Cricket at the Summer Olympics

Cricket has been a sport at the modern Summer Olympic Games. The only time it has been played to date was at the 1900 Summer Olympics with only a men's contest, and Great Britain won the gold medal, but the possibility of it being recontested at the Olympics has recently resurfaced.

Cricket at the Summer Olympics
Cricket pictogram.svg
Events1 (men: 1; women: 0)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
  • 1980
  • 1984
  • 1988
  • 1992
  • 1996
  • 2000
  • 2004
  • 2008
  • 2012
  • 2016
  • 2020
  • 2024

InclusionEdit

 
Vélodrome de Vincennes hosted the cricket matches at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris.

Cricket was originally scheduled to be included in the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, which were held in Athens; cricket would have been the only team sport held at the Games. There were, however, insufficient entries and so no event was held.

The event was held at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris four years later but only two countries competed, Great Britain and hosts France. The French team was mostly represented by English expatriates, and it is officially considered a mixed team[1][2] while the English team was represented by Devon & Somerset Wanderers Cricket Club, so was not nationally selected. It is considered that few of the participants would have been good enough to play first-class cricket — only the British side had experience of eight such games in its side through Somerset's Montagu Toller and Alfred Bowerman.[3]

The match was played over two days with both 12-a-side teams batting two innings each and did not attract first-class status. England won the match by 158 runs to win the gold medal.[4][5] If the French had held out for five more minutes the game would have declared a draw.[6] Knowledge of the game would have been lost but for the forethought of John Symes, a member of the victorious team, who kept a scorecard in his own writing.

A cricket tournament was scheduled for 1904 Summer Olympics held in St. Louis but was eventually cancelled.[7]

Possible reintroductionEdit

 
Poster of the only Olympic cricket match

Cricket's governing bodies have, for much of their recent history, been unwilling or reluctant to return to the Olympics.

In particular, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), considered cricket's two most powerful national governing bodies, have long been opposed.

More recently, the prospect of a return to the Olympics for cricket has become more likely. In March 2017, it was reported that International Cricket Council chief Dave Richardson thought the "time is right" for Olympic cricket.[8] It has been reported that the opposition of the BCCI to cricket at the Olympics has softened.[9]

Any re-introduced event would, unlike the 1900 version, also be required to include a women's event. The proposed format would have eight teams split into two groups before two semi-finals and two medal matches. The likely format would be Twenty20 cricket, the shortest of the three formats of the game established at international level.[10] It has been suggested that inclusion of the sport at the Commonwealth Games could be a springboard for inclusion in the Olympic Games.[11] It was previously an event at the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Cricket is the most popular sport in the highly populous Indian subcontinent, notably in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. While the deadline for submissions for the initial sports programme has passed for the 2024 Summer Olympics, hosts Paris will have an opportunity to propose events up until the IOC board meeting following the 2020 Summer Olympics.[8]

Three leading international cricket teams - England, Ireland and the West Indies - do not correspond to Olympic national teams, a problem also faced in rugby and association football.

The United Kingdom competes at the Olympics as Great Britain with athletes from England, Scotland, Wales and those British Overseas Territories without their own Olympic team, while athletes from Northern Ireland can choose to represent either Great Britain or Ireland. In cricket, Scotland has its own team, Welsh players play for the England team, and the Ireland team represents the Republic and Northern Ireland together. Great Britain may feature players eligible some ICC associates teams like Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Scotland and Turks and Caicos Islands.

In rugby, Team GB have to nominate one Home Nations team whose results will be used to determine whether Great Britain as a whole qualifies for the Olympics, but players from all the Home Nations can play for the combined team according to the usual Olympic rules.

The West Indies cricket team covers much of the Caribbean, which has twelve Olympic associations: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Trinidad and Tobago and United States Virgin Islands. Athletes from dependent territories without an Olympic association can represent the "mother country" without affecting their affiliations in other events.

Thus, West Indies cricketers from Anguilla and Montserrat would be eligible for Great Britain at the Olympics, and those from Sint Maarten would represent the Netherlands.

In May 2020, Eoin Morgan, the white ball captain of the England cricket team, supported the idea of using the T10 cricket format at the Olympics.[12] In October 2020, USA Cricket stated that it saw a proposed inclusion of cricket in the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles as a long-term goal.[13][14]

In 2020, the BCCI in its Annual General Meeting decided to back the ICC's bid for inclusion of cricket, in the T20 format, in the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics after getting some clarifications from the International Olympic Committee. "The General Body also decided to seek further clarification from the ICC on their proposal to include cricket in the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics", Secretary of BCCI Jay Shah said.[15][16][17]

In August 2021, the ICC confirmed its plans to bid for the inclusion of cricket at the Olympics, starting with the 2028 Summer Olympics and the 2032 Summer Olympics.[18][19][20][21][22][23]

MenEdit

ResultsEdit

Year Host Gold medal game
Gold Result Silver
1900
Details
 
Paris
 
Great Britain
Great Britain won by 158 runs[4] French Athletic Club Union
  Mixed team[1]

Participating nationsEdit

Nation 00 Years
  Great Britain   1
French Athletic Club Union
  Mixed team[1]
  1
Total nations 2

MedalistsEdit

Gold Silver Bronze
  Great Britain (GBR)   Mixed team (ZZX) Not awarded

VenuesEdit

Games Venue Other sports hosted at venues for those games Capacity Ref.
1900 Paris Vélodrome de Vincennes Cycling, Football, Gymnastics, Rugby union Not listed [24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c IOC. "Paris 1900 cricket men Results - Olympic cricket". Olympics.com. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. ^ Bery, Scyld (5 April 2012). "We should salute the wonder of Devon Wanderers, Olympic cricket champions for 112 years". The Daily Telegraph.
  4. ^ a b Buchanan, Ian (1993). Mallon, Bill (ed.). "Cricket at the 1900 Games" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. International Society of Olympic Historians. 1 (2): 4.
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin (9 August 2008). "The ignorant Olympians". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  6. ^ Joint, Laura (21 August 2008). "When Devon's cricketers won Olympic gold". BBC.
  7. ^ Matthews, George R. (22 July 2005). America's First Olympics: The St. Louis Games of 1904. ISBN 9780826264756.
  8. ^ a b Wigmore, Tom (25 July 2017). "Cricket is on the verge of making its application for Olympic inclusion". The Guardian.
  9. ^ Wigmore, Tom (24 July 2017). "Women's World Cup success moves cricket closer to Olympic return in 2024". The Guardian.
  10. ^ "2024 Olympics: 'Time is right' for cricket bid – ICC chief Dave Richardson". BBC Sport. 30 March 2017.
  11. ^ Dobell, George (25 April 2017). "Men's cricket a chance for 2022 Commonwealth Games". Cricinfo.
  12. ^ "Eoin Morgan backs T10 format for inclusion in Olympics". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  13. ^ "USA Cricket plan to make country leading nation in the sport". Inside the Games. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  14. ^ "USA Cricket targets ICC full member status by 2030". SportsPro Media. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  15. ^ "With Powerful India's Support, Cricket Moves Closer To 2028 Los Angeles Olympics Inclusion". Forbes. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  16. ^ "IPL 2022 teams: BBCI okays 10 team IPL from 2022, backs inclusion of cricket in the Olympics". The Times of India. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  17. ^ "BCCI Clears 10-Team IPL From 2022, Backs Cricket's Inclusion In Olympics | Cricket News". NDTVSports.com. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  18. ^ "ICC confirms cricket's Olympic ambition". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  19. ^ "ICC will push for cricket's inclusion in 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  20. ^ "Cricket at the Olympics? It's happened before". International Cricket Council.
  21. ^ "ICC to push for cricket's inclusion in the 2028 Olympics". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Cricket in the Olympics: ICC to bid for sport's inclusion in Los Angeles 2028". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Cricket launches official bid for Olympics inclusion". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  24. ^ 1900 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 28 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine pp. 15–16. Accessed 14 November 2010. (in French)