2018 Asian Para Games
The 2018 Asian Para Games (Indonesian: Pesta Olahraga Difabel Asia 2018, Asian Para Games 2018), officially known as the 3rd Asian Para Games and also known as Indonesia 2018, was a pan-Asian multi-sport event that held from 6 to 13 October 2018 in Indonesia's capital city of Jakarta. The event paralleled the 2018 Asian Games and was held for Asian athletes with disability.
|Host city||Jakarta, Indonesia|
The Inspiring Spirit and Energy of Asia|
(Indonesian: Semangat Inspirasi dan Energi Asia)
512 in 18 sports|
(506 medals and 6 non-medals)
|Opening ceremony||6 October|
|Closing ceremony||13 October|
|Officially opened by||
President of Indonesia
|Officially closed by||
President of the Asian Paralympic Committee
|Athlete's Oath||Banyu Tri Mulyo|
|Judge's Oath||Bayu Widi|
|Coach's Oath||Dinda Ayu Sekartaji|
|Torch lighter||Jendi Panggabean|
Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (opening ceremony)|
Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium (closing ceremony)
It was the first time Indonesia hosted the games. Events were held in the host city Jakarta and in Bogor Regency of West Java province. The opening ceremony was held at Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium, while the closing ceremony was held at Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium. The games saw the debut of Bhutan as a participating nation and the introduction of chess to the Asian Para Games' program, with the removal of rowing, sailing, 5 and 7-a-side football, Wheelchair DanceSport and wheelchair rugby.
China led the medal tally for the third consecutive time. North Korea and South Korea march under the Korean Unification Flag at the opening ceremony and for the first time competed as a unified team in some events. They also won their first medals, one silver and one bronze medal as a unified team. In addition, Philippines and Kuwait won their first ever Asian Para Games gold medals, while Laos and East Timor won their first ever Asian Para Games medals including their first gold medals.
As is the tradition of the event, since 2010, the Asian Para Games are usually held after every Asian Games in the same host country. On 29 February 2016, Indonesia signed the Asian Para Games host city contract at a ceremony in Jakarta, having confirmed as host city of the 2018 Asian Games in October 2014.
Development and preparationsEdit
Branding and designEdit
The emblem of the games was Harmony - Energy of Asia, modelled upon the circular roof of the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, the main venue of the games. It represented harmony and balance within the natural environment and the people of the Asian community. The moving man in the center of the circle symbolize the movement and energy of the 2018 Asian Para Games participating athletes in achieving victory, while the 3 curves surrounding the man’s silhouette represents unity in diversity among Asian countries for mutual achievement. 5 different colours are used in the logo to represent the basic elements in Asian philosophy of Living and togetherness. Blue symbolized the sky, orange symbolized the sun, green symbolized the nature, purple symbolized proximity, wisdom, loyalty, and pride and red symbolized the spirit of solidarity.
The official mascot of the Games is a Bondol eagle named Momo whose name is short for motivation and mobility. Momo represents the icon of the capital city of Jakarta and also represents spirit. Momo wears a Betawinese Belt with Sarong.
On 5 October 2018, Indonesia Asian Para Games Organizing Committee (INAPGOC) released the medal design to the public which is inspired by the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympics medal, featuring the Asian Para Games logo on the obverse and the braille letters on the reverse. Each medal contains differing numbers of metal balls to allow the visually impaired to audibly distinguish their colour by shaking them.
Marketing and promotionEdit
Six songs were composed for the games, including the official theme song "Song of Victory", which is currently used as the background music for the games' International Games Broadcast Services (IGBS) title sequence. Some songs were created not for the games only, like "Sang Juara" by Naura and Zizi, which is a version of the former's 2017 song "Juara" and a short version of 2016-released song "Manusia Kuat" by Tulus.
|1.||"Song of Victory"||Ezra Lilipory||3:00|
|2.||"Sang Juara" (The Champion)||Andi Rianto||3:03|
|3.||"I Wanna Dance"||3:32|
|5.||"Kita Semua Sama" (We are All the Same)||Kevaz Jones||4:11|
|6.||"Manusia Kuat" (Strong Human)||Tulus||Tulus||3:05|
Like the torch relay of the 2018 Asian Games, the torch relay began at the Mrapen in Central Java on 5 September 2018 where the torch was lit using the Indonesian natural eternal flame to mark the 30-day countdown to the event. The flame was passed to another 8 Indonesian cities. Below is the schedule of the relay:
- Solo (Surakarta), Central Java (5 September)
- Ternate, North Maluku (9 September)
- Makassar, South Sulawesi (12 September)
- Denpasar, Bali (16 September)
- Pontianak, West Kalimantan (19 September)
- Medan, North Sumatera (23 September)
- Pangkal Pinang, Bangka Belitung Islands (26 September)
- Jakarta (Host city, 30 September)
A day before the torch relay, the games' torch was introduced, in which its' design is inspired by Batik parang motif.
Venues and infrastructureEdit
|Basketball Hall||Wheelchair basketball||2,400|
|Hockey Field (Court 2)||Lawn bowls||818|
|Main Stadium||Opening ceremony, Athletics||77,193|
|Madya Stadium||Closing ceremony||9,170|
|Tennis Indoor Stadium||Sitting volleyball||3,750|
|Cempaka Putih Sports Hall||Chess||Cempaka Putih|
|Jakarta International Expo||Judo||Kemayoran|
|Jakarta International Velodrome||Cycling (track)||3,000||Rawamangun|
|POPKI Sports Hall||Wheelchair fencing||Cibubur|
|Ecovention Ancol||Table tennis||Ancol|
|Jaya Ancol Bowling Center||Bowling|
|Klub Kelapa Gading||Wheelchair tennis||Kelapa Gading|
|Tanjung Priok Sports Hall||Boccia||Tanjung Priok|
Jakarta Suburb (West Java)Edit
|Sentul International Circuit||Cycling (road race)||50,000||Sentul, Bogor Regency|
Like during the 2018 Asian Games, TransJakarta provides free bus rides involving 300 disabled-friendly buses which consists of 200 low-entry buses and 100 high-entry buses during the games for disabled athletes everyday and on weekend days during the games for the locals to encourage people to watch the games.
The opening ceremony of the 2018 Asian Para Games took place on Saturday, 6 October 2018, at the Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia. The event commenced at 19:00 Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7) and ended at 21:43 local time. Jay Subiyakto was the Associate creative director of the ceremony. North and South Korea delegates marched together under one unified flag of Korea for the first time.
Below is a list of all the participating NPCs. The number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.
|Participating National Paralympic Committees|
The 2018 Asian Para Games closing ceremony was held on Saturday, 13 October 2018 at the Gelora Bung Karno Madya Stadium in Jakarta. In addition to local artists and a Hangzhou Asian Para Games promotional video segment, the South Korean girlband AOA performed in the ceremony. Vice Mayor of Hangzhou Wang Hong received the APC flag as the host of the next Games.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medal events||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Daily medal events||25||91||96||102||74||96||22||506|
|2||South Korea (KOR)||53||45||46||144|
|10||Hong Kong (HKG)||11||16||21||48|
|14||Sri Lanka (SRI)||4||6||4||14|
|17||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||2||9||14||25|
|18||United Arab Emirates (UAE)||2||6||3||11|
|19||Saudi Arabia (KSA)||2||3||3||8|
|20||East Timor (TLS)||2||0||1||3|
|Totals (33 NPCs)||507||498||537||1542|
NPCs without medalEdit
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- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
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- "Opening ceremony". Official website. Indonesia Asian Para Games Organising Committee. 6 October 2018.
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- "Indonesia 2018: North and South Korea to march together". International Paralympic Committee. 21 September 2018.
- "Closing ceremony". Official website. Indonesia Asian Para Games Organising Committee. 13 October 2018.
- "Asian Para Games: Closing ceremony to honor athletes' fighting spirit". Callistasia Anggun Wijaya. The Jakarta Post. 13 October 2018.
- "Medal Awarded - All". Official website. Indonesian Asian Para Games Organising Committee.