Manuela Maleeva

Manuela Georgieva Maleeva (Bulgarian: Мануела Георгиева Малеева; born 14 February 1967) is a Bulgarian former professional tennis player. She played on the WTA Tour between 1982 and 1994. Through her marriage, Maleeva began representing Switzerland officially from January 1990 until her retirement in February 1994.

Manuela Maleeva
Мануела Малеева
Manuela Maleeva.jpg
Country (sports) Bulgaria (1982–89)
  Switzerland (1990–94)
ResidenceLa Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland
Born (1967-02-14) 14 February 1967 (age 55)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Turned proMay 1982
RetiredFebruary 1994
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$ 3,244,811
Singles
Career record475–187 (71.8%)
Career titles19
Highest rankingNo. 3 (4 February 1985)
Grand Slam singles results
Australian OpenQF (1985, 1992, 1994)
French OpenQF (1985, 1987, 1989, 1990)
WimbledonQF (1984)
US OpenSF (1992, 1993)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsSF (1987)
Olympic GamesBronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1988)
Doubles
Career record129–131 (49.6%)
Career titles4
Highest rankingNo. 11 (2 August 1993)
Mixed doubles
Career titles1
Grand Slam mixed doubles results
US OpenW (1984)
Team competitions
Fed Cup Bulgaria
SF (1985, 1987)
  Switzerland
QF (1991)
Hopman Cup  Switzerland
W (1992)
Medal record

One of the most consistent players on tour in the 1980s and early 1990s, Maleeva reached her career-high singles ranking of No. 3 in the world in February 1985 and finished with a year-end top 10 ranking for nine consecutive years (1984 till 1992). A winner of 19 WTA singles titles and four doubles titles, she also reached a total of 14 Grand Slam quarterfinals in her career, including two US Open semifinals in 1992 and 1993, which are her career-best Grand Slam results. She was a semifinalist at the 1987 Virginia Slims Championships.

Maleeva was the bronze medalist in singles at the 1988 Seoul Olympics, winning Bulgaria's first (and thus far, only) Olympic tennis medal. In 1992, she paired up with Jakob Hlasek at the Hopman Cup where they took home Switzerland's first ever title at the event.

CareerEdit

Maleeva was born in Sofia, the oldest of the three children of Georgi Maleev and Yuliya Berberyan. Her mother, who came from an Armenian family, was the best Bulgarian tennis player in the 1960s. After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started a coaching career. She coached all three of her daughters, Manuela, Katerina, and Magdalena, each of whom became a top six player.[1]

In 1982, Maleeva won the junior French Open, and also made her debut on the senior tour, ending the year ranked in the top 100.[2] After ending the 1983 season in the top 40, she won five tournaments in 1984, and made her debut in the top 10 after defeating Chris Evert in the final of the Italian Open. She also won her only Grand Slam title that year – in mixed doubles at the US Open with American Tom Gullikson.[2]

In 1988, Maleeva-Fragnière, won a bronze medal in singles at the Seoul Olympics in Seoul. In 1992 and 1993, Maleeva-Fragnière registered her all-time best achievement in Grand Slam singles competition when she reached the semifinals of the US Open both years (in 1992, after beating youngest sister Magdalena in the quarterfinals).[2]

In 1994, Maleeva-Fragnière retired from professional tennis, after winning the title in Osaka where she beat Iva Majoli in the final. During her 12-year career, she won 19 WTA singles titles, four doubles titles, and one mixed doubles title. She also teamed with Jakob Hlasek to help Switzerland win the Hopman Cup in 1992.[2]

In Fed Cup competition, Maleeva twice helped Bulgaria reach the semifinals (1985 and 1987), and then led Switzerland to the quarterfinals in 1991.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Maleeva married Swiss tennis coach François Fragnière in December 1987 and from then on, began competing as Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière. She represented Switzerland from 1990 until her retirement. They have three children, Lora, born in 1995, Iva in 1997, Timo in 1999, but divorced in 2003.[1] She currently resides in La Tour-de-Peilz, about 90 km northeast of Geneva across Lake Geneva.[2][3]

Retirement lifeEdit

Maleeva has been active in politics back in her home country, being one of the founding members of Yes, Bulgaria! which was founded in 2017. The party focuses on institutional reforms and an anti-corruption agenda.[4][5][6] Prior to that, she also advocated the 2015 Bulgarian electoral code referendum.[7][1]

Outside politics, Maleeva is also active in her foundation, Fondation Swissclinical, which she co-founded in 2008.[8] The foundation focuses on helping handicapped children and children in need by providing them with good medical care and long-term support.[3][1]

Major finalsEdit

Grand Slam tournament finalsEdit

Mixed Doubles: 1 (1 title)Edit

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1984 US Open Hard   Tom Gullikson 2–6, 7–5, 6–4

OlympicsEdit

Singles: 1 bronze medalEdit

Result Year Location Surface Opponent Score
Bronze 1988 Seoul, South Korea Hard Tied DNP

Maleeva-Fragnière lost in the semifinals to Gabriela Sabatini 1–6, 2–6. In 1988, there was no bronze medal play-off match; both beaten semifinal players received bronze medals.

Performance timelinesEdit

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) winner; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held; (SR) strike rate (events won / competed); (W–L) win–loss record.

SinglesEdit

Tournament 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 SR W-L Win%
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open 2R A A QF NH 4R A A A 2R QF 4R QF 0 / 7 18–6 75%
French Open 2R 3R 4R QF 3R QF 3R QF QF 2R 3R 3R A 0 / 12 30–12 71%
Wimbledon 2R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R A 1R A 3R 2R A 0 / 10 16–10 62%
US Open 3R 3R 1R 4R QF 4R QF QF QF 4R SF SF A 0 / 12 39–12 76%
Win–loss 4–4 5–3 7–3 13–4 9–3 10–4 6–3 8–2 8–3 5–3 13–4 11–4 4–1 0 / 41 103–41 72%
Year–end championships
WTA Championships Did not qualify 1R 1R QF SF QF QF QF 1R 1R 1R DNQ 0 / 10 6–10 38%
National representation ↓  Representing   Bulgaria  ↓ ↓  Representing    Switzerland  ↓
Summer Olympics Not Held A Not Held SF-B Not Held QF Not Held 0 / 2 6–2 75%
Fed Cup A 1R QF SF QF SF A QF A QF 1R A A 0 / 10 20–9 69%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 5 1 0 2 2 2 0 3 1 2 1 Career total: 19
Finals 0 0 6 5 3 5 4 2 3 4 2 2 1 Career total: 37
Year-end ranking 60 32 6 7 10 8 6 9 9 10 9 11 N/A $3,244,811

DoublesEdit

Tournament 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 SR W-L Win%
Australian Open A A A 2R NH A A A A 3R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 5 8–5 62%
French Open A 1R 2R 2R QF 1R 2R 2R 2R 2R 1R 3R A 0 / 11 11–11 50%
Wimbledon A A 1R 1R 2R 1R 1R A 1R A 1R 3R A 0 / 8 3–8 27%
US Open A 1R 1R 2R 1R 1R 1R 2R 1R 1R A 1R A 0 / 10 2–10 17%
Win–loss 0–0 0–2 1–3 3–4 4–3 0–3 1–3 2–2 1–3 3–3 2–3 5–4 2–1 0 / 34 24–34 41%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 Career total: 4
Finals 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 Career total: 11
Year-end ranking N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 47 128 72 89 34 261 17 N/A $3,244,811

WTA career finalsEdit

Singles: 37 (19 titles, 18 runner-ups)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (0–0)
Tier III (3–4)
Tier IV (3–2)
Tier V / Virginia Slims (12–11)
Finals by surface
Hard (4–2)
Clay (6–6)
Grass (0–1)
Carpet (9–9)
Result W–L Date Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Feb 1984 Houston, United States Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Hana Mandlíková 4–6, 2–6
Win 1–1 May 1984 Lugano, Switzerland Virginia Slims Clay   Iva Budařová 6–1, 6–1
Win 2–1 May 1984 Perugia, Italy Virginia Slims Clay   Chris Evert 6–3, 6–3
Win 3–1 Aug 1984 Indianapolis, United States Virginia Slims Clay   Lisa Bonder 6–4, 6–3
Win 4–1 Nov 1984 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Hana Mandlíková 6–1, 1–6, 6–4
Win 5–1 Dec 1984 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 3–6, 6–4, 6–4
Loss 5–2 Jan 1985 Washington, United States Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 3–6, 2–6
Loss 5–3 May 1985 Lugano, Switzerland Virginia Slims Clay   Bonnie Gadusek 2–6, 2–6
Loss 5–4 Oct 1985 Brighton, Great Britain Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Chris Evert 5–7, 3–6
Loss 5–5 Nov 1985 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Chris Evert 5–7, 0–6
Win 6–5 Dec 1985 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Bonnie Gadusek 7–6(7–2), 3–6, 7–5
Loss 6–6 May 1986 Lugano, Switzerland Virginia Slims Clay   Raffaella Reggi 7–5, 3–6, 6–7(6–8)
Loss 6–7 Jun 1986 Birmingham, Great Britain Virginia Slims Grass   Pam Shriver 2–6, 6–7(0–7)
Loss 6–8 Sep 1986 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Steffi Graf 4–6, 2–6
Win 7–8 Apr 1987 Wild Dunes, United States Virginia Slims Clay   Raffaella Reggi 5–7, 6–2, 6–3
Loss 7–9 Apr 1987 Hilton Head, United States Virginia Slims Clay   Steffi Graf 2–6, 6–4, 3–6
Loss 7–10 May 1987 Geneva, Switzerland Virginia Slims Clay   Chris Evert 3–6, 6–4, 2–6
Win 8–10 Aug 1987 Mahwah, United States Virginia Slims Hard   Sylvia Hanika 1–6, 6–4, 6–1
Loss 8–11 Sep 1987 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Gabriela Sabatini 4–6, 6–7(6–8)
Win 9–11 Mar 1988 Wichita, United States Tier V Hard (i)   Sylvia Hanika 7–6(7–5), 7–5
Win 10–11 Sep 1988 Phoenix, United States Tier V Hard   Dinky Van Rensburg 6–3, 4–6, 6–2
Loss 10–12 Oct 1988 Zurich, Switzerland Tier IV Carpet (i)   Pam Shriver 3–6, 4–6
Loss 10–13 Oct 1988 Brighton, Great Britain Tier III Carpet (i)   Steffi Graf 2–6, 0–6
Win 11–13 Mar 1989 Indian Wells, United States Tier III Hard   Jenny Byrne 6–4, 6–1
Win 12–13 May 1989 Geneva, Switzerland Tier V Clay   Conchita Martínez 6–4, 6–0
Loss 12–14 Feb 1990 Chicago, United States Tier I Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 3–6, 2–6
Loss 12–15 Apr 1990 San Antonio, United States Tier III Hard   Monica Seles 4–6, 3–6
Loss 12–16 Aug 1990 San Diego, United States Tier III Hard   Steffi Graf 3–6, 2–6
Win 13–16 Feb 1991 Linz, Austria Tier V Carpet (i)   Petra Langrová 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
Loss 13–17 Apr 1991 Barcelona, Spain Tier III Clay   Conchita Martínez 4–6, 1–6
Win 14–17 May 1991 Geneva, Switzerland Tier IV Clay   Helen Kelesi 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Win 15–17 Sep 1991 Bayonne, France Tier IV Carpet (i)   Leila Meskhi 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
Loss 15–18 Jul 1992 Kitzbühel, Austria Tier IV Clay   Conchita Martínez 0–6, 6–3, 2–6
Win 16–18 Oct 1992 Bayonne, France Tier IV Carpet (i)   Nathalie Tauziat 6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–3
Win 17–18 Feb 1993 Linz, Austria Tier III Carpet (i)   Conchita Martínez 6–2, 1–0 ret.
Win 18–18 Oct 1993 Zurich, Switzerland Tier I Carpet (i)   Martina Navratilova 6–3, 7–6(7–1)
Win 19–18 Feb 1994 Osaka, Japan Tier III Carpet (i)   Iva Majoli 6–1, 4–6, 7–5

Doubles: 11 (4 titles, 7 runner–ups)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (1–2)
Tier III (0–1)
Tier IV (0–1)
Tier V / Virginia Slims (3–3)
Finals by surface
Hard (0–1)
Clay (3–3)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (1–3)
Result W–L Date Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Loss 0–1 May 1985 Houston, United States Virginia Slims Clay   Helena Suková 1–6, 6–3, 3–6
Win 1–1 Jul 1985 Indianapolis, United States Virginia Slims Clay   Katerina Maleeva   Penny Barg
  Paula Smith
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
Loss 1–2 Sep 1986 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Katerina Maleeva   Bettina Bunge
  Steffi Graf
1–6, 7–6(7–4), 2–6
Win 2–2 Jul 1987 Knokke, Belgium Virginia Slims Clay   Bettina Bunge 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
Loss 2–3 Sep 1987 Tokyo, Japan Virginia Slims Carpet (i)   Katerina Maleeva   Anne White
  Robin White
1–6, 2–6
Win 3–3 Feb 1991 Linz, Austria Tier V Carpet (i)   Raffaella Reggi 6–4, 1–6, 6–3
Loss 3–4 May 1991 Geneva, Switzerland Tier IV Clay   Cathy Caverzasio 1–6, 2–6
Loss 3–5 Feb 1993 Osaka, Japan Tier III Carpet (i)   Magdalena Maleeva   Jana Novotná
  Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Win 4–5 Apr 1993 Amelia Island, United States Tier II Clay   Leila Meskhi 3–6, 6–3, 6–4
Loss 4–6 Apr 1993 Barcelona, Spain Tier II Clay   Magdalena Maleeva   Conchita Martínez
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Loss 4–7 Aug 1993 Stratton Mountain, United States Tier II Hard   Mercedes Paz   Elizabeth Smylie
  Helena Suková
1–6, 2–6

ITF Circuit finalsEdit

Singles: 4 (2 titles, 2 runner–ups)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (0–0)
Clay (2–2)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (0–0)
Result W–L Date Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Mar 1982 ITF Caserta, Italy 10,000 Clay   Hana Fukárková 4–6, 1–6
Win 1–1 Apr 1982 ITF Lecce, Italy 10,000 Clay   Elizabeth Smylie 6–4, 6–4
Win 2–1 Apr 1982 ITF Catania, Italy 10,000 Clay   Gabriela Dinu 6–3, 6–1
Loss 2–2 Jul 1982 ITF Båstad, Sweden 10,000 Clay   Lena Sandin 7–6, 5–7, 3–6

Doubles: 3 (3 titles)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (0–0)
Clay (3–0)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (0–0)
Result W–L Date Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1–0 Apr 1982 ITF Taranto, Italy 10,000 Clay   Renata Šašak   Catrin Jexell
  Isabelle Villaverde
7–5, 3–6, 6–2
Win 2–0 Apr 1982 ITF Lecce, Italy 10,000 Clay   Renata Šašak   Lena Sandin
  Elisabeth Ekblom
6–2, 2–6, 8–6
Win 3–0 Sep 1985 ITF Sofia, Bulgaria 25,000 Clay   Katerina Maleeva   Yvona Brzáková
  Hana Fukárková
6–1, 6–2

Junior Grand Slam tournament finalsEdit

Singles: 1 (1 title)Edit

Result W–L Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Win 1–0 1982 French Open Clay   Penny Barg 7–5, 6–2

Fed CupEdit

Manuela Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1983. She has a 21–5 singles record and a 7–10 doubles record (28–15 overall).

Singles (21–5)Edit

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1983 World Group I R1 17 July 1983    Switzerland Clay   Christiane Jolissaint L 4–6, 6–4, 4–6
PO 19 July 1983   Zimbabwe   Angela Longo W 6–1, 6–0
PO 21 July 1983   Soviet Union   Olga Zaitseva W 6–0, 6–3
1984 World Group I R1 15 July 1984   Great Britain Clay   Jo Durie W 6–4, 4–6, 6–4
R2 16 July 1984   Soviet Union   Natasha Reva W 6–2, 6–0
QF 18 July 1984   Yugoslavia   Mima Jaušovec W 3–6, 6–3, 6–1
1985 World Group I R1 6 October 1985   Soviet Union Hard   Larisa Savchenko W 6–7(3–7), 6–4, 6–1
R2 8 October 1985   Yugoslavia   Sabrina Goleš W 6–1, 6–3
QF 10 October 1985   Great Britain   Annabel Croft W 6–2, 6–2
SF 12 October 1985   Czechoslovakia   Hana Mandlíková L 6–3, 2–6, 1–6
1986 World Group I R1 20 July 1986   Soviet Union Clay   Larisa Savchenko W 6–2, 6–1
R2 21 July 1986   France   Catherine Tanvier W 6–0, 6–1
QF 23 July 1986   West Germany   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch W 6–4, 6–2
1987 World Group I R1 26 July 1987   Greece Hard   Angeliki Kanellopoulou W 6–0, 6–0
R2 27 July 1987   Indonesia   Yayuk Basuki W 6–4, 6–0
QF 29 July 1987   Australia   Elizabeth Smylie W 6–4, 6–4
SF 31 July 1987   United States   Chris Evert L 2–6, 6–2, 4–6
1989 World Group I R1 1 October 1989   South Korea Hard   Kim Il-soon W 6–1, 6–0
R2 3 October 1989   Argentina   Mercedes Paz W 4–6, 6–1, 6–3
QF 5 October 1989   Australia   Anne Minter L 3–6, 6–2, 4–6
↓  Representing    Switzerland  ↓
1991 World Group I R1 23 July 1991   Argentina Hard   Mercedes Paz W 6–0, 7–6(7–5)
R2 24 July 1991   China   Li Fang W 6–7(5–7), 7–5, 6–2
QF 25 July 1991   Czechoslovakia   Jana Novotná L 4–6, 4–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Sweden Clay   Catarina Lindqvist W 6–0, 6–2
PO 16 July 1992   Israel   Anna Smashnova W 6–1, 6–0
PO 17 July 1992   Paraguay   Rossana de los Ríos W 6–2, 6–2

Doubles (7–10)Edit

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1983 World Group I PO 19 July 1983   Marina Kondova   Zimbabwe Clay   Angela Longo
  Lindsay Standen
W 6–4, 6–2
PO 21 July 1983   Adriana Velcheva   Soviet Union L 4–6, 3–6
1984 World Group I R1 15 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Great Britain Clay   Amanda Brown
  Anne Hobbs
W 7–6, 7–5
R2 16 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union L 7–5, 5–7, 1–6
QF 18 July 1984   Katerina Maleeva   Yugoslavia L 3–6, 1–6
1985 World Group I R1 6 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union Hard   Natalia Egorova
  Svetlana Cherneva
W 6–3, 7–5
R2 8 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Yugoslavia   Sabrina Goleš
  Aila Winkler
W 6–4, 7–6(9–7)
QF 10 October 1985  Katerina Maleeva   Great Britain L 4–5, Ret.
SF 12 October 1985   Katerina Maleeva   Czechoslovakia L 3–6, 6–7(4–7)
1986 World Group I R1 20 July 1986   Katerina Maleeva   Soviet Union Clay L 6–1, 4–6, 1–6
QF 23 July 1986   Katerina Maleeva   West Germany L 4–6, 2–6
1989 World Group I R1 1 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   South Korea Hard W 7–5, 6–0
R2 3 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   Argentina W 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
QF 5 October 1989   Katerina Maleeva   Australia L 7–5, 4–6, 0–6
↓  Representing    Switzerland  ↓
1991 World Group I R2 24 July 1991   Cathy Caverzasio   China Hard   Li Fang
  Yi Jing-Qian
L 1–3, Ret.
QF 25 July 1991   Cathy Caverzasio   Czechoslovakia W 6–4, 2–1, Ret.
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Michèle Strebel   Sweden Clay L 4–6, 7–5, 4–6

Record against other top playersEdit

Maleeva's win–loss record against certain players who have been ranked world No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Players who have been ranked world No. 1 are in boldface.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "VAVEL Exclusive: 'I have things in my life that make me happy, and where I feel useful' – Catching Up with Manuela Maleeva Part II". Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "VAVEL Exclusive: 'I was just a steady player. I was a top 10 for almost 10 years' – Catching Up with Manuela Maleeva Part I". Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière, ancienne championne de tennis". Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Ex-Justice Min Heads Yes, Bulgaria Party, Vowing to Fight Corruption – Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency". Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Anti-corruption party launches in Bulgaria as election approaches". Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  6. ^ "New Bulgarian Party Vows to 'Break System'". Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Bulgaria holds referendum on electronic voting". Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Fondation Swissclinical". Retrieved 2 November 2020.

External linksEdit

Awards
Preceded by Swiss Sportswoman of the Year
1993
Succeeded by