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Michael Te-Pei Chang (born February 22, 1972) is a retired American professional tennis player. He won 34 top-level professional singles titles, including the 1989 French Open when he was 17. He also was a three-time runner-up at the majors and reached a career best ranking of world No. 2 in 1996. Since he was shorter than virtually all of his opponents, he played a dogged defensive style utilizing his quickness and speed. In 2008, he was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame,[3] and he has coached Kei Nishikori since 2014.[4]

Michael Chang
Michael Chang.jpg
Country (sports)  United States
Residence Orange County, California, USA
Born (1972-02-22) February 22, 1972 (age 46)
Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
Height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Turned pro 1988 (amateur tour from 1987)
Retired 2003
Plays Right-handed (two-handed backhand)
Coach José Higueras (1989)[1]
Carl Chang (1992–2003)[2]
Prize money

US$19,145,632

Int. Tennis HoF 2008 (member page)
Official website mchang.com
Singles
Career record 662–312 (67.97% in ATP and Grand Prix & Grand Slam level & Davis Cup)
Career titles 34
Highest ranking No. 2 (September 9, 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open F (1996)
French Open W (1989)
Wimbledon QF (1994)
US Open F (1996)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals F (1995)
Grand Slam Cup F (1991, 1992)
Olympic Games 2R (1992)
Doubles
Career record 11–33 (25% in ATP and Grand Prix & Grand Slam level & Davis Cup)
Career titles 0
Highest ranking No. 199 (April 19, 1993)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1990)
Coaching career
Last updated on: July 5, 2014.
Michael Chang
Traditional Chinese 張德培
Simplified Chinese 张德培

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Michael Chang was born in Hoboken, New Jersey, in 1972 to Joe Chang (張洪笙) and Betty (董良因, née Tung). Betty and Joe moved from Taiwan to the US in 1959 and 1966 respectively, and met after being introduced by a mutual friend. Betty was born in Delhi, India, the daughter of Taiwan-Hakka ancestry, Michael Tung (董宗山), then serving as diplomat of The Republic of China to India, who then served in the Legislative Yuan and was an ambassador to Cambodia, Dominican Republic and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, among other diplomatic posts in 1960s to 1980s. Joe was born in Chaozhou, China, and moved to Taiwan at age seven.[citation needed] Michael's Chinese name (simplified Chinese: 张德培; traditional Chinese: 張德培; pinyin: Zhāng Dépéi) was chosen by Joe, and his English name by Betty (who named him after her father).[citation needed]

After moving from Hoboken, New Jersey, to St. Paul, Minnesota, where Michael learned tennis, the Changs moved first to Placentia, California, and then Encinitas, California, to increase the tennis opportunities for Michael and his older brother, Carl. Betty quit her job as a chemist to travel with Chang on the tour.[5] After rising to #163 in the world as a 15-year-old amateur, Chang dropped out of tenth grade at San Dieguito High School in Encinitas after passing his GED in February 1988 in order to pursue a professional tennis career.

Chang also attended the master's in ministry program at Biola University in La Mirada, California, for a year and a half. He serves on Biola's Board of Trustees.[6]

Tennis careerEdit

Chang first came to the tennis world's attention as an outstanding junior player who set numerous "youngest-ever" records. He won his first national title, the USTA Junior Hard Court singles, at the age of 12. Aged 13, he won the Fiesta Bowl 16s. Two years later, aged 15, Chang won the USTA Boys 18s Hardcourts and the Boys 18s Nationals, and became the youngest player to win a main draw match at the US Open when he defeated Paul McNamee in four sets in the first round. A month later he reached the semifinals at Scottsdale, Arizona to become the youngest player to reach the semifinal stage of a top-level professional tournament. He won his first top-level singles title in 1988 at San Francisco, aged 16 years and 7 months.

Chang's most significant youngest-ever record came in 1989 when he won the French Open at the age of 17 years, 110 days, to become the youngest male player ever to win a Grand Slam title. He defeated Stefan Edberg in a five-set final, 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2. His victory is equally remembered for an epic five-set encounter with Ivan Lendl in the fourth round (see below). Chang became the first American man to win the French Open since 1955, and the first American man to win a Grand Slam since 1984. And in August 1989, Chang became the youngest player to be ranked in the world's top 5.

Chang met Edberg in the semifinals of the US Open in 1992, this time Edberg winning in a five-set encounter, 6–7, 7–5, 7–6, 5–7, 6–4. The 5-hour, 26-minute match is the longest in US Open history. Chang reached three further Grand Slam finals after his 1989 French Open triumph, losing the 1995 French Open final to Thomas Muster, the 1996 Australian Open final to Boris Becker, and the 1996 US Open final to Pete Sampras. In the 1995 French Open, he defeated Michael Stich and then two-time defending champion Sergi Bruguera in the semifinals in straight sets, eventually losing to Muster. In both the 1996 Australian and U.S. Opens, he defeated Andre Agassi in the semifinals in straight sets; a win over Sampras at the U.S. Open would have made Chang the no. 1 player in the world. In the 1997 U.S. Open, he was the odds-on favorite to win after Sampras was upset by Petr Korda; however, Chang lost to eventual champion Patrick Rafter in the semifinals in straight sets.

Chang was a key member of the US team which won the Davis Cup in 1990. In the semifinals at Austria, his dramatic comeback from two-sets down against Horst Skoff, 3–6, 6–7, 6–4, 6–4, 6–3, led the US into its first Davis Cup final since 1984.[7] Chang went on to defeat Darren Cahill in straight sets, as the US defeated Australia in the final. He was also on the US team which won the World Team Cup in 1993. His best performance in the year-end singles championship came in 1995, when he defeated Muster, Jim Courier, and then dominated Pete Sampras in the semifinals, before losing in the final to Boris Becker.

Chang represented the US in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, reaching the second round before being eliminated by Jaime Oncins. He chose to skip the 1996 Summer Olympics despite the fact that the event was held in Atlanta and that he would have been the tournament's number-one seed (the singles' gold medal was won by Andre Agassi). Chang participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, where he was eliminated in the first round by Sébastien Lareau.

Chang was introduced to tennis by his father Joe, who was his first coach. During his rise in 1989 (including his French Open title), he was coached by José Higueras. For much of his professional career, he was coached by his older brother Carl Chang, who also played in several doubles tournaments with him in the early-1990s. He was the first player to be beaten by Roger Federer in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament, at the 2000 Australian Open.[8] He was also the second player to be beaten by Andy Roddick in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament, in the second round of the French Open in 2001.[9]

Chang retired from the professional tour in 2003. During his career, he won a total of 34 top-level professional singles titles. His final top-level title was won in 2000 at Los Angeles. His total career prize-money earnings was US$19,145,632. His career-high singles ranking was world no. 2 in 1996, following his US Open finals performance. He was a year-end top-ten player for six consecutive years in the 1990s (1992–1997), a feat matched in the decade only by Pete Sampras. He is one of a few players to win ATP titles in three different decades. His three Indian Wells Masters titles was an ATP record which stood for 15 years, before being eclipsed by Roger Federer in 2012.

Since retiring from the top-level game, Chang has joined Jim Courier's senior tour, which began on March 10, 2006, in Naples, Florida.

Chang became Kei Nishikori's coach in 2014.

1989 French Open match vs Ivan LendlEdit

Chang's most famous match took place at the 1989 French Open, on the way to winning his only Grand Slam singles title. Chang defeated Eduardo Masso, Pete Sampras and Francisco Roig, dropping only one set, in reaching the fourth round. There, Chang faced World No. 1, reigning Australian Open champion, and three-time former French Open champion Ivan Lendl. Conventional wisdom made Lendl the heavy favorite to win the match against the 15th-seeded 17-year-old Chang.

In 1988, Chang had been easily beaten by Lendl in an exhibition match held in Des Moines, Iowa. After the match, Lendl advised Chang, "First off, you’ve got no serve. And you’ve certainly got no second serve. You can’t hurt me. You can run but you better develop a weapon to survive out here", all weaknesses that Chang worked to improve on.[10]

Lendl appeared to be on the way to victory after taking the first two sets 6–4, 6–4, and then breaking Chang's serve in his opening service game of the third set. However, Chang broke back immediately and went on to claim the third set, 6–3. During the fourth set, Chang experienced a severe attack of leg cramps, and though he won the set to level the match, he considered retiring from the match while up 2–1 in the fifth set. He later said that he felt "an unbelievable conviction in my heart" not to give up, and decided to finish the match.[11][12]

Chang paced the sidelines during changeovers as he risked not being able to get up if he sat down, and ate bananas and drank water at every opportunity. He also adopted some unusual tactics in an attempt to overcome his cramps such as hitting the ball high into the air on many points to slow the game down (known as "moon balls"), and began to go for more winners in order to shorten the points.[13] The success of these tactics caused Lendl, known to be one of the least easily fazed players, to lose his rhythm and also prompted him to swear at the umpire and the crowd, especially after losing a key point in the fifth set when Chang shocked him by delivering an under-arm serve.[14]

Chang continued to suffer from cramps, but managed to take a 5–3 lead in the fifth set with two match points on Lendl's serve. Aiming to break Lendl's concentration one more time, Chang stood almost at the T-line in the centre of the court while waiting to receive Lendl's serve. The crowd started laughing at the bizarre situation and Lendl seemed to think everyone was mocking him. The tactic worked, as Lendl produced a double-fault to give Chang the victory, 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3, in 4 hours and 37 minutes. Chang sank to his knees and broke down in tears at the conclusion of the match.

Lendl afterwards remarked on his loss to Chang, "Lots of times a lesser player could beat me and not back it up. You’d have to say he was a lesser player then, but Michael backed it up."[15]

Seven days later, after beating Stefan Edberg in five sets, Chang went on to lift the Coupe des Mousquetaires, becoming the youngest men's champion in Grand Slam history.[16][17] The match was played on June 5, 1989 just one day after the height of the Tiananmen Square Massacre. Chang has frequently noted the impact of the massacre when recalling his French Open victory:

"A lot of people forget that Tiananmen Square was going on. The crackdown that happened was on the middle Sunday at the French Open, so if I was not practicing or playing a match, I was glued to the television, watching the events unfold...I often tell people I think it was God's purpose for me to be able to win the French Open the way it was won because I was able to put a smile on Chinese people's faces around the world at a time when there wasn't much to smile about."[18]

Chang would defeat Lendl again in near-duplicate fashion, 2–6, 4–6, 6–4, 7–6 (7-5), 9–7 in a 4-hour, 42-minute semifinal at the Grand Slam Cup 2½ years later on December 14, 1991.[19]

Business venturesEdit

Chang and his family established CMCB Enterprises, which has real estate holdings including shopping malls, in California, Texas, Arizona and Colorado. In 2003, they bought Dunton Realty Co., a retail brokerage and property management company,[20] and changed its name to Dunton Commercial Real Estate Co.[21] In 2004, they bought SullivanHayes Cos., a retail real estate company in Denver.[22] It was chosen by Denver International Airport to develop a new 17-acre retail project along Peña Boulevard, the airport's main artery.[23]

Equipment and endorsementsEdit

Chang signed a multimillion-dollar endorsement deal with Reebok in 1988;[24] he wore Reebok apparel and Reebok Court Victory Pumps shoes[25] during his tennis career[26] and used Prince rackets on court.[27] He started using the Prince "Precision Michael Chang Graphite" 28-inch signature racket in 1994, which was an inch longer than the standard model.[28]

Chang signed endorsement deals with Nissin Foods noodles in 1989,[29] Panasonic[30] and Longines in the 1990s,[31] Cathay Pacific Airlines in 1990,[32] Bristol-Myers Squibb promoting Nuprin in 1991,[33] Stelux watches in 1993,[34] Discover Card in 1996,[35] Tiger Balm,[36] Procter & Gamble (endorsing P&G's Rejoice Shampoo),[37] Eveready Battery Company (endorsing Eveready Alkaline batteries),[37] and Yale locks.[24] In 1997, he signed a multi-year contract to endorse Watch Reebok, a collection of sports watches. A limited edition Michael Chang signature watch was released at Christmas.[38]

Public imageEdit

Chang's success marked the start of an era in which a new generation of American players—which also included Pete Sampras, Jim Courier, and Andre Agassi—would come to dominate the game.[16]

Charity workEdit

Chang served as Chairman of ATP Tour Charities in 1994. He has supported grassroots tennis development in Asia through his Stars of the Future program in Hong Kong and the Reebok Challenge across Asia. He was one of five athletes named in the second annual "Most Caring Athlete" list by USA Today Weekend in 1995. In 1997, he was given one of seven Asian-American leadership awards by A Magazine for his status as a role model for Asian-American youth. He has also served as a national spokesman for the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in the US.

In 2001, Chang served as a goodwill ambassador for the 2008 Beijing Olympic bid committee.

In 2002, he published a book about his career, Holding Serve: Persevering On and Off the Court.

Personal lifeEdit

A devout Christian, Chang first spotlighted his faith upon winning the 1989 French Open, declaring "I thank the Lord Jesus Christ, because without Him, I am nothing."[39] In 1999 Chang and his family established the Chang Family Foundation, dedicated to integrating tennis, family, and Christian faith. The Foundation is now based in Rancho Santa Margarita, California.[40]

Chang lives in Orange County, California. He is an avid fisherman who often takes fishing trips while traveling. He also has a passion for breeding African cichlids in several large freshwater aquariums at his home.

On October 18, 2008, Chang married Amber Liu, also a professional tennis player.[41][42] They have two daughters, Lani (born December 9, 2010)[43] and Maile (born February 2013).[44]

Chang has played recreational golf with Yervant Manavian.

Awards and recognitionEdit

RecordsEdit

  • These records were attained in the Open Era of tennis.
  • Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.
Championship Years Record accomplished Player tied
French Open 1989 Youngest Grand Slam men's singles champion Stands alone
French Open 1989 Only Asian-rooted male to win Grand Slam men's singles champion Stands alone
Hong Kong Open 1994–1995, 1997 3 singles titles Stands alone

Significant finalsEdit

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Singles: 4 (1–3)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1989 French Open Clay   Stefan Edberg 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 1995 French Open Clay   Thomas Muster 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1996 Australian Open Hard   Boris Becker 2–6, 4–6, 6–2, 2–6
Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard   Pete Sampras 1–6, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)

Year-End Championships finalsEdit

Singles: 1 (0–1)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1995 Frankfurt Carpet   Boris Becker 6–7(3–7), 0–6, 6–7(5–7)

Masters Series finalsEdit

Singles: 9 (7–2)Edit

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1990 Canada (Toronto) Hard   Jay Berger 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–2)
Winner 1992 Indian Wells Hard   Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1992 Miami Hard   Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
Winner 1993 Cincinnati Hard   Stefan Edberg 7–5, 0–6, 6–4
Winner 1994 Cincinnati Hard   Stefan Edberg 6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 1995 Cincinnati Hard   Andre Agassi 5–7, 2–6
Winner 1996 Indian Wells Hard   Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 1996 Cincinnati Hard   Andre Agassi 6–7(4–7), 4–6
Winner 1997 Indian Wells Hard   Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3

ATP career finalsEdit

Singles: 58 (34 titles, 24 runner-ups)Edit

Legend
Grand Slam (1–3)
Year-End Championships (0–1)
ATP Masters Series (7–2)
ATP Championship Series (5–4)
ATP World Series / Grand Prix (21–12)
Titles by surface
Hard (21–15)
Clay (4–2)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (9–7)
Titles by Location
Outdoors (22–14)
Indoors (12–10)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1. September 26, 1988 San Francisco, US Carpet (i)   Johan Kriek 6–2, 6–3
Winner 2. May 29, 1989 French Open, Paris Clay   Stefan Edberg 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 1. September 18, 1989 Los Angeles, US Hard   Aaron Krickstein 6–2, 4–6, 2–6
Winner 3. November 7, 1989 Wembley, UK Carpet (i)   Guy Forget 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
Winner 4. July 23, 1990 Toronto, Canada Hard   Jay Berger 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 2. July 30, 1990 Los Angeles, US Hard   Stefan Edberg 6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up 3. November 5, 1990 Wembley, UK Carpet (i)   Jakob Hlasek 6–7(7–9), 3–6
Winner 5. November 4, 1991 Birmingham, UK Carpet (i)   Guillaume Raoux 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 4. December 10, 1991 Grand Slam Cup, Munich Carpet (i)   David Wheaton 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Winner 6. February 3, 1992 San Francisco, US Hard (i)   Jim Courier 6–3, 6–3
Winner 7. March 2, 1992 Indian Wells, US Hard   Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 8. March 13, 1992 Miami, US Hard   Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
Runner-up 5. April 13, 1992 Hong Kong, UK Hard   Jim Courier 5–7, 3–6
Runner-up 6. December 8, 1992 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i)   Michael Stich 2–6, 3–6, 2–6
Winner 9. January 11, 1993 Jakarta, Indonesia Hard   Carl-Uwe Steeb 2–6, 6–2, 6–1
Winner 10. March 29, 1993 Osaka, Japan Hard   Amos Mansdorf 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 7. August 2, 1993 Los Angeles, US Hard   Richard Krajicek 6–0, 6–7(3–7), 6–7(5–7)
Winner 11. August 9, 1993 Cincinnati, US Hard   Stefan Edberg 7–5, 0–6, 6–4
Runner-up 8. August 23, 1993 Long Island, US Hard   Marc Rosset 4–6, 6–3, 1–6
Winner 12. September 27, 1993 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Hard (i)   Jonas Svensson 6–0, 6–4
Winner 13. October 18, 1993 Beijing, China Carpet (i)   Greg Rusedski 7–6(7–5), 6–7(6–8), 6–4
Winner 14. January 10, 1994 Jakarta, Indonesia Hard   David Rikl 6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 9. January 31, 1994 San Jose, US Hard (i)   Renzo Furlan 6–3, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 15. February 14, 1994 Philadelphia, US Carpet (i)   Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 10. April 4, 1994 Tokyo, Japan Hard   Pete Sampras 4–6, 2–6
Winner 16. April 11, 1994 Hong Kong, UK Hard   Patrick Rafter 6–1, 6–3
Winner 17. April 25, 1994 Atlanta, US Clay   Todd Martin 6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–4), 6–0
Winner 18. August 8, 1994 Cincinnati, US Hard   Stefan Edberg 6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 11. October 10, 1994 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Goran Ivanišević 4–6, 4–6
Winner 19. October 17, 1994 Beijing, China Carpet (i)   Anders Järryd 7–5, 7–5
Runner-up 12. February 6, 1995 San Jose, US Hard (i)   Andre Agassi 2–6, 6–1, 3–6
Runner-up 13. February 20, 1995 Philadelphia, US Carpet (i)   Thomas Enqvist 6–0, 4–6, 0–6
Winner 20. April 17, 1995 Hong Kong, UK Hard   Jonas Björkman 6–3, 6–1
Winner 21. May 1, 1995 Atlanta, US Clay   Andre Agassi 6–2, 6–7(6–8), 6–4
Runner-up 14. May 29, 1995 French Open, Paris, France Clay   Thomas Muster 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 15. August 7, 1995 Cincinnati, US Hard   Andre Agassi 5–7, 2–6
Winner 22. October 9, 1995 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i)   Mark Philippoussis 6–3, 6–4
Winner 23. October 16, 1995 Beijing, China Carpet (i)   Renzo Furlan 7–5, 6–3
Runner-up 16. November 14, 1995 Tennis Masters Cup, Hannover Carpet (i)   Boris Becker 6–7(3–7), 0–6, 6–7(5–7)
Runner-up 17. January 15, 1996 Australian Open, Melbourne, Australia Hard   Boris Becker 2–6, 4–6, 6–2, 2–6
Winner 24. March 11, 1996 Indian Wells, US Hard   Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 18. April 8, 1996 Hong Kong, UK Hard   Pete Sampras 4–6, 6–3, 4–6
Winner 25. July 15, 1996 Washington, D.C., US Hard   Wayne Ferreira 6–2, 6–4
Winner 26. July 29, 1996 Los Angeles, US Hard   Richard Krajicek 6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 19. August 5, 1996 Cincinnati, US Hard   Andre Agassi 6–7(4–7), 4–6
Runner-up 20. August 26, 1996 US Open, New York City Hard   Pete Sampras 1–6, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up 21. September 30, 1996 Singapore Carpet (i)   Jonathan Stark 4–6, 4–6
Winner 27. February 17, 1997 Memphis, US Hard (i)   Todd Woodbridge 6–3, 6–4
Winner 28. March 10, 1997 Indian Wells, US Hard   Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
Winner 29. April 7, 1997 Hong Kong, UK Hard   Patrick Rafter 6–3, 6–3
Winner 30. April 21, 1997 Orlando, US Clay   Grant Stafford 4–6, 6–2, 6–1
Winner 31. July 14, 1997 Washington, D.C., US Hard   Petr Korda 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 22. February 16, 1998 Memphis, US Hard (i)   Mark Philippoussis 3–6, 2–6
Runner-up 23. April 20, 1998 Orlando, US Clay   Jim Courier 5–7, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 32. August 24, 1998 Boston, US Hard   Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–4
Winner 33. October 5, 1998 Shanghai, China Carpet (i)   Goran Ivanišević 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 24. January 10, 2000 Auckland, New Zealand Hard   Magnus Norman 6–3, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 34. July 24, 2000 Los Angeles, US Hard   Jan-Michael Gambill 6–7(2–7), 6–3, ret.

Singles performance timelineEdit

Tournament 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 W–L SR
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A A A A A 3R 2R A SF F SF 2R 2R 1R 1R 1R A 21–10 0 / 10
French Open A 3R W QF QF 3R 2R 3R F 3R 4R 3R 1R 3R 2R 1R 1R 38–15 1 / 16
Wimbledon A 2R 4R 4R 1R 1R 3R QF 2R 1R 1R 2R A 2R 2R 2R A 18–14 0 / 14
US Open 2R 4R 4R 3R 4R SF QF 4R QF F SF 2R 2R 2R 1R 2R 1R 43–17 0 / 17
Win–Loss 1–1 6–3 13–2 9–3 7–3 9–4 8–4 9–3 16–4 14–4 13–4 5–4 2–3 4–4 2–4 2–4 0–2 120–56 1 / 57
Olympic Games
Summer Olympics NH A Not Held 2R Not Held A Not Held 1R Not Held 1–2 0 / 2
Year-End Championship
Tennis Masters Cup DNQ RR DNQ RR RR RR F RR RR Did Not Qualify 7–16 0 / 7
ATP Masters Series
Indian Wells Masters A 1R QF A QF W SF 3R 3R W W A 1R 2R 1R 1R 1R 28–11 3 / 14
Miami Masters A A A A 3R W 1R 3R 2R QF 2R A 1R 2R 2R 1R 2R 18–11 1 / 12
Monte Carlo Masters A A A A A A A A A 1R A A A 1R 1R A A 0–3 0 / 3
Rome Masters A A A 1R A QF SF 2R QF A 1R QF 2R 2R 2R A A 17–10 0 / 10
Hamburg Masters A A A 1R A 2R 1R A A A A 2R 1R 1R 2R A A 3–7 0 / 7
Canada Masters A A A W 1R A 3R 3R QF A SF A 3R 2R 1R A A 15–8 1 / 9
Cincinnati Masters A QF QF QF 3R SF W W F F SF 2R QF 1R 2R 3R 1R 41–14 2 / 16
Stockholm Masters (Essen)(Stuttgart) A A A 3R A A A 2R 2R SF 2R 1R 2R QF A A A 9–8 0 / 8
Paris Masters A A QF 1R SF 2R 3R SF QF 3R 2R 1R SF 3R A A A 18–12 0 / 12
Runners-up 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 3 5 5 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 24
Titles 0 1 2 1 1 3 5 6 4 3 5 2 0 1 0 0 0 34
Overall win-loss 4–4 23–13 47–17 36–21 47–20 57–23 66–21 66–21 65–19 65–19 57–21 35–17 30–22 42–26 16–21 7–16 2–10 662–312
Year end ranking 163 30 5 15 15 6 8 6 5 2 3 29 50 32 94 124 383

Top 10 winsEdit

Season 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Total
Wins 0 0 3 2 4 6 5 8 6 7 5 1 2 1 0 1 0 51
# Player Rank Event Surface Rd Score Chang
rank
1989
1.   Stefan Edberg 5 Indian Wells, United States Hard 3R 6–3, 6–2 25
2.   Ivan Lendl 1 French Open, Paris, France Clay 4R 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3 19
3.   Stefan Edberg 3 French Open, Paris, France Clay F 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2 19
1990
4.   Andre Agassi 4 Toronto, Canada Hard QF 4–6, 7–5, 7–5 24
5.   Stefan Edberg 1 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) 1R 6–4, 4–6, 7–5 15
1991
6.   Guy Forget 7 French Open, Paris, France Clay 4R 6–1, 6–1, 4–6, 6–3 10
7.   Stefan Edberg 1 Paris, France Carpet (i) 3R 2–6, 6–1, 6–4 21
8.   Jim Courier 2 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) 1R 6–4, 6–2 15
9.   Ivan Lendl 5 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) SF 2–6, 4–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–5), 9–7 15
1992
10.   Jim Courier 2 San Francisco, United States Hard (i) F 6–3, 6–3 16
11.   Pete Sampras 4 Miami, United States Hard QF 6–4, 7–6(7–4) 9
12.   Jim Courier 1 Miami, United States Hard SF 6–2, 6–4 9
13.   Andre Agassi 9 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) 1R 6–4, 6–2 6
14.   Petr Korda 7 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) QF 6–3, 6–4 6
15.   Goran Ivanišević 4 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) SF 6–7(3–7), 6–2, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3 6
1993
16.   Petr Korda 6 Indian Wells, United States Hard QF 6–1, 6–3 5
17.   Stefan Edberg 3 Cincinnati, United States Hard F 7–5, 0–6, 6–4 9
18.   Sergi Bruguera 5 Long Island, United States Hard QF 3–6, 6–1, 6–2 7
19.   Stefan Edberg 3 Long Island, United States Hard SF 6–1, 6–2 7
20.   Jim Courier 2 ATP Tour World Championships, Frankfurt, Germany Carpet (i) RR 6–4, 6–0 7
1994
21.   Jim Courier 3 Philadelphia, United States Carpet (i) SF 7–6(8–6), 6–2 9
22.   Todd Martin 9 Atlanta, United States Clay F 6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–4), 6–0 7
23.   Sergi Bruguera 4 Wimbledon, London, United Kingdom Grass 4R 6–4, 7–6(9–7), 6–0 8
24.   Stefan Edberg 4 Cincinnati, United States Hard F 6–2, 7–5 7
25.   Todd Martin 7 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (i) QF 6–3, 7–6(8–6) 9
26.   Goran Ivanišević 2 Paris, France Carpet (i) QF 3–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–4) 9
27.   Alberto Berasategui 7 ATP Tour World Championships, Frankfurt, Germany Carpet (i) RR 6–1, 6–0 6
28.   Alberto Berasategui 8 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet (i) 1R 6–1, 7–5 6
1995
29.   Andre Agassi 1 Atlanta, United States Clay F 6–2, 6–7(6–8), 6–4 6
30.   Sergi Bruguera 7 French Open, Paris, France Clay SF 6–4, 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–0) 6
31.   Michael Stich 8 Cincinnati, United States Hard SF 4–6, 6–2, 7–6(7–5) 5
32.   Thomas Muster 3 ATP Tour World Championships, Frankfurt, Germany Carpet (i) RR 4–6, 6–2, 6–3 4
33.   Jim Courier 7 ATP Tour World Championships, Frankfurt, Germany Carpet (i) RR 6–2, 7–5 4
34.   Pete Sampras 1 ATP Tour World Championships, Frankfurt, Germany Carpet (i) SF 6–4, 6–4 4
1996
35.   Andre Agassi 2 Australian Open, Melbourne, Australia Hard SF 6–1, 6–4, 7–6(7–1) 5
36.   Andre Agassi 3 Indian Wells, United States Hard QF 6–7(3–7), 6–2, 6–1 5
37.   Richard Krajicek 8 Los Angeles, United States Hard F 6–4, 6–3 3
38.   Goran Ivanišević 6 Cincinnati, United States Hard QF 6–3, 7–5 3
39.   Andre Agassi 9 US Open, New York, United States Hard SF 6–3, 6–2, 6–2 3
40.   Marcelo Ríos 10 Stuttgart, Germany Carpet (i) QF 6–4, 6–3 2
41.   Goran Ivanišević 4 ATP Tour World Championships, Hanover, Germany Carpet (i) RR 6–7(8–10), 7–6(7–5), 6–1 2
1997
42.   Thomas Muster 2 Indian Wells, United States Hard SF 6–1, 7–6(7–1) 3
43.   Gustavo Kuerten 10 Cincinnati, United States Hard QF 6–1, 6–2 2
44.   Marcelo Ríos 10 US Open, New York, United States Hard QF 7–5, 6–2, 4–6, 4–6, 6–3 2
45.   Pat Rafter 3 Davis Cup, Washington, D.C., United States Hard RR 6–4, 1–6, 6–3, 6–4 2
46.   Sergi Bruguera 8 ATP Tour World Championships, Hanover, Germany Hard RR 7–6(10–8), 6–2 2
1998
47.   Pete Sampras 1 Rome, Italy Clay 3R 6–2, 7–6(8–6) 14
1999
48.   Àlex Corretja 8 Cincinnati, United States Hard 2R 6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–2 58
49.   Marcelo Ríos 8 Paris, France Carpet (i) 2R 7–5, 6–2 72
2000
50.   Àlex Corretja 9 Stuttgart, Germany Hard (i) 2R 1–6, 7–5, 6–0 24
2002
51.   Tommy Haas 3 Cincinnati, United States Hard 1R 6–3, 6–2 111

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Further readingEdit

  • Michael Chang: Tennis Champion (1993) by Pamela Dell ISBN 0-516-04185-1
  • Holding Serve Persevering On And Off The Court (June 4, 2002) by Michael Chang, Mike Yorkey ISBN 0-7852-6656-9

External linksEdit