Cricket Australia (CA), formerly known as the Australian Cricket Board (ACB), is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket in Australia. It was originally formed in 1905 as the 'Australian Board of Control for International Cricket'. It is incorporated as an Australian Public Company, limited by guarantee.[5]

Cricket Australia
Founded1905; 119 years ago (1905)
AffiliationInternational Cricket Council
Affiliation date1909; 115 years ago (1909)
Regional affiliationEast Asia-Pacific
Affiliation date1996; 28 years ago (1996)
HeadquartersJolimont, Melbourne, Australia
ChairmanMike Baird (from Feb 2023)[1]
CEONick Hockley[2]
Men's coachAndrew McDonald
Women's coachShelley Nitschke
Operating incomeIncrease $99 million (2015 profit)[3]
SponsorPlatinum Partners:
NRMA Insurance, Dettol
Gold Partners:
CommBank, KFC, Woolworths, Asics, Bet365, Qantas, Toyota, Foxtel, Kayo, Bundaberg, HCLTech
Silver Partners:
Gatorade, Marsh, Nu-Pure[4]
Official website

Cricket Australia operates all of the Australian national representative cricket sides, including the Men's, Women's and Youth sides, along with various other national teams (such as Indigenous, disability or over-age teams) in conjunction with the relevant organisations. CA is also responsible for organising and hosting Test matches, one day internationals and T20 internationals in association with other nations, and scheduling home international fixtures.

Background edit

Cricket Australia is an administrative organisation responsible for cricket in Australia. Cricket Australia has six member organisations that represent each of the Australian states. These organisations are:

Cricket ACT and Northern Territory Cricket are non-member associations, although the ACT participates in Cricket Australia tournaments such as the Women's National Cricket League and the Futures League, and previously briefly also competed in the domestic limited-overs competition.

Cricket Australia is governed by nine independent directors.[6] The chief executive officer reports to the board of directors.

Each state cricket association that are members of Cricket Australia also selects a representative side to participate in Australia's various major domestic cricket tournaments every season.

Domestic teams, playing national tournaments edit

  State Men's side Team name Women's side Team name
  New South Wales New South Wales Men's Cricket Team Blues New South Wales Women's Cricket Team
  Queensland Queensland Men's Cricket Team Bulls Queensland Women's Cricket Team Fire
  South Australia South Australia Men's Cricket Team Southern Redbacks South Australia Women's Cricket Team Scorpions
  Tasmania Tasmania Men's Cricket Team Tigers Tasmania Women's Cricket Team Roar
  Victoria Victoria Men's Cricket Team Bushrangers Victoria Women's Cricket Team
  Western Australia Western Australia Men's Cricket Team Warriors Western Australia Women's Cricket Team
  Territory Men's side Women's side
  Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory Men's Cricket Team Comets Australian Capital Territory Women's Cricket Team Meteors
  Northern Territory Northern Territory Men's Division Northern Territory Women's Division

Cricket Australia also maintains a healthy but independent association with the Australian Cricketers' Association to provide proper player's rights, welfare requirements and pay agreements.

History edit

The first centralised authority for the administration of cricket in Australia was established in 1892 when representatives from the state associations of New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria came together to establish the Australasian Cricket Council. However the Australasian Cricket Council was disbanded in 1898, and what is now known as Cricket Australia was established in 1905 as the "Australian Board of Control for International Cricket".[7] Before its establishment, tours by Australian teams to England were organised and funded by private groups or by the players themselves. Similarly, invitations to English teams were made by private promoters or by individual clubs, such as the Melbourne Cricket Club.[citation needed] The Australasian Cricket Council's one lasting action was to establish the Sheffield Shield, the first-class cricket competition between the Australian colonies.[8]

These early tours were lucrative for the players and promoters and cricket administrators looked to find ways to channel some of this money to the destitute clubs, through the state associations. Formal discussions began in January 1905 in Sydney for the formation of a body to take control of tours from the players. A draft constitution was discussed by members of the New South Wales, Victoria, South Australian and Queensland associations.[9] The first meeting of the new board was held at Wesley College in Melbourne on 6 May 1905.

The foundation members were the New South Wales Cricket Association and the Victorian Cricket Association. South Australia's delegates refused to join the Board because the Board structure denied the players any representation. The Queensland Cricket Association was represented as an observer only.[7]

Queensland did decide to formally join the association with one delegate member the following year, and the constitution was amended in 1906, so that New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria would each have three permanent representatives, and Queensland one representative. In 1907 Tasmania was permitted to send a single representative, and Western Australia did likewise in 1913. Changes to this structure were made in 1914 and 1974 respectively when Queensland and Western Australia formally increased their representation to two each.[citation needed]

In 2001, Cricket Australia established the National Indigenous Cricket Advisory Committee (NICAC), which in 2002 established a strategic plan, "Two Cultures: Australia's New Cricket Tradition".[10] Ngadjuri man Vince Copley was the inaugural co-chair of the committee.[11]

Name changes edit

Cricket Australia has operated under three different names since its foundation. They are:[citation needed]

  • Australian Board of Control for International Cricket (ABC) (1905–1973)
  • Australian Cricket Board (ACB) (1973–2003)
  • Cricket Australia (CA) (2003–present)

Finances edit

The organisation's revenue was A$380.9 million in the financial year ended 30 June 2015, with a net surplus of $99 million largely attributed to the success of co-hosting the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup.[citation needed]

Competitions edit

As well as responsibility for Australian international sides, Cricket Australia organises interstate cricket in Australia, including the premier competitions in each of the major forms of the game. These are the Marsh Sheffield Shield in first-class cricket (men's competition only), the Marsh One-Day Cup (men) and the Women's National Cricket League, which are the domestic one-day competitions, and the KFC Big Bash League and the Weber Women's Big Bash League, which are the domestic Twenty20 competitions (contested by franchises not state representative teams).

Cricket Australia's current and former competitions:

Cricket Australia also runs (among others) the Under 19 and Under 17 Male Championships, the Under 18 and Under 15 Female National Championships, the National Indigenous Cricket Championships and the National Cricket Inclusion Championships.

Honours edit

Cricket Australia also provides awards for various categories of players, including:

  • Male: Test Player of the Year, One-Day Player of the Year, Bradman Young Player of the Year, Domestic Player of the Year, and the Allan Border Medal for the overall best Australian men's cricketer of the year.
  • Female: the Belinda Clark Award for the best Australian women's cricketer of the year, the Betty Wilson Young Player of the Year, and the Domestic Player of the Year

Cricket Australia also honours players for exceptional service to the game of cricket in Australia by annually adding former players of great distinction to the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame.

Principals / Chairman of Cricket Australia edit

Chairmen edit

  • Richard Teece: 1892–1893
  • Richard Best: 1893–1895
  • Mostyn Evan: 1895–1896; 1910–1911
  • John Gibson: 1896–1897
  • Will Whitridge: 1897–1900
  • Lawrence Adamson: 1905–1906
  • Ernie Bean: 1906–1907; 1912–1913
  • George Barbour: 1907–1908
  • George Foxton: 1908–1910
  • Charles Eady: 1911
  • William McElhone: 1911–1912
  • James Allen: 1913–1914
  • Harry Blinman: 1914–1919
  • Harold Bushby: 1919; 1925–1926
  • Harry Gregory: 1919–1920; 1922–1923; 1926–1927
  • Harry Rush: 1920–1922
  • Jack Hutcheon: 1923–1924
  • Bernard Scrymgour: 1924–1925
  • Aubrey Oxlade: 1927–1930; 1933–1936; 1945–1948; 1951–1952
  • Allen Robertson: 1930–1933; 1936–1945; 1948–1951
  • Roy Middleton: 1952–1955
  • Frank Cush: 1955–1957
  • Bill Dowling: 1957–1960
  • Sir Donald Bradman: 1960–1963; 1969–1972
  • Ewart Macmillan: 1963–1966
  • Bob Parish: 1966–1969; 1975–1978
  • Tim Caldwell: 1972–1975
  • Phil Ridings: 1980–1983
  • Fred Bennett: 1983–1986
  • Malcolm Gray: 1986–1989
  • Colin Egar: 1989–1992
  • Alan Crompton: 1992–1995
  • Denis Rogers: 1995–2001
  • Robert Merriman: 2001–2005
  • Creagh O'Connor: 2005–2008
  • Jack Clarke: 2008–2011
  • Wally Edwards: 2011–2015
  • David Peever: 2015–2018
  • Earl Eddings: 2018–2021
  • Richard Freudenstein: 2021–2022 (interim)
  • Lachlan Henderson: 2022–present
  • Mike Baird: 2023– (incoming)

Secretaries & Chief Executive Officers edit

  • John Portus: 1892–1896
  • John Creswell: 1896–1900
  • William McElhone: 1905–1910
  • Colin Sinclair: 1910–1911
  • Sydney Smith: 1911–1927
  • William Jeanes: 1927–1954
  • Jack Ledward: 1954–1960
  • Alan Barnes: 1960–1980
  • David Richards: 1980–1993
  • Graham Halbish: 1993–1997
  • Malcolm Speed: 1997–2001
  • James Sutherland: 2001–2018
  • Kevin Roberts: 2018–2020
  • Nick Hockley: 2020–present

National Selection Panel edit

The National Selection Panel is the part of Cricket Australia responsible for team selections for each of the Australian national sides in every form of cricket.

The current three-man panel for the Australian men's sides is: George Bailey (chairman), Andrew McDonald (head coach) and Tony Dodemaide.[12]

The current four-person panel for the Australia women's sides is: Shawn Flegler (chairman), Matthew Mott (head coach), Avril Fahey and Julie Hayes.

Board of directors edit

Cricket Australia is governed by nine directors, who work collectively in the national interest of Australian cricket.

The chief executive officer reports to the board of nine directors. The current nine board members are:

Name Affiliation Role(s) Term started
Lachlan Henderson Western Australia Director 3 September 2018
John Harnden AM South Australia Director 15 April 2016
Paul Green Tasmania Director 25 October 2018
Richard Freudenstein Independent Non-Executive Director 10 June 2019
Mike Baird AO New South Wales Chair 28 February 2021
Vanessa Guthrie AO Independent Non-Executive Director 28 February 2021
Greg Rowell Queensland Director 10 June 2021
Clea Smith Victoria Director 13 October 2022
David Maddocks Independent Non-Executive Director 13 October 2022

Last updated: 13 October 2022[13][14]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Henderson steps down as CA chair". Cricket Australia. 11 December 2022.
  2. ^ "Hockley confirmed as CA's next chief executive". Cricket Australia. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  3. ^ Barrett, Chris; Hogan, Jesse (14 December 2015). "Big Bash League prizemoney tripled but players miss out". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Cricket Australia – Commercial Partners". Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  5. ^ "ASIC Free Company Name Search". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Our Board". Cricket Australia. 19 May 2023.
  7. ^ a b Pollard, p. 57.
  8. ^ Pollard, pp. 49–50.
  9. ^ Pollard, p. 56.
  10. ^ Australian Human Rights Commission. "Cricket: Cricket Australia". What's the score? A survey of cultural diversity and racism in Australian sport (PDF). p. 74.
  11. ^ Phillips, Sandra (10 January 2022). "Vince Copley had a vision for a better Australia – and he helped make it happen, with lifelong friend Charles Perkins". The Conversation. Retrieved 23 November 2023.
  12. ^ "Dodemaide takes seat on Australia's selection panel". Cricket Australia. 18 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Our Board". Cricket Australia. 6 November 2019.
  14. ^ "CA directors to consider tweak to organisation's code of conduct". 13 October 2022.

Bibliography edit

External links edit