Inmaculada Concepción "Conchita" Martínez Bernat (born 16 April 1972) is a former professional tennis player. She was the first Spanish player to win the women's singles title at Wimbledon, where she beat Martina Navratilova in the 1994 final. Martínez also was the singles runner-up at the 1998 Australian Open and the 2000 French Open. She reached a highest world ranking of No. 2 in October 1995 and finished the season in the top 10 for nine years. Martínez won 33 singles and 13 doubles titles during her 18-year career.
Conchita Martínez at the 2010 U.S. Open
|Full name||Inmaculada Concepción Martínez Bernat|
|Residence||Barcelona, Spain |
San Diego, California, U.S.
|Born||16 April 1972|
Monzón, Huesca, Spain
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Turned pro||February 1988|
|Retired||15 April 2006|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Career record||739–297 (71.3%)|
|Career titles||33 WTA, 3 ITF|
|Highest ranking||No. 2 (30 October 1995)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||F (1998)|
|French Open||F (2000)|
|US Open||SF (1995, 1996)|
|Career record||414–232 (64.1%)|
|Career titles||13 WTA, 2 ITF|
|Highest ranking||No. 7 (11 January 1993)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||SF (1998, 2002)|
|French Open||F (1992, 2001)|
|Wimbledon||QF (1995, 2003)|
|US Open||SF (2005)|
|Fed Cup||W (1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998)|
Martinez was Spain Fed Cup team captain from 2013-2017 and Spain Davis Cup team captain from 2015-2017, leading the Davis Cup team back into the top-tier World Group under her captaincy. She has also served as a part-time coach to Garbiñe Muguruza, guiding her to the 2017 Wimbledon title, and is currently the full-time coach to Karolina Pliskova.
1988–1992: Breakthrough, top 10, Grand Slam quarterfinalsEdit
Born in Monzón, Martínez turned professional in 1988. At the age of just 16, she reached the fourth round at the French Open in her third professional tournament. She upset ninth-seed Lori McNeil en route before losing to Bettina Fulco in two sets. In 1989, her breakthrough year, Martínez got rid of Sabatini to win the title at Tampa and also won two Tier V tournaments (Wellington, Phoenix). She also reached the quarterfinals of the French Open, losing to Steffi Graf. She finished the year World No. 7. In 1990 and 1991, Martínez won a further six titles and again reached the quarterfinals at the French Open both years (losing to Graf in 1990 and Monica Seles in 1991).
The following year, Martínez was a silver medalist in doubles at the Olympic Games in Barcelona (partnering Arantxa Sánchez Vicario) and the runner-up in women's doubles at the French Open. Once again, Martínez was a quarterfinalist at the French Open, losing a tight match with Sabatini. In 1992 she was runner up in Indian Wells and San Diego.
1993–1996: Highest ranking, Wimbledon singles titleEdit
In 1993, Martínez became the first Spanish woman since Lilí de Álvarez in 1928 to reach the semifinals at Wimbledon, where she lost to Steffi Graf in two sets. In November Martínez defeated Graf for the first and only time in her career, at a tournament in Philadelphia in the final. At the Italian Open, Martínez defeated Sabatini in the final in straight sets to become the first Spaniard to win the tournament since de Álvarez in 1930. She again reached the quarterfinals at the French Open for the fifth year in a row, losing a 2-hour, 45 minute three-set battle with Anke Huber.
Martínez reached the Wimbledon singles final in 1994 beating Rene Simpson, Nana Smith, Nathalie Tauziat, Kristine Kunce and Lindsay Davenport in the quarterfinal and Lori McNeil in the semifinals where the third set went to 10–8, where she faced nine-time Wimbledon champion Martina Navratilova. Navratilova's last Wimbledon triumph had come four years earlier, but many observers felt that the 37-year-old Czech-born American was the favourite going into the match given her long track record of success on grass courts, whereas Martínez's most significant tournament victories up to that time had been on slower-playing surfaces, particularly on clay courts. Martínez, however, won the match in three sets and became the first Spanish woman to win Wimbledon. In 1995, Martínez was a semifinalist at all four Grand Slam tournaments and reached her career-high singles ranking of World No. 2. In the Australian Open she beat Lindsay Davenport in the quarterfinals before losing to Mary Pierce in the semifinals. At Wimbledon, Martínez beat Sabatini in the quarterfinals before losing to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in the semifinals. She also had a new coach that year, Carlos Kirmayr.
In 1996, Martínez became the only player to win the Italian Open singles title four consecutive years after a straight-sets victory in the final against 15-year old Martina Hingis. She also partnered Sánchez Vicario to claim a women's doubles Olympic bronze medal in Atlanta.
1997–2006: Out of top 10 and return, Australian and French Open runner-upEdit
In 1998, Martínez reached her second career Grand Slam singles final at the Australian Open. She beat Lindsay Davenport in the semifinals before losing to Martina Hingis in the final in straight sets. At the German Open in May she defeated Amélie Mauresmo to win her first singles title in 18 months. She also helped Spain win the Fed Cup that year, beating Patty Schnyder of Switzerland 6–3, 2–6, 9–7 in 3 hours, 19 minutes in the final.
In January 2000 at the Australian Open Martínez beat Elena Likhovtseva in the quarterfinals after Likhovtseva twice failed to serve for the match to reach the semifinals where she was beaten by Martina Hingis. Martínez reached the final of the French Open in 2000, where she lost to Mary Pierce in two sets after beating Sánchez Vicario in the semifinals. She also won the German Open, beating Hingis in a semifinal and Amanda Coetzer in the final. In 2001, Martínez was a runner-up in the women's doubles at the French Open (partnering Jelena Dokić). Martínez also reached the quarterfinals at Wimbledon for the first time in six years but lost to Justine Henin of Belgium. In 2003 Martínez reached her last grand slam quarterfinal in the French Open losing to Kim Clijsters. Also that year she reached the final at Eastbourne losing to Chanda Rubin.
Martínez won her second Olympic silver medal in the women's doubles in 2004 in Athens, Greece (partnering Virginia Ruano Pascual). In 2005, Martínez won her first singles title in five years at Pattaya, Thailand. It was her last singles title, bringing her career total to 33 top-level singles titles, 9 of which were Tier I events, and 13 doubles titles. On 15 April 2006, aged 33 and after 18 years of playing professionally, she announced her retirement, having won more professional singles tournaments than any other Spanish female tennis player.
In 2008, 2009 and 2010 Martínez played at Wimbledon in the Ladies Invitations Doubles. In 2010 her partner in doubles was Nathalie Tauziat.
Martínez was a patient, right-handed baseline player who won matches by disrupting her opponents' rhythm through changes of spin, pace, depth, height, and angle. She had a strong backhand, played single-handedly, and used heavy topspin on her forehand and slower topspin and slice on her backhand. A characteristic shot of Martínez was to hit a deep, looping forehand with a lot of topspin with the intent to drive her opponent to the back of the court and make them hit the ball at shoulder height. She often sought out the ball with which she had won the previous point. This sometimes irritated her opponents; Patty Schnyder once pocketed the ball to prevent Martínez from retrieving it, and rejected the traditional handshake at the end of the match.
|Grand Slam tournaments|
|Australian Open||A||2R||A||A||4R||4R||QF||SF||QF||4R||F||3R||SF||2R||2R||1R||1R||1R||0 / 15|
|French Open||4R||QF||QF||QF||QF||QF||SF||SF||SF||4R||4R||QF||F||3R||2R||QF||2R||1R||0 / 18|
|Wimbledon||A||A||A||A||2R||SF||W||SF||4R||3R||3R||3R||2R||QF||3R||3R||1R||3R||1 / 14|
|US Open||1R||4R||3R||QF||1R||4R||3R||SF||SF||3R||4R||4R||3R||A||2R||2R||1R||1R||0 / 17|
|SR||0 / 2||0 / 3||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 4||0 / 4||1 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||1 / 64|
|WTA Tour Championships||A||1R||QF||1R||QF||QF||QF||QF||QF||1R||1R||1R||QF||A||A||A||A||A||0 / 12|
|Grand Slam Cup||Not Held||Men's Only Event||QF||A||Not Held||0 / 1|
|Australian Open||A||A||A||A||A||QF||3R||3R||3R||QF||SF||1R||2R||1R||SF||QF||3R||1R||0 / 13||26–13|
|French Open||A||A||3R||A||F||QF||1R||3R||3R||QF||QF||3R||QF||F||1R||1R||QF||3R||0 / 15||33–15|
|Wimbledon||A||A||A||A||2R||A||1R||QF||3R||1R||1R||2R||2R||3R||3R||QF||3R||3R||0 / 13||19–13|
|US Open||A||1R||A||2R||3R||A||3R||QF||3R||QF||1R||3R||QF||A||3R||QF||QF||SF||0 / 14||29–14|
|Win–Loss||0–0||0–1||2–1||1–1||8–3||6–2||4–4||10–4||8–4||8–4||6–4||5–4||7–4||7–3||8–4||9–4||10–4||8–4||0 / 55||107–55|
|Tour Championships||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||QF||A||QF||QF||QF||A||A||A||A||A||SF||0 / 5||0–5|
- "Conchita Martinez lashes out at Spanish tennis bosses after firing". Tennis.com. 14 September 2017.
- Roig, Alex Martínez (3 June 1989). "Conchita Martínez desdramatiza su crisis y se clasifica para los octavos de final" (in Spanish). El Pais.
El año pasado, en su primera aparición en esta competición, también llegó a los octavos, en los que perdió con la argentina Bettina Fulco.
- Conchita Martínez. sports-reference.com
- Shulman, Ken (10 May 1993). "Martinez Knows She'll Always Have Rome". The New York Times.
- Crary, David (1 June 1993). "Huber upsets Martinez in reaching semifinals". The Hour. AP.
- Shapiro, Leonard (3 July 1994). "Martinez foils Navratilova's final Wimbledon shot". The Washington Post.
- "Classic Matches: Martinez v Navratilova". BBC Sport. 31 May 2004.
- Collins, Bud (13 May 1996). "Martinez Ends Hingis' Magical Run". Los Angeles Times.
- "Conchita triunfa en Roma" (in Spanish). El País. 13 May 1996.
- Finn, Robin (31 January 1998). "Hingis Defends Australian Open Title". The New York Times.
- "Australian Open TV Vault – 1998 Woman's Finals". Tennis Australia. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015.
- "Martinez wins her first title in 18 month". Hürriyet Daily News. 19 May 1998.
- Clarey, Christopher (11 June 2000). "With Victory, Pierce Finally Finds Herself at Home in Paris". The New York Times.
- Kammerer, Roy (14 May 2000). "Conchita Martinez wins German Open". AP.
- "Martinez hammers Coetzer; rises to No. 3 in rankings". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. AP. 15 May 2000. p. 6C.
- "Rubin tops Martinez for Eastbourne title". UPI. 21 June 2003.
- "Martinez announces her retirement". CNN. 15 April 2006.
- DeSimone, Bonnie (9 August 2006). "Conchita Martinez stood the test of time". ESPN.
- John Barrett, ed. (2001). ITF World of Tennis 2001. London: HarperCollins. pp. 346–349. ISBN 9780007111299.
- Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. p. 699. ISBN 978-0942257700.
- Hodgkinson, Mark (2015). Game, Set and Match: Secret Weapons of the World's Top Tennis Players. London: Bloomsbury Sport. p. 32. ISBN 978-1472905772.
- "20 Conchita Martinez". BBC Sport. 19 May 2004.
- Clarey, Christopher (21 June 2008). "Strange Habits of Successful Tennis Players". The New York Times.