1975 Davis Cup

The 1975 Davis Cup was the 64th edition of the Davis Cup, the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. 55 teams would enter the competition, 32 in the Europe Zone, 12 in the Americas Zone, and 11 in the Eastern Zone. Kenya made its first appearance in the tournament.

1975 Davis Cup
Details
Duration23 August 1974 – 21 December 1975
Edition64th
Teams53
Champion
Winning Nation Sweden
1974
1976

Chile defeated South Africa in the Americas Inter-Zonal final, Australia defeated New Zealand in the Eastern Zone final, and Sweden and Czechoslovakia were the winners of the two Europe Zones, defeating Spain and France respectively.

In the Inter-Zonal Zone, Czechoslovakia defeated Australia and Sweden defeated Chile in the semifinals. Sweden then defeated Czechoslovakia in the final to win their first title and become the sixth nation to win the Davis Cup. The final was held at the Kungliga tennishallen in Stockholm, Sweden on 19–21 December.[1][2][3]

Americas ZoneEdit

North & Central America ZoneEdit

Preliminary RoundsEdit

First RoundQualifying Round
Nassau, Bahamas (clay)
  Caribbean/West Indies0
Palm Springs, CA, United States (hard)
  United States5
  United States2
Quebec City, Canada (indoor carpet)
  Mexico3
  Canada1
  Mexico4

Main DrawEdit

SemifinalsFinal
  Colombia
bye
  Colombia
  South Africaw/o
  South Africaw/o
  Mexico

South America ZoneEdit

Preliminary RoundsEdit

First RoundQualifying Round
  Uruguayw/o
Montevideo, Uruguay
  Ecuador
  Uruguay0
  Argentina5
  Argentina
bye
bye
São Paulo, Brazil
  Brazil
  Brazil4
  Bolivia0
bye
  Bolivia

Main DrawEdit

Semifinals
20–22 December 1974
Final
10–12 January
  Chile
Santiago, Chile
bye
  Chile4
São Paulo, Brazil (clay)
  Brazil1
  Brazil3
  Argentina2

Americas Inter-Zonal FinalEdit

Chile vs. South Africa

 
Chile
5
Santiago, Chile[4]
18–20 July 1975
 
South Africa
0
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Patricio Cornejo
Bernard Mitton
4
6
6
4
6
2
7
5
   
2  
 
Jaime Fillol
Ray Moore
6
3
6
3
0
6
3
6
6
3
 
3  
 
Patricio Cornejo / Jaime Fillol
Frew McMillan / Ray Moore
7
5
6
2
6
4
     
4  
 
Jaime Fillol
Bernard Mitton
2
6
6
2
3
6
6
1
7
5
 
5  
 
Patricio Cornejo
Ray Moore
6
3
6
4
4
6
6
3
   

Eastern ZoneEdit

Pre-Qualifying RoundPreliminary RoundQuarterfinalsSemifinalsFinal
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  Malaysia0Saigon, South Vietnam
  South Vietnam5  South Vietnam3Auckland, New Zealand (grass)
  South Korea2  New Zealand5Lucknow, India
  South Vietnam0  India1
Auckland, New Zealand (grass)
  New Zealand3
Jakarta, Indonesia  New Zealand0
Adelaide, Australia (grass)
  Indonesia0  Australia4
Tokyo, Japan  Japan1
Manila, Philippines  Japan5
  Japan5  Australia4
  Philippines3Colombo, Sri Lanka (clay)
  Philippines0
  Pakistan2  Sri Lanka1
  Philippines3

FinalEdit

New Zealand vs. Australia

 
New Zealand
0
Stanley Street, Auckland, New Zealand[5]
28 February–2 March 1975
Grass
 
Australia
4
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Brian Fairlie
John Newcombe
5
7
3
6
5
7
     
2  
 
Onny Parun
Ken Rosewall
2
6
4
6
2
6
     
3  
 
Brian Fairlie / Onny Parun
Geoff Masters / John Newcombe
4
6
4
6
5
7
     
4  
 
Brian Fairlie
Ken Rosewall
1
6
11
9
5
7
7
9
   
5  
 
Onny Parun
Geoff Masters
6
3
10
8
      not
completed

Europe ZoneEdit

Zone AEdit

Pre-Qualifying RoundEdit

Pre-Qualifying Round
23–25 August 1974
Tehran, Iran
  Iran5
  Lebanon0
Tel Aviv, Israel (hard)
  Israel5
  Luxembourg0

Preliminary RoundsEdit

First RoundQualifying Round
  Spain
Murcia, Spain (clay)
bye
  Spain5
Copenhagen, Denmark (indoor carpet)
  Denmark0
  Denmark4
  Greece1
  Austria
Vienna, Austria (clay)
bye
  Austria0
London, United Kingdom (indoor carpet)
  Great Britain4
  Great Britain5
  Iran0
Poznań, Poland (clay)
  Poland5
Warsaw, Poland (clay)
  Portugal0
  Poland1
  Sweden4
bye
  Sweden
Tel Aviv, Israel (hard)
  Israel0
Freiburg, West Germany
   Switzerland5
   Switzerland0
  West Germany5
bye
  West Germany

Main DrawEdit

Quarterfinals
9–18 May
Semifinals
18–20 July
Final
25–27 July
  Romania
Barcelona, Spain (clay)
bye
  Romania2
Barcelona, Spain (clay)
  Spain3
  Spain3
Barcelona, Spain (clay)
  Great Britain2
  Spain2
West Berlin (clay)
  Sweden3
  West Germany2
Jūrmala, Soviet Union (clay)
  Sweden3
  Sweden3
  Soviet Union2
bye
  Soviet Union

FinalEdit

Spain vs. Sweden

 
Spain
2
Real Club de Tenis Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain[6]
25–27 July 1975
Clay
 
Sweden
3
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Manuel Orantes
Birger Andersson
6
1
6
3
6
4
     
2  
 
José Higueras
Björn Borg
3
6
1
6
1
6
     
3  
 
Juan Gisbert / Manuel Orantes
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
6
4
6
3
6
1
     
4  
 
Manuel Orantes
Björn Borg
4
6
2
6
2
6
     
5  
 
José Higueras
Birger Andersson
6
3
4
6
3
6
0
6
   

Zone BEdit

Pre-Qualifying RoundEdit

Pre-Qualifying Round
23 August–14 September 1974
Lagos, Nigeria (hard)
  Nigeria5
  Kenya0
Istanbul, Turkey
  Turkey3
  Ireland2

Preliminary RoundsEdit

First RoundQualifying Round
  Netherlands
Budapest, Hungary
bye
  Netherlands0
Helsinki, Finland
  Hungary5
  Finland1
  Hungary4
  Egypt
Monte Carlo, Monaco
bye
  Egypt3
Monte Carlo, Monaco
  Monaco1
  Monaco4
  Nigeria1
Brussels, Belgium (indoor hard)
  Belgium5
Paris, France (clay)
  Norway0
  Belgium4
  France1
bye
  France
Sofia, Bulgaria
  Bulgaria5
Zagreb, Yugoslavia
  Turkey0
  Bulgaria1
  Yugoslavia4
bye
  Yugoslavia

Main DrawEdit

Quarterfinals
16–25 May
Semifinals
20–22 June; 18–20 July
Final
25–27 July
  Czechoslovakia
Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
bye
  Czechoslovakia4
Cairo, Egypt
  Hungary1
  Egypt2
Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
  Hungary3
  Czechoslovakia3
Paris, France (clay)
  France2
  France3
Paris, France (clay)
  Yugoslavia0
  France3
  Italy2
bye
  Italy

FinalEdit

Czechoslovakia vs. France

 
Czechoslovakia
3
Prague, Czechoslovakia[7]
25–27 July 1975
Clay
 
France
2
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Jan Kodeš
Patrice Dominguez
6
1
6
4
1
6
6
0
   
2  
 
Jiří Hřebec
François Jauffret
6
4
4
6
6
3
2
6
6
0
 
3  
 
Jiří Hřebec / Jan Kodeš
Patrice Dominguez / Patrick Proisy
3
6
6
3
4
6
6
1
3
6
 
4  
 
Jiří Hřebec
Patrice Dominguez
6
4
3
6
4
6
4
6
   
5  
 
Jan Kodeš
François Jauffret
6
1
7
5
6
1
     

Inter-Zonal ZoneEdit

DrawEdit

Semifinals
19–28 September
Final
19–21 December
Prague, Czechoslovakia (clay)
EUR-B  Czechoslovakia3
Stockholm, Sweden (indoor carpet)
EAS  Australia1
EUR-B  Czechoslovakia2
Båstad, Sweden (clay)
EUR-A  Sweden3
AME  Chile1
EUR-A  Sweden4

SemifinalsEdit

Sweden vs. Chile

 
Sweden
4
Båstad Tennis Stadium, Båstad, Sweden[8]
19–21 September 1975
Clay
 
Chile
1
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Björn Borg
Patricio Cornejo
3
6
6
4
7
5
6
3
   
2  
 
Birger Andersson
Jaime Fillol
3
6
2
6
3
6
     
3  
 
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
Patricio Cornejo / Jaime Fillol
7
5
6
2
3
6
6
3
   
4  
 
Birger Andersson
Patricio Cornejo
6
3
14
12
6
1
     
5  
 
Björn Borg
Jaime Fillol
6
1
6
2
6
1
     

Czechoslovakia vs. Australia

 
Czechoslovakia
3
Štvanice Stadium, Prague, Czechoslovakia[9]
26–28 September 1975
Clay
 
Australia
1
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Jan Kodeš
John Alexander
6
4
2
6
7
5
6
4
   
2  
 
Jiří Hřebec
Tony Roche
3
6
4
6
6
1
6
3
6
3
 
3  
 
František Pála / Vladimír Zedník
John Alexander / Phil Dent
3
6
6
3
2
6
3
6
   
4  
 
Jan Kodeš
Tony Roche
6
3
6
1
6
4
     
5  
 
Jiří Hřebec
John Alexander
6
8
3
6
6
1
6
6
  not
completed

FinalEdit

Sweden vs. Czechoslovakia

 
Sweden
3
Kungliga tennishallen, Stockholm, Sweden[3]
19–21 December 1975
Carpet (indoors)
 
Czechoslovakia
2
1 2 3 4 5
1  
 
Björn Borg
Jiří Hřebec
6
1
6
3
6
0
     
2  
 
Ove Bengtson
Jan Kodeš
6
4
2
6
5
7
4
6
   
3  
 
Ove Bengtson / Björn Borg
Jan Kodeš / Vladimír Zedník
6
4
6
4
6
4
     
4  
 
Björn Borg
Jan Kodeš
6
4
6
2
6
2
     
5  
 
Ove Bengtson
Jiří Hřebec
6
2
3
6
1
6
4
6
   

ControversyEdit

The Inter-Zonal Zone semifinal between Sweden and Chile was played on 19–21 September in Båstad, Sweden, two years after Augusto Pinochet's military coup in Chile. Many people in Sweden wanted the match to be cancelled, in protest of the junta's violations of human rights, however others wanted sport and politics to remain separated.

Chilekommittén mobilised protests against the match. The call for the manifestation was issued on July 30, 1975. The slogan of the protests was Stoppa matchen! ('Stop the match'). About 7,000 people took part in the protest. Hundreds of balloons, with names of political prisoners were released in the vicinity of the match venue, guarded by a police force of 1,300. Through Chilean sports commentators on site, news about the protests reached Chile. A special issue of Chilebulletinen was produced for the protests, with 20,000 copies.

The then governing Swedish Social Democratic Party didn't take part in the protests on September 20. A protest march was instead organized in Båstad by the Swedish Social Democratic Youth League on September 18, ending at the town square, where former prime minister Tage Erlander and Sweden's former ambassador to Chile Harald Edelstam (who personally helped rescue over 1,200 political prisoners in Chile after the 1973 coup) addressed a crowd of some 3,000.

Olof Palme's government tried to stop the match, but on September 12 negotiations ended with a decision to play. During the game on September 20, which was guarded by 1,300 police, over 7,000 demonstrators gathered peacefully on the square.[10] The match was played behind closed doors with no spectators present.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bud Collins (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 495–496, 499. ISBN 978-0942257700.
  2. ^ Christian Dahlgren (15 January 2009). "Björn Borg på nervigt uppdrag" (in Swedish). Östgöta Correspondenten. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Sweden v Czechoslovakia". daviscup.com.
  4. ^ "Chile v South Africa". daviscup.com.
  5. ^ "New Zealand v Australia". daviscup.com.
  6. ^ "Spain v Sweden". daviscup.com.
  7. ^ "Czechoslovakia v France". daviscup.com.
  8. ^ "Sweden v Chile". daviscup.com.
  9. ^ "Czechoslovakia v Australia". daviscup.com.
  10. ^ Anno 75 (1976), Årskalender utgiven av Förlagshuset Norden AB, Malmö, och Svenska Dagbladet, Stockholm, pp. 35, 36.
  11. ^ Hodgkinson, Mark (5 March 2009). "Singer calls tune as fans banned from Sweden's Davis Cup clash with Israel". telegraph.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2019.

External linksEdit