 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Frank Sedgman
  Colin Long
1–6, 6–8, 9–7, 6–3, 8–6
Winner 1949 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Geoffrey Brown
  Bill Sidwell
1–6, 7–5, 6–2, 6–3
Winner 1950 Australian Championships Grass   Adrian Quist   Jaroslav Drobný
  Eric Sturgess
6–3, 5–7, 4–6, 6–3, 8–6

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "John Bromwich: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Tennis Base. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Bromwich placed third". The Sydney Morning Herald. 5 October 1938. p. 19 – via Google News Archive.
  3. ^ "Jack Bromwich, 80, Australian Tennis Star" (PDF). The New York Times. 23 October 1999.
  4. ^ a b "Hall of Famers – John Bromwich". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 30 March 2010.
  5. ^ "World's best 10 in tennis". The Courier-mail (3181). Queensland, Australia. 3 February 1947. p. 6 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Australia Triumphs". Auckland Star, Volume LXX, Issue 209. 5 September 1939. p. 14 – via PapersPast.
  7. ^ "Bromwhich Beaten in Fifth Set". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 July 1948 – via Google News Archive.
  8. ^ "John Bromwich". www.tennis.co.nf.
  9. ^ "Davis Cup Commitment Award for Bromwich". www.tennis.com.au. Tennis Australia. 6 February 2017.

SourcesEdit

  • The Game – My 40 Years in Tennis (1979) — Jack Kramer with Frank Deford (ISBN 0-399-12336-9)

External linksEdit