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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player (so they are "out"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

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Percy Fender

Percy George Herbert Fender (22 August 1892 – 15 June 1985) was an English cricketer who played 13 Tests and was captain of Surrey between 1921 and 1931. An all-rounder, he was a middle-order batsman who bowled mainly leg spin, and completed the cricketer's double seven times. Noted as a belligerent batsman, in 1920 he hit the fastest recorded first-class century, reaching three figures in 35 minutes which remains a record in 2016. On the basis of his Surrey captaincy, contemporaries judged him the best captain in England.

As early as 1914 Fender was named one of Wisden's Cricketers of the Year. After war service in the Royal Flying Corps he re-established himself in the Surrey team and became captain in 1921. His captaincy inspired the team to challenge strongly for the County Championship over the course of several seasons, despite a shortage of effective bowlers. Alongside his forceful though sometimes controversial leadership, Fender was an effective performer with bat and ball, although he lacked support as a bowler. From 1921, he played occasionally in Tests for England but was never particularly successful. Despite press promptings, he was never appointed Test captain, and following a clash with the highly influential Lord Harris in 1924, his England career was effectively ended. Further disagreements between Fender and the Surrey committee over his approach and tactics led the county to replace him as captain in 1932 and to end his career in 1935.

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Abdul Qadir was a Pakistani cricketer who took 17 five-wicket hauls during his career in international cricket. In cricket, a five-wicket haul (also known as a "five–for" or "fifer") refers to a bowler taking five or more wickets in a single innings. This is regarded as a notable achievement, and fewer than 50 bowlers have taken more than 15 five-wicket hauls at international level in their cricketing careers. A right-arm leg spin bowler who represented his country between 1977 and 1994, Yahoo! Cricket wrote that Qadir "was a master of the leg-spin" and "mastered the googlies, the flippers, the leg-breaks and the topspins."

Qadir made his Test debut in 1977 against England at the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore. His first Test five-wicket haul came the following year against the same team in a match at the Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad. In March 1984 against the English at the Gaddafi Stadium, he took a five-wicket haul in both innings of a Test match for the first time. He repeated this feat only once more in his career, at the National Stadium, Karachi, against the same team, in December 1987. His career-best figures for an innings were 9 wickets for 56 runs against England at the Gaddafi Stadium, in November 1987. In Tests, Qadir was most successful against the English taking eight of his five-wicket hauls against them. He took ten or more wickets in a match on five occasions. Qadir claimed 15 five-wicket hauls in his Test career, and Pakistan never lost any of the games on such instances. Read more...


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Grace match junior cricket ball.jpg

A cricket ball bearing the name of Lord's Cricket Ground.
Image credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen


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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.....

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 39 4,659 119
2  New Zealand 26 2,829 109
3  England 42 4,366 104
4  South Africa 31 3,177 102
5  Australia 33 3,270 99
6  Sri Lanka 40 3,795 95
7  Pakistan 27 2,263 84
8  West Indies 32 2,570 80
9  Bangladesh 23 1,413 61
10  Afghanistan 3 165 55
11  Zimbabwe 9 140 16
12  Ireland 3 0 0
Reference: Cricinfo rankings page, ICC Rankings, 22 October 2019
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 54 6,745 125
2  India 58 7,071 122
3  New Zealand 43 4,837 112
4  Australia 50 5,543 111
5  South Africa 47 5,193 110
6  Pakistan 51 5,019 98
7  Bangladesh 46 3,963 86
8  Sri Lanka 56 4,520 81
9  West Indies 52 4,064 78
10  Afghanistan 43 2,440 57
11  Ireland 29 1,466 51
12  Zimbabwe 35 1,538 44
13  Netherlands 6 222 37
14  Scotland 15 534 36
15  Namibia 8 183 23
16  Oman 8 174 22
17    Nepal 8 152 19
18  United States 8 115 14
19  United Arab Emirates 15 144 10
20  Papua New Guinea 17 0 0
Reference: Cricinfo Rankings page,ICC ODI rankings 13 November 2019
Matches is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that. See points calculations for more details.
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 31 8366 270
2  Australia 26 6986 269
3  England 21 5568 265
4  South Africa 18 4720 262
5  India 36 9349 260
6  New Zealand 24 6056 252
7  Sri Lanka 27 6413 238
8  Afghanistan 20 4696 235
9  Bangladesh 23 5212 227
10  West Indies 24 5378 224
11  Zimbabwe 21 4082 194
12    Nepal 21 4000 190
13  Scotland 23 4310 187
14  Ireland 36 6630 184
15  United Arab Emirates 26 4781 184
16  Netherlands 31 5547 179
17  Oman 18 3187 177
18  Papua New Guinea 30 5277 176
19  Namibia 25 3829 153
20  Hong Kong 19 2727 144
21  Singapore 22 2954 134
22  Qatar 20 2589 129
23  Canada 19 2404 127
24  Saudi Arabia 11 1331 121
25  Jersey 24 2773 116
26  Italy 12 1326 111
27  Kenya 18 2058 114
28  Kuwait 13 1354 104
29  Denmark 14 1438 103
30  Bermuda 13 1202 92
31  Germany 18 1527 85
32  United States 15 1208 81
33  Botswana 19 1494 79
34  Ghana 10 773 77
35  Uganda 14 1069 76
36  Norway 10 709 87
37  Austria 11 778 71
38  Guernsey 16 1127 70
39  Romania 6 419 70
40  Malaysia 26 1772 68
41  Nigeria 16 1060 66
42  Sweden 8 465 58
43  Tanzania 6 334 56
44  Spain 16 873 55
45  Cayman Islands 8 430 54
46  Philippines 9 433 48
47  Argentina 17 771 45
48  France 6 267 45
49  Vanuatu 20 869 43
50  Belize 9 377 42
51  Luxembourg 10 407 41
52  Bahrain 7 261 37
53  Peru 13 458 35
54  Fiji 6 210 35
55  Panama 9 291 32
56  Belgium 9 290 32
57  Samoa 10 318 32
58  Japan 10 317 32
59  Costa Rica 8 252 32
60  Mexico 17 520 31
61  Hungary 6 180 30
62  Mozambique 12 352 29
63  Czech Republic 17 480 28
64  Thailand 14 369 26
65  Malawi 12 297 25
66  Israel 7 173 25
67  Portugal 9 215 24
68  Finland 13 296 23
69  Bhutan 8 180 23
70  South Korea 10 217 22
71  Isle of Man 7 149 21
72  Chile 14 265 19
73  Bulgaria 5 68 14
74  Sierra Leone 5 61 12
75  Brazil 13 143 11
76  Maldives 11 114 10
77  Saint Helena 12 109 9
78  Malta 13 108 8
79  Myanmar 9 23 3
80  Indonesia 7 3 0
81  Gibraltar 12 0 0
82  China 11 0 0
83  Gambia 6 0 0
84  Eswatini 6 0 0
85  Rwanda 6 0 0
86  Lesotho 6 0 0
87  Turkey 7 0 0
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women ICC page, 10 November 2019
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

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