United States national cricket team

The United States national cricket team is the team that represents the United States in international cricket. The team was formerly organised by the United States of America Cricket Association (USACA), which became an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1965.[6] In June 2017, the USACA was expelled by the ICC due to governance and financing issues, with the U.S. team being temporarily overseen by ICC Americas until a new sanctioning body was established.[7] In January 2019, associate membership was officially granted to USA Cricket.[8]

United States
Refer to caption
AssociationUSA Cricket
Personnel
One Day captainSaurabh Netravalkar
T20I captainMonank Patel
CoachJ. Arunkumar
International Cricket Council
ICC statusAssociate member with ODI status (1965)
ICC regionAmericas
ICC Rankings Current[1] Best-ever
ODI 18th 18th (24 September 2019)
T20I 30th 30th (25 May 2019)
One Day Internationals
First ODIv  New Zealand at The Oval, London; 10 September 2004
Last ODIv  Oman at Al Amerat Cricket Stadium, Muscat; 20 September 2021
ODIs Played Won/Lost
Total[2] 21 9/12
(0 ties, 0 no result)
This year[3] 6 3/3
(0 ties, 0 no result)
World Cup Qualifier appearances8 (first in 1979)
Best result7th (2001)
Twenty20 Internationals
First T20Iv  United Arab Emirates at ICC Academy Ground, Dubai; 15 March 2019
Last T20Iv  Bahamas at Coolidge Cricket Ground, Antigua; 13 November 2021
T20Is Played Won/Lost
Total[4] 14 7/5
(1 tie, 1 no result)
This year[5] 6 5/0
(1 tie, 0 no result)
T20 World Cup Qualifier appearances4 (first in 2010)
Best result6th (2010)

ODI kit

As of 17 November 2021

A U.S. representative team participated in the first international cricket match, played against Canada in 1844. For a century and a half, the U.S. national team seldom played against other national teams. It played mostly against Canada (in the annual Auty Cup), or against visiting teams from other countries.

The United States made its international tournament debut at the 1979 ICC Trophy in England; it has since missed only two editions of the tournament (now known as the World Cup Qualifier). After winning the 2004 ICC Six Nations Challenge, the team qualified for the 2004 ICC Champions Trophy, playing its first two One Day International (ODI) matches. In April 2018, the ICC decided to grant full Twenty20 International (T20I) status to all its members. Therefore, all Twenty20 matches played between the United States and other ICC members after January 1, 2019, are a full T20I.[9] The first ever T20I to be played by the United States was scheduled against the United Arab Emirates in March 2019.[10]

In the World Cricket League, the US finished fourth in the 2019 Division Two tournament, losing a third place playoff to Papua New Guinea, a match which was designated as an ODI (and thus became the United States' third-ever ODI match, 15 years after their last). This fourth-place finish was sufficient to earn the country a place in 2019–22 ICC Cricket World Cup League 2, in which all the team's matches would carry ODI status. The team's first domestic ODI series began on September 13, 2019, hosting Papua New Guinea and Namibia.[11]

HistoryEdit

BeginningsEdit

The British brought cricket to the Thirteen Colonies in the early 18th century. Cricket further grew in the 18th century.[12] It is understood from anecdotal evidence that George Washington was a strong supporter of cricket, participating on at least one occasion in a game of wicket with his troops at Valley Forge during the American Revolution.[13] John Adams was recorded as saying in Congress that if leaders of cricket clubs could be called "presidents", there was no reason why the leader of the new nation could not be called the same.[14]

In 1844, the United States participated in the first international cricket match. This was played against Canada at the St George's Cricket Club Ground, Bloomingdale Park, New York.[15] This first international sporting event was attended by 20,000 people and established the longest international sporting rivalry in the modern era.[16] Wagers of around $120,000 were placed on the outcome of the match. This is equivalent to around $1.5 million in 2007.[17][18]

Sides from England toured North America (taking in both the US and Canada) following the English cricket seasons of 1859, 1868 and 1872. These were organized as purely commercial ventures. Most of the matches of these early touring teams were played "against odds", that is to say the home team was permitted to have more than eleven players (usually twenty-two) in order to make a more even contest.[19]

DeclineEdit

In spite of cricket's popularity in the 18th and early 19th centuries, the game was supplanted by baseball in the 1850s and 1860s. As interest in baseball rose, the rules of that game were changed slightly to increase its popularity. For example, easily manufactured round bats were introduced to contrast the flat bats of cricket.[20]

Another reason for cricket's decline in popularity may be that in the late 19th century American cricket remained an amateur sport reserved for the wealthy while England and Australia were developing a professional version of the game. As cricket standards improved with professionalism elsewhere in the world many North American cricket clubs stayed stubbornly elitist. Clubs such as Philadelphia CC and Merion abandoned cricket and converted their facilities to other sports. Some city cricket clubs unknowingly contributed to their own demise by sponsoring auxiliary baseball teams.[citation needed]

By 1900, baseball was dominant numerically and culturally in the US.[citation needed] In addition, when the first international body for the sport, the Imperial Cricket Conference (ICC) was formed in 1909, membership was restricted to countries in the British Empire. This undercut the popularity of cricket outside the empire and reduced momentum to professionalize cricket in the US. Whether a more open ICC would have maintained or increased the momentum remains an open question, however.[15] Regardless of its cause, the game did not flourish in the United States the way it did in the British Empire. From the 1880s until the outbreak of World War I, cricket in the US was dominated not by a truly national team, but by the amateur Philadelphia cricket team, which was selected from clubs in cricket's American stronghold – the Philadelphia metropolitan area.

A tour of North America by the Australians in 1913 saw two first-class games (both won by the tourists) against a combined Canada–USA team.[Note 1][21][22]

Philadelphian cricketEdit

 
The Philadelphian cricket team, shown here on an 1884 tour of England, were the premier American cricket team for several decades after the US Civil War

The Philadelphian cricket team was a team that represented Philadelphia in first-class cricket between 1878 and 1913. Even though the United States had played the first ever international cricket match against Canada in 1844, the sport began a slow decline in the country.[23] This decline was furthered by the rise in popularity of baseball. In Philadelphia, however, the sport remained very popular and from the end of the 19th century until the outbreak of World War I, the city produced a first class team that rivaled many others in the world. The team was composed of players from the four chief cricket clubs in Philadelphia–Germantown, Merion, Belmont, and Philadelphia. Players from smaller clubs, such as Tioga and Moorestown, and local colleges, such as Haverford and Penn, also played for the Philadelphians. Over its 35 years, the team played in 89 first-class cricket matches. Of those, 29 were won, 46 were lost, 13 were drawn and one game was abandoned before completion.[24]

Arguably, the greatest American cricketer ever played for Philadelphia during this period. John Barton King was a very skilled batsman, but really proved his worth as a bowler. During his career, he set numerous records in North America and at least one first-class bowling record.[25] He competed with and succeeded against the best cricketers in the world from England and Australia. King was the dominant bowler on his team when it toured England in 1897, 1903, and 1908. He dismissed batsmen with his unique delivery, which he called "the angler", and helped to perfect swing bowling in the sport. Many of the great bowlers of today still use the strategies and techniques that he developed.[26] Sir Pelham Warner described Bart King as one of the finest bowlers of all time,[27] and Donald Bradman called him "America's greatest cricketing son."[28]

On June 28, 1913, the Philadelphians played the last first-class game on the mainland for more than 90 years. Games were played in the US Virgin Islands in the interim, which is considered as part of the West Indies by the ICC. The team had played an American national side 6 times between 1885 and 1894. The United States team won one of these matches, lost two, and earned a draw in three. Cricket remained a minor pastime in the United States until the mid-1960s, when ICC reforms allowed associate members to join.

Status from 1965Edit

In 1965, Clifford Severn made his USA debut at 39, alongside his young brother Winston, in a two-day match against Canada at Calgary's Riley Park as part of the longest running international rivalry in international cricket, now known as the Auty Cup. A year later in the return contest at the C. Aubrey Smith field in Los Angeles, USA won by 54 runs.[29]

In 1965, the Imperial Cricket Conference changed its name to the International Cricket Conference. In addition, new rules were adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the Commonwealth. This led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members, including the United States. Today cricket is played in all fifty states.[30]

The USA have played in every edition of the ICC Trophy, though they didn't pass the first round until the 1990 tournament in the Netherlands. They reached the plate final of the 1994 tournament, but opted not to play due to prior travel arrangements. They finished twelfth in 1997.

21st centuryEdit

2000–09Edit

USA finished sixth in the 2001 ICC Trophy, their best performance to date. They have also played in every edition of the ICC Americas Championship, winning in 2002.[31]

In 2004, the United States cricket team played a first-class match as part of the first ICC Intercontinental Cup. The matches against Canada and Bermuda were the first in many years.[31] The team won the ICC 6 Nations Challenge beating Scotland, Namibia, the Netherlands, and the UAE on net run rate by 0.028 of a run.[32]

Winning the ICC Six Nations meant that they qualified for the ICC Champions Trophy 2004 in England. Here the USA played their first ever One Day International match against New Zealand at The Oval on September 10, 2004.[33]

10 September 2004
Scorecard
New Zealand  
347/4 (50 overs)
v
  United States
137 (42.4 overs)
Nathan Astle 145* (151)
Richard Staple 2/76 (10 overs)
Clayton Lambert 39 (84)
Jacob Oram 5/36 (9.4 overs)
New Zealand won by 210 runs
The Oval, London
Umpires: Billy Doctrove (WI) and David Shepherd (Eng)
Player of the match: Nathan Astle (NZ)

The US side was beaten by New Zealand and lost to Australia in the tournament, as well.[34]

The 2005 ICC Trophy represented a chance for the US to re-establish themselves on the world stage and qualify for the 2007 World Cup. A poor showing saw them finish at the bottom of their group, with four losses and a match abandoned due to rain from their five group fixtures. This failure robbed the USA of the prize of full One Day International status on offer to the World Cup qualifiers.[31] This failure was compounded on August 9, 2005, when the ICC removed the US from the 2005 ICC Intercontinental Cup after leagal disputes prevented them from naming a squad.[35]

The United States made their return to international cricket in August 2006 when they participated in Division One of the ICC Americas Championship in Canada.[36] They finished second in the five team tournament.[37]

In 2007 the United States were to visit Darwin, Australia to take part in Division Three of the ICC World Cricket League.[38] A top two finish in this tournament would have qualified them for Division Two of the same tournament later in the year.[38] However, amid internal disputes over the constitution of the USACA, the team was forced to withdraw after the ICC suspended the USACA in March 2007.[39] The dispute was resolved in early 2008, and the suspension was lifted on April 1 of that year.[40]

The team's reinstatement permitted them to enter the World Cricket League in Division Five for 2008 in Jersey. The team made it through the Group Stage tied for first in their division with a 4–0–0 record (one match abandoned),[41] but lost both their semi-final match with Jersey and their third-place play-off with Nepal.[42]

2010–2015Edit

USA finished second in the 2010 Division Five after losing the final against Nepal and won promotion to 2010 Division Four. They continued their climb in more emphatic style by finishing first in 2010 Division Four, demolishing Italy in the final. They were promoted to 2011 Division Three where they took last place and were relegated to 2012 Division Four. There they finished in second place, and were promoted back to 2013 Division Three. They remained in Division Three after finishing in third place, but were relegated after finishing fifth in 2014 Division Three.

2015 suspensionEdit

On June 26, 2015, the ICC again suspended USACA, this time because an ICC review "had expressed significant concerns about the governance, finance, reputation and cricketing activities of USACA". This suspension does not impact the National Team playing Matches, but instead cuts off ICC funding and stops USACA from being able to approve any events held in the USA (although the ICC can still approve events held in the United States). This suspension will be upheld until USACA can show the ICC that "conditions relating to governance, finance and its cricket activities" have improved.[43]

In the 2016 Division Four the USA finished second, with a 3–2 record and was promoted to 2017 Division Three. In the 2017 Division Three competition, the USA finished fourth, with a 2–3 record. The third place match was rained out and finished with no result. The USA remained in Division Three.

2017–present: Transition to USA Cricket, Cricket World Cup League 2Edit

 
The U.S. national team, during their tour of the Middle East in December 2017.

On June 22, 2017, at the ICC Annual Conference in London, the ICC Full Council voted unanimously to expel the USACA, following a Board recommendation in April, and a recent Dispute Resolution Committee hearing before Michael Beloff, which concluded in June 2017. This included its refusal to ratify an ICC-approved constitution.[44] In January 2019, a new sanctioning body known as USA Cricket was officially admitted by the ICC as a new associate member.[45][8]

After beating Singapore in the final match of the 2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Three, the United States were promoted to the Division Two for the first time.[46] In April 2019, after finishing in the top 4 of the 2019 Division Two tournament, the United States qualified for the 2019–22 ICC Cricket World Cup League 2—which offers an opportunity to advance to the 2022 Cricket World Cup Qualifier. All matches in the Cricket World Cup League 2 are played in the One Day International format.[47][48]

As of 2019, all ICC members were granted Twenty20 International (T20I) status.[49] The United States made its T20I debut on March 15, 2019, against the United Arab Emirates at the ICC Academy Ground in Dubai.

15 March 2019
14:00
Scorecard
United States  
152/7 (15 overs)
v
  United Arab Emirates
29/2 (3.3 overs)
Steven Taylor 72 (39)
Zahoor Khan 2/30 (3 overs)
Shaiman Anwar 18* (11)
Jasdeep Singh 2/18 (2 overs)
No result
ICC Academy Ground, Dubai
Umpires: Akbar Ali (UAE) and Iftikhar Ali (UAE)
  • United Arab Emirates won the toss and elected to field.
  • Rain during the United Arab Emirates' innings prevented any further play.
  • First ever T20I match for United States.

In November 2021, Ireland announced a five-match series of T20I and ODI matches against the United States in December 2021, marking its first full series against a Test-playing nation.[50][51]

Tournament historyEdit

ICC Champions TrophyEdit

ICC Intercontinental CupEdit

World Cricket LeagueEdit

ICC TrophyEdit

ICC Americas ChampionshipEdit

ICC Twenty20 Americas ChampionshipEdit

  • 2010 Division One: Won
  • 2011 Division One: 2nd place
  • 2013 Division One: Won
  • 2015 Division One: 2nd place

StadiumsEdit

The only U.S. cricket stadium to meet international standards is Central Broward Regional Park in Lauderhill, Florida. Another well-established facility that has hosted international cricket is Leo Magnus Cricket Complex in Los Angeles. A facility in Indianapolis called the Indianapolis World Sports Park opened in 2014.

Stadium City Opened
The Leo Magnus Cricket Complex Los Angeles 1973
Central Broward Regional Park Lauderhill 2008
Indianapolis World Sports Park Indianapolis 2014
Grand Prairie Stadium Dallas 2022 (renovated)
Locations of all stadiums which have hosted international cricket matches within the United States

Coaching staffEdit

Position Name
Head Coach:   Jagadeesh Arunkumar
Assistant coach   Micheal Hussey
Bowling coach   Jerome Taylor
Batting coach   Brad Haddin
Physiotherapist   Paul Collingwood
Team's Manager   Amir Hayat

PlayersEdit

On 21 July 2019 it was reported that 17 players had been signed to central contracts by USA Cricket.[52]

Key
Symbol Meaning
C/G Contract grade
® One year central contract
© Three month central contract
S/N Shirt number of the player in all formats
Format Last got selected in the squad for a tournament
Name Age Batting style Bowling style C/G S/N Format
Saurabh Netravalkar (c) 30 Right-handed Left-arm medium © 18 2019 United States Tri-Nation Series[53]
Steven Taylor (vc) 28 Left-handed Right-arm off break ® 27
Karima Gore 23 Right-handed Right-arm medium © 16
Elmore Hutchinson 22 Right-handed Left-arm fast medium © 12
Aaron Jones 22 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin © 77
Nosthush Kenjige 35 Left-handed Right-arm off break © 42
Jaskaran Malhotra 26 Right-handed Right-arm leg break © 41
Xavier Marshall 32 Right-handed Right-arm medium ® 21
Monank Patel 33 Right-handed Right-arm leg break ® 25
Nisarg Patel 28 Right-handed Right-arm off break © 44
Sagar Patel 35 Right-handed Right-arm off break © 99
Timil Patel 32 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox © 8
Jasdeep Singh 22 Left-handed Right-arm off break ® 55
Rusty Theron 36 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium © 79
Timroy Allen 28 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium N/A 33 2018–19 ICC T20 World Cup Americas Qualifier[54]
Cameron Gannon 28 Left-handed Right-arm medium 70
Ali Khan 29 Right-handed Right-arm medium 1
Hayden Walsh Jr. 24 Left-handed N/A 17
Elmore Hutchinson 27 Right-handed Right-arm off break 14 2019 ICC World Cricket League Division Two[55]
Jannisar Khan 37 Right-handed N/A 6
Roy Silva 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast 93

CaptainsEdit

Eight players have represented the United States as captain. The first captain of the USA was Anil Kashkari in 1979. He captained the team through three matches, two of which the USA won.

Richard Staple is the only USA captain to captain the side in a One day international, which occurred in 2004. The USA lost both matches. Overall with Staple as captain the USA played 16 matches, of which they won four and lost twelve. After Staple retired in 2005 Steve Massiah was given the captaincy. For the 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier the captaincy was given to Sushil Nadkarni.

In October 2013, Neil McGarrell was named USA's captain in a 15-man squad for the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier in the UAE. McGarrell had played four Tests and 17 ODIs for West Indies between 1998 and 2001. He made his debut for USA in 2012 against Canada and takes over from Steve Massiah who had captained for seven years.

In October 2018, Saurabh Netravalkar took over as captain of the team, after Ibrahim Khaleel was sacked.[56] Khaleel was elected captain in 2017 and under his captainship USA won Auty Cup after a long gap.

In October 2021, Monank Patel took over as T20I captain from Saurabh Netravalkar.[57]

ICC Cricket World Cup League 2 FixturesEdit

In May 2019, the ICC announced the following schedule of Tri-Series involving The United States cricket team, as part of the 2019–22 ICC Cricket World Cup League 2. Each Tri-Series will have four scheduled One Day International matches for each team. This guarantees at least 36 scheduled ODI for each team before January 2022.[58]

Round Date Location 1st team 2nd team 3rd team Result
2 September 2019 United States   United States   Papua New Guinea   Namibia   Namibia
3 December 2019 United Arab Emirates   United Arab Emirates   Scotland   United States   United States
5 February 2020 Nepal     Nepal   United States   Oman   Oman
6 March 2021 TBC   United States   Scotland   United Arab Emirates
10 September 2021 TBC   Namibia   Papua New Guinea   United States
12 January 2022 TBC   Oman   United States     Nepal
15 June 2022 TBC   Scotland   United Arab Emirates   United States
16 August 2022 TBC   United States     Nepal   Oman
18 September 2022 TBC   Papua New Guinea   United States   Namibia

RecordsEdit

International Match Summary – United States[59][60]

Last updated 13 November 2021

Playing Record
Format M W L T NR Inaugural Match
One Day Internationals 21 9 12 0 0 10 September 2004
Twenty20 Internationals 14 7 5 1 1 15 March 2019

One Day InternationalsEdit

ODI record versus other nations[59]

Records complete to ODI #4329. Last updated 20 September 2021.

Opponent M W L T NR First match First win
v. Full Members
  Australia 1 0 1 0 0 13 September 2004
  New Zealand 1 0 1 0 0 10 September 2004
v. Associate Members
  Namibia 2 1 1 0 0 17 September 2019 17 September 2019
    Nepal 4 1 3 0 0 8 February 2020 17 September 2021
  Oman 4 0 4 0 0 6 February 2020
  Papua New Guinea 5 4 1 0 0 27 April 2019 13 September 2019
  Scotland 2 1 1 0 0 9 December 2019 9 December 2019
  United Arab Emirates 2 2 0 0 0 8 December 2019 8 December 2019

Twenty20 InternationalsEdit

T20I record versus other nations[60]

Records complete to T20I #1423. Last updated 13 November 2021.

Opponent M W L T NR First match First win
v. Associate Members
  Argentina 1 1 0 0 0 11 November 2021 11 November 2021
  Bahamas 1 1 0 0 0 13 November 2021 13 November 2021
  Belize 1 1 0 0 0 7 November 2021 7 November 2021
  Bermuda 3 1 2 0 0 18 August 2019 8 November 2021
  Canada 3 0 2 1 0 21 August 2019 10 November 2021
  Cayman Islands 2 2 0 0 0 19 August 2019 19 August 2019
  Panama 1 1 0 0 0 7 November 2021 7 November 2021
  United Arab Emirates 2 0 1 0 1 15 March 2019

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Combined Canada/USA players included:

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit