Shanghai Masters (tennis)

The Shanghai Masters (Chinese: 上海大師賽, also known as Shanghai Rolex Masters for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts, and held annually in early October at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in the Minhang District of Shanghai. The tournament is chronologically the eighth out of nine ATP Tour Masters 1000 events on the ATP Tour, and is the only one not played in Europe or North America.[1]

Shanghai Masters
Tournament information
TourATP Tour
Founded2009; 11 years ago (2009)
Editions11 (2019)
LocationShanghai, China
VenueQizhong Forest Sports City Arena
CategoryATP Tour Masters 1000
SurfaceHard - outdoors
Draw56S / 28Q / 24D
Prize money$8,322,885 (2019)
Current champions (2019)
Men's singlesRussia Daniil Medvedev
Men's doublesCroatia Mate Pavić
Brazil Bruno Soares


Competition formatEdit

Matches in the singles and doubles main draws are played over eight days, from one Sunday to the next (in 2013, competition was held from October 6 to October 13, and this year competition will be held from October 11 to October 18). Qualifying matches for the singles main draw will be played in the weekend preceding the first complete week of competition (in 2012, on Saturday, October 5 and Sunday, October 6).[1][2]

The Qizhong Stadium at the time of the 2008 Tennis Masters Cup

The singles main draw features 56 different players (six rounds of play to the title for all competitors but the top 8 seeds), including 44 or 45 direct acceptances, 7 qualifiers, 4 wild cards, and 1 eventual special exempt. The singles qualifying draw features 28 different players (two rounds of play to qualification for all competitors including the 14 seeds), with 24 direct acceptances, and 4 wild cards. The doubles draw, finally, features 24 different teams (five rounds of play to the title for all competitors but the 8 seeded teams), including 22 direct acceptances (16 in advance, 6 on-site), and 2 wild cards.[2]

The entry deadline for direct acceptance comes twenty-one days prior to the first Monday of the tournament week for the singles main and qualifying draws, and fourteen days prior to the first Monday of the tournament week, with six spots reserved for on-site entries, for the doubles draw. Players and teams on the acceptance list are sorted according to their position in the computerized ATP Rankings in the week preceding competition, to enter the main draws, the qualifying draw (in singles) or to be kept as alternates (in doubles).[2]

The singles and doubles draws are set first by selecting the eight seeds in both the singles and doubles competition, according to the most recent ATP rankings in the week preceding competition. After the seeds and byes are placed, the remaining players, including wild cards, qualifiers and special exempts (in singles) are placed in the rest of the draw, from top to bottom.[2]

All singles matches are played in best-of-three tie-break sets format, while the doubles matches are played in two tie-break sets and a match tie-break, and use the no ad scoring system.[2]

Points and prize moneyEdit

As an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event, the tournament distributes up to 1000 ATP Rankings points to the singles and doubles champions.[1] For the 2019 edition, a total of US$8,322,885 will be shared between the singles and doubles competitors. These are tables detailing the points and prize money allocation for each round of the 2019 Shanghai Masters:[1]


Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Q Q3 Q2 Q2
Singles 1000 600 360 180 90 45 10 25 0 16 0
Doubles 1000 600 360 180 90 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Prize moneyEdit

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Q Q3 Q2 Q1
Singles $1,374,995 $696,000 $357,000 $184,000 $92,175 $48,275 $27,205 N/A N/A $10,405 $5,205
Doubles $408,840 $199,520 $100,000 $50,950 $26,870 $14,390 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A


The Qizhong Arena main court, during the 2008 Tennis Masters Cup

All matches are played in outdoor conditions at the Qizhong Arena, after the venue held the Tennis Masters Cup indoors from 2005 to 2008. The surface is hard court, specifically DecoTurf.[1][3]

The venue was originally built in 2004 and 2005 to host the Tennis Masters Cup, after the ATP awarded the tournament to Shanghai for a three-year contract (2005–2007), later extended to a fourth year.[4][5] The site was conceived to become the largest tennis venue in Asia, with a 15,000-seats main stadium featuring a retractable roof of eight steel panels representing Shanghai's city flower, the magnolia. As of 2013, the Arena's Grand Stand Court 1 stands in fifth place in the list of tennis stadiums by capacity, alongside Beijing's National Tennis Stadium (built for the 2008 Summer Olympics) and Wimbledon's Centre Court.

In preparation of the first edition of the Shanghai Masters, the venue was expanded with several new stadiums and courts constructed by August 2009, including a Grand Stand Court 2, with a seating capacity of 5,000 spectators, and a Grand Stand Court 3, with a seating capacity of 3,000 spectators.[6]


The Shanghai ATP Masters 1000 was established to fulfill the desire of the ATP World Tour and the Chinese Tennis Association to develop the market for tennis in China and Asia in general.[7] In 2010 following a sponsorship deal the tournament was renamed the Shanghai Rolex Masters.[8]

In 1996, a professional tournament was held for the first time in Shanghai, the largest city in China. The inaugural Shanghai Open was won by Russian Andrei Olhovskiy over Mark Knowles of the Bahamas.[9] In 2002 the year-end championships, then called the Tennis Masters Cup.[10][11] were held in the city. The success of the 2002 Tennis Masters Cup, won by World No. 1 Lleyton Hewitt from Australia, prompted the ATP, which had abandoned the idea of a touring Tennis Masters Cup, to award Shanghai the right to hold the tournament from 2005 to 2007.

While the ATP International Series tournament of Shanghai was held two more years in 2003 and 2004 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center[disputed ] created for the 2002 Tennis Masters Cup, a new facility, the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena, was built to host the year-end championships starting from 2005.[12] The ATP eventually extended the three-year deal to a fourth year in 2006, allowing the Tennis Masters Cup to increase its success in Shanghai.[4][5] Over the four years spent at the Qizhong venue, the tournament saw Swiss World No. 1 Roger Federer reach three finals, losing the first in 2005 to Argentine David Nalbandian before winning the following two in 2006 and 2007, and Novak Djokovic of Serbia taking the 2008 title.

In March 2007, the ATP announced that their 2009 rebranding[13] would also be the occasion to use the Qizhong facility and the Shanghai Tennis Masters Cup organisation to host an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event in the city, the equivalent of what were then the ATP Masters Series.[14] Shanghai was eventually given the October spot in the calendar, previously held by the Mutua Madrileña Masters Madrid indoor hard courts event, but was to be held as an outdoor hard surface tournament, thereby reducing the number of indoor Masters events to one, that being the Paris Masters. The new Mutua Madrileña Madrid Open moved to outdoor red clay courts during the spring European clay court season. The Tennis Masters Cup became the ATP World Tour Finals and moved to the O2 arena in London, United Kingdom.[13]

Organized by Juss International Sports Event Management Company directed by Jiang Lan, the event was formally presented in a press conference on November 13, 2008, during the season's Tennis Masters Cup tournament, where the choice of the draw sizes, of the surface, and the building of additional courts were announced. Rolex, the Swiss watch company, was also revealed as the official sponsor of the event.[15] The promotional campaign for the tournament started in early 2009, with the presentation of its slogan, "Simply The Best",[16] and the event was officially launched on May 5, 2009.[6] Expecting nearly 150,000 spectators during the tournament, the Shanghai Rolex Masters was introduced as the flagship of an Asian swing in the 2009 ATP World Tour calendar after the late September ATP World Tour 250 Thailand Open of Bangkok and Malaysian Open of Kuala Lumpur, and then early October ATP World Tour 500 Japan Open Tennis Championships of Tokyo and China Open of Beijing.[6]

Past finalsEdit

In singles, Novak Djokovic (winner in 2012–13, 2015, and 2018) holds the record for most titles (four). Djokovic and Andy Murray share the records for most consecutive titles (two victories in a row each), and most finals (four). In doubles, Marcelo Melo (winner in 2013, 2015, and 2018) holds the record for most titles (three), and no player has collected back-to-back titles yet.


Novak Djokovic holds the record for most singles titles with four.
Year Champion Runner-up Score
2009   Nikolay Davydenko   Rafael Nadal 7–6(7–3), 6–3
2010   Andy Murray   Roger Federer 6–3, 6–2
2011   Andy Murray (2)   David Ferrer 7–5, 6–4
2012   Novak Djokovic   Andy Murray 5–7, 7–6(13–11), 6–3
2013   Novak Djokovic (2)   Juan Martín del Potro 6–1, 3–6, 7–6(7–3)
2014   Roger Federer   Gilles Simon 7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)
2015   Novak Djokovic (3)   Jo-Wilfried Tsonga 6–2, 6–4
2016   Andy Murray (3)   Roberto Bautista Agut 7–6(7–1), 6–1
2017   Roger Federer (2)   Rafael Nadal 6–4, 6–3
2018   Novak Djokovic (4)   Borna Ćorić 6–3, 6–4
2019   Daniil Medvedev   Alexander Zverev 6–4, 6–1
2020 No competition (due to COVID-19 pandemic)[17]


Marcelo Melo holds the record for most doubles titles with three.
Year Champions Runners-up Score
2009   Julien Benneteau
  Jo-Wilfried Tsonga
  Mariusz Fyrstenberg
  Marcin Matkowski
6–2, 6–4
2010   Jürgen Melzer
  Leander Paes
  Mariusz Fyrstenberg
  Marcin Matkowski
7–5, 4–6, [10–5]
2011   Max Mirnyi
  Daniel Nestor
  Michaël Llodra
  Nenad Zimonjić
3–6, 6–1, [12–10]
2012   Leander Paes (2)
  Radek Štěpánek
  Mahesh Bhupathi
  Rohan Bopanna
6–7(7–9), 6–3, [10–5]
2013   Ivan Dodig
  Marcelo Melo
  David Marrero
  Fernando Verdasco
7–6(7–2), 6–7(6–8), [10–2]
2014   Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
  Julien Benneteau
  Édouard Roger-Vasselin
6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2015   Raven Klaasen
  Marcelo Melo (2)
  Simone Bolelli
  Fabio Fognini
6–3, 6–3
2016   John Isner
  Jack Sock
  Henri Kontinen
  John Peers
6–4, 6–4
2017   Henri Kontinen
  John Peers
  Łukasz Kubot
  Marcelo Melo
6–4, 6–2
2018   Łukasz Kubot
  Marcelo Melo (3)
  Jamie Murray
  Bruno Soares
6–4, 6–2
2019   Mate Pavić
  Bruno Soares
  Łukasz Kubot
  Marcelo Melo
6–4, 6–2
2020 No competition (due to COVID-19 pandemic)[17]


Source: The Tennis Base[18]


Most titles   Novak Djokovic 4
Most finals   Andy Murray 4
  Novak Djokovic
Most consecutive titles   Andy Murray
(2010, 2011)
  Novak Djokovic
(2012, 2013)
Most consecutive finals   Andy Murray
(2010, 2011, 2012)
Most matches played   Novak Djokovic 39
Most matches won   Novak Djokovic 34
Most consecutive matches won   Novak Djokovic 13
Most editions played   Gilles Simon 11
Best winning %   Novak Djokovic 88.90%
Youngest champion   Andy Murray 23y, 4m, 26d
Oldest champion   Roger Federer 36y, 2m, 7d

Longest final:

2012 (34 games)
  Novak Djokovic 5 713 6
  Andy Murray 7 611 3

Shortest finals:

2010 (17 games)
  Andy Murray 6 6
  Roger Federer 3 2
2019 (17 games)
  Daniil Medvedev 6 6
  Alexander Zverev 4 1


  1. ^ a b c d e "Shanghai Wins ATP Award, Announces Title Sponsorship". ATP World Tour. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e "2009 ATP World Tour Rulebook". Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  3. ^ "DecoTurf Tennis Surface Selected for Shanghai ATP Masters 1000". DecoTurf. 2011-10-09.
  4. ^ a b "ATP Masters Cup to be kept in Shanghai". 2006-03-14. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  5. ^ a b "Shanghai Masters Cup extends commitment to 2008". 2006-03-15. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  6. ^ a b c "Shanghai ATP Masters 1000 Officially Launched". 2009-05-05.
  7. ^ "Tennis thriving without local stars". People's Daily. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Ascendant Majoli overcomes challenge of Sanchez Vicario". The Independent. 1996-02-05. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  10. ^ "Shanghai to Host 2002 Tennis Masters Cup". People's Daily. 2001-07-07. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  11. ^ "Shanghai to make Masters Cup a success, says ATP officer". Xinhua News Agency (XNA). 2002-11-11. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  12. ^ "Federer unveils new stadium". 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  13. ^ a b Kamakshi Tandon (2008-11-06). "Posing 10 ATP questions for 2009". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  14. ^ Martyn Herman (2007-03-28). "Shanghai to get Masters Series tournament in 2009". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  15. ^ Sandra Harwitt (2008-11-18). "Esoteric round-robin format has its share of flaws". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  16. ^ ""Simply The Best" Campaign Slogan For Shanghai". 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
  17. ^ a b "ATP Announces Cancellation Of 2020 China Tournament Swing". ATP. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Shanghai Masters, Tournament Records". The Tennis Base, 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.

External linksEdit

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
ATP World Tour Masters 1000 Tournament of the Year
Succeeded by
Indian Wells

Coordinates: 31°02′28″N 121°21′18″E / 31.041°N 121.355°E / 31.041; 121.355