COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia

The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020, after a dance instructor and her mother tested positive for the virus. Both were infected from a Japanese national.[3][4]

COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia
COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia per capita cases map.svg
Cases per million by province as of 30 November 2020
COVID-19 pandemic cases in Indonesia map (Density).svg
Confirmed cases by province as of 30 November 2020
COVID-19 pandemic deaths in Indonesia map.svg
Deaths by province as of 30 November 2020
COVID-19 pandemic recoveries in Indonesia map.svg
Recoveries by province as of 30 November 2020
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIndonesia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseKemang, Jakarta
Arrival date2 March 2020
(8 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
Confirmed cases543,975[1][2]
Active cases72,015[1][2]
Suspected cases71,286[1][2]
Recovered454,879[1][2]
Deaths
17,081[1][2]
Fatality rate3.14%
Territories
505 regencies and cities in 34 provinces[1][2]
Government website
National:
covid19.go.id
covid19.bnpb.go.id
covid19.kemkes.go.id
Local:
see cases by province (table)
Suspected cases have not been confirmed by laboratory tests as being due to this strain, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

By 9 April, the pandemic had spread to all 34 provinces in the country. Jakarta, East Java, and Central Java are the worst-hit provinces, together accounting around 47% of the national total cases. The largest increase of new cases in a single day occurred on 29 November, when 6,267 cases were announced. At most 5,810 recoveries and 169 fatalities were ever recorded within a span of 24 hours. On 13 July, the recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[5]

As of 1 December, Indonesia has reported 543,975 cases, the highest in Southeast Asia, ahead of the Philippines. In terms of death numbers, Indonesia ranks third in Asia and 16th in the world.[6] Review of data, however, indicated that the number of deaths may be much higher than what has been reported as those who died with acute COVID-19 symptoms but had not been confirmed or tested were not counted in the official death figure.[7]

Indonesia has tested 3,865,412 people against its 269 million population so far, or around 14,337 people per million.[8] The World Health Organization has urged the nation to perform more tests, especially on suspected patients.[9]

Instead of implementing a nationwide lockdown, the government had approved large-scale social restrictions (Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, abbreviated as PSBB) for some regencies and cities. Starting from late May, they began to apply new normal, along with another green and yellow zone regions. This policy received much criticism and is considered as a 'disaster' due to the still increasing number of cases.[10]

Statistics

COVID-19 cases in Indonesia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-02 2(n.a.)
2(=)
2020-03-06 4(+100%)
2020-03-07 4(=)
2020-03-08 6(+50%)
2020-03-09
19(+217%)
2020-03-10
27(+42%)
2020-03-11
34(+26%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-12
34(=) 1(=)
2020-03-13
69(+103%) 4(+300%)
2020-03-14
96(+39%) 5(+25%)
2020-03-15
117(+22%) 5(=)
2020-03-16
134(+15%) 5(=)
2020-03-17
172(+28%) 7(+40%)
2020-03-18
227(+32%) 19(+171%)
2020-03-19
308(+36%) 25(+32%)
2020-03-20
369(+20%) 32(+28%)
2020-03-21
450(+22%) 38(+19%)
2020-03-22
514(+14%) 48(+26%)
2020-03-23
579(+13%) 49(+2.1%)
2020-03-24
685(+18%) 55(+12%)
2020-03-25
790(+15%) 58(+5.5%)
2020-03-26
893(+13%) 78(+34%)
2020-03-27
1,046(+17%) 87(+12%)
2020-03-28
1,155(+10%) 102(+17%)
2020-03-29
1,285(+11%) 114(+12%)
2020-03-30
1,414(+10%) 122(+7%)
2020-03-31
1,528(+8.1%) 136(+11%)
2020-04-01
1,677(+9.8%) 157(+15%)
2020-04-02
1,790(+6.7%) 170(+8.3%)
2020-04-03
1,986(+11%) 181(+6.5%)
2020-04-04
2,092(+5.3%) 191(+5.5%)
2020-04-05
2,273(+8.7%) 198(+3.7%)
2020-04-06
2,491(+9.6%) 209(+5.6%)
2020-04-07
2,738(+9.9%) 221(+5.7%)
2020-04-08
2,956(+8%) 240(+8.6%)
2020-04-09
3,293(+11%) 280(+17%)
2020-04-10
3,512(+6.7%) 306(+9.3%)
2020-04-11
3,842(+9.4%) 327(+6.9%)
2020-04-12
4,241(+10%) 373(+14%)
2020-04-13
4,557(+7.5%) 399(+7%)
2020-04-14
4,839(+6.2%) 459(+15%)
2020-04-15
5,136(+6.1%) 469(+2.2%)
2020-04-16
5,516(+7.4%) 496(+5.8%)
2020-04-17
5,923(+7.4%) 520(+4.8%)
2020-04-18
6,248(+5.5%) 535(+2.9%)
2020-04-19
6,575(+5.2%) 582(+8.8%)
2020-04-20
6,760(+2.8%) 590(+1.4%)
2020-04-21
7,135(+5.5%) 616(+4.4%)
2020-04-22
7,418(+4%) 635(+3.1%)
2020-04-23
7,775(+4.8%) 647(+1.9%)
2020-04-24
8,211(+5.6%) 689(+6.5%)
2020-04-25
8,607(+4.8%) 720(+4.5%)
2020-04-26
8,882(+3.2%) 743(+3.2%)
2020-04-27
9,096(+2.4%) 765(+3%)
2020-04-28
9,511(+4.6%) 773(+1%)
2020-04-29
9,771(+2.7%) 784(+1.4%)
2020-04-30
10,118(+3.6%) 792(+1%)
2020-05-01
10,551(+4.3%) 800(+1%)
2020-05-02
10,843(+2.8%) 831(+3.9%)
2020-05-03
11,192(+3.2%) 845(+1.7%)
2020-05-04
11,587(+3.5%) 864(+2.2%)
2020-05-05
12,071(+4.2%) 872(+0.93%)
2020-05-06
12,438(+3%) 895(+2.6%)
2020-05-07
12,776(+2.7%) 930(+3.9%)
2020-05-08
13,112(+2.6%) 943(+1.4%)
2020-05-09
13,645(+4.1%) 959(+1.7%)
2020-05-10
14,032(+2.8%) 973(+1.5%)
2020-05-11
14,265(+1.7%) 991(+1.8%)
2020-05-12
14,749(+3.4%) 1,007(+1.6%)
2020-05-13
15,438(+4.7%) 1,028(+2.1%)
2020-05-14
16,006(+3.7%) 1,043(+1.5%)
2020-05-15
16,496(+3.1%) 1,076(+3.2%)
2020-05-16
17,025(+3.2%) 1,089(+1.2%)
2020-05-17
17,514(+2.9%) 1,148(+5.4%)
2020-05-18
18,010(+2.8%) 1,191(+3.7%)
2020-05-19
18,496(+2.7%) 1,221(+2.5%)
2020-05-20
19,189(+3.7%) 1,242(+1.7%)
2020-05-21
20,162(+5.1%) 1,278(+2.9%)
2020-05-22
20,796(+3.1%) 1,326(+3.8%)
2020-05-23
21,745(+4.6%) 1,351(+1.9%)
2020-05-24
22,271(+2.4%) 1,372(+1.6%)
2020-05-25
22,750(+2.2%) 1,391(+1.4%)
2020-05-26
23,165(+1.8%) 1,418(+1.9%)
2020-05-27
23,851(+3%) 1,473(+3.9%)
2020-05-28
24,538(+2.9%) 1,496(+1.6%)
2020-05-29
25,216(+2.8%) 1,520(+1.6%)
2020-05-30
25,773(+2.2%) 1,573(+3.5%)
2020-05-31
26,473(+2.7%) 1,613(+2.5%)
2020-06-01
26,940(+1.8%) 1,641(+1.7%)
2020-06-02
27,549(+2.3%) 1,663(+1.3%)
2020-06-03
28,233(+2.5%) 1,698(+2.1%)
2020-06-04
28,818(+2.1%) 1,721(+1.4%)
2020-06-05
29,521(+2.4%) 1,770(+2.8%)
2020-06-06
30,514(+3.4%) 1,801(+1.8%)
2020-06-07
31,186(+2.2%) 1,851(+2.8%)
2020-06-08
32,033(+2.7%) 1,883(+1.7%)
2020-06-09
33,075(+3.3%) 1,923(+2.1%)
2020-06-10
34,316(+3.8%) 1,959(+1.9%)
2020-06-11
35,295(+2.9%) 2,000(+2.1%)
2020-06-12
36,406(+3.1%) 2,048(+2.4%)
2020-06-13
37,420(+2.8%) 2,091(+2.1%)
2020-06-14
38,277(+2.3%) 2,134(+2.1%)
2020-06-15
39,294(+2.7%) 2,198(+3%)
2020-06-16
40,400(+2.8%) 2,231(+1.5%)
2020-06-17
41,431(+2.6%) 2,276(+2%)
2020-06-18
42,762(+3.2%) 2,339(+2.8%)
2020-06-19
43,803(+2.4%) 2,373(+1.5%)
2020-06-20
45,029(+2.8%) 2,429(+2.4%)
2020-06-21
45,891(+1.9%) 2,465(+1.5%)
2020-06-22
46,845(+2.1%) 2,500(+1.4%)
2020-06-23
47,896(+2.2%) 2,535(+1.4%)
2020-06-24
49,009(+2.3%) 2,573(+1.5%)
2020-06-25
50,187(+2.4%) 2,620(+1.8%)
2020-06-26
51,427(+2.5%) 2,683(+2.4%)
2020-06-27
52,812(+2.7%) 2,720(+1.4%)
2020-06-28
54,010(+2.3%) 2,754(+1.2%)
2020-06-29
55,092(+2%) 2,805(+1.9%)
2020-06-30
56,385(+2.3%) 2,876(+2.5%)
2020-07-01
57,770(+2.5%) 2,934(+2%)
2020-07-02
59,394(+2.8%) 2,987(+1.8%)
2020-07-03
60,695(+2.2%) 3,036(+1.6%)
2020-07-04
62,142(+2.4%) 3,089(+1.7%)
2020-07-05
63,749(+2.6%) 3,171(+2.7%)
2020-07-06
64,958(+1.9%) 3,241(+2.2%)
2020-07-07
66,226(+2%) 3,309(+2.1%)
2020-07-08
68,079(+2.8%) 3,359(+1.5%)
2020-07-09
70,736(+3.9%) 3,417(+1.7%)
2020-07-10
72,347(+2.3%) 3,469(+1.5%)
2020-07-11
74,018(+2.3%) 3,535(+1.9%)
2020-07-12
75,699(+2.3%) 3,606(+2%)
2020-07-13
76,981(+1.7%) 3,656(+1.4%)
2020-07-14
78,572(+2.1%) 3,710(+1.5%)
2020-07-15
80,094(+1.9%) 3,797(+2.3%)
2020-07-16
81,668(+2%) 3,873(+2%)
2020-07-17
83,130(+1.8%) 3,957(+2.2%)
2020-07-18
84,882(+2.1%) 4,016(+1.5%)
2020-07-19
86,521(+1.9%) 4,143(+3.2%)
2020-07-20
88,214(+2%) 4,239(+2.3%)
2020-07-21
89,869(+1.9%) 4,320(+1.9%)
2020-07-22
91,751(+2.1%) 4,459(+3.2%)
2020-07-23
93,657(+2.1%) 4,576(+2.6%)
2020-07-24
95,418(+1.9%) 4,665(+1.9%)
2020-07-25
97,286(+2%) 4,714(+1.1%)
2020-07-26
98,778(+1.5%) 4,781(+1.4%)
2020-07-27
100,303(+1.5%) 4,838(+1.2%)
2020-07-28
102,051(+1.7%) 4,901(+1.3%)
2020-07-29
104,432(+2.3%) 4,975(+1.5%)
2020-07-30
106,336(+1.8%) 5,058(+1.7%)
2020-07-31
108,376(+1.9%) 5,131(+1.4%)
2020-08-01
109,936(+1.4%) 5,193(+1.2%)
2020-08-02
111,455(+1.4%) 5,236(+0.83%)
2020-08-03
113,134(+1.5%) 5,302(+1.3%)
2020-08-04
115,056(+1.7%) 5,388(+1.6%)
2020-08-05
116,871(+1.6%) 5,452(+1.2%)
2020-08-06
118,753(+1.6%) 5,521(+1.3%)
2020-08-07
121,226(+2.1%) 5,593(+1.3%)
2020-08-08
123,503(+1.9%) 5,658(+1.2%)
2020-08-09
125,396(+1.5%) 5,723(+1.1%)
2020-08-10
127,083(+1.3%) 5,765(+0.73%)
2020-08-11
128,776(+1.3%) 5,824(+1%)
2020-08-12
130,718(+1.5%) 5,903(+1.4%)
2020-08-13
132,816(+1.6%) 5,968(+1.1%)
2020-08-14
135,123(+1.7%) 6,021(+0.89%)
2020-08-15
137,468(+1.7%) 6,071(+0.83%)
2020-08-16
139,549(+1.5%) 6,150(+1.3%)
2020-08-17
141,370(+1.3%) 6,207(+0.93%)
2020-08-18
143,043(+1.2%) 6,277(+1.1%)
2020-08-19
144,945(+1.3%) 6,346(+1.1%)
2020-08-20
147,211(+1.6%) 6,418(+1.1%)
2020-08-21
149,408(+1.5%) 6,500(+1.3%)
2020-08-22
151,498(+1.4%) 6,594(+1.4%)
2020-08-23
153,535(+1.3%) 6,680(+1.3%)
2020-08-24
155,412(+1.2%) 6,759(+1.2%)
2020-08-25
157,859(+1.6%) 6,858(+1.5%)
2020-08-26
160,165(+1.5%) 6,944(+1.3%)
2020-08-27
162,884(+1.7%) 7,064(+1.7%)
2020-08-28
165,887(+1.8%) 7,169(+1.5%)
2020-08-29
169,195(+2%) 7,261(+1.3%)
2020-08-30
172,053(+1.7%) 7,343(+1.1%)
2020-08-31
174,796(+1.6%) 7,417(+1%)
2020-09-01
177,571(+1.6%) 7,505(+1.2%)
2020-09-02
180,646(+1.7%) 7,616(+1.5%)
2020-09-03
184,268(+2%) 7,750(+1.8%)
2020-09-04
187,537(+1.8%) 7,832(+1.1%)
2020-09-05
190,665(+1.7%) 7,940(+1.4%)
2020-09-06
194,109(+1.8%) 8,025(+1.1%)
2020-09-07
196,989(+1.5%) 8,130(+1.3%)
2020-09-08
200,035(+1.5%) 8,230(+1.2%)
2020-09-09
203,342(+1.7%) 8,336(+1.3%)
2020-09-10
207,203(+1.9%) 8,456(+1.4%)
2020-09-11
210,940(+1.8%) 8,544(+1%)
2020-09-12
214,746(+1.8%) 8,650(+1.2%)
2020-09-13
218,382(+1.7%) 8,723(+0.84%)
2020-09-14
221,523(+1.4%) 8,841(+1.4%)
2020-09-15
225,030(+1.6%) 8,965(+1.4%)
2020-09-16
228,993(+1.8%) 9,100(+1.5%)
2020-09-17
232,628(+1.6%) 9,222(+1.3%)
2020-09-18
236,519(+1.7%) 9,336(+1.2%)
2020-09-19
240,687(+1.8%) 9,448(+1.2%)
2020-09-20
244,676(+1.7%) 9,553(+1.1%)
2020-09-21
248,852(+1.7%) 9,677(+1.3%)
2020-09-22
252,923(+1.6%) 9,837(+1.7%)
2020-09-23
257,388(+1.8%) 9,977(+1.4%)
2020-09-24
262,022(+1.8%) 10,105(+1.3%)
2020-09-25
266,845(+1.8%) 10,218(+1.1%)
2020-09-26
271,339(+1.7%) 10,308(+0.88%)
2020-09-27
275,213(+1.4%) 10,386(+0.76%)
2020-09-28
278,722(+1.3%) 10,473(+0.84%)
2020-09-29
282,724(+1.4%) 10,601(+1.2%)
2020-09-30
287,008(+1.5%) 10,740(+1.3%)
2020-10-01
291,182(+1.5%) 10,856(+1.1%)
2020-10-02
295,499(+1.5%) 10,972(+1.1%)
2020-10-03
299,506(+1.4%) 11,055(+0.76%)
2020-10-04
303,498(+1.3%) 11,151(+0.87%)
2020-10-05
307,120(+1.2%) 11,253(+0.91%)
2020-10-06
311,176(+1.3%) 11,374(+1.1%)
2020-10-07
315,714(+1.5%) 11,472(+0.86%)
2020-10-08
320,564(+1.5%) 11,580(+0.94%)
2020-10-09
324,658(+1.3%) 11,677(+0.84%)
2020-10-10
328,952(+1.3%) 11,765(+0.75%)
2020-10-11
333,449(+1.4%) 11,844(+0.67%)
2020-10-12
336,716(+0.98%) 11,935(+0.77%)
2020-10-13
340,622(+1.2%) 12,027(+0.77%)
2020-10-14
344,749(+1.2%) 12,156(+1.1%)
2020-10-15
349,160(+1.3%) 12,268(+0.92%)
2020-10-16
353,461(+1.2%) 12,347(+0.64%)
2020-10-17
357,762(+1.2%) 12,431(+0.68%)
2020-10-18
361,867(+1.1%) 12,511(+0.64%)
2020-10-19
365,240(+0.93%) 12,617(+0.85%)
2020-10-20
368,842(+0.99%) 12,734(+0.93%)
2020-10-21
373,109(+1.2%) 12,857(+0.97%)
2020-10-22
377,541(+1.2%) 12,959(+0.79%)
2020-10-23
381,910(+1.2%) 13,077(+0.91%)
2020-10-24
385,980(+1.1%) 13,205(+0.98%)
2020-10-25
389,712(+0.97%) 13,299(+0.71%)
2020-10-26
392,934(+0.83%) 13,411(+0.84%)
2020-10-27
396,454(+0.9%) 13,512(+0.75%)
2020-10-28
400,483(+1%) 13,612(+0.74%)
2020-10-29
404,048(+0.89%) 13,701(+0.65%)
2020-10-30
406,945(+0.72%) 13,782(+0.59%)
2020-10-31
410,088(+0.77%) 13,869(+0.63%)
2020-11-01
412,784(+0.66%) 13,943(+0.53%)
2020-11-02
415,402(+0.63%) 14,044(+0.72%)
2020-11-03
418,375(+0.72%) 14,146(+0.73%)
2020-11-04
421,731(+0.8%) 14,259(+0.8%)
2020-11-05
425,796(+0.96%) 14,348(+0.62%)
2020-11-06
429,574(+0.89%) 14,442(+0.66%)
2020-11-07
433,836(+0.99%) 14,540(+0.68%)
2020-11-08
437,716(+0.89%) 14,614(+0.51%)
2020-11-09
440,569(+0.65%) 14,689(+0.51%)
2020-11-10
444,348(+0.86%) 14,761(+0.49%)
2020-11-11
448,118(+0.85%) 14,836(+0.51%)
2020-11-12
452,291(+0.93%) 14,933(+0.65%)
2020-11-13
457,735(+1.2%) 15,037(+0.7%)
2020-11-14
463,007(+1.2%) 15,148(+0.74%)
2020-11-15
467,113(+0.89%) 15,211(+0.42%)
2020-11-16
470,648(+0.76%) 15,296(+0.56%)
2020-11-17
474,455(+0.81%) 15,393(+0.63%)
2020-11-18
478,720(+0.9%) 15,503(+0.71%)
2020-11-19
483,518(+1%) 15,600(+0.63%)
2020-11-20
488,310(+0.99%) 15,678(+0.5%)
2020-11-21
493,308(+1%) 15,774(+0.61%)
2020-11-22
497,668(+0.88%) 15,884(+0.7%)
2020-11-23
502,110(+0.89%) 16,002(+0.74%)
2020-11-24
506,302(+0.83%) 16,111(+0.68%)
2020-11-25
511,836(+1.1%) 16,225(+0.71%)
2020-11-26
516,753(+0.96%) 16,352(+0.78%)
2020-11-27
522,581(+1.1%) 16,521(+1%)
2020-11-28
527,999(+1%) 16,646(+0.76%)
2020-11-29
534,266(+1.2%) 16,815(+1%)
2020-11-30
538,883(+0.86%) 16,945(+0.77%)
2020-12-01
543,975(+0.94%) 17,081(+0.8%)
Source: COVID-19 Handling and National Economic Recovery Committee
Note: Based on confirmed cases reported as of 12:00 WIB (UTC+7) on the same day.


  Total confirmed cases      Active cases      Total deaths      Total recoveries






At first, the government only published the numbers of actual people being tested. Since 15 April, the government changed the method of its counting, now also publishing the actual numbers of tested specimens, which is used on this chart. On 11 June, the government published the numbers of actual people being tested the next morning due to delay in reporting from several labs. Tested specimens reported on Mondays and day after public holidays are normally lower as most testing labs are closed on the day before.


Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[11][12]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[13][14] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[15][13]

Timeline

 
Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.

From January until February 2020, Indonesia reported zero cases of COVID-19, despite being surrounded by infected countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Australia. Flights from countries with high infection rate, including South Korea and Thailand, also continued to operate. Health experts and researchers at Harvard University in the United States expressed their concerns, saying that Indonesia is ill-prepared for an outbreak and there could be undetected COVID-19 cases.[16]

On 2 March 2020, Indonesian president Joko Widodo announced the first cases in the country: a dance instructor and her mother in Depok, West Java.[17] Both of them had held a dance class at a restaurant in Kemang, South Jakarta on 14 February, which was attended by more than a dozen people. One of whom was a Japanese, who was later tested positive for the COVID-19 in Malaysia.[18] As Malaysia reported the case, the government of Indonesia began to trace anyone who have had close contact with the Japanese and the infected Indonesians.[19][20]

The cluster was initially identified as the "Jakarta cluster"[21] or the "dance class cluster",[22][23] owing to the location of the infection. Since then, confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia began to increase slowly. By 8 March, a total of 6 people who had attended the dance class were infected by the COVID-19, including one case of repatriated Indonesian from the Diamond Princess.[24] Several COVID-19 cases in West Java and Jakarta were found to have a link with the cluster.[25]

The positive cases first confirmed in March are not the first Indonesians to have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In January, an Indonesian maid in Singapore contracted the virus from her employer.[26]

The first confirmed death of COVID-19 in the country occurred on 11 March when a 53-year-old British citizen in Bali died.[27] However, a Telkom employee who died on 3 March was found positive on 14 March.[28][29]

A newborn baby who died in Manado, North Sulawesi on 19 May was declared as the youngest COVID-19 patient and fatality in Indonesia.[30] On 11 April, an 11-month-old infant died at Bahteramas Regional General Hospital, Kendari while still under Patient Under Supervision (PDP) status.[31] On 30 May, a centenarian from Surabaya had recovered, making her the oldest person to recover from COVID-19 in the country.[32]

Classifications

Cases

Since 14 July 2020, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia classifies people involved with COVID-19 into four levels:[33]

  • A suspect is a person showing symptoms of respiratory infections, and has stayed within 14 days in any country or any region in Indonesia with local transmission and/or has established contact within 14 days with a confirmed or probable case and/or requires treatment at the hospital and has no possible diagnosis of other diseases.
  • A probable case is a person, alive or deceased, who shows or showed obvious signs of COVID-19 symptoms and awaiting results of his or her swab test.
  • A confirmed case is a person whose sample produced positive results based on swab or molecular rapid test. A confirmed case may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Due to lower accuracy and higher chance of false positives, a positive rapid or antibody test is not counted into the official number of cases.
  • A close contact is a person who established contact with a probable or confirmed case between 2 days before and 14 days after symptoms show up, or the date of testing for asymptomatic cases. He or she must be quarantined for 14 days. Reclassification into suspect may be done should he or she show symptoms.

Other classifications include:

  • A recovered case is recorded after a confirmed case is discharged from isolation. For an asymptomatic case, it is 10 days after a sample testing; for a symptomatic case, it is after a swab test or 10 days after onset of symptoms, and at least 3 days after no fever or respiratory difficulties.
  • Deaths are a combination of both the number of deceased probable and confirmed cases.

Location

According to the Ministry of Domestic Affairs, a regency or municipality may be classified into three levels depending on the severity of COVID-19 cases within the region, according to these parameters:[34]

  • The number of positive cases within 14 days
  • The number of suspected cases within 14 days
  • The number of deaths buried according to COVID-19 protocol within 14 days
  • Threat of disease contagions to healthcare workers

Each has a score of 15 points for increasing trends, 20 for stationary trends, and 25 for decreasing trends.

The three levels will be assigned to a specific region:

  • Red Zone if the total score reaches below 80 points. Large-scale social restrictions may be enforced.
  • Yellow Zone if the total score reaches 80 to 95 points.
  • Green Zone if the total score reaches 100 points (all 4 parameters show a decreasing trend).

Cases

Cases by province

Jakarta became the first province that confirmed COVID-19 cases, while Gorontalo was the last to do so. On 6 July, Jambi became the last province to report a death, 53 days after the penultimate province East Nusa Tenggara did. Central Java set a record for most cases in a single day by a province with 2,036 cases, beating the previous record held by Jakarta with 1,579 cases. Java is currently the epicenter of the pandemic since it has more cases than all other regions combined. Furthermore, four most affected provinces are located on the island.

Chart

Active cases by province as of 1 December 2020

  Central Java (19.73%)
  Jakarta (14.20%)
  West Java (9.32%)
  Papua (6.83%)
  Banten (5.43%)
  West Sumatra (4.81%)
  East Java (4.18%)
  East Kalimantan (2.96%)
  North Sumatra (2.84%)
  Riau (2.63%)
  Other provinces (27.07%)

Confirmed cases by province as of 1 December 2020

  Jakarta (25.35%)
  East Java (11.46%)
  Central Java (10.41%)
  West Java (9.82%)
  South Sulawesi (3.82%)
  Riau (3.72%)
  West Sumatra (3.69%)
  East Kalimantan (3.63%)
  North Sumatra (2.88%)
  Bali (2.57%)
  Other provinces (22.65%)

Recoveries by province as of 1 December 2020

  Jakarta (27.48%)
  East Java (12.06%)
  West Java (10.06%)
  Central Java (8.80%)
  South Sulawesi (4.09%)
  Riau (3.93%)
  East Kalimantan (3.74%)
  West Sumatra (3.57%)
  North Sumatra (2.86%)
  Bali (2.78%)
  Other provinces (20.63%)

Deaths by province as of 1 December 2020

  East Java (25.98%)
  Jakarta (15.71%)
  Central Java (13.88%)
  West Java (5.40%)
  North Sumatra (3.61%)
  East Kalimantan (3.47%)
  South Kalimantan (3.11%)
  South Sumatra (3.00%)
  South Sulawesi (2.91%)
  Riau (2.69%)
  Other provinces (20.24%)

Table

COVID-19 cases in Indonesia[a]
Province Index case(s) Confirmed Recovered Deaths Active[b] Cases per
million
population[c]
Recovery
rate
Fatality
rate
Official website
Date Location
  Aceh 26 March Banda Aceh 8,301 6,631 329 1,341 1,541 79.88% 3.96% covid19.acehprov.go.id
  Bali 10 March Denpasar 13,879 12,592 428 859 3,144 90.73% 3.08% infocorona.baliprov.go.id
  Bangka Belitung Islands 30 March Belitung 1,036 876 14 146 705 84.56% 1.35% covid19.babelprov.go.id
  Banten 8 March Serang 13,061 8,912 334 3,815 1,013 68.23% 2.56% infocorona.bantenprov.go.id
  Bengkulu 31 March Bengkulu 1,842 1,417 78 347 924 76.93% 4.23% covid19.bengkuluprov.go.id
  Central Java 9 March Surakarta 55,896 39,570 2,363 13,963 1,609 70.79% 4.23% corona.jatengprov.go.id
  Central Kalimantan 20 March Palangka Raya 5,932 4,676 193 1,063 2,208 78.83% 3.25% corona.kalteng.go.id
  Central Sulawesi 26 March Palu 1,860 1,089 72 699 604 58.55% 3.87% dinkes.sultengprov.go.id/category/covid-19
  East Java 17 March Surabaya 61,883 54,490 4,407 2,986 1,549 88.05% 7.12% infocovid19.jatimprov.go.id
  East Kalimantan 18 March Samarinda 19,621 16,859 592 2,170 5,354 85.92% 3.02% covid19.kaltimprov.go.id
  East Nusa Tenggara 9 April[d] Kupang 1,209 696 17 496 219 57.57% 1.41% covid19.nttprov.go.id
  Gorontalo Bone Bolango 3,110 2,968 91 51 2,622 95.43% 2.93% covid-19.gorontaloprov.go.id
  Jakarta[e] 2 March Kemang 136,861 123,984 2,660 10,217 12,940 90.59% 1.94% corona.jakarta.go.id
  Jambi 23 March Jambi 1,993 1,387 37 569 553 69.59% 1.86% corona.jambiprov.go.id
  Lampung 18 March Bandar Lampung 3,939 2,050 158 1,731 462 52.04% 4.01% covid19.lampungprov.go.id
  Maluku 22 March Ambon 4,620 3,792 61 767 2,585 82.08% 1.32% corona.malukuprov.go.id
  North Kalimantan 28 March Tanjung Selor
and Tarakan
1,465 984 18 463 2,068 67.17% 1.23% coronainfo.kaltaraprov.go.id
  North Maluku 23 March Ternate 2,373 1,971 81 321 1,895 83.06% 3.41% corona.malutprov.go.id
  North Sulawesi 14 March Manado 6,926 5,361 245 1,320 2,756 77.4% 3.54% corona.sulutprov.go.id
  North Sumatra 18 March Medan 15,671 13,009 617 2,045 1,059 83.01% 3.94% covid19.sumutprov.go.id
  Papua 22 March Merauke 10,014 5,007 137 4,870 2,951 50% 1.37% covid19.papua.go.id
  Riau 18 March Pekanbaru 20,238 17,885 459 1,894 2,911 88.37% 2.27% corona.riau.go.id
  Riau Islands 17 March Tanjung Pinang 5,490 4,189 138 1,163 2,377 76.3% 2.51% corona.kepriprov.go.id
  South Kalimantan 22 March Banjarmasin 13,199 11,961 528 710 3,092 90.62% 4% corona.kalselprov.go.id
  South Sulawesi 19 March Makassar 20,657 18,509 494 1,654 2,324 89.6% 2.39% covid19.sulselprov.go.id
  South Sumatra 24 March Palembang 9,530 7,758 513 1,259 1,108 81.41% 5.38% corona.sumselprov.go.id
  Southeast Sulawesi 19 March Kendari 6,503 5,429 107 967 2,405 83.48% 1.65% dinkes.sultraprov.go.id
  Special Region of Yogyakarta 13 March Yogyakarta 5,963 4,398 145 1,420 1,521 73.75% 2.43% corona.jogjaprov.go.id
  West Java 2 March Depok 52,517 45,049 909 6,559 1,060 85.78% 1.73% pikobar.jabarprov.go.id
  West Kalimantan 10 March Pontianak 2,405 1,987 22 396 471 82.62% 0.91% covid19.kalbarprov.go.id
  West Nusa Tenggara 24 March Mataram 4,679 3,732 242 705 895 79.76% 5.17% corona.ntbprov.go.id
  West Papua 27 March Sorong 5,352 4,607 88 657 5,428 86.08% 1.64% dinkes.papuabaratprov.go.id
  West Sulawesi 29 March Mamuju 1,470 1,282 21 167 1,067 87.21% 1.43% dinkes.sulbarprov.go.id
  West Sumatra 26 March Bukittinggi 20,098 16,253 383 3,462 3,624 80.87% 1.91% corona.sumbarprov.go.id
Total 543,975 454,879 17,081 72,015 2,018 83.62% 3.14% covid19.go.id

Data as of 30 November 2020[1][2]

  1. ^ This data is from the official website of central government and the number of cases are based on treatment location. Local governments may provide different data based on the location of original infection or patients' registered residence and may be released at different times.
  2. ^ Active cases include hospitalized and self-isolation cases. The numbers are simply calculated by subtracting the deaths and recoveries from the total confirmed cases.
  3. ^ The population data is from Statistics Indonesia's projection in 2020.
  4. ^ Both reported their first case on 9 April: East Nusa Tenggara in the afternoon and Gorontalo at night (although the central government announced it on 10 April). Therefore, Gorontalo was the last province to report a case chronologically.
  5. ^ Including repatriated cases.

Graphs

  Java      Other regions   


  Sumatra      Lesser Sunda Islands      Kalimantan      Sulawesi      Moluccas      Western New Guinea   


  Sumatra      Java      Lesser Sunda Islands      Kalimantan      Sulawesi      Moluccas      Western New Guinea   


Suspected cases

Several travellers who had visited or transited through Bali later tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 shortly after their return to China,[35] Japan,[36] New Zealand,[37] and Singapore.[38]

An additional 50 to 70 people were put under surveillance after coming into contact with the first two confirmed COVID-19 patients. This number includes those who had visited Mitra Keluarga Hospital in Depok, the hospital the two confirmed patients were previously admitted to before being transferred to North Jakarta.[39][40]

A 37-year-old man who died in a hospital in Semarang suspected of having COVID-19 reportedly tested negative, and was instead afflicted by swine flu, probably picked up from recent travels to Spain.[41]

In West Sumatra, two people who returned from abroad died at Padang's Dr. M. Djamil Central General Hospital. On 13 March, a woman who was being treated as a suspect of COVID-19 after returning from Umrah died.[42] On 16 March, a 47-year-old man from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia landed at Minangkabau International Airport, showing symptoms of COVID-19.[43][44][45] He was subsequently hospitalized at Padang's hospital and died on the same day.[46]

Responses

Central government

 
Treatment Facilities List[47]

Indonesia banned all flights from and to mainland China starting from 5 February. The government also stopped giving free visa and visa on arrival for Chinese nationals. Those who live or have stayed in mainland China in the previous 14 days have been barred from entering or transiting through Indonesia. Indonesians are discouraged from travelling to China.[48]

Starting on 8 March, travel restrictions expanded to include Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea, Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy, and Tehran and Qom in Iran. Visitors with travel history within these countries but outside the aforementioned regions have to provide a valid health certificate during check in for all transportation into Indonesia.[49] Despite the restriction on travellers from South Korea, Indonesia is still allowing flights from the country.[50]

The Ministry of Health ordered the installation of thermal scanners for at least 135 airport gates and port docks,[51][52] and announced that provisioning over 100 hospitals with isolation rooms (to WHO-recommended standards) would begin.[53] Starting on 4 March, Jakarta MRT also began scanning the temperature of passengers entering the stations and denying access to those with symptoms of high fever.[54] Other public places such as mall and school also began to scan people at all their entrances.[citation needed]

After the first victim died, the Indonesian government admitted that they have difficulties in detect incoming imported cases on airports, doing contact tracing and also location history for each case.[55]

The Indonesian government plans to turn a site on Galang Island, previously used as a refugee camp for Vietnamese asylum seekers into a 1,000-bed medical facility specially equipped to handle the coronavirus outbreak and other infectious diseases.[56]

On 13 March, the government designated 132 treatment facilities across Indonesia.[47] On 18 March 227 additional hospitals (109 military hospitals, 53 police Hospitals and 65 state-owned enterprises hospitals) are provisioned to cover more patients across the country.[57] The government also established the COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force.[58] Doni Monardo has been appointed to lead this team.[59] On the same day, Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian urged all of Indonesian regional leaders to suspend all non-essential travel to foreign country.[60]

On 15 March, President Widodo has called on all Indonesians to practice what epidemiologists call social distancing to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the country.[61] Indonesian tax authorities announced that they will move back the tax reporting deadline to 30 April 2020.[62]

On 16 March, the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises instructed its employees age 50 or above to work from home.[63] President Joko Widodo also clarified that the decision to implement lockdown on cities or regencies are only to be made after consultation with the central government.[64]

As schools were closing in some regions, Minister of Education Nadiem Makarim announced readiness of the Ministry of Education to assist schools in online learning by providing free teaching platforms.[65] Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani also announced a shifting of infrastructure budget of 1 trillion IDR into healthcare and pandemic prevention.[66]

 
Former Asian Games athletes village turned into COVID-19 hospital.
 
Health workers collects mucosal swab sample a COVID-19 test in Padang, West Sumatra.

On 17 March, COVID-19 health protocols have been released to public.[67][68] Ministry of Foreign Affairs also expanded the travel restrictions to temporary abolish visa free entry to Indonesia for one month and deny transit or arrival for visitors who have been in Iran, Italy, Vatican City, Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and United Kingdom within the past 14 days.[69]

On 18 March, the government launched COVID-19.go.id site, an official source of accurate information on controlling the spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia.[70][71] On the same day, The Ministry of Finance also announced that Kemayoran Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games will be converted to house COVID-19 patients who show only mild symptoms after consultation from doctors.[72][73][74] The conversion was officially completed on 23 March.[75]

On 19 March, Bank of Indonesia decided to slash the bank rate to 4.5%, in addition to 6 other fiscal policies, in the attempt to shore up the economy amidst the COVID-19 crisis.[76] On the same day, the chief of the Indonesian National Police Idham Azis published a notice for all policeman to enforce social distancing by dispersing assemblies at public places.[77]

On 27 March, the government is mulling over a plan to ban 2020 Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) to prevent city dwellers from spreading the coronavirus to towns and villages across the archipelago.[78]

On 30 March, President Widodo refused to impose lockdown on Jakarta. Bus routes connecting Jakarta and other cities and provinces will remain open following the cancellation of a plan to temporarily suspend operations of Greater Jakarta-based intercity and interprovincial (AKAP) buses.[79][80]

On 31 March, Indonesia announces Rp405 trillion COVID-19 budget, anticipates a 5% deficit in a historic move. The government will allocate Rp 75 trillion for healthcare spending, Rp 110 trillion for social protection, and Rp 70.1 trillion for tax incentives and credit for enterprises. The biggest chunk, Rp 150 trillion, will be set aside for economic recovery programs including credit restructuring and financing for small and medium businesses.[81]

On 13 April, President Joko Widodo declared COVID-19 as a national disaster after it infected 4,557 individuals and caused 399 deaths in Indonesia. Prof. Mahfud MD as Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs (Indonesia) said its national disaster cannot be based for force majeure.[82]

On 21 April, President Joko Widodo announced his decision to ban the Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) starting from 24 April to curb the spread of COVID-19 ahead of Ramadan.[83] To help with this effort, travel by intercity bus travel was banned until 31 May, commercial and charter flights until 1 June, sea transportation until 8 June, and long-distance passenger trains until 15 June.[84][85]

In late April, President Widodo asked the United States for medical equipments, including ventilators via phone call to President Donald Trump. To which President Trump, on 24 April, responded he will provide and also reiterated the intent to strengthen economic cooperation between the two.[86][87]

Stimulus policy

To reduce the impact of COVID-19 pandemic to the national economy, the government releases an IDR 10.3 trillion stimulus policy to the tourism sector, in the form of ticket price discounts and restaurant tax deductions. The IDR 10.3 trillion budget is given to provide discounted ticket prices for 10 tourist destinations, such as Batam, Denpasar, Yogyakarta, Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Malang, Manado, Lake Toba (Silangit Airport), Tanjung Pandan, and Tanjungpinang, which applies from March to May 2020. Ticket prices for low-cost airlines are discounted by 50%, medium-service by 48%, and full-service by 45%.[88] Specifically for this ticket price discount, the stimulus fund comes from the IDR 444.39 billion-state budget (APBN) for a discounted value of 30% and 25% of passengers per flight.[89] Additionally, there are additional ticket discounts paid by Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II in the amount of Rp100 billion and PT Pertamina (Persero) in the amount of Rp260 billion through avtur price discounts, so the total ticket price stimulus is IDR 960 billion so that the ticket price can be discounted by 50%.[90]

The stimulus in the form of restaurant taxes borne by the central government was also provided with a value of Rp3.3 trillion. Thus, there is no restaurant tax in the ten tourist destinations above, but as compensation, the local government will get a grant from the central government.[89]

Regional government

Area of emergency

  • Jakarta: 20 March – 19 April[91][92]
  • Depok: 18 March – 29 May[91]
  • Yogyakarta: 20 March – 29 May[91]
  • Bogor: 15 March – 29 May[91]
  • East Java: 14 March – 29 May[91]
  • Banten: 15 March – 29 May[91]
  • East Kalimantan: 18 March – 29 May[91]
  • West Kalimantan: 10 March – 29 May[91]
  • West Java: 19 March – 29 May[91]
  • Papua: 17 March – 17 April[93]
  • Aceh: 20 March – 29 May[94]
  • North Sumatra: 31 March – 29 May[95]
  • South Kalimantan: 22 March – 29 May[96]

Large-scale social restrictions

 
Example of do's and don'ts during the PSBB period issued by Indonesia's General Elections Commission in South Tangerang.

Specific regions can apply for a request for large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) to the Ministry of Health alongside proof of endemic and mitigation steps.[97] Should it be approved, a date will be set by the local government and will run for at least two weeks.[citation needed]

Under the current restrictions, all public transportation options must operate with reduced hours and capacity. Non-essential businesses and stores are required to be closed. Restaurants and food stalls are open for takeaway and delivery only; markets and essential business can may open with social distancing. Depending on the area, private transportation requires a limitation of passengers and a mask obligation will also be in effect.[98][99][100][101]

List of PSBB areas
No Region Province Approval Date Duration Region-specific restrictions
1 Jakarta DKI Jakarta 10 April 2020 10 April – 22 May[102] A maximum of two people of the same household may ride on a motorcycle. Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited. Assembly of maximum 5 people. Public transportation run from 06:00 to 18:00.
2 Bogor City West Java 11 April 2020 15 April–12 May[103][104] Only one person may ride on a motorcycle. Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited. Assembly of maximum 5 people. Public transportation run from 06:00 to 18:00. Commuter line travel allowed only with letter of assignment from companies operating essential services.[105]
3 Bogor Regency
4 Depok
5 Bekasi City
6 Bekasi Regency
7 South Tangerang Banten 12 April 2020 18 April–17 May[106][107]
8 Tangerang City
9 Tangerang Regency
10 Pekanbaru Riau 17 April – 14 May[108][109] Curfew from 20:00 to 05:00.
11 Makassar South Sulawesi 16 April 2020 24 April – 21 May[110][111]
12 Bandung City West Java 17 April 2020 22 April–5 May[112] Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited.
13 Bandung Regency
14 West Bandung Regency
15 Cimahi
16 Sumedang Regency
17 All regions in the province West Sumatra
18 Tegal Central Java 23 April – 22 May[113][114]
19 Banjarmasin South Kalimantan 19 April 2020[115] 24 April – 21 May[116][117]
20 Tarakan North Kalimantan 26 April – 30 May[118][119] No passenger transportation for all ships docking at Tarakan. Curfew from 20:00-06:00.
21 Surabaya East Java 21 April 2020[120] 28 April–25 May[121][122]
22 Sidoarjo
23 Gresik
24 All regions in the province West Java 1 May 2020[123] 6 – 19 May[124]
25 Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan 11 – 25 May[125]
Rejected application for PSBB
No Region Province Date of Rejection
1 Palangkaraya[126] Central Kalimantan 12 April 2020
2 Rote Ndao Regency[127] East Nusa Tenggara
3 Mimika Regency[127] Papua
4 Fakfak[127] West Papua
5 Sorong[127]
6 Fakfak Regency[128] 16 April 2020
7 Bolaang Mongondow Regency[128] North Sulawesi

Aceh

On 12 March, Aceh acting governor Nova Iriansyah advised Acehnese to stay away from vices and activities that are incompatible with religious and Islamic sharia values.[129]

On 15 March, due to the rapid rise of the number of coronavirus infections in the country, the province of Aceh decided to close schools until further notice.[130]

On 16 March, the city of Sabang started to implement travel restrictions to forbid foreign visitors from traveling to their city.[131]

On 20 March, Nova Iriansyah declared a "province-scale" state of emergency in Aceh for 71 days, lasting until 29 May.[94]

Banten

 
A closed cinema during COVID-19 pandemic in South Tangerang, Banten.

On 15 March, Governor of Banten Wahidin Halim declares "extraordinary event" and decides to close all schools for 2 weeks.[132]

Central Java

On 13 March, the city of Solo in Central Java decided to close all primary schools (SD) and junior high school's (SMP) for next 2 weeks, after three positive cases are found in the city.[133] The mayor of Solo F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo has also declared that the area is under "extraordinary event".[134] On the same day, the Regency of Sragen decided to close all schools from kindergarten to junior high school throughout the regency for at least a week, while closure of senior high school in the regency would be decided by the provincial government.[135]

On 14 March, Central Java governor Ganjar Pranowo decided to close all kindergarten to junior high schools in the province. High schools would remain open during the examination season.[136] The city of Salatiga followed the same decision on 15 March. The city government would also provide a total of Rp. 3 billion for medical support.[137]

On 25 March, the governor announced that schools under control of the provincial government will postpone their opening until 13 April.[138]

On 26 March, the city of Solo,[139] Semarang,[140] Salatiga,[141] and Sukoharjo Regency[140] announced that kindergarten, primary, and junior high school's opening will be postponed until 13 April.

On 27 March, despite statements from President Jokowi that lockdowns are the authority of the central government, mayor of Tegal Dedy Yon Supriyono announced that Tegal would be on lockdown. He ordered that 49 road access to the city to be barricaded with movable concrete barriers, and visitors from outside will be thoroughly checked and have to undergo a 14-day quarantine period.[142] On the other hand, the Governor of Central Java Ganjar Pranowo insisted that the blockade will only happen at some part of the city of Tegal, not on the whole city.[143]

DKI Jakarta

 
Location of reported COVID-19 cases in Jakarta as of 2 April 2020.[144]

On 2 March, in response to the confirmed cases, DKI Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan halted the issuance of permits for large gatherings.[145] These including concerts by Foals, Babymetal, Head in the Clouds, and Dream Theater.[146][147]

On 13 March, after 69 positive COVID-19 cases, several tourist destinations in Jakarta including Ancol Dreamland, multiple government-managed museums, Ragunan Zoo and Monas were closed for 2 weeks.[148][149][150] The Islamic organization Muhammadiyah formed a "command centre" allocating 20 hospitals in the country to handle the outbreak, with the centre being led by emergency medicine specialist Corona Rintawan.[151]

On 14 March, Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan decided to suspend all school activities and examinations for two weeks in response to prevent further spread of the virus in the capital city of Jakarta.[152]

On 15 March, Jakarta provincial government prepared 500 to 1,000 beds for patient under investigation (PUI) that will be placed on designated COVID-19 treatment facilities.[153]

On 16 March, MRT Jakarta, LRT and TransJakarta started to reduce number of trips, corridors and timetables (06.00 – 18.00), however, this policy was retracted due to long queue in many bus stops and train stations in morning.[154][155][156] Odd-even policy will be halted during outbreak.[157]

On 20 March, Anies Baswedan declared a state of emergency in Jakarta for the next 14 days, lasting until 2 April.[158]

On 28 March, Jakarta provincial government extends the state of emergency until 19 April.[92]

On 2 April, Anies Baswedan Allocates Rp3tn to Fight Coronavirus Outbreak, and the budget will be used to fund the city's fight against the virus up until May this year, by gradually allocating Rp1.3 trillion and an additional Rp2 trillion[159]

Jakarta's application for curfew was approved by the Ministry of Health on 7 April and is set to take effect from Friday, 10 April for at least two weeks.[160]

On 21 April, the local government prepared 136 schools as isolation areas for COVID-19 and the policy is currently still a proposal waiting for approval from the Education Office.[161]

On 9 September, Anies decided to reimpose large-scale social restrictions starting from 14 September due to the high spike of COVID-19 cases in the province.[162]

East Java

 
Location of confirmed and suspected COVID-19 cases in East Java (4 May 2020).

On 15 March, the city of Malang announced that they will close all schools for two weeks. The closure will begin on 16 March.[163]

On the same day, the Governor of East Java Khofifah Indar Parawansa ordered the closure of all schools throughout the province. Educational institutions were advised to cancel any kind of student exchange until an indefinite time. However national examination in the province would not be postponed.[164]

On 16 March, the mayor of Malang Sutiaji decided to close all access to the city (lockdown), starting on 18 March. As of 16 March, there is no positive COVID-19 in Malang or the province of East Java.[165] He would later clarify that the lockdown only applies to the government of Malang, not the general populace.[166]

On 20 March, Khofifah declared a state of emergency for East Java.[167]

North Sumatra

On 31 March, the provincial government of North Sumatra declared a state of emergency until 29 May 2020.[168]

 
A shopping center in Medan, as restrictions were implemented.

Papua

On 24 March, the provincial government of Papua decided to close any in and out access to Papua except for logistics and medical workers starting from 26 March for 14 days.[169] Indonesian Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian disagreed with the decision, saying that the central government's advice to the regional governments is not to close transportation, but to ban mass gatherings.[170]

South Sumatra

On 30 March, Jakabaring Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games in Palembang, was appointed by the Governor of South Sumatera Herman Deru to be the house of PUM's treatment (ODP Center). He named it as "COVID-19 Healthy House" (Rumah Sehat COVID-19).[171]

West Java

On 14 March, the city of Depok and Bogor decided to close all schools from kindergarten to senior high school until 28 March 2020.[172][173] This decision was also followed by the city of Bandung, in which the city opted to close schools for the next two weeks and advised schools to hold online teachings.[174]

On 15 March, West Java COVID-19 distribution map has been released to public.[175] The Regency of Bogor implement "semi-lockdown" on tourist area Puncak for foreign visitors, to prevent them from entering the area.[176] Jalak Harupat, Pakansari and Patriot Chandrabragha stadiums are being prepared for COVID-19 Mass Rapid Test.[177]

Applications for large-scale social distancing for Depok city, Bogor city & regency, and Bekasi city & regency, all of which belong to the Jakarta metropolitan area, were approved on 11 April and will be in effect on 15 April for at least two weeks.[178]

West Kalimantan

On 15 March, the governor decided to impose quarantine for all students from kindergarten to senior high school level in the province until a date which is yet to be decided. During the quarantine period, students must stay at their homes for studying. An exception is given for final year senior/vocational high school students on their respective national final examinations date.[179]

Others

Universities

In response of the outbreak, multiple universities opted to cancel classes and instead would teach students online.[citation needed]

On 16 March, at least 17 universities across Indonesia confirmed that conventional face-to-face lectures would be cancelled and would be replaced by online classes. Graduations and gatherings were cancelled and students and lecturers who had gone abroad from countries with confirmed coronavirus cases with any reasons should self-isolate at home. As of 14 March, numerous universities have closed their classes, such as Universitas Indonesia (UI),[180] Universitas Gajah Mada (UGM), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya, Universitas Gunadharma, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara (UMN), Sekolah Tinggi Akuntansi Negara (STAN), Kalbis Institut, Binus University, Universitas Atmajaya, London School Public Relations (LSPR), Universitas Yarsi, Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH), Telkom University, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY),[181] Universitas Hasanuddin (UNHAS),[182] Universitas Tarumanegara (UNTAR), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB),[183] and Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI).[184][185] University of Brawijaya (UB), a university in Malang, creates a disinfection chamber as an effort to contain the coronavirus.[186]

Corporations

 
Mandatory temperature checks warning in healthcare centres (March 2020).

On 14 March, Tokopedia and Gojek have begun trial for work at home operations.[187][188]

On 15 March, Unilever Indonesia announced work-from-home policy for their office site, this policy will be started on 16 March until further notice.[189]

On 16 March, Telkomsel, Bank Mandiri, Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre and Bank Indonesia announced work-from-home and split-team policy, these policies will be started on 17 March until further notice.[190][191][192]

On 28 March, Indonesia Air Asia (QZ) suspend all domestic and international flights to overcome spread of pandemic. All domestic flights suspended between 1 and 21 April 2020 while international flights between 1 April and 17 May 2020.[193] AirAsia to resume operations in Indonesia on 7 May.[194]

Mayapada Group founder, Dato Sri Tahir donated Rp. 52b in form of Personal protective equipment, medical drugs, disinfectant, operational vehicles and also accommodation.[195]

On 31 March, Grab donated US$10 Mio to reduce COVID-19 impact in Indonesia.[196]

Societal organizations

On 16 March, Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah urge to substitute Friday prayer with Zuhr prayer and not to attend any religious activities within heavily virus-plagued areas.[197][198]

On 31 March, Muhammadiyah advises Muslims to not perform tarawih in Ramadan and Idul Fitri prayers.[199]

Travel restrictions

Indonesia has denied transit and entry for all foreign visitors since 2 April.[200][201]

Indonesians who returned from China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, United Kingdom, Vatican City, France, Spain, Germany, and Switzerland were subject to additional health screening and a 14-day stay-at-home notice or quarantine depending on appearing symptoms.[202]

Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, Lion Air, Batik Air, and Sriwijaya Air cancelled several flights and grounded their aircraft. Meanwhile Indonesia AirAsia cancelled all flights. International airlines have either temporarily suspended services or continue operating with reduced frequency. Other airlines such as China Airlines and Etihad Airways choose to continue their services as usual.[203][204]

From 24 April until 8 June, the government suspends all passenger to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, regions that had imposed large-scale social restrictions (PSBB), and those that had been declared COVID-19 red zones. The ban applies to all types of public and private transportation by air, sea, land, and railway, except for vehicles carrying leaders of state institutions, police and military vehicles, ambulances, fire trucks, hearses and vehicles transporting logistical supplies, staple goods and medicines.[85]

Due to its number spike, a total of 59 countries have banned non-essential travel to and from Indonesia, among them includes Malaysia, Hungary, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, and the US as declared by the CDC.[205][206] The Indonesian government persuaded other countries to bring Indonesians to their country, but the countries questioned on whether Indonesia is able to manage the outbreak and thus keep them safe. The Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno Marsudi telecommunicated with other countries to discuss it; some countries then decided to only unban very essential travel with travellers already conducted two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, in consideration of Indonesia's disrupted economy.[207]

Criticism

Failure to detect the virus

Health experts are concerned that the country is failing to identify the transmission of the virus.[208] Marc Lipsitch, professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, "analysed air traffic out of the Chinese city at the centre of the outbreak in China and suggested in a report ... that Indonesia might have missed cases" of coronavirus disease 2019.[209][210][211] Western diplomats[212][213][214] as well as local[208][215] and international[216][217][218] news outlets postulated that the lack of cases within Indonesia result from inadequate testing and under reporting, as opposed to sheer luck and divine intervention.[219][220]

On 22 March, a research suggested that the official number of infections may only reflect 2% of the real COVID-19 infections in Indonesia.[221][222] According to The Jakarta Post on 5 April 2020, the central government has only conducted a daily average of 240 PCR tests since 2 March.[223]

Budget for foreign social media influencers

The government faced backlash after instead pledging to set aside IDR 72 billion ($5m) to pay for social media influencers to attract tourists to Indonesia.[224]

Lack of transparency

Indonesian president Joko Widodo is also criticized by Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry,[225] human rights groups,[226] and also by political party such as Golkar and PKS[227][228] for lack of transparency regarding the information of the COVID-19. Widodo have insisted not to share the travel history details of the patients that tested positive with coronavirus in an attempt to reduce panic and uneasiness in the general public.[229] The public had asked the government to release official national map of COVID-19 confirmed cases' location, as unofficial independent maps may provide incorrect data.[230]

Tests and treatment

Reports have surfaced about patients in Greater Jakarta having to wait for a long time to get tests or treatment for possible cases of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as referral hospitals face the increasing strain.[231]

Lockdown policies

Joko Widodo has come under increased pressure to impose a partial lockdown on virus-plagued areas, with scientists saying the country is racing against time to curb the spread of COVID-19 before Eid al-Fitr and that a community quarantine could be the only solution to do exactly that.[232] On 16 March, Jokowi said lockdown policies are the authority of the central government, and warned the local government to not impose lockdown without the consent of the central authority.[233]

On 27 March, dozens of Indonesian medical professors have called for "local lockdowns", saying that the government's policy of physical distancing is not "effective". The government is drafting a regulation (PP) to stipulate the procedures and requirements for imposing regional quarantines.[234][235]

Censorship

Some critics of the government have been arrested for allegedly spreading false information about the coronavirus pandemic.[236]

Additional death rates excluded from official counts

According to a report from Reuters, as of 28 April 2020, there were around 2,200 patients who had died with coronavirus symptoms, but not included into the official death toll of 693. This suggests that Indonesia has a higher death rate than the official counts.[237] An analysis by Financial Times showed that there were 1,400 more deaths in Jakarta compared to the historical average number of deaths in March and April. This excess deaths figure is 15 times the official figure of 90 COVID-19 deaths in this same period.[238]

Evasion of travel restrictions

"Ramadan exodus" contributed to the spread of the virus in Indonesia,[239] despite government regulations on social distancing and despite a lockdown slated to run until June.[240]

Also, despite the travel restrictions which suspends all passengers to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, many Indonesians disregarded it and have attempted to evade the travel restrictions in order to return to hometown during Eid al-Fitr season. This has caused scientists to raise concern that this evasion will lead to the diseases which can spread easily from Jakarta and nearby satellite cities, where it is the epicenter of the pandemic, to other regions of Indonesia with weak medical facilities which are unable to handle large numbers of outbreak.[241]

There are also few attempts on evading the travel restrictions which had been discovered by the police department, such as one of the cargo trucks was stopped only to found out the intermodal container is hiding a car with passengers inside to be transported from Java to Sumatra, and additional four cargo trucks were also detained when the driver attempting to bring 20 passengers from Jakarta inside the containers which were covered with tarpaulin.[241]

Lack of safety in tobacco industries

Despite the temporary closure of HM Sampoerna due to two workers dying from COVID-19, with additional 63 workers tested positive, Pandu Riono, the epidemiologist from University of Indonesia reported that other cigarette factories in East and West Java will continue to operate without practicing social distancing and workers never wearing face masks. This sparks concern that the cigarette factories could create new clusters for the coronavirus outbreak considering that this industry usually has large workforce.[241]

Impact

 
Jakartans rush to panic-buy supplies, including toilet rolls, food, masks, and hand sanitizers.

Socioeconomic

In the first weeks of the pandemic, surgical face masks in Indonesia soared in price by over six times the original retail value from around IDR 30,000 to IDR 185,000 (some sources said it exceeds IDR 300,000) per box in some outlets after the announcement of two citizens tested positive for the coronavirus.[242] Panic buying was reported since mid-February before the first cases were confirmed.[243] President of Indonesia Joko Widodo condemned the hoarding of face masks and hand sanitizers[244] and Indonesian National Police started to crack down on suspected hoarders.[245]

Census

Indonesia is preparing to extend the online time for self-enumeration, and cancel all field data collection. They will rely on administrative data and have requested additional UNFPA technical support for using administrative data for census.[246]

Economic

Following the worldwide trend of stock price drops, the IDX Composite weakened even before the first confirmation of the disease in Indonesia.[247] In response to expected economic slowdown in Indonesia due to loss of Chinese economic activity, Bank Indonesia cut its interest rates by 25 basis points to 4.75% on 20 February.[248]

On 12 March, as WHO declares pandemic, IDX Composite tumbled 4.2 percent to 4,937 when Thursday's session was opened, a level unseen in almost four years.[249]

On 13 March, equity trading halted for first time since 2008 over pandemic.[250]

On 17 March, Rupiah weakens to IDR 15,000 per dollar, touching a level unseen since October 2018.[251][252]

 
JKSE Composite Index 14 days after case#1 (2 March 2020)

On 19 March, IDX Composite halted because of the sharp downturn of more than 5 percent. This is the fourth trading halt that IDX Composite experienced during the coronavirus crisis. Indonesia Financial Service Authority or OJK have mandated a suspension of trading if IDX Composite fell down more than 15 percent.[253]

Numbers of shopping malls started to voluntarily close due to declining foot traffic; only pharmacies, groceries and ATM still operate with limited hours.[254]

Indonesian Finance Minister predicted that Indonesian economic growth Q2 can drop to 0.3 percent or even minus 2.6 percent, but in Q3 can recover to 1.5 to 2.8 percent.[255]

Indonesia's economic growth in the first quarter of 2020 stood at 2.97 percent, but it is the weakest economic growth recorded since 2001.[256] The second quarter contraction was recorded to be 5.32 percent, exceeding both government and economists' predictions. It was estimated in August that as many as 3.7 million Indonesians may have lost their jobs. The contraction was the steepest economic drop Indonesia has experienced since the Asian financial crisis.[257]

Sports, tourism, and leisure

 
A quiet beach in Padang due to government calls of implementing social distancing.

Indonesian tourism has been severely affected. In March, overall tourist numbers fell by 64%, and Chinese tourists by 97%.[258] Bali, where tourism accounts for 60% of GRP, had witnessed its foreign tourist arrivals fell by 93.2% in April.[259] Hotels were taking on a meager occupancy rate, with some hotels experiencing 5% and even 0% occupancy rate due to overspecialization on Chinese visitors, increasing travel restrictions from source countries, and an overall fear of the virus.[260] There was, however, an increase in interest for domestic tourism,[261] and Chinese tourists which had already been on the island generally opted to extend their stay.[262] All beaches in Bali were temporarily closed for the public.[263]

The 2020 edition of the National Sports Week (PON) in Papua, which was initially slated for October, has been postponed until next year.[264][265] Jakarta ePrix race of the 2019–20 Formula E season will also be postponed due to coronavirus concerns.[266] The city's Capital Investment and One-Stop Service (PM-PTSP) announced it plans to postpone any public events with mass-gatherings from March to April following the news of increasing number of COVID-19 cases to 27.[267]

Numerous music events such as by Rich Brian,[268] Hammersonic,[269] Dream Theater,[270] Babymetal, Slipknot, ONE OK ROCK,[271] and electronic dance music festival "We Are Connected"[272] has been suspended in the country.

Several local films, such as KKN di Desa Penari, Tersanjung The Movie, and Generasi 90-an: Melankolia, has been delayed, also because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[273][274][275]

The 2020 Indonesia International Motor Show was postponed due to the pandemic.[276]

The 2020 edition of both the Indonesia Open and Indonesia Masters Super 100 were cancelled due to the pandemic.

Notable people

Confirmed cases

Notable individuals confirmed positive for COVID-19
No Name Announcement date Status Status date Note
1 Budi Karya Sumadi 14 March 2020[277] Recovered[278] 15 April 2020 Minister of Transportation
2 Andrea Dian [id] 18 March 2020[279] Recovered[280] 5 April 2020 Actress
3 Bima Arya Sugiarto 19 March 2020[281] Recovered[282] 11 April 2020 Mayor of Bogor
4 Detri Warmanto [id] 20 March 2020[283] Recovered[284] 26 March 2020 Actor
5 Yana Mulyana 23 March 2020[285] Recovered[286] 27 March 2020 Vice Mayor of Bandung
6 Cellica Nurrachadiana 24 March 2020[287] Recovered[288] 13 April 2020 Regent of Karawang
7 Lely Pelitasari 24 March 2020[289] Recovered[290] 8 April 2020 Vice Chair of Ombudsman of Indonesia [id]
8 Ninik Rahayu 24 March 2020[289] Recovered[290] Member of the Ombudsman of Indonesia
9 Idrus Andi Paturusi 25 March 2020[291][292] Recovered[293] 2 April 2020 Former rector of Hasanuddin University
10 Wander Luiz 27 March 2020[294] Recovered[295] 15 April 2020 Footballer for Persib Bandung
11 Elisa Bunga Allo 29 March 2020[296] Recovered[297] 7 April 2020 Member of the Central Sulawesi Regional People's Representative Council [id]
12 Tung Desem Waringin [jv] 30 March 2020[298] Recovered[299] 10 April 2020 Business motivator
13 Hera Nugrahayu 1 April 2020[300] Recovered[301] 24 May 2020 Regional Secretary of Palangka Raya
14 Andi Darussalam Tabusalla [id] 7 April 2020[302] Recovered[303] 21 April 2020 Former Indonesia national football team manager
15 Twindy Rarasati [id] 15 April 2020[304] Recovered[305] 2 May 2020 Actress
16 Victor Datuan Batara [id] 16 April 2020[306] Recovered[307] 29 April 2020 Vice Regent of Tana Toraja
17 Fairid Naparin [id] 28 April 2020[308] Recovered[309] 20 May 2020 Mayor of Palangka Raya
18 Ali Ibrahim 28 May 2020[310] Recovered[311] 25 June 2020 Mayor of Tidore
19 Panji [id] 2 June 2020[312] Recovered[313] 20 June 2020 Regent of Melawi
20 Tri Maharani [id] 11 June 2020[314] Recovered[314] 18 June 2020 Toxinologist specializing in snake venoms and Head of Indonesian Toxinology Society
21 Mawardi Samah [id] 23 June 2020[315] Recovered[316] 9 July 2020 Former Vice Mayor of Padang Panjang
22 Hadi Mulyadi 15 July 2020[317] Recovered[318] 26 July 2020 Vice Governor of East Kalimantan
23 Sholehien Abuasir 15 July 2020[319] Recovered[320] 29 July 2020 Vice Regent of South Ogan Komering Ulu
24 Nasruddin Abdul Muttalib 20 July 2020[321] Recovered[322] 9 August 2020 Vice Regent of Barru
25 Junaedi [id] 21 July 2020[323] Recovered[324] 4 August 2020 Regent of Pemalang
26 Ahmadi Riansyah 21 July 2020[325] Recovered[326] 18 August 2020 Vice Regent of West Kotawaringin
27 Achmad Purnomo [id] 24 July 2020[327] Recovered[328] 27 July 2020 Vice Mayor of Surakarta
28 Ilyas Panji Alam [id] 27 July 2020[329] Recovered[330] 6 August 2020 Regent of Ogan Ilir
29 Isdianto [id] 29 July 2020[331] Recovered[332] 12 August 2020 Governor of Riau Islands
30 Akhyar Nasution [id] 4 August 2020[333] Recovered[334] 19 August 2020 Acting Mayor of Medan
31 La Bakry 6 August 2020[335] Recovered[336] 15 August 2020 Regent of Buton
32 Dulmusrid 11 August 2020[337] Recovered[338] 21 August 2020 Regent of Aceh Singkil
33 Bambang Kurniawan [id] 15 August 2020[339] Recovered[340] 24 August 2020 Former Regent of Tanggamus
34 SN Prana Putra Sohe [id] 16 August 2020[341] Recovered[342] 4 September 2020 Mayor of Lubuklinggau
35 Elvy Sukaesih 18 August 2020[343] Recovered[344] 21 September 2020 Singer
36 Erwin Yunaz [id] 19 August 2020[345] Recovered[346] 16 September 2020 Vice Mayor of Payakumbuh
37 Ali Mukhni [id] 23 August 2020[347] Recovered[348] 5 September 2020 Regent of Padang Pariaman
38 Zul Elfian [id] 27 August 2020[349] Recovered[350] 13 September 2020 Mayor of Solok
39 Novel Baswedan 28 August 2020[351] Recovered[352] 8 September 2020 Investigator of the Corruption Eradication Commission
40 Zainal Arifin [id] 28 August 2020[353] Recovered[354] 13 September 2020 Vice Mayor of Banda Aceh
41 Hendri Septa [id] 31 August 2020[355] Recovered[356] 6 September 2020 Vice Mayor of Padang
42 Lukman Abunawas [id] 2 September 2020[357] Recovered[358] 19 September 2020 Vice Governor of Southeast Sulawesi
43 Suyatno [id] 2 September 2020[359] Recovered[360] 10 September 2020 Regent of Rokan Hilir
44 Tjhai Chui Mie [id] 3 September 2020[361] Recovered[362] Mayor of Singkawang
45 Kasmidi Bulang [id] 4 September 2020[363] Recovered[364] 18 September 2020 Acting Regent of East Kutai
46 Laode Muhammad Rajiun Tumada 4 September 2020[365] Recovered[366] 14 September 2020 Regent of West Muna
47 Markus Waran 6 September 2020[367] Recovered[368] 6 October 2020 Regent of South Manokwari
48 Trinda Farhan Satria [id] 7 September 2020[369] Recovered[370] 19 September 2020 Vice Regent of Agam
49 Piet Pagau [id] 7 September 2020[371] Recovered[372] 13 September 2020 Actor
50 Edhy Prabowo 8 September 2020[373] Recovered[374] 28 September 2020 Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
51 Heri Amalindo [id] 8 September 2020[375] Recovered[376] 23 September 2020 Regent of Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir
52 Fadhlullah TM Daud 10 September 2020[377] Recovered[354] 17 September 2020 Vice Regent of Pidie
53 Uus Kuswanto [id] 12 September 2020[378] Recovered[379] 24 September 2020 Mayor of West Jakarta
54 Syarif Fasha [id] 13 September 2020[380] Recovered[381] 13 October 2020 Mayor of Jambi
55 Iksan Iskandar 14 September 2020[382] Recovered[383] 27 September 2020 Regent of Jeneponto
56 Soekirman [id] 15 September 2020[384] Recovered[385] 28 September 2020 Regent of Serdang Bedagai
57 Supendi 16 September 2020[386] Recovered[387] Former Regent of Indramayu
58 Dino Patti Djalal 16 September 2020[388] Recovered[389] 30 September 2020 Former Indonesian ambassador to the United States [id]
59 Arief Budiman 17 September 2020[390] Recovered[391] 26 October 2020 Chairman of the General Elections Commission
60 Ramli M. S. [id] 18 September 2020[392] Recovered[393] 28 September 2020 Regent of West Aceh
61 Erli Hasim [id] 19 September 2020[394] Recovered[395] 1 October 2020 Regent of Simeulue
62 Afridawati [id] 19 September 2020[394] Recovered[396] 5 November 2020 Vice Regent of Simeulue
63 Fachrul Razi 21 September 2020[397] Recovered[398] 1 October 2020 Minister of Religious Affairs
64 Herry Zudianto [id] 21 September 2020[399] Recovered[400] 24 September 2020 Former Mayor of Yogyakarta
65 Nunung [id] 22 September 2020[401] Recovered[402] 9 October 2020 Comedian
66 M. Sukiman Azmy [id] 22 September 2020[403] Recovered[404] 7 October 2020 Regent of East Lombok
67 Muzakkar A. Gani [id] 25 September 2020[405] Recovered[406] Regent of Bireuen
68 Sylviana Murni 27 September 2020[407] Recovered[408] 27 October 2020 Member of the Regional Representative Council
69 Loekman Djoyosoemarto 28 September 2020[409] Recovered[410] 10 October 2020 Regent of Central Lampung (inactive)
70 Flora Shafiqa Riyadi 28 September 2020[411] Recovered[412] 22 October 2020 Member of idol group JKT48
71 Halim 28 September 2020[413] Recovered[414] 11 October 2020 Vice Regent of Kuantan Singingi
72 Ria Norsan [id] 30 September 2020[415] Recovered[416] 29 October 2020 Vice Governor of West Kalimantan
73 Sujiwo [id] 1 October 2020[417] Recovered[418] 4 November 2020 Vice Regent of Kubu Raya
74 Masnah Busro [id] 4 October 2020[419] Recovered[420] 26 October 2020 Regent of Muaro Jambi
75 Febriola Sinambela 6 October 2020[421] Recovered[412] 22 October 2020 Member of idol group JKT48
76 Raam Punjabi 8 October 2020[422] Recovered[423] 3 November 2020 Film director and producer
77 Effendi Ahmad 10 October 2020[424] Recovered[425] 13 October 2020 Vice Regent of North Kayong
78 Bambang M. Yasin 10 October 2020[426] Treated Regent of Dompu
79 Arifuddin 19 October 2020[427] Treated Vice Regent of Dompu
80 Netty Prasetiyani [id] 22 October 2020[428] Recovered[428] 18 November 2020 Member of the People's Representative Council
81 Salmaza 25 October 2020[429] Recovered[430] 3 November 2020 Vice Mayor of Subulussalam
82 Viona Fadrin 27 October 2020[431] Treated Member of idol group JKT48
83 Adi Erlansyah 27 October 2020[432] Recovered[433] 16 November 2020 Acting Regent of Central Lampung
84 Hendrar Prihadi 3 November 2020[434] Recovered[435] 11 November 2020 Mayor of Semarang (inactive)
85 Eko Suharjo 9 November 2020[436] Recovered[437] 13 November 2020 Vice Mayor of Dumai (inactive)
86 Joncik Muhammad [id] 13 November 2020[438] Treated Regent of Empat Lawang
87 Jumhur Hidayat [id] 15 November 2020[439] Treated Former Head of Agency for Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers [id]
88 Mamah Dedeh 18 November 2020[440] Treated Islamic preacher
89 Ade Yasin [id] 18 November 2020[441] Treated Regent of Bogor
90 Sugianto Sabran 19 November 2020[442] Treated Governor of Central Kalimantan (inactive)
91 Surya Paloh 23 November 2020[443] Treated General Chairman of Nasdem Party
92 Nasrudin Azis [id] 23 November 2020[444] Treated Mayor of Cirebon
93 Mochammad Soufis Subri 24 November 2020[445] Treated Vice Mayor of Probolinggo
94 Syaharie Jaang [id] 25 November 2020[446] Treated Mayor of Samarinda
95 Mohammad Idris 26 November 2020[447] Treated Mayor of Depok (inactive)
96 Ahmad Riza Patria 29 November 2020[448] Treated Vice Governor of Jakarta
97 Said Aqil Siradj 29 November 2020[449] Treated General chairman of Nahdlatul Ulama
98 Anies Baswedan 1 December 2020[450] Treated Governor of Jakarta
99 Syamsuar [id] 1 December 2020[451] Treated Governor of Riau

Deaths

Notable individuals who died from COVID-19
No Date of death Announcement date Place of death Name Notes
1 24 March 2020 Unknown Amir Sambodo [id][452] Minister of Industry special staff member
2 27 March 2020 Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital, Bandung, West Java Gatot Tjahjono[453] Member of the West Java Regional People's Representative Council
3 27 March 2020 Kariadi Central General Hospital, Semarang, Central Java Imam Suroso[454] Member of the People's Representative Council
4 2 April 2020 3 April 2020 dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Central General Hospital, Makassar, South Sulawesi Aptripel Tumimomor[455] Regent of North Morowali
5 6 April 2020 Pertamina Central Hospital, South Jakarta, Jakarta Naek L. Tobing[456] Sexologist, psychiatrist
6 25 March 2020 10 April 2020 Murni Teguh Memorial Hospital, Medan, North Sumatra Syamsul Bahri Batubara[457] Member of North Sumatra Regional People's Representative Council [id]
7 17 April 2020 Pelni Hospital, West Jakarta, Jakarta Lukman Niode[458] Swimmer at the 1984 Summer Olympics
8 28 April 2020 Raja Ahmad Tabib Regional General Hospital, Tanjungpinang, Riau Islands Syahrul[459] Mayor of Tanjungpinang
9 12 July 2020 dr. R. Soetrasno Regional General Hospital, Rembang, Central Java Majid Kamil Maimoen Zubair[460] Speaker of the Rembang Regional People's Representative Council [id]
10 17 July 2020 Gatot Subroto Central Army Hospital, Central Jakarta, Jakarta Tubagus Rismunandar[461] General Secretary of the Judicial Commission of Indonesia
11 1 August 2020 Imam Zusdi Ghozali[462] Speaker of the Jepara Regional People's Representative Council [id]
12 10 August 2020 Ulin Regional General Hospital, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan Nadjmi Adhani[463] Mayor of Banjarbaru
13 16 August 2020 dr. H. Abdoel Moeloek Regional General Hospital, Bandar Lampung, Lampung Edward Antony[464] Vice Regent of Way Kanan
14 22 August 2020 Regional General Hospital of Sidoarjo, Sidoarjo, East Java Nur Ahmad Syaifuddin[465] Acting Regent of Sidoarjo
15 27 August 2020 Class I Penitentiary of Surabaya, Sidoarjo, East Java Masud Yunus[466] Former Mayor of Mojokerto
16 4 September 2020 Gatot Subroto Central Army Hospital, Central Jakarta, Jakarta Abdul Gafur [id][467] Former Deputy Speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly
17 9 September 2020 Sentra Medika Hospital, Bogor, West Java Yopie Latul[468] Singer
18 16 September 2020 Gatot Subroto Central Army Hospital, Central Jakarta, Jakarta Saefullah[469] Regional Secretary of Jakarta
19 22 September 2020 Pertamina Hospital, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan Muharram[470] Regent of Berau
21 1 October 2020 Taman Husada Regional General Hospital, Bontang, East Kalimantan Adi Darma[471] Former Mayor of Bontang
22 4 October 2020 Bakti Timah Hospital, Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung Islands Ibnu Saleh[472] Regent of Central Bangka (inactive)
23 9 October 2020 Pertamina Central Hospital, South Jakarta, Jakarta Soepriyatno[473] Member of the People's Representative Council
24 17 October 2020 Pollycarpus Priyanto[474] Convict of the assassination of Munir Said Thalib
25 26 November 2020 dr. Abdoer Rahem Regional General Hospital, Situbondo, East Java Dadang Wigiarto [id][475] Regent of Situbondo

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Peta Sebaran" (in Indonesian). COVID-19 Handling and National Economic Recovery Committee [id]. 1 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Indonesia COVID-19 Dashboard". ArcGIS (in Indonesian). COVID-19 Handling and National Economic Recovery Committee [id]. 1 December 2020.
  3. ^ Ratcliffe, Rebecca (2 March 2020). "First coronavirus cases confirmed in Indonesia amid fears nation is ill-prepared for an outbreak". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Indonesia confirms first cases of coronavirus". Bangkok Post. Reuters. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Indonesia's COVID-19 recoveries beat active cases for the first time". Jakarta Globe. 13 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Coronavirus Update Worldwide". Worldometer. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  7. ^ Allard, Tom; Lamb, Kate (28 April 2020). "Exclusive: More than 2,200 Indonesians have died with coronavirus symptoms, data shows". Reuters. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Update data uji PCR COVID-19 di Indonesia per tanggal 1 December 2020 Pukul 12.00 WIB" (in Indonesian). Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management. 1 December 2020.
  9. ^ "WHO urges Indonesia to test more suspected patients amid high death rate". The Jakarta Post. 11 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  10. ^ Bean, James P. (11 June 2020). "Indonesia's 'new normal' a disaster in the making". Asia Times. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  11. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  12. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  14. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  15. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  16. ^ Randy Mulyanto; Febriana Firdaus (18 February 2020). "Why Are There No Reported Cases of Coronavirus in Indonesia?". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  17. ^ Desca Lidya Natalia (2 March 2020). Zita Meirina (ed.). "Presiden: Ibu-anak warga Indonesia positif COVID-19". Antara News Agency (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  18. ^ Dimas Jarot Bayu (3 March 2020). Happy Fajrian (ed.). "Kondisi Dua WNI yang Positif Virus Corona Semakin Membaik". KataData.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  19. ^ Egi Adyatama (8 March 2020). Syailendra Persada (ed.). "Kasus 05 WNI Virus Corona Diduga dari Kluster Warga Jepang". Tempo.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  20. ^ Dani Prabowo (2 March 2020). Diamanty Meiliana (ed.). "Kasus Positif Corona di Indonesia Terungkap dari Telepon WN Jepang". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  21. ^ Egi Adyatama; Joniansyah Hardjono; Diko Oktara (9 March 2020). "Pasien Baru Corona Terhubung dengan Kluster Jakarta". Koran Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  22. ^ Marlinda Oktavia Erwanti (8 March 2020). "Pasien Kasus 5 yang Positif Corona dari 'Kelompok Dansa'". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  23. ^ Abdul Basith (8 March 2020). Syamsul Azhar (ed.). "Satu lagi kasus positif virus corona berasal dari klaster pesta dansa di Jakarta". Kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Pasien Corona dari Kelompok Dansa Terus Bertambah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  25. ^ Agung Sandy Lesmana (9 March 2020). "Pasien Baru Suspect Corona di RSPI SS Gabung Grup Klub Dansa di Jakarta". Suara.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  26. ^ "Indonesian maid in Singapore tests positive for coronavirus". The Jakarta Post. Agence France-Presse. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  27. ^ Angga Riza (11 March 2020). "Pasien Corona Kasus 25 Meninggal Dunia di RSUP Sanglah Bali". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  28. ^ Achmad Dwi Afriyadi (16 March 2020). "Telkom Buka Suara Ada Karyawannya Meninggal Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  29. ^ Isal Mawardi (16 March 2020). "Istri-Anak Pegawai Telkom yang Meninggal di Cianjur Juga Kena Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  30. ^ Tito Dirhantoro, ed. (3 June 2020). "Jadi Pasien Positif Covid-19 Termuda, Bayi Baru Lahir Akhirnya Meninggal Dunia di Rumah Sakit Manado". Kompas.tv (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  31. ^ Kiki Andi Pati (11 April 2020). Dheri Agriesta (ed.). "1 Pasien Positif Covid-19 dan 1 PDP Berumur 11 Bulan Meninggal di Kendari". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  32. ^ Achmad Faizal (30 May 2020). David Oliver Purba (ed.). "Pasien COVID-19 Tertua di Indonesia yang Berhasil Sembuh". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  33. ^ "Kemenkes Kenalkan Istilah Probable, Suspect, Kontak Erat dan Terkonfirmasi COVID-19". Kementerian Kesehatan. 14 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  34. ^ "Arti Zona Hijau, Kuning, dan Merah Daerah Corona versi Mendagri". Kumparan. Kumparan. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  35. ^ Stanley Widianto; Agustinus Beo Da Costa; Jessica Damiana (13 February 2020). "Indonesia traces movements of Chinese tourist with coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Indonesian Official Says Japanese Coronavirus Patient Who Visited Bali Infected With SARS-CoV-2, Not COVID-19". Coconuts Media. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  37. ^ Khadijah Nur Azizah (29 February 2020). "Terbang Via Bali, WN Selandia Baru Positif Covid-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  38. ^ "Three people in Singapore latest to test positive for COVID-19 after visiting Indonesia". The Jakarta Post. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  39. ^ Siret, Mal; Jackson, Patrick (2 March 2020). "EU raises virus risk level as deaths worldwide top 3,000". BBC News (Coronavirus). BBC. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  40. ^ Nanda Perdana Putra (2 March 2020). "Wali Kota Depok: 50 Orang Lebih Terindikasi Virus Corona". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian) (Coronavirus). Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Indonesia Says Suspected Coronavirus Patient Dies of Swine Flu". Jakarta Globe. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  42. ^ Perdana Putra (13 March 2020). Aprillia Ika (ed.). "Satu Pasien Suspect Corona Meninggal Dunia di RSUP M Djamil Padang". Kompas.com (in Indonesian).
  43. ^ "Sesak Napas, Penumpang AirAsia Dibawa ke RSUP M Djamil Padang". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 16 March 2020.
  44. ^ Yola Sastra (16 March 2020). "Satu Penumpang dari Malaysia Dirujuk ke RSUP Dr M Djamil Padang". Kompas (in Indonesian).
  45. ^ Laila Syafarud (16 March 2020). Budhi Santoso (ed.). "RSUP M Djamil Padang masih periksa penumpang pesawat asal Malaysia". Antara News Agency (in Indonesian).
  46. ^ "Penumpang Pesawat dari Malaysia Dilaporkan Meninggal di RSUP M Djamil". hariansinggalang.id. 16 March 2020.
  47. ^ a b Nasir, Muchtar (11 March 2020). "Menteri Kesehatan Tetapkan 132 Rumah Sakit Rujukan COVID-19". Info Infeksi Emerging Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  48. ^ Da Costa, Agustinus Beo; Suroyo, Gayatri; Davies, Ed; Cushing, Christopher; Kerry, Frances (2 February 2020). "Indonesia bars entry to visitors from China amid evacuation protest". Reuters. Archived from the original on 16 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  49. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "COVID-19: Indonesia bars people from hardest-hit regions in Iran, South Korea, Italy". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  50. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "COVID-19: Indonesia still allows flights to and from South Korea amid travel ban". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  51. ^ Yinglun, Shi (2 March 2020). "2 Indonesians found infected with COVID-19 domestically". Xinhua. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  52. ^ "Indonesian border authorities implement thermal scanners at airports due to coronavirus outbreak". Newsflare. 22 January 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  53. ^ Weedon, Alan (2 March 2020). "Coronavirus COVID-19 has now reached Indonesia, President Joko Widodo confirms". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  54. ^ Bhwana, Petir Garda (4 March 2020). "Coronavirus Update; MRT Begins Checking Passengers' Temperature". Tempo. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  55. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Kasus Covid-19 Terus Bertambah: Sulitnya Deteksi di Bandara dan Tracing Kontak". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  56. ^ Fadli (4 March 2020). "Indonesia to turn former Vietnamese refugee camp into hospital for COVID-19 patients". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  57. ^ detikcom, Tim. "Pemerintah Tambah RS untuk Perawatan Pasien Virus Corona, Totalnya 359". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  58. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia scrambles to contain coronavirus as most hospitals not ready". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  59. ^ dob. "Jokowi Tunjuk Doni Monardo Jadi Panglima Pemberantas Corona". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  60. ^ Prasetia, Andhika. "Cegah Tertular Corona, Mendagri Minta Kepala Daerah hingga DPRD Tak ke LN". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  61. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Jokowi calls for 'social distancing' to stem virus spread". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  62. ^ Caratri, Endah (17 March 2020). "Pelaporan SPT Tahunan Wajib Pajak OP Mundur ke 30 April". Berita Daerah. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  63. ^ Chandra, Ardan Adhi. "Pegawai Kementerian BUMN Usia 50 Tahun Kerja dari Rumah Mulai Senin". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  64. ^ Trimahanani, Emy (16 March 2020). "Jokowi, Kurangi Mobilitas untuk Cegah Penularan COVID-19, Bukan Lockdown". Berita Daerah. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  65. ^ Nugrahani, Hanny (16 March 2020). "Platform Gratis Bagi Siswa Belajar di Rumah, Kerjasama Dengan Mendikbud". Vibizmedia.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  66. ^ Trimahanani, Emy (17 March 2020). "Demi Penyelamatan Rakyat, Menkeu Siapkan Rp 1 Triliun Tangani Penyebaran Corona". Berita Daerah. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  67. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Berikut Protokol Kesehatan jika Alami Gejala Virus Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  68. ^ "Lakukan Protokol Kesehatan ini jika Mengalami Gejala Covid-19". Sehat Negeriku (in Indonesian). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  69. ^ Prasetia, Andhika. "Cegah Persebaran Corona, Travelers dari 8 Negara Ini Dilarang Masuk RI". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  70. ^ antaranews.com. "Govt launches official website furnishing information on COVID-19". Antara News. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  71. ^ detikcom, Tim. "Informasi tentang Corona Satu Pintu, Pemerintah Luncurkan Situs COVID-19". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  72. ^ Kusuma, Hendra. "Wisma Atlet Kemayoran Jadi Tempat Isolasi Pasien Corona". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  73. ^ "Melihat Kapasitas Wisma Atlet, Lokasi Isolasi Pasien Corona". ekonomi (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  74. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Wisma Atlet untuk Pasien Covid-19, Wapres: Ada 1.800 Tempat Tidur". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  75. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Video: Former Asian Games athletes village turned into COVID-19 hospital". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  76. ^ Pakasi, Alfred. "BI Memangkas BI 7-DRRR ke 4,50%, Rilis 7 Langkah Kebijakan; Memitigasi Risiko COVID-19". Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  77. ^ Putra, Nanda Permana (2 April 2020). "Isi Maklumat Kapolri Terkait Corona yang Buat Kapolsek Kembangan Dicopot". Liputan6.com. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  78. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia may ban Idul Fitri exodus to stop COVID-19 transmission". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  79. ^ "Jokowi refuses to impose lockdown on Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  80. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Buses still able to leave and enter Jakarta despite calls for quarantine". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  81. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia announces Rp 405 trillion COVID-19 budget, anticipates 5% deficit in historic move". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  82. ^ Kanavino Ahmad Rizqo (14 April 2020). "Menko Mahfud: Keppres Bencana Nasional Tak Bisa Jadi Dasar Force Majeur!".
  83. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "BREAKING: Jokowi bans 'mudik' as Ramadan approaches". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  84. ^ "Indonesia to ban air, sea travel till early June amid coronavirus pandemic". The Straits Times. 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  85. ^ a b Nurbaiti Alya, Roidila Riza (23 April 2020). "Govt temporarily bans passenger travel to prevent 'mudik'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  86. ^ Palencia, Gustavo; Lambert, Lisa (24 April 2020). "Trump says U.S. sending ventilators, coronavirus help to Latin America, Asia". Reuters. Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  87. ^ Gorbiano, Marchio Irfan; Nurbaiti, Alya. "Trump agrees to send Indonesia medical supplies following call with Jokowi". The Jakarta Post. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  88. ^ "Pemerintah tetapkan insentif penerbangan, tiket pesawat diskon hingga 50%". Kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). 25 February 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  89. ^ a b Ananda, Aria. "Jurus Jokowi Lawan Virus Corona dengan Diskon Tiket Pesawat". CNNIndonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  90. ^ "Lihat Nih! Terbang ke 10 Destinasi Wisata Ini, Diskonnya hingga 50%". Warta Ekonomi (in Indonesian). 26 February 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  91. ^ a b c d e f g h i Anisatul Umah (21 March 2020). "Ini Daftar Pemda yang Sudah Tetapkan Darurat Corona". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  92. ^ a b Vitorio Mantalean (28 March 2020). "Pemprov DKI Perpanjang Masa Tanggap Darurat Covid-19 sampai 19 April 2020". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  93. ^ Selvi Mayasari (26 March 2020). Khomarul Hidayat (ed.). "Cegah penyebaran corona, akses masuk pelabuhan di Papua tutup mulai 26 Maret". Kontan.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  94. ^ a b "Plt. Gubernur Aceh Tetapkan Status Tanggap Darurat Skala Provinsi COVID-19". humas.acehprov.go.id. Aceh Provincial Government. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  95. ^ Siregar, Evalisa (31 March 2020). "Status Sumut naik menjadi Tanggap Darurat COVID -19". Antara News Agency. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  96. ^ Nurholis Huda (31 March 2020). Alpri Widianjono (ed.). "UPDATE CORONA KALSEL – Gubernur Perpanjang Masa Tanggap Darurat Covid-19". Tribun Banjarbaru. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  97. ^ Fahlevi, Fahdi (13 April 2020). "Alasan Pemerintah Tolak Pengajuan PSBB dari Palangkaraya".
  98. ^ "Yang Perlu Diketahui dari PSBB Jakarta yang Berlaku Hari Ini". 10 April 2020.
  99. ^ Lisye Sri Rahayu (12 April 2020). "Cegah Corona, Kemenhub: Penumpang Pesawat Jurusan Daerah PSBB Dibatasi 50%".
  100. ^ Lisye Sri Rahayu (12 April 2020). "Kemenhub: Penumpang Kereta Api Jurusan Daerah PSBB Dibatasi 65%".
  101. ^ Donny Dwisatryo Priyantoro (16 April 2020). "Selama PSBB, Ojol di Kota Ini Tak Boleh Angkut Penumpang".
  102. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief. "DKI Jakarta Akan Perpanjang Masa PSBB". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  103. ^ Ramdhani, Dendi (12 April 2020). "Ridwan Kamil: PSBB di Bogor, Depok, Bekasi Dimulai 15 April Selama Dua Pekan".
  104. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "PSBB di Bogor, Depok, dan Bekasi Diperpanjang 2 Pekan". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  105. ^ "Naik KRL Jabodetabek Selama PSBB Wajib Bawa Surat Tugas" (in Indonesian). detik.com. 9 May 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  106. ^ Nazmudin, Acep (16 April 2020). "Pergub Terbit, PSBB Tangerang Raya Berlangsung 16 Hari hingga 3 Mei 2020".
  107. ^ Batubara, Herianto. "PSBB di Tangerang Selatan Diperpanjang Mulai Hari Ini". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  108. ^ punjadi, pitos (17 April 2020). "LENGKAP, Salinan PERWAKO tentang PSBB di Pekanbaru, Simak dan PENTING Pasal 5-20, Silahkan Bagikan!".
  109. ^ "PSBB Pekanbaru Diperpanjang hingga 14 Mei 2020 | Surabaya Bisnis.com". Bisnis.com. 30 April 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  110. ^ Noval Dhwinuari, Antony. "Diawali Sosialisasi-Uji Coba, PSBB Makassar Berlaku 24 April hingga 7 Mei". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  111. ^ Antony, Noval Dhwinuari (6 May 2020). "PSBB Makassar Akan Diperpanjang, Gubernur Sulsel Minta Satpol PP Tak Kasar" (in Indonesian). detik.com. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  112. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief. "Menkes Setujui Usulan PSBB Sumbar". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  113. ^ Setiadi, Tresno (8 May 2020). "Nihil Kasus Baru Covid-19, PSBB Kota Tegal Tetap Diperpanjang" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  114. ^ Iqbal, Muhammad. "Kasus Covid-19 Meningkat, Terawan Setujui PSBB Kota Tegal". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  115. ^ Rahayu, Lisye Sri. "Menkes Setujui PSBB Banjarmasin dan Tarakan". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  116. ^ Haswar, Andi Muhammad. "Diterapkan Mulai Besok, Ini Aturan Lengkap PSBB Kota Banjarmasin". kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  117. ^ Haswar, Andi Muhammad (7 May 2020). "PSBB Banjarmasin Resmi Diperpanjang, Melanggar Langsung Disanksi" (in Indonesian). kompas.com. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  118. ^ Daton, Zakarias Demon (26 April 2020). "PSBB Tarakan Dimulai Hari Ini sampai 9 Mei, Berikut Ketentuannya" (in Indonesian). benuanta.co.id. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  119. ^ Ramdhani, Gilar (28 April 2020). "Kota Tarakan Terapkan PSBB Hingga 30 Mei 2020, Berikut Penjelasan dan Aturannya" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  120. ^ Kusuma, Farid. "Menkes Setujui PSBB Surabaya, Sidoarjo, dan Gresik". suarasurabaya (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  121. ^ Azmi, Faiq. "Tok... PSBB di Surabaya Raya Mulai Diberlakukan Selasa Depan". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  122. ^ Faizal, Achmad (9 May 2020). "PSBB Surabaya Raya Diperpanjang hingga 25 Mei 2020" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  123. ^ Hasugian, Maria Rita (2 May 2020). "Menkes Terawan Setuju PSBB di Provinsi Jawa Barat". Tempo. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  124. ^ Liputan6.com (2 May 2020). "Catat, PSBB Provinsi Jawa Barat Mulai 6 Mei 2020". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  125. ^ Kholid, Idham. "PSBB Palangka Raya Berlaku Sejak 11 Mei Selama 14 Hari". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  126. ^ developer, mediaindonesia com (13 April 2020). "Tidak Penuhi Kriteria, Palangkaraya belum Bisa Terapkan PSBB". mediaindonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  127. ^ a b c d Liputan6.com (12 April 2020). "Menkes Tolak Pengajuan PSBB Corona Sejumlah Daerah, Ini Daftarnya". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  128. ^ a b Rina Ayu Panca Rini (16 April 2020). "Menkes Tolak Permohonan PSBB untuk Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow dan Fakfak".
  129. ^ Setyadi, Agus. "Cegah Corona, Pemprov Aceh Imbau Tak Cipika-cipiki hingga Jauhi Maksiat". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  130. ^ "Antisipasi Corona, Mulai Senin Besok Sekolah di Aceh Libur, Siswa Bisa Belajar di Rumah". Tribun News. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  131. ^ Setyadi, Agus. "Sabang Aceh Tolak Turis Asing untuk Cegah Penyebaran Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  132. ^ Rifa'i, Bahtiar. "Banten KLB Virus Corona, Gubernur Liburkan Siswa Sekolah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  133. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Solo KLB Corona, SD dan SMP Diliburkan 14 Hari". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  134. ^ "Solo Deklarasikan KLB Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  135. ^ "Pemkab Sragen Liburkan Sekolah". Bisnis. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  136. ^ Purbaya, Angling Adhitya. "Corona Mewabah, Gubernur Ganjar Liburkan Sekolah se-Jateng". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  137. ^ "Sekolah Libur 2 Minggu, Salatiga Anggarkan Rp 3 Miliar Tangani Corona". Kompas. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  138. ^ "Pemprov Jateng Resmi Perpanjang Libur Sekolah Sampai 13 April 2020. Kadisdikbud Sebut Demi Selamatkan Anak Karena Puncak Wabah Corona Diprediksi Terjadi Bulan April!". Joglosemar News (in Indonesian). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  139. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "KLB Virus Corona Solo Diperpanjang sampai 13 April, Razia Siswa yang Berkeliaran Digiatkan". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  140. ^ a b RMOL. "Semarang Dan Sukoharjo Tetapkan Masa "Libur" Sekolah Diperpanjang". rmoljateng.com. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  141. ^ "Pemkot Salatiga Perpanjang Pembelajaran Daring hingga 13 April 2020". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  142. ^ "Tegal Lockdown: 49 Jalan Akan Ditutup Beton, Tamu Diisolasi". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  143. ^ "Ganjar Bantah Kota Tegal Local Lockdown: Hanya Alun-alun Saja". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  144. ^ "Jakarta Tanggap COVID-19". Jakarta Tanggap COVID-19 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  145. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief (2 March 2020). "Ada Positif Corona, Anies Tak Keluarkan Izin Keramaian Baru". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  146. ^ Sari, Nursita (3 March 2020). "Dampak Virus Corona, Pemprov DKI Tangguhkan Izin 3 Konser Ini". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  147. ^ Aditia, Andika (14 March 2020). "Virus Corona Jadi Pandemi, Konser Dream Theater di Indonesia Ditunda". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  148. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief. "Anies Tutup Monas, Ragunan hingga Ancol 2 Pekan untuk Cegah Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  149. ^ Sari, Nursita (13 March 2020). "Pemprov DKI Tutup Ancol, Ragunan hingga Monas Selama Dua Pekan". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  150. ^ Diah, Femi. "Bukan Hanya Monas-Ancol, Anies Juga Tutup 15 Tempat Wisata Lain". detikTravel (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  151. ^ "Doctor called Corona helps Indonesia battle coronavirus". The Star. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  152. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "COVID-19: Jakarta suspends schools, exams for two weeks". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  153. ^ Azzahra, Tiara Aliya. "Pemprov DKI Siapkan 500-1.000 Tempat Tidur di RS Rujukan untuk PDP Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  154. ^ Iqbal, Muhammad. "Anies Pangkas Rute & Jam Operasi TJ, MRT, dan LRT Jakarta". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  155. ^ Iqbal, Muhammad. "TransJakarta Hanya Operasi 13 Rute Mulai Besok, Ini Daftarnya". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  156. ^ Ikhsanudin, Arief. "Anies: Armada Bus Transjakarta-MRT Disesuaikan Seperti Semula di Rush Hour". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  157. ^ Iqbal, Muhammad. "Mulai Besok, Anies Cabut Aturan Ganjil-Genap di Seluruh DKI". CNBC Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  158. ^ Wahid, Ahmad Bil. "Corona Ancam Jakarta, Anies Tetapkan Status Tanggap Darurat Bencana". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  159. ^ Afifa, Laila (2 April 2020). "Anies Baswedan Allocates Rp3tn to Fight Coronavirus Outbreak". Tempo. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  160. ^ Atika, Sausan (8 April 2020). "COVID-19: Jakarta to tighten mobility restrictions". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  161. ^ Bhwana, Petir Garda (21 April 2020). "Jakarta Govt Prepares 136 Schools as Isolation Area for COVID-19". Tempo. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  162. ^ "Anies tarik rem darurat, Jakarta PSBB total". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 9 September 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  163. ^ "Antisipasi Covid-19, Sekolah di Kota Malang Diliburkan". Kompas.id. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  164. ^ "Gubernur Khofifah Putuskan Sekolah se-Jawa Timur Libur, UN Tetap Jalan". Liputan6. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  165. ^ "Cegah Corona, Wali Kota Tutup Akses Keluar dan Masuk Kota Malang Mulai Lusa". merdeka.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  166. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Wali Kota: Tidak Ada Penutupan Akses Menuju Kota Malang". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  167. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "9 Orang Positif Covid-19, Khofifah Tetapkan Jatim Darurat Virus Corona" [9 Positive People Covid-19, Khofifah Determine Corona Virus Emergency East Java]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  168. ^ "Sumut Naikkan Status Penanganan Virus Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  169. ^ Damarjati, Danu (24 March 2020). "Darurat Corona, Akses Keluar-Masuk Papua Ditutup!". detikNews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  170. ^ Aji, M Rosseno (25 March 2020). "Mendagri Tito Karnavian Tak Setuju Papua Tutup Akses". Tempo.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  171. ^ Eko Adia Saputra, ed. (30 March 2020). "Gubernur Sumsel, Herman Deru Resmikan Rumah Sehat di Jakabaring". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  172. ^ Mantalean, Vitorio (14 March 2020). "Pemkot Depok Liburkan Sekolah Dua Pekan Cegah Penyebaran Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  173. ^ Astyawan, Putra Ramadhani (14 March 2020). "Antisipasi Korona, SD hingga SMP di Kota Bogor Diliburkan 2 Pekan : Okezone Megapolitan". okezone.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  174. ^ Putra, Wisma. "Pandemi Corona, Sekolah di Kota Bandung Libur Dua Pekan". Detik. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  175. ^ Putri, Zunita. "Ridwan Kamil Ungkap Peta Persebaran Corona di Jabar". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  176. ^ Liputan6.com (16 March 2020). "Cegah Corona, Bupati Bogor Berlakukan Semi Lockdown di Kawasan Puncak". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  177. ^ Hermansyah, ANTARA FOTO/ Fakhri. "Stadion Patriot Kota Bekasi jadi Lokasi Rapid Test". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  178. ^ "Satellite cities gear up as Health Ministry green lights PSBB request". The Jakarta Post. 12 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  179. ^ "Cegah Penyebaran Corona, Gubernur Liburkan Seluruh Sekolah di Kalbar". Kumparan. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  180. ^ "Dosen UI Pulang dari Negara Terdampak Corona Wajib Isolasi". CNN Indonesia.
  181. ^ Retaduari, Elza Astari. "Corona Merebak, Mahasiswa UAJY Kuliah Online dan Tak Ada KKN". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  182. ^ Abdurrahman, Muhammad Nur. "Cegah Corona, Unhas Terapkan Kuliah Online dan Tunda Wisuda". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  183. ^ Alfons, Matius. "Cegah Penyebaran Corona, IPB Terapkan Kuliah Online-Pulangkan Mahasiswa". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  184. ^ "15 Kampus Terapkan Kuliah Online untuk Cegah Korona". Medcom. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  185. ^ Makdori, Yopi (14 March 2020). "15 Perguruan Tinggi Gelar Kuliah Jarak Jauh, Ini Daftarnya". Liputan6. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  186. ^ "Malang university students invent disinfection chamber to prevent COVID-19 spread".
  187. ^ Rachman, Fadhly Fauzi. "Tokopedia Mulai Uji Coba Kerja dari Rumah". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  188. ^ Setiawan, Kodrat (14 March 2020). "Antisipasi Corona, Gojek Uji Coba Karyawan Kerja dari Rumah". Tempo. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  189. ^ Rachman, Fadhly Fauzi. "Cegah Penyebaran Corona, Unilever Ikut Terapkan Kerja dari Rumah". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  190. ^ Wareza, Monica. "Karyawan Mandiri & Telkomsel Bisa Kerja di Rumah Mulai Besok". market (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  191. ^ Laucereno, Sylke Febrina. "Pegawai BI Bergiliran Kerja dari Rumah". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  192. ^ Lidyana, Vadhia. "PPATK Terapkan Kerja dari Rumah, Tetap Awasi Pencucian Uang?". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  193. ^ Bonauli. "AirAsia Setop Sementara Semua Penerbangan Indonesia". detikTravel (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  194. ^ Sugiarto, Teguh; Iskak, Jamaludin (30 November 2018). "Beyond the low-cost strategies in Indonesia of the AirAsia company". Proceedings of DIALOGO-CONF 2018. Dialogo. 5: 187–190. doi:10.18638/dialogo.2018.5.1.18.
  195. ^ Novika, Soraya. "Sumbang Rp 52 M untuk Lawan Corona, Ini Pesan Orang Terkaya RI". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  196. ^ Ghivarianto, Reyhan Diandri. "Grab Siapkan Rp 160 Miliar Bantu Redam Dampak Corona di Indonesia". detikinet (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  197. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Fatwa MUI: Umat di Area Rawan Covid-19 Boleh Tinggalkan Salat Jumat, Diganti Salat Zuhur". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  198. ^ "Muhammadiyah: Bila Darurat, Shalat Berjamaah di Rumah". Republika Online. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  199. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "COVID-19: Muhammadiyah advises Muslims to not perform 'tarawih', Idul Fitri prayers". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  200. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Imigrasi Larang WNA Masuk ke Indonesia Mulai 2 April". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  201. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia to bar foreigners from entering in bid to curb imported cases". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  202. ^ "Advisory on Coronavirus For Travelers to Indonesia". Indonesia Travel. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  203. ^ "AirAsia Indonesia Suspends All Flights Starting 1 April". The Jakarta Post. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  204. ^ "More Than 12,000 Flights in Indonesia Have Been Cancelled". The Jakarta Post. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  205. ^ "59 Negara Tutup Pintu bagi Warga Indonesia, Ini Data Covid-19 Indonesia-Malaysia". www.msn.com. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  206. ^ Puspitaningrum, Citra (8 September 2020). "59 Negara Tutup Pintu bagi WNI, CDC AS Juga Larang Rakyatnya ke Indonesia". Akurat.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  207. ^ "59 Negara Tutup Pintu untuk Warga Indonesia, Malaysia Salah Satunya". Bisnis.com. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  208. ^ a b Hermawan, Ary (29 February 2020). "Let's not kid ourselves. Indonesia is unlikely to be COVID-19-free. And that's not our biggest problem". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  209. ^ McVeigh, Karen; Graham-Harrison, Emma (14 February 2020). "Academic stands by research querying Indonesia's claim to be coronavirus-free". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 March 2020 – via www.theguardian.com.
  210. ^ "Why are there no reported cases of coronavirus in Indonesia?". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  211. ^ Firdaus, Febriana. "Indonesian Screening May Be Missing Virus Carriers". Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  212. ^ Pandasurya, Wijaya (28 February 2020). "Kekhawatiran AS dan Negara Barat Soal Penanganan Corona di Indonesia". Merdeka.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  213. ^ S.S. Kurniawan, ed. (27 February 2020). "Kedutaan besar negara Barat cemas dengan penanganan virus corona di Indonesia". Kontan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  214. ^ Nur Rohmi Aida (1 March 2020). "Nol Kasus, Perdana Menteri Australia Ragukan Penanganan Virus Corona di Indonesia". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  215. ^ "We Don't Cover Things Up, Indonesia Says Amid Doubts Over Its Covid-19 Handling". Jakarta Globe. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  216. ^ Firdaus, Febriana (19 February 2020). "Indonesian Screening May Be Missing Virus Carriers". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  217. ^ Barron, Laignee (28 February 2020). "A Silent Epidemic? Experts Fear the Coronavirus Is Spreading Undetected in Southeast Asia". Time (magazine). Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  218. ^ Mulyanto, Randy; Firdaus, Febriana (18 February 2020). "Why are there no reported cases of coronavirus in Indonesia?". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  219. ^ Cochrane, Joe (18 February 2020). "'We owe it to God': as Indonesia prays, how is it keeping the coronavirus at bay?". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  220. ^ Da Costa, Agustinus Beo (27 February 2020). "Indonesia says lack of COVID-19 cases a blessing from God". Reuters. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  221. ^ Firdaus, Febriana; Ratcliffe, Rebecca (26 March 2020). "Indonesia's hidden coronavirus cases threaten to overwhelm hospitals". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  222. ^ "Using a delay-adjusted case fatality ratio to estimate under-reporting". CMMID Repository. 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  223. ^ Moch. Fiqih Prawira Adjie, Arya Dipa and Ardilla Syakriah (5 April 2020). "Jakarta, West Java governors doubt central govt COVID-19 figures". The Jakarta Post.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  224. ^ "'Rp 72 Miliar Untuk Influencer': Cara Indonesia Merespon Virus Corona" ['Rp 72 Billion for Influencers': How Indonesia Responds to the Coronavirus]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 28 February 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  225. ^ "Cegah Kepanikan, Pengusaha Minta Pemerintah Jujur Soal Virus Corona – Katadata.co.id". katadata.co.id (in Indonesian). 3 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  226. ^ Persada, Syailendra (13 March 2020). "Komnas HAM Minta Pemerintah Terbuka Soal Virus Corona". Tempo. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  227. ^ "PKS Minta Pemerintah Lebih Terbuka soal Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  228. ^ Zhacky, Mochamad. "Daerah Sumber Corona Harus Diungkap, Golkar Dorong Pemerintah Transparan". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  229. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Jokowi Akui Pemerintah Rahasiakan Sejumlah Informasi soal Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  230. ^ "Pengamat Desak Peta Covid-19 Nasional: Mudah dan Tak Mahal". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  231. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "'It was too crowded': Patients find it hard to get COVID-19 tests, treatment". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  232. ^ "jokowi-to-close-cities".
  233. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Jokowi Larang Pemerintah Daerah Lakukan Lockdown Terkait Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  234. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesia to issue lockdown regulation as COVID-19 cases continue to soar". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  235. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Top Indonesian doctors call for lockdown, say physical distancing not enough". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  236. ^ "Asia cracks down on coronavirus 'fake news'". The Straits Times. 10 April 2020.
  237. ^ "Indonesia's true coronavirus death toll could be over 2,000 higher, data shows". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 28 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  238. ^ John Burn-Murdoch, Valentina Romei and Chris Giles (26 April 2020). "Global coronavirus death toll could be 60% higher than reported". Financial Times.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  239. ^ "Indonesia's Ramadan exodus risks spreading Covid-19 across the country". France 24. 8 April 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  240. ^ "Snaking queues at Jakarta airport as crowds ignore COVID-19 distancing rules". CNA. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  241. ^ a b c Chew, Amy (7 May 2020). "Indonesians dodge Jokowi's travel ban, raising fears of coronavirus spike in provinces". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  242. ^ "Surgical masks soar in price as Indonesia confirms first coronavirus cases". Newsflare. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  243. ^ "In 'virus-free' Indonesia, outbreak fears stoke panic buying frenzy". South China Morning Post. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  244. ^ "Jokowi Warns Against Hoarding of Facemasks Amid Growing Coronavirus Fears". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  245. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Police seize 350 boxes of face masks during raid on suspected hoarder in West Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  246. ^ Technical Brief on the Implications of COVID-19 on Census (PDF). UNFPA.
  247. ^ "Indonesia stock index plunges to three-year low amid virus fears". The Jakarta Post. 26 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  248. ^ "Bank Indonesia cuts rate, revises down growth target amid virus outbreak". The Jakarta Post. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  249. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Indonesian stocks slump 4% upon opening along with regional markets as WHO declares pandemic". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  250. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Trading halted for first time since 2008 over pandemic". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  251. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Rupiah weakens to Rp 15,000 per dollar amid stronger greenback, COVID-19 fears". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  252. ^ Pakasi, Alfred. "Rupiah Rabu Ditutup Melemah ke Rp15.218/USD; Dollar Global Naik sebagai Likuiditas Investor". Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  253. ^ Panjaitan, Selasti. "Setelah Sempat Alami Trading Halt, IHSG Ditutup Anjlok 5.35% Pada Sesi Pertama". Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  254. ^ Hamdani, Trio. "Daftar Mal Tutup Sebagian Toko". detikfinance (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  255. ^ Lidya Julita Sembiring (16 April 2020). "Covid-19 Berkepanjangan, Sri Mulyani Khawatir RI Bisa Resesi".
  256. ^ Bantillo, Pearl (6 May 2020). "Indonesia faces technical recession; partial lockdown to hit Q2 GDP".
  257. ^ "Indonesia's GDP contracts deeper than expected at 5.32% in Q2". The Jakarta Post. 5 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  258. ^ "Indonesian Tourism Buckles as Chinese Tourists Stop Coming". JakartaGlobe. 4 May 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  259. ^ "Bali sees almost 100% drop in foreign tourists". Inquirer.net. 26 April 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  260. ^ "Despite no recorded cases, Bali tourism still catches a cold from COVID-19 outbreak". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  261. ^ Varagur, Krithika (20 February 2020). "'Bali's been through a lot': holiday island's tourism industry hit by coronavirus fears". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  262. ^ "No going back: Bali's Chinese tourists fear coronavirus-hit homeland". The Straits Times. 29 February 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  263. ^ "Potret Penutupan Seluruh Pantai di Kuta Bali". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  264. ^ Laila Afifa (15 April 2020). "Papua PON 2020 Postponed Due to Pandemic". Tempo.co. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  265. ^ Ihsanuddin (23 April 2020). "Wabah Covid-19, Alasan PON di Papua Ditunda hingga Tahun Depan". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  266. ^ Bhwana, Petir Garda (11 March 2020). "Jakarta Formula E Race Postponed Due to Coronavirus Concerns". Tempo. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  267. ^ Bhwana, Petir Garda (11 March 2020). "Jakarta Plans to Stop Public Events as Coronavirus Cases Climb". Tempo. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  268. ^ Liputan6.com (4 March 2020). "Akibat Virus Corona, 6 Konser Ini Batal Digelar di Indonesia". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  269. ^ TV, CNBC Indonesia. "Hammersonic Festival 2020 Batal, akan Ada Kembali pada 2021". lifestyle (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  270. ^ dob. "Gara-gara Corona, Konser Dream Theater di Jakarta Ditunda". lifestyle (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  271. ^ "Japanese rock band ONE OK ROCK postpones Jakarta concert amid coronavirus outbreak". Coconuts Jakarta. Coconuts Media Limited. 17 March 2020. Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  272. ^ "Akibat Virus Corona, 10 DJ Internasional Batal Tampil di We Are Connected Bali, April Ini". Tribun Jabar (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  273. ^ "Dampak Corona, Film KKN di Desa Penari Ditunda Penayangannya di Bioskop". merdeka.com. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  274. ^ "Imbas Virus Corona, Penayangan Film Tersanjung The Movie Ditunda". fimela.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  275. ^ Muchammad Yani (26 March 2020). "Rilis Generasi 90-an: Melankolia Akhirnya Ditunda". MerahPutih.com. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  276. ^ Stanly Ravel (17 March 2020). "IIMS 2020 Ditunda karena Corona, Uang Peserta Pameran Dikembalikan 100 Persen". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  277. ^ Gilang Ramadhan (14 March 2020). "Menhub Budi Karya Sumadi Positif Corona COVID-19". Tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  278. ^ Achmad Dwi Afriyadi (15 April 2020). "Sembuh dari Corona! Budi Karya Sumadi Sudah Kembali ke Rumah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  279. ^ Prih Prawesti Febrian (22 March 2020). "Andrea Dian Umumkan Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  280. ^ Tia Agnes (5 April 2020). "Usai Dinyatakan Sembuh, Andrea Dian Akan Jalani 6 Hari Karantina di Rumah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  281. ^ Isal Mawardi (19 March 2020). "Wali Kota Bogor Bima Arya Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  282. ^ Abu Ubaidillah (11 April 2020). "Usai Dirawat 22 Hari di RSUD, Bima Arya Isolasi Mandiri di Rumah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  283. ^ Prih Prawesti Febrian (22 March 2020). "Pemain Film '3 Srikandi', Detri Warmanto Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  284. ^ Wayan Diananto (27 March 2020). "Detri Warmanto Sembuh dari Corona Covid 19 Setelah Isolasi Diri 7 Hari". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  285. ^ Erna Mardiana (23 March 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Bandung Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  286. ^ Putra Prima Perdana (27 March 2020). Farid Assifa (ed.). "Sudah Sembuh, Wakil Wali Kota Bandung Sebut Proses Penyembuhan Corona Sangat Berat". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  287. ^ Abba Gabrillin, ed. (24 March 2020). "Bupati Karawang Cellica Nurrachadiana Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  288. ^ Farida Farhan (13 April 2020). Farid Assifa (ed.). "Kabar Baik, Bupati Karawang Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  289. ^ a b Ibnu Hariyanto (24 March 2020). "Wakil Ketua dan Anggota Ombudsman Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  290. ^ a b Nidaul 'Urwatul Wutsqa (8 April 2020). Pravitri Retno Widyastuti (ed.). "Kabar Baik, 2 Komisioner Ombudsman dan 1 ASN Sembuh dari Corona". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  291. ^ Edi Sumardi, ed. (25 March 2020). "BREAKING NEWS: Mantan Rektor Unhas Idrus A Paturusi Dikabarkan Positif Terinfeksi Virus Corona". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  292. ^ Adhi Muhammad Daryono (26 March 2020). Erandhi Hutomo Saputra (ed.). "Mantan Rektor Unhas, Prof Idrus Paturusi, Positif Virus Corona". Kumparan.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  293. ^ Thamzil Thahir, ed. (3 April 2020). "Ventilator Terbatas, Sembuhnya Prof Idrus Paturusi Jadi Penyemangat Tim Medis di Sulsel". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  294. ^ "Striker Persib Wander Luiz Konfirmasi Positif Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 27 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  295. ^ Kevin Topan Kristianto (15 April 2020). Ferril Dennys (ed.). "Wander Luiz dan Ayahnya Resmi Dinyatakan Negatif Covid-19, Setelah Lakukan Tes Kedua". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  296. ^ Bangun Santoso (30 March 2020). "Pengakuan Anggota DPRD Sulteng Usai Dinyatakan Positif Corona". Suara.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  297. ^ Heri Susanto (8 April 2020). "Pesan Menyentuh Anggota DPRD Sulteng Setelah Sembuh dari Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  298. ^ Trio Hamdani (6 April 2020). "Motivator Bisnis Tung Desem Waringin Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  299. ^ Ria Sari Febrianti (23 April 2020). "Sembuh, Ini Kiat Tung Desem Waringin Lumpuhkan Covid-19". Solopos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  300. ^ "Wali Kota ODP, Sekda Palangka Raya Positif COVID-19" (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  301. ^ "Sekda Palangka Raya Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Virus Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 25 May 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  302. ^ Muhammad Taufiqqurrahman (7 April 2020). "Berstatus OTG, Andi Darussalam Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  303. ^ Muhammad Nur Abdurrahman (21 April 2020). "Sembuh dari COVID-19, Andi Darussalam Isolasi Mandiri di Rumah". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  304. ^ Mauludi Rismoyo (15 April 2020). "Twindy Rarasati Positif COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  305. ^ Rintan Puspita Sari (2 May 2020). Dian Maharani (ed.). "Twindy Rarasati Sembuh dari Covid-19, Kini Isolasi Mandiri di Rumah". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  306. ^ Muhammad Riyas (16 April 2020). "Hasil Tes Swab Keluar, Wabup Tana Toraja Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  307. ^ Dewi Agustina, ed. (29 April 2020). "Wakil Bupati Tana Toraja Victor Datuan Sembuh dari Corona Setelah 14 Hari Diisolasi di RSUD". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  308. ^ Selfie Miftahul Jannah (28 April 2020). "Wali Kota Palangka Raya Fairid Naparin Positif Corona Tanpa Gejala". Tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  309. ^ Kasriadi; Muhammad Arif Hidayat (20 May 2020). Endang Sukarelawati (ed.). "Wali Kota Palangka Raya sembuh dari COVID-19" (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  310. ^ Fatimah Yamin (1 June 2020). Farid Assifa (ed.). "Sulamah, Istri Wali Kota Tidore Kepulauan, Meninggal karena Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  311. ^ Hijrah Ibrahim (26 June 2020). "Wali Kota Tidore Kepulauan Sembuh Dari Covid-19". MediaIndonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  312. ^ Leo Prima; Yus Rizal (2 June 2020). "Bupati Melawi, Kalbar: Saya dan Keluarga Positif COVID-19". Kumparan.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  313. ^ Hendra Cipta (20 June 2020). "Bupati Melawi dan Seluruh Keluarganya Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Virus Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  314. ^ a b Adinda Azmarani (19 June 2020). "Dokter Tri Maharani dan Cerita Kesembuhan Covid-19". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  315. ^ Rahmadhani (23 June 2020). Abba Gabrillin (ed.). "Mantan Wakil Wali Kota Padang Panjang Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  316. ^ Rahmadhani (10 July 2020). Aprillia Ika (ed.). "Tak Punya Riwayat Penyakit Lain, Mantan Wakil Wali Kota Padang Panjang Sembuh dari Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  317. ^ Zakarias Demon Daton (15 July 2020). "Wakil Gubernur Kalimantan Timur Positif Terinfeksi Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  318. ^ Muhammad Ali (27 July 2020). "Wagub Kaltim Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Corona COVID-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  319. ^ Raja Adil Siregar (17 July 2020). "Wakil Bupati OKU Selatan Positif Corona". Detik.com. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  320. ^ Muhammad Ali (29 July 2020). "Wakil Bupati OKU Selatan sembuh dari COVID-19". Antaranews.com. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  321. ^ Hasrul Nawir (21 July 2020). "Wakil Bupati Barru Sulsel Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  322. ^ Darullah (12 August 2020). "Alhamdulillah, Wakil Bupati Barru Kini Sembuh dari Virus Corona". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  323. ^ Ari Himawan Sarono (22 July 2020). "Bupati Pemalang dan Istri Positif Covid-19, Kini Dirawat di RS". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  324. ^ Robby Bernardi (5 August 2020). "Sudah Sembuh dan Ngantor Lagi, Ini Tips Bupati Pemalang Kalahkan COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  325. ^ Dewantara (22 July 2020). "Wakil Bupati Kotawaringin Barat Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  326. ^ Dewantara (19 August 2020). "28 Hari Isolasi Mandiri, Wakil Bupati Kotawaringin Barat Sembuh dari Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  327. ^ Setyo Puji (24 July 2020). "Setelah Bertemu Jokowi, Wakil Wali Kota Solo Dinyatakan Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  328. ^ Syarif Hasan Salampessy (28 July 2020). "Dinyatakan Sembuh Corona, Purnomo Pilih Karantina Mandiri" (in Indonesian). Radio Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  329. ^ Amriza Nursatria (27 July 2020). "Bupati Ogan Ilir Ilyas Panji Alam Positif Corona, Tetap Bekerja walau Karantina Mandiri di Rumah Dinas". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  330. ^ Raja Adil Siregar (6 August 2020). "Sempat Positif, Bupati Ogan Ilir Sumsel Sembuh dari Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  331. ^ "Baru Dilantik Jokowi 27 Juli, Gubernur Kepri Positif Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 1 August 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  332. ^ Nila Chrisna Yulika (13 August 2020). "Gubernur Kepulauan Riau Isdianto Sembuh dari COVID-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  333. ^ "Plt Walkot Medan Akhyar Positif Corona Usai dari Jakarta". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 5 August 2020. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  334. ^ Ahmad Arfah (20 August 2020). "Plt Wali Kota Medan Sembuh dari Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  335. ^ "Bupati Buton Positif Covid-19 Tanpa Gejala". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 7 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  336. ^ La Ode Ali (15 August 2020). "Sempat Terpapar Corona, Ini Pengakuan Bupati Buton dan Penjelasan Dinas Kesehatan". Takawanews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  337. ^ Agus Setyadi (11 August 2020). "Bupati Aceh Singkil dan Istri Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  338. ^ Amiruddin Abdullah Reubee (24 August 2020). "Bupati Singkil dan Istri Sembuh Dari Covid-19". MediaIndonesia.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  339. ^ Alam Islam (15 August 2020). "Mantan Bupati Tanggamus Positif Covid-19, Gugus Tugas Periksa 104 Orang". Radar Lampung. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  340. ^ "Mantan Bupati Tanggamus Sembuh dari Covid 19". www.radartanggamus.co.id (in Indonesian). 25 August 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  341. ^ Putu Merta Surya Putra (20 August 2020). "Wali Kota Lubuklinggau Dirawat di Jakarta karena Positif Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  342. ^ Aji YK Putra (4 September 2020). "Dua Pekan Dirawat karena Covid-19, Wali Kota Lubuk Linggau Sembuh". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  343. ^ Baharudin Al Farisi (20 September 2020). "Elvy Sukaesih Positif COVID-19, Ceritakan Gejala dan Merahasiakan". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  344. ^ Abdul Rahman (21 September 2020). "Sembuh dari COVID-19, Elvy Sukaesih Jalani 2 Kali Karantina". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  345. ^ Perdana Putra (19 August 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Payakumbuh Positif Covid-19 gara-gara Terima Tamu dari Padang". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  346. ^ Akmal Saputra (17 September 2020). "Wawako Payakumbuh sembuh dari COVID-19 setelah 32 hari isolasi mandiri". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  347. ^ Perdana Putra (23 August 2020). "Bupati Padang Pariaman Ali Mukhni Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  348. ^ Muhammad Ridwan (6 September 2020). "Jelang Pendaftaran Pilgub Sumbar, Ali Mukhni Dinyatakan Negatif Korona". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  349. ^ Jeka Kampai (27 August 2020). "Pulang dari Jakarta, Wali Kota Solok Sumbar Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  350. ^ Laila Syafarud (15 September 2020). "Wali Kota Solok Zul Elfian dinyatakan sembuh dari COVID-19". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  351. ^ "Penyidik KPK Novel Baswedan Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 28 August 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  352. ^ Ardito Ramadhan (8 September 2020). "Novel Baswedan dan Keluarga Sembuh dari Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  353. ^ Daspriani Zamzami (28 August 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Banda Aceh Zainal Arifin Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  354. ^ a b Agus Setyadi (17 September 2020). "Kabar Baik! Wabup Pidie-Wakil Walkot Banda Aceh Sembuh dari Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  355. ^ Novia Harlina (31 August 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Padang Terkonfirmasi Positif Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  356. ^ Rahmadhani (6 September 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Padang Sembuh dari Covid-19, Sudah Beraktivitas Seperti Biasa". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  357. ^ Kiki Andi Pati (2 September 2020). "Wakil Gubernur Sulawesi Tenggara Positif Covid-19, Tanpa Gejala". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  358. ^ Fadli Aksar (20 September 2020). "Sembuh dari Covid-19, Lukman Abunawas Kembali Bekerja". Zonasultra.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  359. ^ "Tanpa Gejala, Bupati Rokan Hilir Suyatno Positif Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 3 September 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  360. ^ Nasuha Nasution (10 September 2020). "Suyatno Hari Ini Tes Kesehatan untuk Pilkada di Riau, Tersisa Satu Bapaslon yang Belum Bisa Ikut". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  361. ^ Hendra Cipta (3 September 2020). "Wali Kota Singkawang Tjhai Chui Mie Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  362. ^ Hendra Cipta (11 September 2020). "Wali Kota Singkawang Sembuh dari Virus Corona". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  363. ^ Margaret Sarita (5 September 2020). "Pulang dari Jakarta, Plt Bupati Kutai Timur Positif Covid 19, Terungkap Saat Mau Daftar ke KPU". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  364. ^ "Sembuh dari COVID-19, Kasmidi Beri Dukungan ke Pasien Terpapar Cepat Pulih" (in Indonesian). Government of East Kutai Regency. 19 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  365. ^ Kiki Andi Pati (7 September 2020). "Bupati Muna Barat Positif Corona, Mendaftar Sebagai Calon Bupati Muna". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  366. ^ Herlis Omputo Sangia (15 September 2020). "Rajiun Tumada Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Covid-19". Lenterasultra.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  367. ^ "Bakal Calon Kepala Daerah di Mansel, Siap Bertarung di Pilkada 2020". Jagatpapua.com (in Indonesian). 6 October 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  368. ^ Toyiban (6 October 2020). "Bupati Manokwari Selatan sembuh dari COVID-19". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). LKBN Antara. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  369. ^ "Wakil Bupati Agam Trinda Farhan Satria Positif Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 7 September 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  370. ^ Riki Chandra (21 September 2020). "Dua Calon Bupati Agam Sembuh dari Corona". Tagar.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  371. ^ Ira Gita Natalia Sembiring (7 September 2020). "Aktor Senior Piet Pagau Dinyatakan Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  372. ^ Baharudin Al Farisi (18 September 2020). "3 Kali Swab Hasil Negatif, Piet Pagau Sembuh dari Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  373. ^ Putu Merta Surya Putra (8 September 2020). "Menteri KKP Edhy Prabowo Positif COVID-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  374. ^ Yaspen Martinus, ed. (28 September 2020). "Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Edhy Prabowo Sembuh, Anak Buahnya Meninggal Akibat Covid-19". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  375. ^ Raja Adil Siregar (11 September 2020). "Bupati Heri Amalindo Tambah Daftar Kepala Daerah di Sumsel Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  376. ^ Raja Adil Siregar (23 September 2020). "Bupati PALI Sembuh dari Corona, Penetapan Calon Pilkada Tunggu Tes Kesehatan". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  377. ^ Agus Setyadi (12 September 2020). "Wakil Bupati Pidie Aceh Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  378. ^ Rindi Nuris Velarosdela (13 September 2020). "Sekda DKI dan Wali Kota Jakarta Barat Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  379. ^ Mohamad Yan Yusuf (24 September 2020). "Sembuh dari Covid-19, Wali Kota Jakarta Barat Isolasi Mandiri". Okezone.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  380. ^ Ferdi Almunanda (13 September 2020). "Walkot Jambi Positif Corona, Akui Tak Alami Gejala". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  381. ^ Bangun Santoso (14 October 2020). "Sebulan Jalani Perawatan, Wali Kota Jambi Akhirnya Sembuh dari Covid-19". Suara.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  382. ^ Fauzan (15 September 2020). "Bupati Jeneponto, Iksan Iskandar dan Istri Positif Covid-19". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  383. ^ "Sembuh dari Corona, Bupati Jeneponto Mulai Berkantor Senin Besok". Sindonews.com (in Indonesian). 27 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  384. ^ Ahmad Arfah (15 September 2020). "Bupati Sergai Soekirman Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  385. ^ Ahmad Arfah (28 September 2020). "Sembuh dari Corona, Bupati Sergai Ikuti Tes Kesehatan untuk Pilkada 2020". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  386. ^ "Eks Bupati Indramayu Supendi Positif Corona, Isolasi di Lapas Sukamiskin". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 16 September 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  387. ^ Dony Indra Ramadhan (28 September 2020). "Sembuh COVID-19, Eks Bupati Indramayu Supendi Kembali ke Sukamiskin". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  388. ^ "Dirawat di RSPAD, Dino Patti Djalal Positif COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 16 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  389. ^ "Dino Patti Djalal Sembuh dari Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 30 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  390. ^ "Ketua KPU Arief Budiman Positif Covid-19". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 18 September 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  391. ^ "Negatif Covid-19, Arief Budiman Kembali Jabat Ketua KPU Besok". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 26 October 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  392. ^ "Bupati Aceh Barat Positif Covid-19". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 20 September 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  393. ^ Teuku Dedi Iskandar (28 September 2020). "Bupati Aceh Barat sembuh dari COVID-19". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  394. ^ a b Daspriani Y. Zamzami (19 September 2020). Abba Gabrillin (ed.). "Bupati dan Wakil Bupati Kabupaten Simeuleu Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  395. ^ Agus Setyadi (1 October 2020). "Bupati Simeulue Sembuh dari Corona, Wabup Tunggu Swab Kedua". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  396. ^ "Wabup Afridawati Hadiri Rapat Paripurna Istimewa DPRK Simeulue" (in Indonesian). Simeulue Regency Government. 5 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  397. ^ Fitria Chusna Farisa (21 September 2020). "Menteri Agama Fachrul Razi Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  398. ^ "Menteri Agama Fachrul Razi Dinyatakan Negatif Covid-19". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 1 October 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  399. ^ Wisang Seto Pangaribowo (21 September 2020). "Mantan Wali Kota Yogyakarta Herry Zudianto Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  400. ^ @herry_zudianto (24 September 2020). "Alhamdulillah, doa dari semua saudara sahabat dan teman, hasil saya : Rapid Test = negatif PCR Test = negatif Ct Scan = paru2 normal. Mari kita terus disiplin protokol kesehatan disemua aktivitas diluar rumah agar Covid-19 dijauhkan dari diri kita. Salam Sehat" (Tweet) (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020 – via Twitter. line feed character in |title= at position 70 (help)
  401. ^ Baharudin Al Farisi (22 September 2020). "Komedian Nunung Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  402. ^ Melvina Tionardus (9 October 2020). "Sembuh dari Covid-19, Nunung Lebih Waspada dan Masih Paranoid". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  403. ^ Fitri Rachmawati (22 September 2020). "Bupati Lombok Timur Positif Covid19, Sopir dan Pelayan Tertular". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  404. ^ Ramli Nurawang (7 October 2020). "Sembuh dari Corona, Bupati Lombok Timur: Lebih Baik Fokus Dirawat di Rumah Sakit". iNews.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  405. ^ "Bupati Bireun dan Ajudan Positif Corona". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 25 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  406. ^ Yusmandin Idris (7 October 2020). "Bupati Bireuen Selesai Jalani Isolasi dan Dinyatakan Sembuh dari Covid-19, Begini Kondisi Terkini". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  407. ^ Marlinda Oktavia Erwanti (27 September 2020). "Sylviana Murni Positif Terpapar COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  408. ^ @sylvianamurni_ (27 October 2020). "Assalamu'alaikum Wr. Wb Selamat sore sahabat2 FaWs ku tercinta Terima kasih sahabat2 ku tersayang Family and Women Specialist Members walaupun ultah ku 11 Oktober 2020 yang lalu, 16 hari yang lalu, namun kue kesukaan ku menyambut ku di depan rumah ku saat aku kembali ke Rumahku surga ku, Alhamdulillaah Terima kasih Doa nya FaW's dan Keluarga tercinta, doa terbaik saya juga saya haturkan In Syaa Allah kita sehat bahagia dan setiap langkah slalu dalam Ridho Allah SWT, Tuhan Yang Maha Segalanya, Al Fathihaah, Aamiin...99x Wassalam Sylviana Murni dan Keluarga @lionsclubs307a1 @lionsclubs307b1 @lionsclubs" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020 – via Instagram.
  409. ^ Adi Sunaryo (28 September 2020). "Bupati Lamteng Loekman Djoyo dan Istri Positif Covid-19 Usai dari Jakarta". Lampost.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  410. ^ Abdul Gafur (10 October 2020). "Loekman Djoyosoemarto Sembuh dan Diperbolehkan Pulang". Lampost.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  411. ^ "Informasi Mengenai Kondisi Kesehatan Flora Shafiq (Team T)" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  412. ^ a b "Informasi Mengenai Kondisi Kesehatan Febriola Sinambela dan Flora Shafiq (Team T)" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  413. ^ Banda Haruddin Tanjung (28 September 2020). "Wakil Bupati Kuansing Riau Positif Covid-19". Okezone.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  414. ^ Dian Maja Palti Siahaan (12 October 2020). "Sempat Polemik, Akhirnya Gugus Tugas Resmi Nyatakan Wabup Kuansing Halim Sembuh dari Covid-19". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  415. ^ Adi Saputro (30 September 2020). "Wakil Gubernur Kalbar Ria Norsan Positif COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  416. ^ Yusron Fahmi (30 October 2020). "Wagub Kalbar Ria Norsan Negatif Covid-19 Setelah 3 Pekan Dirawat". Liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  417. ^ Adi Saputro (1 October 2020). "Wakil Bupati Kubu Raya Sujiwo Positif COVID-19: Badan Terasa Remuk". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  418. ^ Husna Rahmayunita (4 November 2020). "Cerita Wakil Bupati Kubu Raya Sujiwo Berjuang Lawan Covid-19 hingga Sembuh". Suara.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  419. ^ Jaka Hendra Baittri (4 October 2020). "Bupati Muaro Jambi Masnah Busro Terkonfirmasi Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  420. ^ Nanang Mairiadi; Dodi Saputra (26 October 2020). "Bupati Muarojambi salah satu pasien sembuh COVID-19 hari ini". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  421. ^ "Informasi Mengenai Kondisi Kesehatan Febriola Sinambela (Team T)" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  422. ^ Ady Prawira Riandi (9 October 2020). "Positif Covid-19, Raam Punjabi dan Istri Diduga Terpapar dari ART". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  423. ^ Salman Al Farisi (3 November 2020). "Kisah-Kisah Penyintas Covid 19: Raam dan Raakhee Punjabi Masih Harus Isirahat Di Rumah". Smol.id (in Indonesian). Suluh Media Network. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  424. ^ Khairina, ed. (11 October 2020). "Wakil Bupati Kayong Utara Kalbar Positif Covid-19, Masuk Klaster MTQ Sekadau". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  425. ^ Teguh Imam Wibowo, ed. (13 October 2020). "Wakil Bupati Kayong Utara kini negatif COVID-19". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  426. ^ Syarifudin (10 October 2020). "Bupati Dompu Dinyatakan Positif Covid-19, Hasil Rapid Test Non Reaktif". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  427. ^ "Setelah Bupati, Wakil Bupati Dompu Juga Terjangkit Korona". Jawapos.com (in Indonesian). 19 October 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  428. ^ a b @netty_heryawan (21 November 2020). "Assalaamualaikum, Apa kabar sahabat? Alhamdulillah berbagi kabar gembira disertai syukur yang tak terhingga kepada Allah Swt, setelah tanggal 22 Oktober 2020 dinyatakan positif Covid19 dan isolasi mandiri selama 26 hari, swab ke-2 dan ke-3 masih positif, alhamdulillah kemarin hasil swab yang ke-4 dan ke-5 tanggal 18 November 2020, saya dinyatakan negatif, Terima kasih atas doa tulus dan supportnya buat kesembuhan saya, Mohon maaf ya cukup lama 'menghilang' dari obrolan dan hiruk pikuk dunia dan media, Semoga kita semua senantiasa dijaga dan dilindungi oleh Allah Swt. Aamiin. Jangan lupa, disiplin Protokol Kesehatan, 3 M, Have a nice weekend all, #pandemic #covid_19 #protokolkesehatan #protokol3M #pakaimasker #cucitangan #cucitanganpakaisabun #jagajarak #jagaimunitas #jagaimanamanimun" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 November 2020 – via Instagram.
  429. ^ Teuku Dedi Iskandar (25 October 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Subulussalam-Aceh dinyatakan positif COVID-19". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  430. ^ Khalidin (3 November 2020). "Masa Karantina Wakil Wali Kota Subulussalam Berakhir, Begini Kondisinya Terkini". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  431. ^ "Informasi Mengenai Kondisi Kesehatan Viona Fadrin (Team T)" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  432. ^ Adi Sunaryo (27 October 2020). "Pjs Bupati Lamteng Adi Erlansyah Positif Covid-19". Lampost.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  433. ^ Adi Sunaryo (16 November 2020). Teguh Imam Wibowo (ed.). "Cerita Pjs Bupati Lamteng Adi Erliansyah Bangkit Lawan Covid-19". Lampost.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  434. ^ Angling Adhitya Purbaya (3 November 2020). "Wali Kota Semarang Hendrar Prihadi Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  435. ^ Angling Adhitya Purbaya (11 November 2020). "Wali Kota Semarang Sembuh dari Corona Setelah 10 Hari Dirawat di RS". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  436. ^ Chaidir Anwar Tanjung (9 November 2020). "Calon Wali Kota Dumai Eko Suharjo Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  437. ^ Abdul Razak (25 November 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Dumai meninggal bukan akibat COVID-19, sebut satgas". Antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News Agency. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  438. ^ Aji YK Putra (13 November 2020). "Bupati Empat Lawang, Istri dan Sopir Pribadinya Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  439. ^ "Jumhur Hidayat-Gus Nur Positif Corona, Dibantarkan di RS Polri". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 15 November 2020. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  440. ^ Adi Prawira Riandi (18 November 2020). "Kondisi Terkini Mamah Dedeh Usai Dinyatakan Positif COVID-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  441. ^ Afdhalul Ikhsan (18 November 2020). "Bupati Bogor Ade Yasin Positif COVID-19, Awalnya Rasakan Demam Tapi Badan Tidak Panas". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  442. ^ Dewantara (19 November 2020). "Jelang Debat Kedua, Cagub Petahana Kalteng Sugianto Sabran Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  443. ^ "Ketum NasDem Surya Paloh Positif Covid-19". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 23 November 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  444. ^ Muhamad Syahri Romdhon (23 November 2020). "Flu Saat Tes Swab, Wali Kota Cirebon Nashrudin Azis Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  445. ^ Hana Purwadi (24 November 2020). "Wakil Wali Kota Probolinggo HM Soufis Subri Positif Covid-19, Dirawat di RS Surabaya". Inews.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  446. ^ Muhammad Riduan (25 November 2020). "BREAKING NEWS Walikota Samarinda Syaharie Jaang Positif Covid-19, Sedang Isolasi Mandiri di Rumah". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  447. ^ Vitorio Mantalean (26 November 2020). "Calon Wali Kota Depok Mohammad Idris Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  448. ^ Rosiana Haryanti (29 November 2020). "Wagub DKI Riza Patria Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  449. ^ "Ketum PBNU Said Aqil Positif Corona, Tegaskan COVID-19 Bukan Aib". Detik.com (in Indonesian). 29 November 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  450. ^ Muhammad Ilman Nafian (1 December 2020). "Anies Baswedan Positif COVID-19". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  451. ^ Idon Tanjung (1 December 2020). "Gubernur Riau Syamsuar Positif Covid-19". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  452. ^ Dewi Rina Cahyani (24 March 2020). "Staf Khusus Menperin Amir Sambodo Meninggal, Diduga Corona". Tempo.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  453. ^ Dony Indra Ramadhan (27 March 2020). "Wakil Ketua PDIP Jabar Meninggal Terpapar Virus Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  454. ^ Rolando Fransiscus Sihombing; Isal Mawardi (28 March 2020). "Anggota DPR Imam Suroso yang Meninggal Dunia Positif Corona". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 August 2020.