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Magdalena Georgieva Maleeva (Bulgarian: Магдалена Георгиева Малеева pronounced [magdaˈlɛnɐ malɛˈɛvɐ]) (born 1 April 1975) is a Bulgarian former professional tennis player. She played on the WTA tour competing in singles and doubles, from April 1989 to October 2005. Her best singles ranking in the WTA Tour was world No. 4.

Magdalena Maleeva
Магдалена Малеева
Magdalena Maleeva RG 2005.jpg
Country (sports) Bulgaria
ResidenceSofia, Bulgaria
Born (1975-04-01) 1 April 1975 (age 43)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
Turned proApril 1989
RetiredOctober 2005
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$4,398,582
Singles
Career record439–290
Career titles10 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 4 (29 January 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open4R (1991, 1993, 1994, 2002)
French Open4R (1993, 1996, 2003, 2004)
Wimbledon4R (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
US OpenQF (1992)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsQF (2002)
Olympic Games3R (1992, 1996)
Doubles
Career record121–133
Career titles5 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 13 (2 February 2004)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open3R (1992, 2004)
French Open3R (1993)
Wimbledon3R (2003)
US OpenQF (2003)
Other doubles tournaments
Olympic Games1R (1992, 1996)

Contents

BiographyEdit

Born in Sofia, Maleeva was the youngest of the three children of Yuliya Berberyan and Georgi Maleev. Yuliya, who came from a prominent Armenian family which found refuge in Bulgaria after the 1896 Armenian massacres in the Ottoman Empire, was one of the best Bulgarian tennis players in the 1960s.[1] After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started on a coaching career. She trained all of her three daughters, Magdalena, Katerina and Manuela, each of whom eventually became WTA top six players.

In 1988 Maleeva became the youngest ever national tennis champion of Bulgaria, at the age of 13 years and four months. She turned professional in 1989, reaching the final of her first professional tournament at ITF/Bari-ITA. In her Grand Slam debut at the French Open in 1990, she passed the qualifications and reached the third round. In 1992 Maleeva snatched her first Tour event victory in San Marino. The following year she reached the fourth round at the Australian, the French and the US Open, as well as the third round of Wimbledon. That same year, she was the opponent of Monica Seles at a tournament in Hamburg, Germany when a deranged fan stabbed Seles in the back on the court. Her best performance at a Grand Slam came when she got to the quarter finals of the 1992 US Open, defeating Kateřina Kroupová-Šišková, Martina Navratilova, Kimberly Po and Chanda Rubin before losing to her older sister Manuela Maleeva-Fragnière. In 1995 Maleeva won a total of three tournaments, in Moscow, Chicago, Oakland, which allowed her to reach a career-high no. 4 in the WTA rankings in January 1996.[2]

In June 1998, Maleeva underwent shoulder surgery, which forced her off the tour for the next eleven months. She started competing again in May 1999 and reached top 20 again in 2001. In 2002, she won the prestigious Kremlin Cup in Moscow, defeating three top 10 players on her way (Venus Williams, Amélie Mauresmo, and Lindsay Davenport). In 2004, she married her long-standing boyfriend, Lubomir Nokov.

Maleeva won a career total of ten WTA Tour titles in singles and five in doubles. She is the recipient of the 1993 WTA Tour Most Improved Player Award and was nominated for the 1990 WTA Tour Most Impressive Newcomer Award. She participated at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, and Athens.

Life after tennisEdit

In October 2005, Maleeva retired from professional tennis after 16 seasons (years), and became the last of the Maleeva sisters to retire. She now lives in Sofia, Bulgaria. On 27 June 2007, Maleeva gave birth to her first child: a girl named Yuliya and on 13 December 2008 she gave birth to a second child – Marko and on 20 August 2012 to their third child – Nina. She has been very active with the environmental organization 'Gorichka.bg', which works to create public awareness about urgent environmental problems. Maleeva also has created 'Harmonica'Harmonica, a brand for organic foods, has a couple of organic food stores in Sofia under the brand 'Biomag' and is a partner at the Maleeva tennis club.

In October 2010 Maleeva won the Bulgarian national outdoor championship, becoming the youngest and the oldest player to have won it, within 22 years.

In 2011, she made a brief tennis comeback, playing and winning three doubles matches for Bulgaria at the Fed Cup.[3]

In March 2011, Maleeva was voted 8th in the "100 most influential women in Bulgaria" by Pari newspaper.

WTA career finalsEdit

Singles: 21 (10–11)Edit

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (2–3)
Tier II (2–4)
Tier III (3–3)
Tier IV (1–0)
Tier V (2–1)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. 28 April 1991 Bol, Yugoslavia Clay   Sandra Cecchini 4–6, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 1. 27 July 1992 San Marino, San Marino Clay   Federica Bonsignori 7–6(7–3), 6–4
Runner-up 2. 10 January 1993 Brisbane, Australia Hard   Conchita Martínez 3–6, 4–6
Winner 2. 25 September 1994 Moscow, Russia Carpet (i)   Sandra Cecchini 7–5, 6–1
Winner 3. 9 October 1994 Zurich, Switzerland Carpet (i)   Natasha Zvereva 7–5, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 4. 12 February 1995 Chicago, USA Carpet (i)   Lisa Raymond 7–5, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 3. 5 April 1995 Hilton Head, USA Clay   Conchita Martínez 1–6, 1–6
Runner-up 4. 21 May 1995 Berlin, Germany Clay   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 1–6
Winner 5. 24 September 1995 Moscow, Russia Carpet (i)   Elena Makarova 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 5. 1 October 1995 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (i)   Anke Huber W/O
Winner 6. 5 November 1995 Oakland, USA Carpet (i)   Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 6. 26 May 1996 Madrid, Spain Clay   Jana Novotná 6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 7. 21 November 1999 Pattaya City, Thailand Hard   Anne Kremer 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 7. 1 October 2000 Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Carpet (i)   Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 8. 18 February 2001 Nice, France Carpet (i)   Amélie Mauresmo 2–6, 0–6
Winner 8. 22 April 2001 Budapest, Hungary Clay   Anne Kremer 3–6, 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 9. 30 September 2001 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (i)   Kim Clijsters 1–6, 1–6
Winner 9. 6 October 2002 Moscow, Russia Carpet (i)   Lindsay Davenport 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Runner-up 10. 27 October 2002 Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Hard (I)   Kim Clijsters 1–6, 2–6
Winner 10. 15 June 2003 Birmingham, United Kingdom Grass   Shinobu Asagoe 6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 11. 8 February 2004 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 1–6

Doubles: 10 (5–5)Edit

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–1)
Tier III (1–3)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1. 28 April 1991 Bol, Yugoslavia Clay   Laura Golarsa   Sandra Cecchini
  Laura Garrone
W/O
Runner-up 1. 14 February 1993 Osaka, Japan Carpet (i)   Manuela Maleeva   Jana Novotná
  Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Runner-up 2. 25 April 1993 Barcelona, Spain Clay   Manuela Maleeva   Conchita Martínez
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Winner 2. 17 February 2002 Antwerp, Belgium Carpet (i)   Patty Schnyder   Nathalie Dechy
  Meilen Tu
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–3
Runner-up 3. 23 June 2002 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands Grass   Bianka Lamade   Catherine Barclay
  Martina Müller
4–6, 5–7
Winner 3. 30 March 2003 Miami, USA Hard   Liezel Huber   Shinobu Asagoe
  Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
Winner 4. 4 May 2003 Warsaw, Poland Clay   Liezel Huber   Eleni Daniilidou
  Francesca Schiavone
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 10 January 2004 Gold Coast, Australia Hard   Liezel Huber   Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Elena Likhovtseva
3–6, 4–6
Runner-up 5. 8 February 2004 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Elena Likhovtseva   Cara Black
  Rennae Stubbs
0–6, 1–6
Winner 5. 8 January 2005 Gold Coast, Australia Hard   Elena Likhovtseva   Maria Elena Camerin
  Silvia Farina Elia
6–3, 5–7, 6–1
  • W/O = Walk Over

ITF Singles Circuit finals: 3 (2–1)Edit

Singles: 2 (1–1)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 9 April 1989 Bari, Italy Clay   Eva Maria Schuerhof 6–2, 1–6, 6–7(5–7)
Winner 1. 5 December 1999 Cergy-Pontoise, France Hard (I)   Seda Noorlander 6–1, 6–4

Doubles: 1 (1–0)Edit

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1. 25 March 1990 Moulins, France Carpet (I)   Andrea Strnadová   Valerie Ledroff
  Pascale Paradis
3–6, 6–1, 6–1

Fed CupEdit

Magdalena Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1991. Since then she has an 18–8 singles record and a 9–9 doubles record (27–17 overall).

Singles (18–8)Edit

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991   Hungary Hard   Petra Schmitt W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991   United States   Jennifer Capriati L 5–7, 2–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Australia Clay   Rachel McQuillan W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
RPO 16 July 1992   Romania   Ruxandra Dragomir W 6–0, 6–1
1993 World Group I R1 19 July 1993   South Korea Clay   Park Sung-hee W 6–0, 6–4
R2 21 July 1993   Argentina   Florencia Labat W 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994   Croatia Clay   Iva Majoli L 6–3, 4–6, 4–6
R2 21 July 1994   Indonesia   Yayuk Basuki W 6–3, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994   France   Mary Pierce W 6–7(6–8), 6–4, 6–4
1995 World Group I QF 22 April 1995   Spain Carpet (I)   Conchita Martínez L 2–6, 4–6
23 April 1995   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario W 6–3, 6–3
1998 Europe/Africa Group I RR 14 April 1998   Romania Clay   Raluca Sandu L 1–6, 3–6
15 April 1998   South Africa   Mariaan de Swardt L 1–6, 5–7
16 April 1998   Latvia   Elena Krutko L 6–7(2–7), 6–1, 1–6
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002   Portugal Clay   Angela Cardoso W 6–0, 6–0
25 April 2002   Georgia   Salome Devidze W 6–1, 6–3
26 April 2002   Estonia   Kaia Kanepi W 6–4, 6–2
PPO 27 April 2002   Ukraine   Yuliya Beygelzimer L 3–6, 4–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003   Georgia Clay   Margalita Chakhnashvili W 6–3, 6–1
23 April 2003   Serbia and Montenegro   Jelena Janković W 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
24 April 2003   Israel   Anna Smashnova W 7–5, 6–4
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005   South Africa Clay   Natalie Grandin W 6–4, 6–3
21 April 2005   Hungary   Zsófia Gubacsi W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
PPO 23 April 2005   Netherlands   Michaëlla Krajicek W 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2005 World Group II Play-offs PO 9 July 2005   Japan Hard (I)   Aiko Nakamura W 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
10 July 2005   Akiko Morigami L 6–7(3–7), 3–6

Doubles (9–9)Edit

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991   Katerina Maleeva   Hungary Hard   Virág Csurgó
  Ágnes Gee
W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991   Katerina Maleeva   United States   Gigi Fernández
  Zina Garrison-Jackson
L 2–6, 1–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992   Katerina Maleeva   Australia Hard   Nicole Bradtke
  Rennae Stubbs
L 2–6, 1–6
RPO 16 July 1992   Elena Pampoulova   Romania   Ruxandra Dragomir
  Irina Spîrlea
L 6–7(5–7), 2–6
1993 World Group I R2 21 July 1993   Katerina Maleeva   Argentina Clay   Inés Gorrochategui
  Patricia Tarabini
L 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994   Katerina Maleeva   Croatia Clay   Iva Majoli
  Maja Murić
W 6–2, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994   Katerina Maleeva   France   Julie Halard
  Nathalie Tauziat
L 2–6, 6–3, 2–6
1995 World Group I QF 23 April 1995   Katerina Maleeva   Spain Carpet (I)   Neus Ávila Bonastre
  Virginia Ruano Pascual
W 6–0, 6–1
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002   Desislava Topalova   Portugal Clay   Angela Cardoso
  Ana-Catarina Nogueira
W 6–2, 7–5
PPO 27 April 2002   Desislava Topalova   Ukraine   Yuliya Beygelzimer
  Alona Bondarenko
L 4–6, 0–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Georgia Clay   Margalita Chakhnashvili
  Tinatin Kavlashvili
W 6–1, 6–2
23 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Serbia and Montenegro   Katarina Mišić
  Dragana Zarić
L 3–6, 6–3, 0–6
24 April 2003   Desislava Topalova   Israel   Tzipora Obziler
  Anna Smashnova
L 7–6(7–3), 3–6, 3–6
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005   Sesil Karatantcheva   South Africa Clay   Lizaan du Plessis
  Alicia Pillay
W 6–3, 6–2
21 April 2005   Sesil Karatantcheva   Hungary   Virág Németh
  Ágnes Szávay
L 6–4, 3–6, 1–6
2011 Europe/Africa Group I RR 2 February 2011   Tsvetana Pironkova   Poland Hard   Klaudia Jans-Ignacik
  Alicja Rosolska
W 6–1, 6–3
3 February 2011   Tsvetana Pironkova   Luxembourg   Anne Kremer
  Claudine Schaul
W 6–2, 7–5
4 February 2011   Dia Evtimova   Israel   Valeria Patiuk
  Keren Shlomo
W 6–3, 6–4
  • RR = Round Robin
  • PPO = Promotion Play-off
  • RPO = Relegation Play-off

Grand Slam singles performance timelineEdit

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Career SR Career Win-Loss
Australian Open A Q2 4R 1R 4R 4R 1R A A 1R A 1R 1R 4R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 12 17–12
French Open Q1 3R 1R 3R 4R 1R 2R 4R 1R A 1R 3R 1R 1R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 15 20–15
Wimbledon A 2R 1R 1R 3R 2R A 2R 3R A A 2R 4R 4R 2R 4R 4R 0 / 13 21–13
US Open Q1 1R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R 3R A A 2R 2R 3R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 14 20–14
SR 0 / 0 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 54 78–54
Year End Ranking 216 73 38 20 16 11 6 19 36 115 89 22 16 14 30 25 52
  • A = did not participate in the tournament.
  • SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Record against other top playersEdit

As of 11 November 2010 Maleeva's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:[4]Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.tenniseurope.org/MediaInfocentre/Med_Info_Archive_Bulgaria.aspx[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Manova, Tanya (2 April 2005). "Маги навършва 30 на корта" (in Bulgarian). 7sport.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Player Profiles Archived 17 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.

External linksEdit