Women's Cricket World Cup
The ICC Women's Cricket World Cup is the sport's oldest world championship, with the first tournament held in England in 1973. Matches are played as One Day Internationals (ODIs) over 50 overs, while there is also another championship for Twenty20 International cricket, the ICC Women's T20 World Cup.
|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|First edition||1973 England|
|Latest edition||2017 England & Wales|
|Next edition||2021 New Zealand|
|Number of teams||(see list below)|
|Current champion||England (4th title)|
|Most successful||Australia (6 titles)|
|Most runs||Debbie Hockley (1,501)|
|Most wickets||Lyn Fullston (39)|
The World Cup is currently organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). Until 2005, when the two organisations merged, it was administered by a separate body, the International Women's Cricket Council (IWCC). The first World Cup was held in England in 1973, two years before the inaugural men's tournament. The event's early years were marked by funding difficulties, which meant several teams had to decline invitations to compete and caused gaps of up to six years between tournaments. However, since 2005 World Cups have been hosted at regular four-year intervals.
Qualification for the World Cup is through the ICC Women's Championship and the World Cup Qualifier. The composition of the tournament is extremely conservative – no new teams have debuted in the tournament since 1997, and since 2000 the number of teams in the World Cup has been fixed at eight. The preceding tournament in 1997 was contested by a record eleven teams, the most in a single tournament to date.
The eleven World Cups played to date have been held in five countries, with India and England having hosted the event three times. Australia are the most successful team, having won six titles and failed to make the final on only three occasions. England (four titles) and New Zealand (one title) are the only other teams to have won the event, while India (twice) and the West Indies (once) have each reached the final without going on to win.
First World CupEdit
Women's international cricket was first played in 1934, when a party from England toured Australia and New Zealand. The first Test match was played on 28–31 December 1934, and was won by England. The first Test against New Zealand followed early the following year. These three nations remained the only Test playing teams in women's cricket until 1960, when South Africa played a number of matches against England. Limited overs cricket was first played by first-class teams in England in 1962. Nine years later, the first international one day match was played in men's cricket, when England took on Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Talks began in 1971 about holding a World Cup for women's cricket, led by Jack Hayward. South Africa, under pressure from the world for their apartheid laws, were not invited to take part in the competition. Both of the other two Test playing nations, Australia and New Zealand were invited. Hayward had previously organised tours of the West Indies by England women, and it was from this region that the other two competing nations were drawn; Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. To make up the numbers, England also fielded a "Young England" team, and an "International XI" was also included. Five South Africans were invited to play for the International XI as a means of compensation for the team not being invited, but these invitations were later withdrawn.
The inaugural tournament was held at a variety of venues across England in June and July 1973, two years before the first men's Cricket World Cup was played. The competition was played as a round-robin tournament, and the last scheduled match was England against Australia. Australia went into the game leading the table by a solitary point: they had won four matches and had one abandoned. England had also won four matches, but they had lost to New Zealand. As a result, the match also served as a de facto final for the competition. England won the match, held at Edgbaston, Birmingham by 92 runs to win the tournament.
|1973||England||No final|| England
|England won on points
|1978||India||No final|| Australia
|Australia won on points
|1982||New Zealand||Christchurch|| Australia
152/7 (59 overs)
|Australia won by 3 wickets
151/5 (60 overs)
129/2 (44.5 overs)
|Australia won by 8 wickets
127/7 (60 overs)
195/5 (60 overs)
|England won by 67 runs
| New Zealand|
128 (55.1 overs)
165/5 (47.4 overs)
|Australia won by 5 wickets
| New Zealand|
164 (49.3 overs)
|2000||New Zealand||Lincoln|| New Zealand
184 (48.4 overs)
|New Zealand won by 4 runs
180 (49.1 overs)
|2005||South Africa||Centurion|| Australia
215/4 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 98 runs
117 (46 overs)
167/6 (46.1 overs)
|England won by 4 wickets
| New Zealand|
166 (47.2 overs)
259/7 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 114 runs
| West Indies|
145 (43.1 overs)
228/7 (50 overs)
|England won by 9 runs
219 (48.4 overs)
Thirteen nations have qualified for the Women's Cricket World Cup at least once (excluding qualification tournaments). Five teams have competed in every finals tournament, three of which have won the title.
- Two teams from England in the first Women's Cricket World Cup.
- 1st – Champions
- 2nd – Runners-up
- 3rd – Third place
- SF – Losing semi-finalist (no third-place playoff)
- QF – Losing quarter-finalist (no further playoffs)
- — Hosts
|Trinidad and Tobago||5th||1|
|1973||Australia, England, New Zealand, Jamaica†, Trinidad and Tobago†|
|1993||Denmark, West Indies|
|1997||Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka|
†No longer exists.
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of group stage of the 2017 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.
|Australia||11||1973||2017||Champions (1978, 1982, 1988, 1997, 2005, 2013)||84||70||11||1||2||85.47|
|England||11||1973||2017||Champions (1973, 1993, 2009, 2017)||83||57||23||2||1||75.04|
|New Zealand||11||1973||2017||Champions (2000)||80||51||26||2||1||65.82|
|India||9||1978||2017||Runners-up (2005, 2017)||63||34||27||1||1||55.64|
|West Indies||6||1993||2017||Runners-up (2013)||38||13||24||0||1||35.13|
|South Africa||6||1997||2017||Semi-finals (2000, 2017)||38||15||22||0||3||40.54|
|Pakistan||4||1997||2017||Super 6s (2009)||23||2||21||0||0||08.69|
|Sri Lanka||6||1997||2017||Quarter-finals (1997)||35||8||26||0||1||23.52|
|2||1973||1982||First Round (1973, 1982)||18||3||14||0||1||16.66|
|Denmark||2||1993||1997||First Round (1993, 1997)||13||2||11||0||0||15.38|
|Trinidad and Tobago†||1||1973||1973||First Round (1973)||6||2||4||0||0||33.33|
|Jamaica†||1||1973||1973||First Round (1973)||5||1||4||0||0||20.00|
|Young England†||1||1973||1973||First Round (1973)||6||1||5||0||0||16.66|
†No longer exists.
- The Win percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win.
- Teams are sorted by their best performance, then winning percentage, then (if equal) by alphabetical order.
Player of the TournamentEdit
|1988||Carole Hodges||336 Runs/12 Wickets|
|2000||Lisa Keightley||375 Runs|
|2005||Karen Rolton||246 Runs|
|2009||Claire Taylor||324 Runs|
|2013||Suzie Bates||407 Runs|
|2017||Tammy Beaumont||410 Runs|
Player of the FinalEdit
|1993||Jo Chamberlain||38 (33) / 1/28 (9)|
|1997||Debbie Hockley||79 (121)|
|2000||Belinda Clark||91 (102)|
|2005||Karen Rolton||107* (128)|
|2009||Nicky Shaw||4/34 (8.2)|
|2013||Jess Cameron||75 (76)|
|2017||Anya Shrubsole||6/46 (9.4)|
|World Cup records|
|Most runs||Debbie Hockley||New Zealand||1,501||1982–2000|||
|Highest average (min. 10 innings)||Karen Rolton||Australia||74.92||1997–2009|||
|Highest score||Belinda Clark||Australia||229 *||1997|||
|Highest partnership||Tammy Beaumont & Sarah Taylor||England||275||2017|||
|Most runs in a tournament||Debbie Hockley||New Zealand||456||1997|||
|Most wickets||Lyn Fullston||Australia||39||1982–1988|||
|Lowest average (min. 500 balls bowled)||Katrina Keenan||New Zealand||9.72||1997–2000|||
|Best bowling figures||Jackie Lord||New Zealand||6/10||1982|||
|Most wickets in a tournament||Lyn Fullston||Australia||23||1982|||
|Most dismissals (wicket-keeper)||Jane Smit||England||40||1993–2005|||
|Most catches (fielder)||Janette Brittin||England||19||1982–1997|||
|Highest score||Australia (v Denmark)||412/3||1997|||
|Lowest score||Pakistan (v Australia)||27||1997|||
|Highest win %||Australia||85.97|||
- Heyhoe Flint & Rheinberg 1976, pp. 175–180.
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- "Records / Women's World Cup / Most dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 October 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
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- "Records / Women's World Cup / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
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