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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player (so they are "out"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

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Bart King.

John Barton "Bart" King (October 19, 1873 – October 17, 1965) was an American cricketer, active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. King was part of the Philadelphia team that played from the end of the 19th century until the outbreak of World War I. This period of cricket in the United States was dominated by "gentlemen cricketers"—men of independent wealth who did not need to work. King, an amateur from a middle-class family, was able to devote time to cricket thanks to a job set up by his teammates.

A skilled batsman who proved his worth as a bowler, King set numerous records in the continent of North America during his career and led the first-class bowling averages in England in 1908. He successfully competed against the best cricketers from England and Australia. King was the dominant bowler on his team when it toured England in 1897, 1903, and 1908. He dismissed batsmen with his unique delivery, which he called the "angler", and helped develop the art of swing bowling in the sport. Sir Pelham Warner described Bart King as "one of the finest bowlers of all time", and Donald Bradman called him "America's greatest cricketing son."

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Botham batting for England at Trent Bridge in 1983

Sir Ian Botham is a former international cricketer and captain of the England cricket team. He has claimed five-wicket hauls (taken five or more wickets in an innings) in Test cricket on 27 occasions, more than any other English cricketer. A five-wicket haul is regarded as a notable achievement, and fewer than 40 bowlers have taken more than 15 five-wicket hauls at international level in their cricketing careers. Botham is generally considered one of the greatest all-rounders of all time. He was named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1978, and Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year four years later. In 1992 he was awarded an Order of the British Empire (OBE), and he was knighted for his services to cricket and charity work in 2007. Two years later, he was honoured by the International Cricket Council, who named him as one of 55 initial inductees into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. He is sixth overall in all-time Test five-wicket haul takers.

He made his international debut for England on 26 August 1976 in a One Day International (ODI) against the West Indies. He made his Test cricket debut just under a year later against Australia, and it was during the first innings of this match that he claimed his first international five-wicket haul. It is against Australia that he has claimed the most five-wicket hauls, doing so on nine occasions. Three of these came during the 1981 Ashes series and, along with the two centuries he scored, saw the series dubbed "Botham's Ashes". He twice claimed eight wickets in an innings, playing at Lord's on each occasion, against Pakistan in 1978 and the West Indies in 1984. Including these performances, Botham has collected a five-wicket haul at Lord's eight times, more so than on any other ground. Read more...


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Grace match junior cricket ball.jpg

A cricket ball bearing the name of Lord's Cricket Ground.
Image credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen


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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.....

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 43 5,007 116
2  South Africa 39 4,280 110
3  New Zealand 30 3,213 107
4  Australia 44 4,566 104
5  England 53 5,490 104
6  Sri Lanka 48 4,256 89
7  Pakistan 32 2,803 88
8  West Indies 39 2,995 77
9  Bangladesh 25 1,727 69
10  Zimbabwe 11 138 13
 Ireland* 1
 Afghanistan* 1
*Countries that have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking
Reference: Cricinfo rankings page, ICC Rankings, 12 February 2019
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 55 6,916 126
2  India 66 8,058 122
3  New Zealand 53 5,930 112
4  South Africa 50 5,545 111
5  Pakistan 48 4,872 102
6  Australia 43 4,290 100
7  Bangladesh 41 3,730 91
8  Sri Lanka 57 4,426 78
9  West Indies 40 2,899 72
10  Afghanistan 36 2,394 67
11  Zimbabwe 48 2,545 52
12  Ireland 23 904 39
13  Scotland 16 535 33
14  United Arab Emirates 17 263 15
15    Nepal 10 152 15
 Netherlands* 6
*Netherlands have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking; eight matches are needed to qualify.
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
Reference: Cricinfo Rankings page,ICC ODI rankings 28 January 2019
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 39 5,280 135
2  India 45 5,591 124
3  South Africa 25 2,960 118
4  England 22 2,586 118
5  Australia 28 3,266 117
6  New Zealand 29 3,367 116
7  West Indies 27 2,725 101
8  Afghanistan 27 2,490 92
9  Sri Lanka 30 2,580 86
10  Bangladesh 30 2,321 77
11  Scotland 18 1092 61
12  Zimbabwe 20 1,097 55
13  Netherlands 18 777 52
14    Nepal 7 303 43
15  United Arab Emirates 16 681 43
16  Hong Kong 10 420 42
17  Ireland 22 842 38
18  Oman 10 269 27
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women ICC page, 18 February 2019
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

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