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Manuela Georgieva Maleeva-Fragnière (Bulgarian: Мануела Георгиева Малеева) (born 14 February 1967) is a Bulgarian former professional tennis player. She played on the WTA Tour between 1982 and 1994. Through her marriage, Maleeva began representing Switzerland officially from January 1990 until her retirement in February 1994.

Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière
Мануела Малеева
Manuela Maleeva.jpg
Country (sports) Bulgaria (1982–89)
  Switzerland (1990–94)
ResidenceLa Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland
Born (1967-02-14) 14 February 1967 (age 52)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Turned pro1982
RetiredFebruary 1994
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money$3,244,557
Singles
Career record475–187
Career titles19 WTA
Highest rankingNo. 3 (4 February 1985)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenQF (1985, 1992, 1994)
French OpenQF (1985, 1987, 1989, 1990)
WimbledonQF (1984)
US OpenSF (1992, 1993)
Olympic GamesBronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1988)
Doubles
Career record129–131
Career titles4 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 11 (2 August 1993)
Mixed doubles
Career titles1
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
US OpenW (1984)
Team competitions
Fed Cup Bulgaria
SF (1985, 1987)
  Switzerland
QF (1991)
Hopman Cup  Switzerland
W (1992)

Contents

BiographyEdit

Maleeva-Fragnière was born in Sofia, the oldest of the three children of Georgi Maleev and Yuliya Berberyan. Her mother, who came from an Armenian family, was the best Bulgarian tennis player in the 1960s. After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started a coaching career. She coached all three of her daughters, Manuela, Katerina, and Magdalena, each of whom became a WTA top ten player.

In 1982, Maleeva, won the junior French Open. Later that year, she made her debut on the senior tour and ended the year ranked in the top 200.

In 1984, Maleeva, won five tournaments and recorded wins over Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Hana Mandlíková, Helena Suková, Claudia Kohde-Kilsch, Wendy Turnbull, Kathy Jordan, and Zina Garrison Jackson. After winning the tournament in Indianapolis, Maleeva rose to world No. 3 in the rankings. Once in the top ten, she did not leave it until 1992. Also in 1984, Maleeva won her only Grand Slam title – in mixed doubles at the US Open with American Tom Gullikson.

In 1988, Maleeva-Fragnière, won a bronze medal in singles at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.

In 1992 and 1993, Maleeva-Fragnière registered her all-time best achievement in Grand Slam singles competition when she reached the semifinals of the US Open both years (in 1992 after beating her sister Magdalena in the quarterfinals).

In 1994, Maleeva-Fragnière retired from professional tennis.

During her 12-year career, Maleeva won 19 WTA Tour singles titles, four doubles titles, and one mixed doubles title. She teamed with Jakob Hlasek to help Switzerland win the Hopman Cup in 1992 and, while playing for Bulgaria, twice reached the semifinals of Fed Cup (1985 and 1987).

Maleeva married 1987 Swiss tennis coach François Fragnière. They lived in Blonay, Switzerland with two girls and a boy (Lora born in 1995, Iva in 1997, Timo in 1999) but divorced in 2007, after 20 years of marriage. Manuela Maleeva then moved with her children to La Tour-de-Peilz, not far from Lausanne.

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Mixed Doubles: 1 titleEdit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1984 US Open Hard   Tom Gullikson   Elizabeth Smylie
  John Fitzgerald
2–6, 7–5, 6–4

OlympicsEdit

Singles: 1 bronze medalEdit

Outcome Year Location Surface Opponent Score
Bronze 1988 Seoul Hard Tied DNP

Maleeva-Fragnière lost in the semifinals to Gabriela Sabatini 1–6, 2–6. In 1988, there was no bronze medal play-off match; both beaten semifinal players received bronze medals.

WTA career finalsEdit

Singles: 37 (19–18)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (0–0)
Tier III (3–4)
Tier IV (3–2)
Tier V (4–0)
Virginia Slims (8–11)
Finals by surface
Hard (4–2)
Grass (0–1)
Clay (6–6)
Carpet (9–9)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. 30 January 1984 Houston, USA Carpet (i)   Hana Mandlíková 4–6, 2–6
Winner 1. 7 May 1984 Lugano, Switzerland Clay   Iva Budařová 6–1, 6–1
Winner 2. 21 May 1984 Perugia, Italy Clay   Chris Evert 6–3, 6–3
Winner 3. 6 August 1984 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay   Lisa Bonder 6–4, 6–3
Winner 4. 12 November 1984 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Hana Mandlíková 6–1, 1–6, 6–4
Winner 5. 10 December 1984 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 3–6, 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 2. 7 January 1985 Washington, U.S. Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 3–6, 2–6
Runner-up 3. 20 May 1985 Lugano, Switzerland Clay   Bonnie Gadusek 4–6, 2–6
Runner-up 4. 21 October 1985 Brighton, U.K. Carpet (i)   Chris Evert 5–7, 3–6
Runner-up 5. 11 November 1985 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Chris Evert 5–7, 0–6
Winner 6. 9 December 1985 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Bonnie Gadusek 7–6(7–2), 3–6, 7–5
Runner-up 6. 19 May 1986 Lugano, Switzerland Clay   Raffaella Reggi 7–5, 3–6, 6–7(6–8)
Runner-up 7. 9 June 1986 Birmingham, U.K. Grass   Pam Shriver 2–6, 6–7(0–7)
Runner-up 8. 8 September 1986 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Steffi Graf 4–6, 2–6
Winner 7. 30 March 1987 Wild Dunes, U.S. Clay   Raffaella Reggi 5–7, 6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 9. 6 April 1987 Hilton Head Island, U.S. Clay   Steffi Graf 2–6, 6–4, 3–6
Runner-up 10. 18 May 1987 Geneva, Switzerland Clay   Chris Evert 3–6, 6–4, 2–6
Winner 8. 24 August 1987 Mahwah, U.S. Hard   Sylvia Hanika 1–6, 6–4, 6–1
Runner-up 11. 14 September 1987 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Gabriela Sabatini 4–6, 6–7(6–8)
Winner 9. 29 February 1988 Wichita, U.S. Hard (i)   Sylvia Hanika 7–6(7–5), 7–5
Winner 10. 12 September 1988 Phoenix, U.S. Hard   Dinky Van Rensburg 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
Runner-up 12. 17 October 1988 Zürich, Switzerland Carpet (i)   Pam Shriver 3–6, 4–6
Runner-up 13. 24 October 1988 Brighton, U.K. Carpet (i)   Steffi Graf 2–6, 0–6
Winner 11. 12 March 1989 Indian Wells, U.S. Hard   Jenny Byrne 6–4, 6–1
Winner 12. 22 May 1989 Geneva, Switzerland Clay   Conchita Martínez 6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 14. 12 February 1990 Chicago, U.S. Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 3–6, 2–6
Runner-up 15. 27 March 1990 San Antonio, U.S. Hard   Monica Seles 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 16. 6 August 1990 San Diego, U.S. Hard   Steffi Graf 3–6, 2–6
Winner 13. 11 February 1991 Linz, Austria Carpet (i)   Petra Langrová 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
Runner-up 17. 22 April 1991 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Conchita Martínez 4–6, 1–6
Winner 14. 20 May 1991 Geneva, Switzerland Clay   Helen Kelesi 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Winner 15. 23 September 1991 Bayonne, France Carpet (i)   Leila Meskhi 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 18. 6 July 1992 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay   Conchita Martínez 0–6, 6–3, 2–6
Winner 16. 28 September 1992 Bayonne, France Carpet (i)   Nathalie Tauziat 6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–3
Winner 17. 22 February 1993 Linz, Austria Carpet (i)   Conchita Martínez 6–2, 1–0 ret.
Winner 18. 4 October 1993 Zürich, Switzerland Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 6–3, 7–6(7–1)
Winner 19. 8 February 1994 Osaka, Japan Carpet (i)   Iva Majoli 6–1, 4–6, 7–5

Doubles: 11 (4–7)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (1–2)
Tier III (0–1)
Tier IV (0–1)
Tier V (1–0)
Virginia Slims (2–3)
Finals by surface
Hard (0–1)
Grass (0–0)
Clay (3–3)
Carpet (1–3)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1. April 29, 1985 Houston, U.S. Clay   Helena Suková   Elise Burgin
  Martina Navratilova
1–6, 6–3, 3–6
Winner 1. July 22, 1985 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay   Katerina Maleeva   Penny Barg
  Paula Smith
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 2. September 8, 1986 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Katerina Maleeva   Bettina Bunge
  Steffi Graf
1–6, 7–6(9–7), 2–6
Winner 2. July 6, 1987 Knokke, Belgium Clay   Bettina Bunge   Kathleen Horvath
  Marcella Mesker
4–6, 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 3. September 14, 1987 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Katerina Maleeva   Anne White
  Robin White
1–6, 2–6
Winner 3. February 11, 1991 Linz, Austria Carpet (i)   Raffaella Reggi   Petra Langrová
  Radka Zrubáková
6–4, 1–6, 6–3
Runner-up 4. May 20, 1991 Geneva, Switzerland Clay   Cathy Caverzasio   Nicole Bradtke
  Elizabeth Smylie
1–6, 2–6
Runner-up 5. February 9, 1993 Osaka, Japan Carpet (i)   Magdalena Maleeva   Jana Novotná
  Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Winner 4. April 5, 1993 Amelia Island, U.S. Clay   Leila Meskhi   Amanda Coetzer
  Inés Gorrochategui
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 6. April 19, 1993 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Magdalena Maleeva   Conchita Martínez
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Runner-up 7. July 26, 1993 Stratton Mountain, U.S. Hard   Mercedes Paz   Elizabeth Smylie
  Helena Suková
1–6, 2–6

ITF Circuit finalsEdit

Doubles: 1 (1–0)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1. 23 September 1985 Sofia, Bulgaria Clay   Katerina Maleeva   Yvona Brzáková
  Hana Fukárková
6–1, 6–2

Fed CupEdit

Manuela Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1983. She has a 21–5 singles record and a 7–10 doubles record (28–15 overall).

Singles (21–5)Edit

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1983 World Group I R1 17 July 1983    Switzerland Clay   Christiane Jolissaint L 4–6, 6–4, 4–6
PO 19 July 1983   Zimbabwe   Angela Longo W 6–1, 6–0
PO 21 July 1983   Soviet Union   Olga Zaitseva W 6–0, 6–3
1984 World Group I R1 15 July 1984   Great Britain Clay   Jo Durie W 6–4, 4–6, 6–4
R2 16 July 1984   Soviet Union   Natasha Reva W 6–2, 6–0
QF 18 July 1984   Yugoslavia   Mima Jaušovec W 3–6, 6–3, 6–1
1985 World Group I R1 6 October 1985   Soviet Union Hard   Larisa Savchenko W 6–7(3–7), 6–4, 6–1
R2 8 October 1985   Yugoslavia   Sabrina Goleš W 6–1, 6–3
QF 10 October 1985   Great Britain   Annabel Croft W 6–2, 6–2
SF 12 October 1985   Czechoslovakia   Hana Mandlíková L 6–3, 2–6, 1–6
1986 World Group I R1 20 July 1986   Soviet Union Clay   Larisa Savchenko W 6–2, 6–1
R2 21 July 1986   France   Catherine Tanvier W 6–0, 6–1
QF 23 July 1986   West Germany   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch W 6–4, 6–2
1987 World Group I R1 26 July 1987   Greece Hard   Angeliki Kanellopoulou W 6–0, 6–0
R2 27 July 1987   Indonesia   Yayuk Basuki W 6–4, 6–0
QF 29 July 1987   Australia   Elizabeth Smylie W 6–4, 6–4
SF 31 July 1987   United States   Chris Evert L 2–6, 6–2, 4–6
1989 World Group I R1 1 October 1989   South Korea Hard   Kim Il-soon W 6–1, 6–0
R2 3 October 1989   Argentina   Mercedes Paz W 4–6, 6–1, 6–3
QF 5 October 1989   Australia   Anne Minter L 3–6, 6–2, 4–6
↓  Representing    Switzerland  ↓
1991 World Group I R1 23 July 1991   Argentina Hard   Mercedes Paz W 6–0, 7–6(7–5)
R2 24 July 1991   China   Li Fang W 6–7(5–7), 7–5, 6–2
QF 25 July 1991   Czechoslovakia   Jana Novotná L 4–6, 4–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Sweden Clay   Catarina Lindqvist W 6–0, 6–2
PO 16 July 1992   Israel   Anna Smashnova W 6–1, 6–0
PO 17 July 1992   Paraguay   Rossana de los Ríos W 6–2, 6–2

Doubles (7–10)Edit

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1983 World Group I PO 19 July 1983   Marina Kondova   Zimbabwe Clay   Angela Longo
  Lindsay Standen
W 6–4, 6–2
PO 21 July 1983   Adriana Velcheva   Soviet Union   Svetlana Cherneva
  Larisa Savchenko
L 4–6, 3–6
1984 World Group I R1 15 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Great Britain Clay   Amanda Brown
  Anne Hobbs
W 7–6, 7–5
R2 16 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union   Elena Eliseenko
  Larisa Savchenko
L 7–5, 5–7, 1–6
QF 18 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Yugoslavia   Sabrina Goleš
  Mima Jaušovec
L 3–6, 1–6
1985 World Group I R1 6 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union Hard   Natalia Egorova
  Svetlana Cherneva
W 6–3, 7–5
R2 8 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Yugoslavia   Sabrina Goleš
  Aila Winkler
W 6–4, 7–6(9–7)
QF 10 October 1985  [Katerina Maleeva   Great Britain   Jo Durie
  Anne Hobbs
L 4–5, Ret.
SF 12 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Czechoslovakia   Hana Mandlíková
  Helena Suková
L 3–6, 6–7(4–7)
1986 World Group I R1 20 July 1986   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union Clay   Svetlana Cherneva
  Larisa Savchenko
L 6–1, 4–6, 1–6
QF 23 July 1986   Katerina Maleeva   West Germany   Bettina Bunge
  Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
L 4–6, 2–6
1989 World Group I R1 1 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   South Korea Hard   Kim Il-soon
  Lee Jeong-myung
W 7–5, 6–0
R2 3 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   Argentina   Florencia Labat
  Mercedes Paz
W 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
QF 5 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   Australia   Elizabeth Smylie
  Janine Tremelling
L 7–5, 4–6, 0–6
↓  Representing    Switzerland  ↓
1991 World Group I R2 24 July 1991   Cathy Caverzasio   China Hard   Li Fang
  Yi Jing-Qian
L 1–3, Ret.
QF 25 July 1991   Cathy Caverzasio   Czechoslovakia   Jana Novotná
  Regina Rajchrtová
W 6–4, 2–1, Ret.
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Michelle Strebel   Sweden Clay   Maria Lindström
  Maria Strandlund
L 4–6, 7–5, 4–6

Grand Slam singles performance timelineEdit

Tournament 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 SR W–L
Grand Slam Tournaments
Australian Open 2R A A QF NH 4R A A A 2R QF 4R QF 0 / 7 18–6
French Open 2R 3R 4R QF 3R QF 3R QF QF 2R 3R 3R A 0 / 12 30–12
Wimbledon 2R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R A 1R A 3R 2R A 0 / 10 16–10
US Open 3R 3R 1R 4R QF 4R QF QF QF 4R SF SF A 0 / 12 39–12
Win–Loss 4–4 5–3 7–3 13–4 9–3 10–4 6–3 8–2 8–3 5–3 13–3 11–4 4–1 0 / 41 103–40
Year-end ranking 60 30 6 7 10 8 6 9 9 10 9 11 N/A
  • NH = tournament not held.
  • A = did not participate in the tournament.
  • SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Record against other top playersEdit

Maleeva's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked world No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Players who have been ranked world No. 1 are in boldface.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit