The Indian Wells Masters, also known as the Indian Wells Open and BNP Paribas Open is an annual tennis tournament usually held in early- and mid-March at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California, United States. The current owner is Larry Ellison, executive chairman and co-founder of Oracle. The current tournament director is former world No. 2 player Tommy Haas. The tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and is a WTA 1000 event on the women's tour.
|Indian Wells Masters|
|Location||Tucson, Arizona (1974–75)|
Rancho Mirage, California (1976–80)
La Quinta, California (1981–86)
Indian Wells, California (1987–current)
|Venue||Indian Wells Tennis Garden|
|Surface||Hard (Plexipave) - outdoors|
|Current champions (2021)|
|Men's singles||Cameron Norrie|
|Women's singles||Paula Badosa|
|Men's doubles|| John Peers |
|Women's doubles|| Hsieh Su-wei |
Between 1974 and 1976 it was non-tour event and between 1977 and 1986 it was a secondary tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour but in 1987 it was upgraded to be part of the Grand Prix Super Series, the series of nine tournaments just below the four majors and the year-end finals in importance. It took the place of the Philadelphia Indoor event as the first Super Series event of the year. The event is one of two tour events (along with the Miami Open), other than the Majors, in which main draw play extends beyond eight days. The women's main draw usually starts on Wednesday and the men's main draw starts on Thursday. Both finals are held on Sunday of the following week. Both singles main draws include 96 players in a 128-player grid, with the 32 seeded players getting a bye (a free pass) to the second round.
The tournament is played on hardcourt and is the best-attended tennis tournament outside the four Grand Slam tournaments, it is often called the "fifth Grand Slam". It has the second-largest permanent tennis stadium in the world, behind New York City's Arthur Ashe Stadium.
The tournament is played in the Indian Wells Tennis Garden (built in 2000) which has 29 tennis courts, including the 16,100-seat main stadium, which is the second largest tennis-specific stadium in the world. After the 2013 BNP Paribas Open the Indian Wells Tennis Garden started an expansion and upgrade of its facilities that includes a new 8,000 seat Stadium 2. The revamping of the tennis center also included a "Pro Purple" interior court color created specifically for the ATP Masters Series and first used at Indian Wells, citing the purple color being 180 degrees and exactly opposite the yellow of the ball.
- The men's tournament was previously called
- The American Airlines Tennis Games (1974–1978),
- The Congoleum Classic (1979–1980, 1982–1984),
- The Grand Marnier/ATP Tennis Games (1981),
- The Pilot Pen Classic (1985–1987),
- The Newsweek Champions Cup (1988–1999),
- The Tennis Masters Series Indian Wells (2000–2001), and
- The Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).
- The women's tournament was previously called
- The Virginia Slims of Indian Wells (1989–1990),
- The Virginia Slims of Palm Springs (1991),
- The Matrix Essentials Evert Cup (1992–1993),
- The Evert Cup (1994, 1999),
- The State Farm Evert Cup (1995–1998) in honor of Chris Evert,
- The Tennis Masters Series (2000–2001), and
- The Pacific Life Open (2002–2008).
Originally the women's tournament was held a week before the men's event. In 1996, the championship became one of the few fully combined events on both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Women's Tennis Association tours.
The BNP Paribas Open has become one of the largest events on both men's and women's tour. In 2004 it expanded to a multi-week 96 person field, and since then, it along with the following Miami Open, have been colloquially termed the Sunshine Double. Dubbed the "Grand Slam of the West", it is the most-attended tennis tournament in the world other than the four Majors, with over 450,000 visitors during the 2015 event.
On March 8, 2020, the tournament was postponed due to potential spreading of the COVID-19 virus.
Williams sisters controversyEdit
Venus and Serena Williams refused to play the Indian Wells tournament from 2001 to 2014 despite threats of financial sanctions and ranking point penalties. The two were scheduled to play in the 2001 semifinal but Venus withdrew due to an injury. Amid speculation of match fixing, the crowd for the final loudly booed Serena when she came out to play the final and continued to boo her intermittently through the entire match, even to the point of cheering unforced errors and double faults. Williams won the tournament and was subsequently booed during the awards ceremony. The following month at the Ericsson Open, Richard Williams, Serena and Venus's father, claimed racial slurs were directed at him while in the stands. Neither Venus nor Serena played the tournament until 2015, when Serena Williams played in the tournament, ending her 14-year boycott of the event. Venus Williams ended her boycott by competing in 2016.
|Most titles||Roger Federer||5|
|Most finals||Roger Federer||9|
|Most consecutive titles|| Roger Federer
| Novak Djokovic|
|Most consecutive finals|| Roger Federer
(2017, 2018, 2019)
| Novak Djokovic|
|Most matches played||Roger Federer||79|
|Most matches won||Roger Federer||66|
|Most consecutive matches won||Novak Djokovic||19|
|Most editions played||Roger Federer||18|
|Best winning %||Novak Djokovic||84.75% (50–9)|
|Youngest champion||Boris Becker||19y, 2m, 26d|
|Oldest champion||Roger Federer||35y, 7m, 11d|
|1991 (51 games)|
|2016 (14 games)|
|Most titles||Martina Navratilova||2|
|Mary Joe Fernandez|
|Most finals||Lindsay Davenport||6|
|Most consecutive titles|| Martina Navratilova
|Most consecutive finals|| Lindsay Davenport
|Most consecutive matches won||Martina Navratilova||10|
- BNP Paribas Open tennis finally returns to Indian Wells in October, Los Angeles Times, May 20, 2021
- "Google Maps". Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "Indian Wells Tennis Garden – Site Facts". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "2014 Indian Wells Tennis Garden Expansion". ATP. March 3, 2013.
- "BNP Paribas Open Debuts New Plexipave® IW Stadium Court". March 3, 2014.
- "The Long and Winding Road to Indian Wells". The Beverly Hills Courier. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Larry Ellison opens his wallet for Indian Wells event". USA Today. March 13, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Top 15 Moments Of 2015 Tournament". BNP Paribas Open. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Charlie Pasarell and Co. keep tennis' desert palace glittering
- BNP Paribas Open Announces Larry Ellison As New Owner
- "Indian Wells tennis postponed after coronavirus confirmed". Retrieved March 8, 2020.
- "Williams booed after Indian Wells win". CNN.
- "Racism charges swirl as Williams sisters advance". CNN.
- Williams, Serena (February 4, 2015). "Serena Williams: I'm Returning to Indian Wells". Time.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Venus books return to Indian Wells". WTA. January 27, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- "NOAH BEATS LENDL, ENDING STREAK AT 44". NYTIMES.
- "BNP Paribas Open Will Not Be Held As Scheduled Due to Coronavirus Concerns". atptour.com. March 8, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
- "2020 BNP Paribas Open Will Not Be Held". tennis.life. March 9, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indian Wells Masters.|
- Official tournament website
- Indian Wells Tennis Garden
- Official Tourism Agency of the greater Palm Springs area: Information on hotels, restaurants and more