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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player (so they are "out"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

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Curtly Ambrose.

The West Indian cricket team played 16 first-class cricket matches in England in 1988, under the captaincy of Viv Richards. The West Indies enjoyed tremendous success during the tour, while England endured a "disastrous summer" of continuous change.

England easily won the initial three-match One Day International (ODI) series, retaining the Texaco Trophy and raising expectations for a successful summer in the five-match Test series to follow. However, the West Indies comfortably retained the Wisden Trophy by winning the Test series 4–0. This tour has become known in cricketing circles as the "summer of four captains" as England used four different captains in the five Test matches.

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A triple century (an individual score of 300 or more) in Test cricket has been scored on 30 occasions by 26 different batsmen from eight of the twelve Test-cricket playing nations. No player from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ireland or Zimbabwe has scored 300.

The first Test triple century was achieved by Andy Sandham of England against the West Indies in 1930 in the first Test series hosted in the West Indies. The frequency of a batsman scoring a Test triple century is slightly less than that of a bowler taking a Test hat-trick (30 triple centuries versus 43 hat-tricks as of July 2017). The quickest Test triple-century was scored in 4 hours 48 minutes, by Wally Hammond for England against New Zealand at Auckland in 1932–33. The fastest Test triple-century by number of balls faced, where that figure is recorded, is Virender Sehwag's 278-ball triple century for India against South Africa in the first Test of the Future Cup in Chennai in 2008. Read more...


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Cricket fielding positions2.svg

Names of the various fielding positions in cricket.
Image credit: Miljoshi


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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.....

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 38 4,397 116
2  England 49 5,310 108
3  South Africa 35 3,712 106
4  New Zealand 27 2,834 105
5  Australia 36 3,663 102
6  Sri Lanka 42 3,888 93
7  Pakistan 28 2,579 92
8  West Indies 35 2,463 70
9  Bangladesh 25 1,727 69
10  Zimbabwe 11 138 13
 Ireland* 1
 Afghanistan* 1
*Countries that have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking
Reference: Cricinfo rankings page, ICC Rankings, 7 December 2018
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 55 6,916 126
2  India 58 7,000 121
3  New Zealand 43 4,803 112
4  South Africa 45 4,985 111
5  Pakistan 43 4,370 102
6  Australia 40 3,980 100
7  Bangladesh 37 3,464 94
8  Sri Lanka 54 4,240 79
9  West Indies 38 2,713 71
10  Afghanistan 36 2,394 67
11  Zimbabwe 48 2,545 52
12  Ireland 23 904 39
13  Scotland 16 535 33
14  United Arab Emirates 14 298 21
 Netherlands* 6
   Nepal* 7
*Netherlands and Nepal have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking; eight matches are needed to qualify.
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
Reference: ICC Rankings, 10 December 2018
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 36 4,979 138
2  India 42 5,298 126
3  England 22 2,586 118
4  Australia 28 3,266 117
5  South Africa 22 2,502 114
6  New Zealand 25 2,803 112
7  West Indies 24 2,444 102
8  Afghanistan 27 2,490 92
9  Sri Lanka 29 2,518 87
10  Bangladesh 27 2,066 77
11  Scotland 15 927 62
12  Zimbabwe 20 1,097 55
13  United Arab Emirates 13 649 50
14  Netherlands 12 598 50
15  Hong Kong 10 420 42
16  Oman 7 270 39
17  Ireland 19 638 34
   Nepal* 4
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women ICC page, 10 December 2018
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
*Nepal have not played enough matches to have an official ranking

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