Open main menu

The Manchester Open previously known as the Northern Lawn Tennis Championships, the Northern Championships, the Northern Tennis Tournament and the Manchester Trophy was a grass court tennis tournament on the ATP Tour held at the Northern Lawn Tennis Club, in the Didsbury suburb of Manchester, Great Britain. The tournament had been held annually from 1880 to 2009. Prior to the creation of the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the establishment of its world championship events in 1913 it was considered by players and historians one of the four most important tennis tournaments to win.[2][3][4][5] the others being Wimbledon, the U.S. National championships and the Irish Championships. Between 1970 and 1989 it was part of the men's Grand Prix tennis tour.

Northern Championships
Manchester Open
Defunct tennis tournament
TourPre-open era tour (1880-1967)
Grand Prix circuit, (1970–1989)
ATP Tour, (1990–1994)
Founded1880
Abolished2009
Editions119
LocationManchester, England
Liverpool, England
VenueNorthern Lawn Tennis Club (Manchester)
Aigburth Cricket Ground (Liverpool)[1]
SurfaceGrass / Outdoor

HistoryEdit

Prior to the creation of the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the establishment of its world championship events in 1913 it was considered by players and historians one of the four most important tennis tournaments to win.[6][7][8][9] the others being Wimbledon, the U.S. National championships and the Irish Championships. From its inception until the end of the 1920s the location of the tournament alternated between Manchester and Liverpool.[10] Between 1970 and 1989 it was part of the men's Grand Prix Tennis Tour known throughout the 1980s as the Greater Manchester Grass Court Tennis Championships.[11] In 1990 it became an ATP Tour event as part of the ATP International Series until 1994. In 1995 the tournament was moved to Nottingham and continued as an ATP World Series event. The current Manchester Trophy Challenger is part of the ATP Challenger Tour; throughout its history the event has been won by a number of Wimbledon champions such as Pete Sampras, who won his first grass court title there.[12] The tournament ended in 2009.

Past finalsEdit

SinglesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1880   Richard T. Richardson   Walter E. Fairlie 6–0, 6–3, 6–0
1881   Richard T. Richardson   John Comber 6–1, 6–1, 6–0
1882   Richard T. Richardson   Ernest Renshaw 6–1, 3–6, 5–7, 6–4, 11–9
1883   William Wilberforce   Champion Russell 6–1, 3–6, 6–1, 6–0
1884   Donald C. Stewart   William Wilberforce 5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 6–0
1885   James Dwight   Donald C. Stewart 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
1886   Harry Grove   James Dwight 6–4, 6–3, 6–1
1887   Harry Grove   David G. Chaytor 4–6, 6–2, 8–10, 6–4, 6–2
1888   Willoughby Hamilton   Harry Grove 6–1, 8–6, 6–1
1889   Willoughby Hamilton   Harold Mahony 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, 6–2
1890   Joshua Pim   Willoughby Hamilton 2–6, 6–8, 7–5, 7–5, 6–3
1891   Joshua Pim   Wilfred Baddeley 4–6, 8–6, 6–4, 7–5
1892   Joshua Pim   Harry S. Barlow 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4
1893   Joshua Pim   Harold Mahony 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–2
1894   Wilfred Baddeley   Joshua Pim 4–6, 11–9, 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1895   Wilfred Baddeley   Herbert Baddeley 6–8, 6–2, 6–4, 1–0 ret.
1896   Wilfred Baddeley   Harold Mahony 6–1, 10–12, 7–5, 6–4
1897   Wilfred Baddeley   Reginald Doherty 6–2, 7–5, 2–6, 6–0
1898   Laurence Doherty   Clarence Hobart 6–1, 6–1, 8–6
1899   Sydney H. Smith   Wilberforce Eaves 7–9, 6–3, 6–3, 8–6
1900   Sydney H. Smith   Edward R. Allen 6–3, 6–8, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1901   Sydney H. Smith   Wilberforce Eaves 10–12, 7–5, 6–2, 6–4
1902   Sydney H. Smith   Harold Mahony 7–5, 7–5, 3–6, 10–8
1903   Sydney H. Smith   Xenophon Casdagli 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
1904   Sydney H. Smith   Frank Riseley 6–2, 7–9, 2–6, 6–2, 6–2
1905   Sydney H. Smith   Frank Riseley walkover
1906   Frank Riseley   Sydney H. Smith 4–6, 7–5, 6–1, 6–3
1907   Norman Brookes   Xenophon Casdagli 6–0, 6–2
1908   Arthur W. Gore   James Cecil Parke 6–3, 4–6, 6–1, 6–8, 6–4
1909   Robert Powell   Theodore Mavrogordato 6–4, 6–1, 6–4
1910   Beals Wright   James Cecil Parke Divided Wright taking the cup
1911   James Cecil Parke   Stanley N. Doust 7–5, 5–7, 6–1, 6–0
1912   James Cecil Parke   Theodore Mavrogordato 6–3, 1–6, 6–3, 6–4
1913   James Cecil Parke   Anthony Wilding 6–2, 7–5, 6–8, 2–6, 7–5
1914   Theodore Mavrogordato   Alfred Dunlop 9–7, 8–6, 6–2
1915–1918 Not held (due to World War I)
1919   James Cecil Parke   George Dodd 0–6, 6–3, 9–7, 6–0
1920   Theodore Mavrogordato   Randolph Lycett 8–6, 6–2, 5–7, 3–0 ret.
1921   Randolph Lycett   Theodore Mavrogordato 8–6, 2–6, 6–4, 1–6, 6–4
1922   Ali-Hassan Fyzee   Louis Meldon 9–7, 6–4, 11–9
1923   John D. P. Wheatley   Maxwell Woosnam 6-3, 4-6, 9-7, 9-11, 6-2
1924   Samuel Ernest Charlton   William G. Ireland 10–8, 6–4, 4–6, 7–5
1925   Norman Dicks   Gerald R. Sherwell 6–1, 7–5, 2–6, 6–3
1926   Maxwell Woosnam   Douglas Hodges 7–9, 6–2, 6–2, 8–6
1927   Edwin D. McCrea   Douglas Hodges 4-6, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2, 7-5
1928   John Olliff   Edwin D. McCrea 6–2, 3–6, 6–4, 6–4
1929   John Olliff   Charles Kingsley 2–6, 6–3, 6–4, 2–6, 14–12
1930   Henry Austin   John Olliff 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
1931   John Olliff   Nigel Sharpe 6–3, 3–6, 7–9, 6–3 ret.
1932   Eskell D. Andrews   Martin Wedd 6–2, 6–3
1933   Herby Aldred   J. Gilbert Hall 3–6, 6–2, 6–1
1934   George Lyttleton–Rogers   Camille Malfroy 6–4, 4–6, 6–4
1935   Jiro Yamagishi   George Lyttleton–Rogers 6–3, 8–6
1936   Charles Hare   David N. Jones 6–4, 5–7, 6–4
1937   George Lyttleton–Rogers   Norman Farquharson 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1938   Jack Piercy   Clifford J. Hovell 6–4, 10–8
1939   Eric J. Filby   R. E. Burton 6–3, 6–4
1940–1945 Not held (due to World War II)
1946   Jack Harper   Derrick Barton 6–4, 6–1
1947   William Sidwell   Torsten Johansson 6–2, 6–3
1948   John Bromwich   Eric Sturgess 2–6, 6–2, 8–6
1949   Tony Mottram   Naresh Kumar 6–2, 6–2
1950   Geoffrey Brown   Sumant Misra 6–0, 6–2
1951   Gardnar Mulloy   Don Candy 6–4, 6–2
1952   Frank Sedgman   Don Candy 6–2, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1953   Mervyn Rose   Clive Wilderspin 4–6, 6–3, 6–0
1954   Ken Rosewall   Rex Hartwig 6–2, 6–1
1955   Hugh Stewart   Roger Becker 6–4, 3–6, 6–1
1956   Jaroslav Drobný   Lew Hoad 2–6, 6–3, 7–5
1957   Lew Hoad   Ramanathan Krishnan 6–2, 6–1
1958   Ramanathan Krishnan   Naresh Kumar 5-7, 6-3, 6-2
1959   Kurt Nielsen   Torben Ulrich 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1960   Mark Otway   Martin Mulligan 3–6, 6–2, 7–5
1961   Mike Sangster   Luis Ayala divided
1962   Mike Sangster   Billy Knight 10–12, 6–3, 6–4
1963   Mike Sangster   Tony Roche 19–17, 6–4
1964 Abandoned
1965   Tom Okker   Roger Taylor 7–5, 6–3
1966   John E. Barrett   Lew Gerrard 6–3, 6–3
1967   Owen Davidson   Ray Ruffels 6–1, 6–8, 6–4
Open era
1968   Ken Fletcher   Luis Ayala 6–3, 6–2
1969   Clark Graebner   Graham Stilwell 9–7, 3–6, 6–4
1970   Robert Lutz   Tom Gorman 6–2, 9–7
1971   Colin Dibley   Bob Hewitt 6–1, 6–4
1972   Thomaz Koch   Colin Dibley 6–2, 5–7, 6–4
1973   Sherwood Stewart   Richard Crealy 6-3, 6-4
1974   Jimmy Connors   Mike Collins 13–11, 6–2
1975 Not held
1976   Roscoe Tanner   Paul McNamee 6–3, 7–9, 12–10
1977   Billy Martin   Saeed Meer 6–2, 6–1
1978   Billy Martin   Chris Bradnam 9-8, 7-5
1979   Colin Dibley   Mark Cox 6–4, 6–4
1980   Roscoe Tanner   Stan Smith 6–3, 6–4
1981   Phil Dent   Brad Drewett 7-5, 6-1
1982   John McEnroe   Russell Simpson 6–3, 6–7, 10–8
1983   Tim Mayotte   Pat DuPré 3-6, 6-4, 6-4
1984   Jeremy Bates   Jeff Turpin 6-4, 8-6
1985   Jeremy Bates   Dan Cassidy 6-4, 6-2
1986   Glenn Michibata
1987   Stefan Edberg   Kevin Curren 6–3, 6–4
1988   Stefan Edberg   Kevin Curren 6–3, 6–4
1989   Patrick Baur   Andrew Castle 6–4, 6–7, 7–5
1990   Pete Sampras   Gilad Bloom 7–6, 7–6
1991   Goran Ivanišević   Pete Sampras 6–4, 6–4
1992   Jacco Eltingh   MaliVai Washington 6–3, 6–4
1993   Jason Stoltenberg   Wally Masur 6–1, 6–3
1994   Patrick Rafter   Wayne Ferreira 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–4)
1995   Chris Wilkinson   Christian Saceanu 6–4, 6–4
1996   Ben Ellwood   Fernon Wibier 6–4, 6–4
1997   Oscar Burrieza-Lopez   Stefano Pescosolido 7–6, 2–6, 6–1
1998   Chris Wilkinson   Stefano Pescosolido 6–3, 6–4
1999   Igor Gaudi   Neville Godwin 7–6, 6–2
2000   Mosé Navarra   Martin Lee 6–4, 6–3
2001   Jean-François Bachelot   Jamie Delgado 6–4, 6–4
2002   Vladimir Voltchkov   Karol Beck 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
2003   Nicolas Mahut   Gilles Elseneer 6–3, 7–6(7–5)
2004   Alex Bogdanovic   Michal Mertiňák 6–1, 6–3
2005   Daniele Bracciali   Igor Zelenay 6–4, 6–4
2006   Harsh Mankad   Joshua Goodall 7–6(7–1), 7–6(7–4)
2007   Harel Levy   Travis Rettenmaier 6–2, 6–4
2008   Björn Rehnquist   Richard Bloomfield 7–6(10–8), 0–6, 6–3
2009   Olivier Rochus   Igor Sijsling 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
2010 Not held

DoublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1990   Mark Kratzmann
  Jason Stoltenberg
  Nick Brown
  Kelly Jones
6–3, 2–6, 6–4
1991   Omar Camporese
  Goran Ivanišević
  Nick Brown
  Andrew Castle
6–4, 6–3
1992   Patrick Galbraith
  David Macpherson
  Jeremy Bates
  Laurie Warder
4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1993   Ken Flach
  Rick Leach
  Stefan Kruger
  Glenn Michibata
6–4, 6–1
1994   Rick Leach
  Danie Visser
  Scott Davis
  Trevor Kronemann
6–4, 4–6, 7–6
1995   Tim Henman
  Mark Petchey
  Massimo Bertolini
  Diego Nargiso
6–3, 6–4
1996   Max Mirnyi
  Lior Mor
  Dick Norman
  Fernon Wibier
7–5, 7–6
1997   Mark Petchey
  Danny Sapsford
  Noam Behr
  Filippo Veglio
6–3, 6–7, 7–6
1998   Mosé Navarra
  Stefano Pescosolido
  Wayne Arthurs
  Ben Ellwood
6–1, 6–7, 7–6
1999   Jeff Coetzee
  Neville Godwin
  Jamie Delgado
  Martin Lee
6–4, 6–2
2000   Dejan Petrovic
  Andy Ram
  Yves Allegro
  Ivo Heuberger
6–2, 7–6
2001   Ben Ellwood
  Fredrik Lovén
  Wesley Moodie
  Shaun Rudman
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
2002   Karol Beck
  Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi
  John Hui
  Anthony Ross
6–3, 7–6(7–2)
2003   Martin Lee
  Arvind Parmar
  Dan Kiernan
  David Sherwood
6–3, 2–6, 6–2
2004   Jean-François Bachelot
  Nicolas Mahut
  Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi
  Lovro Zovko
6–2, 6–4
2005   Mark Hilton
  Jonathan Marray
  James Auckland
  Dan Kiernan
6–3, 6–2
2006   Joshua Goodall
  Ross Hutchins
  Chris Guccione
  Thomas Oger
3–6, 7–5, [10–5]
2007   Rohan Bopanna
  Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi
  Jesse Huta Galung
  Michael Ryderstedt
4–6, 6–3, [10–5]
2008   Adam Feeney
  Robert Smeets
  Harsh Mankad
  Ashutosh Singh
6–3, 6–7(5–7), [10–6]
2009   Joshua Goodall
  Jonathan Marray
  Colin Fleming
  Ken Skupski
6–7(1–7), 6–3, [11–9]
2010 Not held

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Prentice, David. "Liverpool International tennis tournament is changing venues this summer". Liverpool Echo, 12 March 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  2. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 266, 267. ISBN 9780047960420.
  3. ^ Meyers, A. Wallis (1903). Lawn Tennis at Home and Abroad. New York: Charles Scribner and Sons. p. 55.
  4. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2017). The Concise History of Tennis. Budapest: Independently published. pp. 7–36. ISBN 9781549746475.
  5. ^ Lake, Robert J. (2014). A Social History of Tennis in Britain. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN 9781134445578.
  6. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. pp. 266, 267. ISBN 9780047960420.
  7. ^ Meyers, A. Wallis (1903). Lawn Tennis at Home and Abroad. New York: Charles Scribner and Sons. p. 55.
  8. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2017). The Concise History of Tennis. Budapest: Independently published. pp. 7–31. ISBN 9781549746475.
  9. ^ Lake, Robert J. (2014). A Social History of Tennis in Britain. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN 9781134445578.
  10. ^ Max Robertson, ed. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. London: Allen & Unwin. p. 294. ISBN 0047960426.
  11. ^ "McEnroe Tests Ankle". Ocala Star Banner. 2 June 1982. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  12. ^ "AP". The Albany Herald Newspaper Reports 1st Grass Court title win by Pete Sampras. 24 June 1990. Retrieved 21 September 2011.

External linksEdit