Magdalena Maleeva

Magdalena Georgieva Maleeva (Bulgarian: Магдалена Георгиева Малеева, pronounced [mɐɡdɐˈlɛnɐ mɐˈlɛɛvɐ]; born 1 April 1975) is a Bulgarian former professional tennis player. She played on the WTA Tour competing in singles and doubles, from April 1989 to October 2005 and has won ten career singles titles. Her best WTA singles ranking was world No. 4.

Magdalena Maleeva
Magdalena Maleeva RG 2005.jpg
Native nameМагдалена Малеева
Country (sports) Bulgaria
ResidenceSofia, Bulgaria
Born (1975-04-01) 1 April 1975 (age 46)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
Turned pro1989
Retired2005
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$ 4,398,582
Singles
Career record439–290 (60.2%)
Career titles10
Highest rankingNo. 4 (29 January 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open4R (1991, 1993, 1994, 2002)
French Open4R (1993, 1996, 2003, 2004)
Wimbledon4R (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
US OpenQF (1992)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsQF (2002)
Olympic Games3R (1992, 1996)
Doubles
Career record121–133 (47.6%)
Career titles5
Highest rankingNo. 13 (2 February 2004)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open3R (1992, 2001, 2004)
French Open3R (1993)
Wimbledon3R (1993, 2003)
US OpenQF (2003)
Other doubles tournaments
Olympic Games1R (1992, 1996)
Team competitions
Fed Cup27–17 (61.4%)
(singles 18–8; doubles 9-9)

BiographyEdit

Born in Sofia, Maleeva is the youngest of the three children of Yuliya Berberyan and Georgi Maleev. Yuliya, who came from a prominent Armenian family which found refuge in Bulgaria after the 1896 Armenian massacres in the Ottoman Empire, was one of the best Bulgarian tennis players in the 1960s.[1] After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started on a coaching career. She trained all of her three daughters, Magdalena, Katerina and Manuela, each of whom eventually became WTA top six players.

In 1988, Maleeva became the youngest ever national tennis champion of Bulgaria, at the age of 13 years and four months. She turned professional in 1989, reaching the final of her first professional tournament (ITF) at Bari. In her Grand Slam debut at the French Open in 1990, she passed the qualifications and reached the third round. In 1992, Maleeva snatched her first WTA Tour event victory in San Marino. The following year, she reached the fourth round at the Australian, the French and the US Open, as well as the third round of Wimbledon. That same year, she was the opponent of Monica Seles at a tournament in Hamburg, Germany when a deranged fan stabbed Seles in the back on the court.

Her best performance at a Grand Slam championship came when she got to the quarterfinals of the 1992 US Open, defeating Kateřina Kroupová-Šišková, Martina Navratilova, Kimberly Po and Chanda Rubin before losing to her older sister Manuela. In 1995, Maleeva won a total of three tournaments, in Moscow, Chicago, Oakland, which saw her hit a career-high ranking of No. 4 in January 1996.[2]

In June 1998, Maleeva underwent shoulder surgery, which forced her off the tour for the next eleven months. She started competing again in May 1999 and re-entered top 20 in 2001. In 2002, she won the prestigious Kremlin Cup in Moscow, defeating three top-10 players on her way (Venus Williams, Amélie Mauresmo, and Lindsay Davenport). In 2004, she married her long-standing boyfriend, Lubomir Nokov.

Maleeva won a career total of ten WTA titles in singles and five in doubles. She was the recipient of the "WTA Most Improved Player 1993" award and was nominated for the "WTA Most Impressive Newcomer 1990". She participated at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, and Athens.

Life after tennisEdit

In October 2005, Maleeva retired from professional tennis after 16 seasons (years), and became the last of the Maleeva sisters to retire. She now lives in Sofia. On 27 June 2007, she gave birth to her first child, a girl named Youlia, and on 13 December 2008, she gave birth to a second child, Marko, and on 20 August 2012 to their third child, Nina.

Maleeva has been very active with the environmental organization 'Gorichka.bg', which works to create public awareness about urgent environmental problems. She also has created 'Harmonica', a brand for organic foods, as well as a couple of organic food stores in Sofia under the brand 'Biomag'. She is also a partner at the Maleeva Tennis Club.

 
Maleeva in Fed Cup action in 2011

In October 2010, Maleeva won the Bulgarian national outdoor championship, becoming the youngest and the oldest player to have won it, within 22 years. In 2011, she made a brief tennis comeback, playing and winning three doubles matches for Bulgaria at the Fed Cup.[3]

In March 2011, Maleeva was voted eighth in the "100 most influential women in Bulgaria" by Pari newspaper. She has also appeared at Wimbledon's ladies' invitation doubles event on several occasions, achieving her best result in 2015, where she partnered Rennae Stubbs; the pair defeated Navratilova and Selima Sfar in the final to win the title.

Performance timelinesEdit

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

SinglesEdit

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 SR W-L Win%
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A Q2 4R 1R 4R 4R 1R A A 1R A 1R 1R 4R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 12 17–12 59%
French Open Q1 3R 1R 3R 4R 1R 2R 4R 1R A 1R 3R 1R 1R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 15 20–15 66%
Wimbledon A 2R 1R 1R 3R 2R A 2R 3R A A 2R 4R 4R 2R 4R 4R 0 / 13 21–13 62%
US Open Q1 1R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R 3R A A 2R 2R 3R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 14 20–14 59%
Win–Loss 0–0 3–3 4–4 6–4 11–4 7–4 2–3 4–3 4–3 0–1 0–1 4–4 4–4 8–4 6–4 8–4 7–4 0 / 54 78–54 59%
Year–end championships
WTA Championships Did not qualify 1R A 1R Did not qualify 1R 2R Did not qualify 0 / 4 1–4 20%
National representation
Summer Olympics Not Held 3R Not Held 3R Not Held A Not Held 2R NH 0 / 3 5–3 63%
Fed Cup A A 2R 1R 2R QF 1R A A E/A I A A A E/A I E/A I A PO 0 / 5 18–8 69%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 Career total: 10
Finals 0 0 1 1 1 2 6 1 0 0 1 1 3 2 1 1 0 Career total: 21
Year-end ranking 216 73 38 20 16 11 6 19 36 115 89 22 16 14 30 25 52 $4,398,582

DoublesEdit

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 SR W-L Win%
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A A 1R 3R 2R A 1R A A A A A 3R 2R 1R 3R A 0 / 8 8–8 50%
French Open A A 1R 1R 3R 1R A A A A A A 2R A 1R 1R A 0 / 7 3–7 30%
Wimbledon A A 1R 1R 3R 1R A A A A A A 1R A 3R A A 0 / 6 4–6 40%
US Open A 1R 1R 1R 1R 2R A A A A A 1R 1R A QF A 2R 0 / 9 5–9 36%
Win–Loss 0–0 0–1 0–4 2–4 5–4 1–3 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–1 3–4 1–1 5–4 2–2 1–1 0 / 30 20–30 40%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 Career total: 5
Finals 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 Career total: 10
Year-end ranking 576 83 97 101 35 131 824 NR 363 892 340 129 92 54 14 51 92 $4,398,582

WTA career finalsEdit

Singles: 21 (10 titles, 11 runner-ups)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (2–3)
Tier II (2–4)
Tier III (3–3)
Tier IV (1–0)
Tier V (2–1)
Finals by surface
Hard (1–3)
Clay (2–4)
Grass (1–0)
Carpet (6–4)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Apr 1991 Bol Open, Yugoslavia Tier V Clay   Sandra Cecchini 4–6, 6–3, 5–7
Win 1–1 Jul 1992 San Marino Open Tier V Clay   Federica Bonsignori 7–6(7–3), 6–4
Loss 1–2 Jan 1993 Hardcourt Championships, Australia Tier III Hard   Conchita Martínez 3–6, 4–6
Win 2–2 Sep 1994 Moscow Open, Russia Tier III Carpet (i)   Sandra Cecchini 7–5, 6–1
Win 3–2 Oct 1994 Zurich Open, Switzerland Tier I Carpet (i)   Natasha Zvereva 7–5, 3–6, 6–4
Win 4–2 Feb 1995 Chicago Cup, United States Tier II Carpet (i)   Lisa Raymond 7–5, 7–6(7–2)
Loss 4–3 Apr 1995 Charleston Open, United States Tier I Clay   Conchita Martínez 1–6, 1–6
Loss 4–4 May 1995 German Open Tier I Clay   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 1–6
Win 5–4 Sep 1995 Moscow Open, Russia Tier III Carpet (i)   Elena Makarova 6–4, 6–2
Loss 5–5 Oct 1995 Leipzig Cup, Germany Tier II Carpet (i)   Anke Huber w/o
Win 6–5 Nov 1995 Oakland Classic, United States Tier II Carpet (i)   Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Loss 6–6 May 1996 Madrid Open, Spain Tier II Clay   Jana Novotná 6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Win 7–6 Nov 1999 Pattaya Open, Thailand Tier IV Hard   Anne Kremer 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Loss 7–7 Oct 2000 Luxembourg Open Tier III Carpet (i)   Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 1–6, 4–6
Loss 7–8 Feb 2001 Internationaux de Nice, France Tier II Hard (i)   Amélie Mauresmo 2–6, 0–6
Win 8–8 Apr 2001 Hungarian Ladies Open Tier V Clay   Anne Kremer 3–6, 6–2, 6–4
Loss 8–9 Sep 2001 Leipzig Cup, Germany Tier II Carpet (i)   Kim Clijsters 1–6, 1–6
Win 9–9 Oct 2002 Kremlin Cup, Russia Tier I Carpet (i)   Lindsay Davenport 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Loss 9–10 Oct 2002 Luxembourg Open Tier III Hard (i)   Kim Clijsters 1–6, 2–6
Win 10–10 Jun 2003 Birmingham Classic, UK Tier III Grass   Shinobu Asagoe 6–1, 6–4
Loss 10–11 Feb 2004 Pan Pacific Open, Japan Tier I Carpet (i)   Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 1–6

Doubles: 10 (5 titles, 5 runner–ups)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–1)
Tier III (1–3)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Finals by surface
Hard (2–1)
Clay (2–1)
Grass (0–1)
Carpet (1–2)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1–0 Apr 1991 Bol Open, Yugoslavia Tier V Clay   Laura Golarsa   Sandra Cecchini
  Laura Garrone
6–3, 1–6, 6–4
Loss 1–1 Feb 1993 Asian Open, Japan Tier III Carpet (i)   Manuela Maleeva   Jana Novotná
  Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Loss 1–2 Apr 1993 Barcelona Open, Spain Tier II Clay   Manuela Maleeva   Conchita Martínez
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Win 2–2 Feb 2002 Antwerp Open, Belgium Tier II Carpet (i)   Patty Schnyder   Nathalie Dechy
  Meilen Tu
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–3
Loss 2–3 Jun 2002 Rosmalen Championships, Netherlands Tier III Grass   Bianka Lamade   Catherine Barclay
  Martina Müller
4–6, 5–7
Win 3–3 Mar 2003 Miami Open, United States Tier I Hard   Liezel Huber   Shinobu Asagoe
  Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
Win 4–3 May 2003 Warsaw Open, Poland Tier II Clay   Liezel Huber   Eleni Daniilidou
  Francesca Schiavone
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Loss 4–4 Jan 2004 Hard Court Championships, Australia Tier III Hard   Liezel Huber   Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Elena Likhovtseva
3–6, 4–6
Loss 4–5 Feb 2004 Pan Pacific Open, Japan Tier I Carpet (i)   Elena Likhovtseva   Cara Black
  Rennae Stubbs
0–6, 1–6
Win 5–5 Jan 2005 Hard Court Championships, Australia Tier III Hard   Elena Likhovtseva   Maria Elena Camerin
  Silvia Farina Elia
6–3, 5–7, 6–1

ITF Circuit finalsEdit

Singles: 2 (1–1)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (1–0)
Clay (0–1)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (0–0)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Apr 1989 ITF Bari, Italy 10,000 Clay   Eva-Maria Schürhoff 6–2, 1–6, 6–7(5)
Win 1–1 Dec 1999 ITF Cergy-Pontoise, France 50,000 Hard (i)   Seda Noorlander 6–1, 6–4

Doubles: 1 (1–0)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (0–0)
Clay (0–0)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (1–0)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1–0 Mar 1990 ITF Moulins, France 25,000 Carpet (i)   Andrea Strnadová   Valerie Ledroff
  Pascale Paradis
3–6, 6–1, 6–1

Junior Grand Slam tournament finalsEdit

Singles: 3 (3 titles)Edit

Result W–L Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Win 1–0 1990 Australian Open Hard   Louise Stacey 7–5, 6–7(2), 6–1
Win 2–0 1990 French Open Clay   Tatiana Ignatieva 6–2, 6–3
Win 3–0 1990 US Open Hard   Noëlle van Lottum 7–5, 6–2

Fed CupEdit

Magdalena Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1991. Since then, she has an 18–8 singles record and a 9–9 doubles record (27–17 overall).

Singles (18–8)Edit

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991   Hungary Hard   Petra Schmitt W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991   United States   Jennifer Capriati L 5–7, 2–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Australia Clay   Rachel McQuillan W 7–6(4), 6–2
RPO 16 July 1992   Romania   Ruxandra Dragomir W 6–0, 6–1
1993 World Group I R1 19 July 1993   South Korea Clay   Park Sung-hee W 6–0, 6–4
R2 21 July 1993   Argentina   Florencia Labat W 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994   Croatia Clay   Iva Majoli L 6–3, 4–6, 4–6
R2 21 July 1994   Indonesia   Yayuk Basuki W 6–3, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994   France   Mary Pierce W 6–7(6), 6–4, 6–4
1995 World Group I QF 22 April 1995   Spain Carpet (I)   Conchita Martínez L 2–6, 4–6
23 April 1995   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario W 6–3, 6–3
1998 Europe/Africa Group I RR 14 April 1998   Romania Clay   Raluca Sandu L 1–6, 3–6
15 April 1998   South Africa   Mariaan de Swardt L 1–6, 5–7
16 April 1998   Latvia   Elena Krutko L 6–7(2), 6–1, 1–6
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002   Portugal Clay   Angela Cardoso W 6–0, 6–0
25 April 2002   Georgia   Salome Devidze W 6–1, 6–3
26 April 2002   Estonia   Kaia Kanepi W 6–4, 6–2
PPO 27 April 2002   Ukraine   Yuliya Beygelzimer L 3–6, 4–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003   Georgia Clay   Margalita Chakhnashvili W 6–3, 6–1
23 April 2003   Serbia and Montenegro   Jelena Janković W 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
24 April 2003   Israel   Anna Smashnova W 7–5, 6–4
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005   South Africa Clay   Natalie Grandin W 6–4, 6–3
21 April 2005   Hungary   Zsófia Gubacsi W 7–6(4), 6–2
PPO 23 April 2005   Netherlands   Michaëlla Krajicek W 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2005 World Group II Play-offs PO 9 July 2005   Japan Hard (I)   Aiko Nakamura W 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
10 July 2005   Akiko Morigami L 6–7(3), 3–6

Doubles (9–9)Edit

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991   Katerina Maleeva   Hungary Hard   Virág Csurgó
  Ágnes Muzamel
W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991   Katerina Maleeva   United States   Gigi Fernández
  Zina Garrison-Jackson
L 2–6, 1–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Katerina Maleeva   Australia Hard   Nicole Bradtke
  Rennae Stubbs
L 2–6, 1–6
RPO 16 July 1992   Elena Pampoulova   Romania   Ruxandra Dragomir
  Irina Spîrlea
L 6–7(5), 2–6
1993 World Group I R2 21 July 1993   Katerina Maleeva   Argentina Clay   Inés Gorrochategui
  Patricia Tarabini
L 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994   Katerina Maleeva   Croatia Clay   Iva Majoli
  Maja Murić
W 6–2, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994   Katerina Maleeva   France   Julie Halard
  Nathalie Tauziat
L 2–6, 6–3, 2–6
1995 World Group I QF 23 April 1995   Katerina Maleeva   Spain Carpet (I)   Neus Ávila Bonastre
  Virginia Ruano Pascual
W 6–0, 6–1
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002   Desislava Topalova   Portugal Clay   Angela Cardoso
  Ana Catarina Nogueira
W 6–2, 7–5
PPO 27 April 2002   Desislava Topalova   Ukraine   Yuliya Beygelzimer
  Alona Bondarenko
L 4–6, 0–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Georgia Clay   Margalita Chakhnashvili
  Tinatin Kavlashvili
W 6–1, 6–2
23 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Serbia and Montenegro   Katarina Mišić
  Dragana Zarić
L 3–6, 6–3, 0–6
24 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Israel   Tzipora Obziler
  Anna Smashnova
L 7–6(3), 3–6, 3–6
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005   Sesil Karatantcheva   South Africa Clay   Lizaan du Plessis
  Alicia Pillay
W 6–3, 6–2
21 April 2005   Sesil Karatantcheva   Hungary   Virág Németh
  Ágnes Szávay
L 6–4, 3–6, 1–6
2011 Europe/Africa Group I RR 2 February 2011   Tsvetana Pironkova   Poland Hard   Klaudia Jans-Ignacik
  Alicja Rosolska
W 6–1, 6–3
3 February 2011   Tsvetana Pironkova   Luxembourg   Anne Kremer
  Claudine Schaul
W 6–2, 7–5
4 February 2011   Dia Evtimova   Israel   Valeria Patiuk
  Keren Shlomo
W 6–3, 6–4
  • RR = Round Robin
  • PPO = Promotion Play-off
  • RPO = Relegation Play-off

Head-to head record against other top playersEdit

Maleeva's win/loss record against certain players who have been ranked world No. 10 or higher is as follows:[4]Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tennis Europe". Archived from the original on 15 April 2006.
  2. ^ Manova, Tanya (2 April 2005). "Маги навършва 30 на корта" (in Bulgarian). 7sport.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Player Profiles Archived 17 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit