The 2018 Asian Para Games (Indonesian: Pesta Olahraga Difabel Asia 2018, Asian Para Games 2018), officially known as the III Asian Para Games, and commonly known as the Indonesia 2018 Asian Para Games, was a pan-Asian multi-sport event that held from 6 to 13 October 2018 in Indonesia's capital city of Jakarta. The event paralleled the 2018 Asian Games and was held for Asian athletes with disability.
|Host city||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Motto||The Inspiring Spirit and Energy of Asia|
|Events||506 in 18 sports|
|Opening ceremony||6 October|
|Closing ceremony||13 October|
|Officially opened by||Joko Widodo|
President of Indonesia
|Officially closed by||Majid Rashed|
President of the Asian Paralympic Committee
|Athlete's Oath||Banyu Tri Mulyo|
|Judge's Oath||Bayu Widi|
|Coach's Oath||Dinda Ayu Sekartaji|
|Torch lighter||Jendi Panggabean|
|Main venue||Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (opening ceremony)|
Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium (closing ceremony)
It was the first time Indonesia hosted the games. Events were held in the host city Jakarta and in Bogor Regency of West Java province. The opening ceremony was held at Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium, while the closing ceremony was held at Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium next door. The games saw the debut of Bhutan as a participating nation and the introduction of chess to the Asian Para Games' program, with the removal of rowing, sailing, 5 and 7-a-side football, wheelchair dancesport and wheelchair rugby.
China led the medal tally for the third consecutive time. North Korea and South Korea march under the Korean Unification Flag at the opening ceremony and for the first time competed as a unified team in some events. They also won their first medals, one silver and one bronze medal as a unified team. In addition, Philippines and Kuwait won their first ever Asian Para Games gold medals, while Laos and East Timor won their first ever Asian Para Games medals including their first gold medals. There were 16 world, 63 Asian and 246 Asian Para Games records broken during the Games.
As is the tradition of the event, since 2010, the Asian Para Games are usually held after every Asian Games in the same host country. On 29 February 2016, Indonesia signed the 2018 Asian Para Games host city contract at a ceremony in Jakarta, having confirmed as host city of the event on 21 October 2014 in Incheon, South Korea. A local organising committee named the Indonesia Asian Para Games Organizing Committee (INAPGOC) led by Raja Sapta Oktohari was formed soon after it was appointed host country of the 2018 Asian Para Games for all preparations, opening, organising, and finalizing the implementation of the event.
Development and preparationsEdit
Like the torch relay of the 2018 Asian Games, the torch relay began at the Mrapen in Central Java on 5 September 2018 where the torch was lit using the Indonesian natural eternal flame to mark the 30-day countdown to the event. The flame was passed to another 8 Indonesian cities. Below is the schedule of the relay:
- Solo (Surakarta), Central Java (5 September)
- Ternate, North Maluku (9 September)
- Makassar, South Sulawesi (12 September)
- Denpasar, Bali (16 September)
- Pontianak, West Kalimantan (19 September)
- Medan, North Sumatera (23 September)
- Pangkal Pinang, Bangka Belitung Islands (26 September)
- Jakarta (Host city, 30 September)
A day before the torch relay, the games' torch was introduced, in which its design is inspired by Batik parang motif.
The emblem of the games was Harmony - Energy of Asia, modelled upon the circular roof of the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, the main venue of the games. It represented harmony and balance within the natural environment and the people of the Asian community. The moving man in the center of the circle symbolize the movement and energy of the 2018 Asian Para Games participating athletes in achieving victory, while the 3 curves surrounding the man's silhouette represents unity in diversity among Asian countries for mutual achievement. 5 different colours are used in the logo to represent the basic elements in Asian philosophy of Living and togetherness. Blue symbolized the sky, orange symbolized the sun, green symbolized the nature, purple symbolized proximity, wisdom, loyalty, and pride and red symbolized the spirit of solidarity.
The official mascot of the Games is a Bondol eagle named Momo whose name is short for motivation and mobility. Momo represents the icon of the capital city of Jakarta and also represents spirit. Momo wears a Betawinese Belt with Sarong.
On 5 October 2018, Indonesia Asian Para Games Organizing Committee (INAPGOC) released the medal design to the public which is inspired by the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympics medal, featuring the Asian Para Games logo on the obverse and the braille letters on the reverse. Each medal contains differing numbers of metal balls to allow the visually impaired to audibly distinguish their colour by shaking them.
Merchandises including the mascot plush toy were sold at the Gelora Bung Karno Main stadium area including the super store during the games.
Six songs were released to promote the games, including the official theme song "Song of Victory", which was used as the background music for the games' broadcast title sequence. Two songs were not specifically composed for the games, like "Sang Juara" by Naura and Zizi, which is a version of the former's 2017 song "Juara" and a short version of 2016-released song "Manusia Kuat" by Tulus.
|1.||"Song of Victory"||Ezra Lilipory||3:00|
|2.||"Sang Juara" (The Champion)||Andi Rianto||3:03|
|3.||"I Wanna Dance"||3:32|
|5.||"Kita Semua Sama" (We are All the Same)||Kevaz Jones||4:11|
|6.||"Manusia Kuat" (Strong Human)||Tulus||Tulus||3:05|
|Basketball Hall||Wheelchair basketball||2,400|
|Hockey Field (Court 2)||Lawn bowls||818|
|Main Stadium||Opening ceremony, Athletics||77,193|
|Madya Stadium||Closing ceremony||9,170|
|Tennis Indoor Stadium||Sitting volleyball||3,750|
|Cempaka Putih Sports Hall||Chess||Cempaka Putih|
|Jakarta International Expo||Judo||Kemayoran|
|Jakarta International Velodrome||Cycling (track)||3,000||Rawamangun|
|POPKI Sports Hall||Wheelchair fencing||Cibubur|
|Ecovention Ancol||Table tennis||Ancol|
|Jaya Ancol Bowling Center||Bowling|
|Klub Kelapa Gading||Wheelchair tennis||Kelapa Gading|
|Tanjung Priok Sports Hall||Boccia||Tanjung Priok|
Jakarta Suburb (West Java)Edit
|Sentul International Circuit||Cycling (road race)||50,000||Babakan Madang, Bogor Regency|
Like during the 2018 Asian Games, TransJakarta provides free bus rides involving 300 disabled-friendly buses which consists of 200 low-entry buses and 100 high-entry buses during the games for disabled athletes everyday and on weekend days during the games for the locals to encourage people to watch the games.
The opening ceremony of the 2018 Asian Para Games took place on Saturday, 6 October 2018, at the Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia. The event commenced at 19:00 Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7) and ended at 21:43 local time. Jay Subiyakto was the Associate creative director of the ceremony. North and South Korea delegates marched together under one unified flag of Korea for the first time.
| style="text-align: left; vertical-align: top; " |
- Archery (9)
- Athletics (161)
- Badminton (19)
- Boccia (7)
- Bowling (18)
- Chess (24)
- Cycling (27)
- Goalball (2)
- Judo (15)
- Lawn bowls (15)
- Powerlifting (20)
- Shooting (13)
- Sitting volleyball (2)
- Swimming (106)
- Table tennis (42)
- Wheelchair basketball (2)
- Wheelchair fencing (18)
- Wheelchair tennis (6)
In addition, there were 16 non-medal events contested at the games, 6 in Athletics and 10 in Swimming.
Participating National Paralympic CommitteesEdit
43 members of the Asian Paralympic Committee participated at the Games. In addition, the two Koreas competed as one joint team in selected events, the first time doing so in any para sport event which makes it the 44th participant of the games. Both nations also marched together under one flag during the opening and closing ceremonies. Bhutan and Yemen participated for the first time.
Below is a list of all the participating NPCs. The number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.
|Participating National Paralympic Committees|
- Number of athletes by National Paralympic Committees (by highest to lowest)
|UAE||United Arab Emirates||42|
* Including athletes represented Korea (12). Unlike Asian Games, athletes of unified Korean team at the games also competed under respective national team in individual events.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medal events||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Daily medal events||25||91||96||102||74||96||22||506|
The 2018 Asian Para Games closing ceremony was held on Saturday, 13 October 2018 at the Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium in Jakarta. In addition to local artists and a Hangzhou Asian Para Games promotional video segment, the South Korean girlband AOA performed in the ceremony. Vice Mayor of Hangzhou Wang Hong received the APC flag as the host of the next Games.
The 2018 Asian Para Games had 506 events, resulted in 506 medal sets being distributed. One additional gold medal was awarded as there was a first-place tie in Swimming men's S7 100 m backstroke event. As a consequence, no silver medal was awarded in that event. One additional silver medal was awarded as there was a second-place tie in Athletics men's T45/46/47 high jump event. As a consequence, no bronze medal was awarded in that event.
Two bronze medals were awarded in most events in racket sports (18 in Badminton, 23 in Table tennis and 12 in Wheelchair fencing) and one martial art (15 in Judo). Furthermore, there was a third-place tie in the Bowling mixed singles TPB10 event, giving a total of 69 additional bronze medals.
On the other hand, 7 silvers and 37 bronze medals were not awarded in 37 events in 7 sports due to lack of participants: 2 bronze each in Archery and chess, 1 silver and 4 bronze in cycling, 4 bronze in lawn bowls, 6 silver and 18 bronzes in athletics, 1 bronze in swimming and 6 bronzes in table tennis. A silver medal was not awarded in judo due to the disqualification of a judoka in the finals. Some medals in athletics and judo were reallocated due to doping violation.
As a result, a total of 1,541 medals comprising 507 gold medals, 497 silver medals and 537 bronze medals were awarded to athletes.
|2||South Korea (KOR)||54||44||46||144|
|10||Hong Kong (HKG)||11||16||21||48|
|14||Sri Lanka (SRI)||5||5||5||15|
|17||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||2||9||14||25|
|18||United Arab Emirates (UAE)||2||6||3||11|
|19||Saudi Arabia (KSA)||2||3||3||8|
|Totals (33 NPCs)||507||497||537||1541|
Official changes by countryEdit
In accordance with the APC Anti-Doping Rules, expired the result of Mirzaev Nurbek in Judo Men’s 81kg event and Abdullaeva Kamolakhon in Women’s Long Jump T45/46/47. South Korea secures gold in judo after Chinese judoka’s disqualification in Judo Women’s +70 kg event.
The official result of Men’s 81kg was revised as follows:
Gold: Lee Jungmin (KOR)
Bronze: Jafari Seyed Omid (IRI)
Bronze: Kitazono Aramitsu (JPN)
The official result of the Women’s Long Jump T45/46/47 was revised as follows:
Gold: Lallwala Palliyagurunnans Amara Indumathi Karunathi (SRI)
Silver: Bornaki Zahra (IRI)
Bronze: Dissanayaka Mudiyanselage Kumudu Priyanka (SRI)
NPCs without medalEdit
- Afghanistan (AFG)
- Bhutan (BHU)
- Brunei (BRU)
- Cambodia (CAM)
- North Korea (PRK)
- Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)
- Lebanon (LBN)
- Nepal (NEP)
- Palestine (PLE)
- Tajikistan (TJK)
- Yemen (YEM)
|Athletics||Men's Discus Throw F51/52/53||Iran (IRI)||Hossein Khorsandamiri||Asadollah Azimi||Alireza Mokhtari Hemami|
|Men's Discus Throw F54/55/56||Alireza Ghaleh Nasseri||Jalil Bagheri Jeddi||Hamed Amiri|
|Men's Javelin Throw F56/57||Mohammad Alvanpour||Amanolah Papi||Mohammad Khalvandi|
|Men's 5000m T11||Japan (JPN)||Kenya Karasawa||Shinya Wada||Masahiro Taniguchi|
|Women's 1500m T20||Sayaka Makita||Moeko Yamamoto||Misaki Ari|
|Women's Shot Put F35/36/37||China (CHN)||Mi Na||Li Yingli||Wu Qing|
|Men's High Jump T42/63||India (IND)||Sharad Kumar||Varun Bhati||Mariyappan Thangavelu|
|Women's 100m T13||Indonesia (INA)||Putri Aulia||Ni Made Arianti||Endang Sari Sitorus|
|Men's 200m T42/63||Sri Lanka (SRI)||Prasan Warnakulasooriya||Chuladasa Abarana||Buddika Indrapala|
|Men's 1500m T53/54||Thailand (THA)||Prawat Wahoram||Putharet Khongrak||Rawat Tana|
|Shooting||Women's 50m Rifle Three Position SH1||China (CHN)||Zhang Cuiping||Yan Yaping||Bai Xiaohong|
|Swimming||Men's 100m Freestyle S13||Uzbekistan (UZB)||Islam Aslanov||Muzaffar Tursunkhujaev||Dmitriy Horlin|
|Men's 100m Butterfly S13||Kirill Pankov|
|Women's 100m Backstroke S13||Shokhsanamkhon Toshpulatova||Nigorakhon Mirzokhidova||Fotimakhon Amilova|
|Women's 100m Butterfly S13||Fotimakhon Amilova||Nigorakhon Mirzokhidova|
|Women's 100m Breaststroke SB13||Fotimakhon Amilova||Shokhsanamkhon Toshpulatova|
|Men's 100m Breaststroke SB14||Japan (JPN)||Yasuhiro Tanaka||Dai Tokairin||Taiga Hayashida|
|Wheelchair Tennis||Men's Single||Shingo Kunieda||Takashi Sanada||Kohei Suzuki|
Concerns and controversiesEdit
- Like in the Asian Games, Jakarta was struggling to solve traffic congestion and air pollution problems.
- On 8 October 2018, Indonesian judoka Miftahul Jannah was not allowed to compete, after she refused to take off her hijab, a head cover which is prohibited from being worn during competition according to one of International Judo Federation rules which states that the head of the judoka shall not be covered except for bandaging of a medical nature. President of the Indonesian National Paralympic Committee Senny Marbun said the incident occurred because of the committee's negligence and the judo coach appointed by the committee was unaware of the rule and confused over it because of poor English.
- On 9 October 2018, Iran beat Iraq in the men's goalball group B match after the referee awarded Iran five penalties. The Iraqi team led 6-5 at half time in the Pool B match, but eventually fell to a 14-9 defeat. Iraqi coach Yosefian Mahmod blamed the referee for the loss saying the referee's decision disadvantaged the team.
- Only the English version of the motto were used during the Games. There is no Indonesian equivalent of the motto adopted.
- "Asian Para Games Can Bring Change to Indonesia". fairobserver.com. Fair Observer. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "Medals at stake". Official website. Archived from the original on 2018-10-28. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
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- Day 9 Journal
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- "Pass the Torch: Asian Para Games to Rock Jakarta in October".
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- "Ternate welcomes Asian Para Games flame". Inside the Games.
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- "Logo & Mascot". Asian Para Games 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
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- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
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- "Govt to build 10 apartment towers for athletes in Kemayoran". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
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- Asian Para Games: Confusion over head cover rule sees Indonesian judoka disqualified
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