Reginald Doherty

Reginald "Reggie" or "R. F." Frank Doherty (14 October 1872 – 29 December 1910) was a British tennis player and the older brother of tennis player Laurence Doherty. He was known in the tennis world as "R.F." rather than "Reggie".[2] He was a four-time Wimbledon singles champion and a triple Olympic Gold medalist in doubles and mixed doubles.[3]

Reginald Doherty
R.F.Doherty by Voigt.jpg
Full nameReginald Frank Doherty
Country (sports) United Kingdom
Born(1872-10-14)14 October 1872
Wimbledon, London, England
Died29 December 1910(1910-12-29) (aged 38)
Kensington, England
Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF1980 (member page)
Singles
Career record21–5
Career titles36
Highest rankingNo. 1 (1897, ITHF)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
WimbledonW (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900)
US OpenF (1902Ch)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
WimbledonW (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
US OpenW (1902, 1903)
Team competitions
Davis CupW (1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
Medal record
Olympic Games – Tennis
Gold medal – first place 1900 Paris Doubles
Gold medal – first place 1900 Paris Mixed doubles
Gold medal – first place 1908 London Doubles
Bronze medal – third place 1900 Paris Singles

Early lifeEdit

Doherty was born on 14 October 1872 at Beulah Villa in Wimbledon, Surrey, the oldest son of William Doherty, a printer, and his wife, Catherine Ann Davis.[4] Doherty began tennis early in life and as a boy at Westminster School showed great promise. At age 14 he won the boys' singles title at an open championship in Llandudno. Doherty was educated at the University of Cambridge (Trinity Hall), where he played for the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club.[5] In 1895 and 1895 he was part of the Cambridge team that beat Oxford and won the Scottish and Essex championships.

CareerEdit

Grand Slams

Doherty played in his first Wimbledon Championships in 1894 and lost in the first round to Clement Cazalet in four sets. In 1897 Doherty won his first singles Wimbledon title after beating reigning champion Harold Mahony in three straight sets (6–4, 6–4, 6–3). He successfully defended his title for the next three years (1898, 1899, 1900). In 1898 he did so by beating his brother in the Challenge Round in five sets (6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1). In 1901 he finally lost his Wimbledon crown when he was defeated in the Challenge Round by Arthur Gore in four sets (6–4, 5–7, 4–6, 4–6). He was also a runner-up at the US Championships in 1902 where he was beaten by the defending American champion William Larned in four sets (6–4, 2–6, 4–6, 6–8). Together with his brother Laurie he won eight Wimbledon Championships doubles titles and two US Championship doubles titles.

Davis Cup

Doherty represented the British Isles in the prestigious Davis Cup contest from 1902 to 1906. In 1902 he won the doubles match with his brother but lost the final and decisive singles match against American Malcolm Whitman in straight sets (1–6, 5–7, 4–6). In 1903 he contributed significantly to his team's first Davis Cup title against the United States by winning the doubles match and the decisive singles match against Robert Wrenn. Doherty won the Davis Cup trophy a further three times (1904, 1905, 1906) although in these years he only competed, and won, in the doubles matches.[6]

Olympics

Doherty won the doubles title (gold medals were not given at the 1900 Games) at the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris with his brother.[7] He also competed in the singles tournament and reached the semifinal, where he was scheduled to play against his brother. Reggie withdrew, since the brothers refused to play each other before the final.[8] He also won the mixed doubles title with five-time Wimbledon champion Charlotte Cooper. Doherty did not compete in the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis. In the 1908 Olympics in London Reggie again won the doubles title, this time with compatriot George Hillyard.[9]

R.F. Doherty was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980 together with his brother.[1]

DeathEdit

Doherty died of heart failure and neurasthenia on 29 December 1910 at age 38 at his home in Kensington a day after returning from a convalescence stay in a sanatorium in Davos, Switzerland.[4][10]

According to his obituary in The New York Times, Doherty had "been in ill health for some time". The article further stated, he "held at various times every important championship the world of tennis has for a man to win. He was not beaten until he began to fail in health".[2] Both brothers apparently suffered from respiratory problems throughout their lives.[11]

R.F. and his brother had been urged to take up lawn tennis by their father, reportedly for health reasons.[2]

Grand Slam finalsEdit

 
Reginald Doherty – Beginning of a low backhand drive
 
Reginald Doherty (left) with his brother Laurence.

Singles: 6 (4 titles, 2 runners-up)Edit

Result Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Win 1897 Wimbledon Grass   Harold Mahony 6–4, 6–4, 6–3 [12]
Win 1898 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty 6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1 [12]
Win 1899 Wimbledon Grass   Arthur Gore 1–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3 [12]
Win 1900 Wimbledon Grass   Sydney Smith 6–8, 6–3, 6–1, 5–7, 11–9 [12]
Loss 1901 Wimbledon Grass   Arthur Gore 6–4, 5–7, 4–6, 4–6 [12]
Loss 1902 U.S. National Championships Grass   William Larned 6–4, 2–6, 4–6, 6–8 [13]

Doubles: 13 (10 titles, 3 runners-up)Edit

Result Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Loss 1896 Wimbledon Grass   Harold Nisbet   Herbert Baddeley
  Wilfred Baddeley
6–1, 6–3, 4–6, 2–6, 1–6 [14]
Win 1897 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Herbert Baddeley
  Wilfred Baddeley
6–4, 4–6, 8–6, 6–4 [14]
Win 1898 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Clarence Hobart
  Harold Nisbet
6–4, 6–4, 6–2 [14]
Win 1899 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Clarence Hobart
  Harold Nisbet
7–5, 6–0, 6–2 [14]
Win 1900 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Herbert Roper Barrett
  Harold Nisbet
9–7, 7–5, 4–6, 3–6, 6–3 [14]
Win 1901 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Dwight Davis
  Holcombe Ward
4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 9–7 [14]
Loss 1902 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Frank Riseley
  Sydney Smith
6–4, 6–8, 3–6, 6–4, 9–11 [14]
Win 1902 U.S. National Championships Grass   Laurence Doherty   Dwight Davis
  Holcombe Ward
11–9, 12–10, 6–4 [15]
Win 1903 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Frank Riseley
  Sydney Smith
6–4, 6–4, 6–4 [14]
Win 1903 U.S. National Championships Grass   Laurence Doherty   Kreigh Collins
  L. Harry Waidner
7–5, 6–3, 6–3 [15]
Win 1904 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Frank Riseley
  Sydney Smith
6–1, 6–2, 6–4 [14]
Win 1905 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Frank Riseley
  Sydney Smith
6–2, 6–4, 6–8, 6–3 [14]
Loss 1906 Wimbledon Grass   Laurence Doherty   Frank Riseley
  Sydney Smith
8–6, 4–6, 7–5, 3–6, 3–6 [14]

Career tournamentsEdit

Titles by surface
Clay (18–4)
Grass (14–12)
Hard (1–0)
Wood (3–0)

Singles titlesEdit

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in final Score
1. 1895 Essex Championships,[16] Colchester, England Grass   Herbert Ramon Yglesias 6–3, 6–1, 6–0
2. 1895 Scottish Championships,[17] Moffat, Scotland Grass   Richard Millar Watson walkover
3. 1895 Welsh Covered Court Championships,[18] Llandudno, Wales Wood   William S. N. Heard walkover
4. 1895 Exmouth, Exmouth, England Grass   Harry S. Barlow 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
5. 1896 Baden Baden International, Baden-Baden, Germany Clay   Count Voss 6–1, 7–5, 6–2
6. 1896 East of England Championships, England Grass   Edward Roy Allen 6–4, 8–6
7. 1896 Essex Championships, Colchester, England Grass   Laurence Doherty walkover
8. 1896 Scottish Championships,[17] Moffat, Scotland Grass   Edward Roy Allen 13–11, 6–4 retired.
9. 1896 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany Clay   William M. Cranston walkover
10. 1896 Welsh Covered Court Championships,[18] Llandudno, Wales Wood   Laurence Doherty walkover
11. 1897 Baden Baden International, Baden-Baden, Germany Clay   Laurence Doherty walkover
12. 1897 Wimbledon Championships, London, England Grass Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 7–5, 2–0 ret
13. 1897 South of France Championships, Nice, France Clay   Count Voss 6–2, 6–4, 3–6, 6–1
14. 1897 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany Clay   George Hillyard walkover
15. 1897 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   Conway W. Blackwood Price 6–2, 6–1, 6–2
16. 1897 Scottish Championships,[20] Moffat, Scotland Grass   Laurence Doherty walkover
17. 1897 Cannes Championships, Cannes, France Clay   M.G. Gongoltz 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
18. 1897 Welsh Covered Court Championships,[18] Llandudno, Wales Wood   Laurence Doherty walkover
19. 1898 Wimbledon Championships, London, England Grass   Laurence Doherty 6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 5–7, 6–1
20. 1898 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany Clay   Laurence Doherty walkover
21. 1898 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   Count Voss 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 4–0 Retired.
22. 1899 Irish Championships Dublin, Ireland Grass   Harold Mahony 6–3, 6–4, 5–7, 6–4
23. 1899 Wimbledon Championships London, England Grass   Arthur Gore 1–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
24. 1899 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   Count Voss 6–2 Ret.
25. 1899 Heiligendammer Cup, Heiligendammer, Germany Clay   Georg Wantzelius 6–2, 6–1, 6–2
26. 1899 The Homburg Cup, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany Clay   Clarence Hobart 3–6, 4–6, 6–0, 6–3, 6–4
27. 1899 South of France Championships, Nice, France Clay   Count Voss 6–0, 6–0 6–0
28. 1900 Irish Championships Dublin, Ireland Grass   Arthur Gore 6–4, 7–5, 7–9, 7–9, 6–3
29. 1900 Wimbledon Championships London, England Grass   Sydney Howard Smith 6–8, 6–3, 6–1, 6–2
30. 1901 Irish Championships Dublin, Ireland Grass   Laurence Doherty 6–4, 4–6 ret.
31. 1902 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   George Hillyard 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
32. 1902 Paris International Championships, Paris, France Clay   Paul Lebreton walkover
33. 1903 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   Frank Riseley 6–1, 14–16 Ret.
34. 1903 Paris International Championships, Paris, France Clay   Max Decugis 6–4, 6–3, 8–6
35. 1904 Monte-Carlo Cup,[19] Monte Carlo, France Clay   Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 7–5, 3–6, 7–5
36. 1909 South African Championships,[21] Johannesburg, South Africa Hard   Lionel Escombe 6–3, 6–1, 6–1

Singles finalsEdit

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in final Score
1. 1895 Colchester Championships, Colchester, England Grass   Charles Gladstone Allen walkover
2. 1896 Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland Grass   Harold Mahony 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
3. 1896 Queen's Club Championships, London, England Grass   Harold Mahony 11–9, 6–4, 6–4
4. 1896 Sussex Championships, Exmouth, England Grass   Wilfred Baddeley 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
5. 1897 Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland Grass   Wilberforce Eaves 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–2
6. 1897 Northern Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Manchester, England Grass   Wilfred Baddeley 6–2, 7–5, 2–6, 6–0
7. 1898 South of France Championships, Nice, France Clay   Laurence Doherty walkover
8. 1898 Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland Grass   Harold Mahony 6–3, 8–6, 6–3
9. 1898 Scottish Championships, Moffat, Scotland Grass   Laurence Doherty walkover
10. 1899 Championship of Europe, Bad Homburg, Germany Clay   Harold Mahony walkover
11. 1900 South of France Championships, Nice, France Clay   Laurence Doherty walkover
12. 1901 Wimbledon Championships, London, England Grass   Arthur Gore 4–6, 7–5, 6–4, 6–4
13. 1902 U.S. National Championships, Newport, RI, USA Grass   William Larned 4–6, 6–2, 6–4, 8–6
14 1902 South of France Championships, Nice, France Clay   Laurence Doherty walkover
15. 1902 Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland Grass   Laurence Doherty walkover
16 1905 East Grinstead, East Grinstead, England Grass   Roderick James McNair walkover

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Hall of Famers – Reggie Doherty". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Famous Tennis Player Dead: R.F. Doherty, Once American Champion, Passes Away in London", The New York Times, 30 December 1910
  3. ^ "Reginald Doherty". Olympedia. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b Wray Vamplew. "Doherty, (Hugh) Laurence [Laurie] (1875–1919), tennis player". Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "Doherty, Reginald Frank (DHRY894RF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. ^ "Davis Cup Player Profile". ITF. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Reginald Doherty Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. ^ Grasso, John (16 September 2011). Historical dictionary of tennis. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 86. ISBN 9780810872370. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  9. ^ "All the Medallists since 1896". Olympic Movement. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Late Mr. Doherty". Northern Advocate (New Zealand). Northland. 14 February 1911. p. 3.
  11. ^ Hugh Laurence Doherty (UK) Archived 9 December 2012 at archive.today
  12. ^ a b c d e "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Singles". Wimbledon official tournament website. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  13. ^ "US Open Past Champions / Men's Singles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Wimbledon Rolls of Honour / Gentlemen's Doubles". Wimbledon. AELTC.
  15. ^ a b "US Open Past Champions / Men's Doubles". US Open official website. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Late Mr. Doherty". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Northern Advocate, 14 February 1911. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  17. ^ a b "A Great Lawn Tennis Player: Death of Mr. R. F. Doherty". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. The Dominion. 11 February 1911. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  18. ^ a b c Kinsey, Albert. "The Craigside Hotel Hydro Band". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/. BBC Radio Times Regional Programme Western, 9 July 1936. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Schneiderman, E. Digby Baltzell ; with a new introduction by Howard G. (2013). Sporting gentlemen : men's tennis from the age of honor to the cult of the superstar. Somerset, NJ: Transaction Publishers. p. 73. ISBN 9781412851800.
  20. ^ "Games and Players:Notable Tennis Record". news.google.com. The Glasgow Herald, 18 April 1951. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  21. ^ "Reggie Doherty-Biography". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.

External linksEdit